642 Works

Session 2 - Viktoriia Voloshyna

Welcoming Remarks

Session 2 - Luna Zagorac

Primitives of Nonclassicality in the N-qubit Pauli Group

Throughout the development of quantum mechanics, the striking refusal of nature to obey classical reasoning and intuition has driven both curiosity and confusion. From the apparent inescapably probabilistic nature of the theory, to more subtle issues such as entanglement, nonlocality, and contextuality, it has always been the `nonclassical’ features that present the most interesting puzzle. More recently, it has become apparent that these features are also the primary resource for quantum information processing.
In...

Similarities Between Maximally Supersymmetric Gauge and Gravity Theories

Due to recent, as well as less recent, work on perturbative N=8 supergravity and N=4 super Yang-Mills in 4d, the two theories are appearing more and more closely related. These relations include similar \"MHV-rule\" constructions, one-loop structure and, perhaps, the same UV behavior, namely UV finiteness. This talk introduces some of the methods to study the relations.

On-chip Extraction of Quantum Correlations from the Vacuum

Non-Anticommutative supersymmetry in two dimentions

We formulate non-anticommutative supersymmetry in two dimensions using differential operators acting on the component fields. We then use these operators to give a compact expression for the one-loop divergences in the non-anticommutative Kahler sigma model.

On Potential Effects of Modified Dispersion Relations

Leakage into extra dimensions and cosmic acceleration.

Mathematica Presentations 2

Opening Address

Coxeter Lecture II - Stabilization of moduli in string theory I

Certainty And Uncertainty In Dark Matter Searches

Departing from the context of CoGeNT and COUPP, two direct searches for WIMP dark matter, we will inspect the recent landscape of anomalies observed by these and several other detectors. The aim of this talk is to communicate an appreciation for the subtleties inherent to experimental efforts in this field, and for the considerable difficulties that await for those trying to make sense of WIMP search observations (or lack thereof).

The Diamond Lemma for (multiplicative) preprojective algebras

Bergman's Diamond Lemma for ring theory gives an algorithm to produce a (non-canonical) basis for a ring presented by generators and relations. After demonstrating this algorithm in concrete, geometrically-minded examples, I'll turn to preprojective algebras and their multiplicative counterparts. Using the Diamond Lemma, I'll reprove a few classical results for preprojective algebras. Then I'll propose a conjectural basis for multiplicative preprojective algebras. Finally I'll explain why the set is a basis in the case of...

The imprint of cluster physics on the Sunyaev-Zel’dovich effect -from bubbles to cosmological parameters

Clusters of galaxies provide us the opportunity to study an "ecosystem" - a volume that is a high-density microcosm of the rest of the Universe. At the same time clusters are excellent laboratories for studying plasma physical processes as well as for studying how super-massive black holes interact with the ambient cluster plasma. Guided by high-resolution simulations of galaxy clusters that self-consistently follow dissipative gas and cosmic ray physics, I will show how non-thermal processes...

The Higgs Self-Coupling as a Probe of the Electroweak Phase Transition

We argue that, within a broad class of extensions of the Standard Model, there is a tight corellation between the dynamics of the electroweak phase transition and the cubic self-coupling of the Higgs boson: Models which exhibit a strong first-order electroweak phase transition predict a large deviation of the Higgs self-coupling from the Standard Model prediction, as long as no accidental cancellations occur. Order-one deviations are typical. This shift would be observable at the Large...

Improved ring potential of QED at finite temperature in the limit of weak and strong magnetic fields

Using the general structure of the vacuum polarization tensor at non-zero temperature T and finite magnetic field B, the ring contribution to QED effective potential is determined beyond the static (zero momentum) limit. In the limit of weak magnetic field and at high temperature, the improved ring potential consists of a term proportional to T4®5=2, in ad-dition to the well-known T4®3=2 term. In the limit of strong magnetic field, where QED dynamics is dominated by...

Large Scale Structure as a Probe of Gravitational Slip

Many modified gravity schemes predict a non-zero difference (``gravitational slip\'\') between the Newtonian and longitudinal perturbed metric potentials. Such a slip would affect the growth of large scale structure without altering the expansion history of the universe. We quantify the slip with a new parameter varpi, show the effect of non-zero varpi on the growth of cosmic overdensities, and constrain its value using CMB and weak lensing data.

LARGE Volume Scenarios and String Loops

We study the necessary and sufficient topological conditions for general Calabi-Yaus to get a non-supersymmetric AdS exponentially large volume minimum of the scalar potential in flux compactifications of IIB string theory. It turns out that string loop corrections play a crucial role to realise exponentially large volume minima for fibration Calabi-Yaus and to stabilise 4-cycles which support chiral matter. The robustness of these results is due to the \'extended no-scale structure\': for arbitrary Calabi-Yaus, the...

Moduli stabilization and flavor structure in 5D SUGRA with multi moduli

Moduli stabilization, SUSY breaking and flavor structure are discussed in 5D gauged supergravity models with two vector-multiplet moduli fields. One modulus field makes the fermion mass hierarchy while the other is relevant to the SUSY breaking mediation. We analyse the potential for the moduli from the viewpoint of the 4D effective theory to obtain the stabilized values of the moduli and their F-terms.

High Q^2 physics at HERA

Proton structure measurements at high $Q^{2}$ performed by the H1 and ZEUS collaborations at the HERA collider, are reviewed. Neutral and charged current deep inelastic scattering cross sections and structure functions are presented. The review also discusses improvements to the parton density measurements using jet cross section data and recent high $Q^{2}$ inclusive cross section measurements.

PPT pure state transformations and catalysis

In an effort to better understand the class of operations on a bipartite system which preserve positivity of partial transpose (PPT operations), we have investigated the (non-asymptotic) transformation of pure states to pure states by operations in this class. Under local operations and classical communication (LOCC) Nielsen\'s majorization criterion provides a necessary and sufficient condition for such a transformation. This can be used to show that under LOCC a phenomenon called catalysis can occur, where...

Universal resources for approximate and stochastic measurement-based quantum computation

We investigate which families of quantum states can be used as resources for approximate and/or stochastic universal measurement-based quantum computation, in the sense that single-qubit operations and classical communication are sufficient to prepare (with some fixed precision and/or probability) any quantum state from the initial resource. We find entanglement-based criteria for non-universality in the approximate and/or stochastic case. By applying them, we are able to discard some families of states as not universal also in...

Doing Physics with Shape Dynamics

Shape Dynamics is a theory of gravity which replaces relativity of simultaneity for spatial conformal invariance, maintaining the same degree of symmetry of General Relativity while avoiding some of its shortcomings. In SD several kinds of singularities of GR become unphysical gauge artefacts, and the presence of a preferred notion of simultaneity fits better into the structure of quantum theory. In this talk I will outline the present status of research in SD on black...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    642

Resource Types

  • Audiovisual
    642

Affiliations

  • Perimeter Institute
    642