189 Works

Bicomponent polymeric micelles for pH-controlled delivery of doxorubicin

Chunyun Wang, Peilan Qi, Yan Lu, Lei Liu, Yanan Zhang, Qianli Sheng, Tianshun Wang, Mengying Zhang, Rui Wang & Shiyong Song
Stimuli-responsive drug delivery systems (DDSs) are expected to realize site-specific drug release and kill cancer cells selectively. In this study, a pH-responsive micelle was designed utilizing the pH-sensitivity of borate bonds formed between dopamine and boronic acid. First, methyl (polyethylene glycol)-block-polycaprolactone (mPEG-PCL) was conjugated with 4-cyano-4-(thiobenzoylthio)pentanoic acid (CTP) to obtain a macroinitiator. Two different segments poly(dopamine methacrylamide) (PDMA) and poly(vinylphenylboronic acid) (PVBA) were then grafted to the end of mPEG-PCL. Two triblock copolymers, mPEG-PCL-PDMA and...

Fabrication of doxorubicin-gated mesoporous polydopamine nanoplatforms for multimode imaging-guided synergistic chemophotothermal therapy of tumors

Min Yang, Ningnan Zhang, Tao Zhang, Xian Yin & Jie Shen
A versatile theranostic agent that integrated with therapeutic and diagnostic functions is extremely essential for cancer theranostic. Herein, a multifunctional theranostic nanoplatform (PFP@MPDA-DOX) based on perfluoropentane (PFP) encapsulated mesoporous polydopamine (MPDA) is elaborately designed, followed by gating of drug doxorubicin (DOX) for preventing cargo leaking. The MPDA with pH-responsive biodegradation behavior was served as nanocarrier, which also endows the nanoplatform with a large cavity for PFP filling. The nanoparticles were then gated with DOX molecule...

Era of molecular diagnosis for pathogen identification of unexplained pneumonia, lessons to be learned

Jing-Wen Ai, Yi Zhang, Hao-Cheng Zhang, Teng Xu & Wen-Hong Zhang
Unexplained pneumonia (UP) caused by a novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) emerged in China in late December 2019 and has infected more than 9000 cases by 31 January 2020. Shanghai reported the first imported case of COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) in 20 January 2020. A combinative approach of real-time RT–PCR, CRISPR-based assay and metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) were used to diagnose this unexplained pneumonia patient. Real-time RT–PCR and CRISPR-based assay both...

Era of molecular diagnosis for pathogen identification of unexplained pneumonia, lessons to be learned

Jing-Wen Ai, Yi Zhang, Hao-Cheng Zhang, Teng Xu & Wen-Hong Zhang
Unexplained pneumonia (UP) caused by a novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) emerged in China in late December 2019 and has infected more than 9000 cases by 31 January 2020. Shanghai reported the first imported case of COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) in 20 January 2020. A combinative approach of real-time RT–PCR, CRISPR-based assay and metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) were used to diagnose this unexplained pneumonia patient. Real-time RT–PCR and CRISPR-based assay both...

Mapping the global potential transmission hotspots for severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome by machine learning methods

Dong Miao, Ke Dai, Guo-Ping Zhao, Xin-Lou Li, Wen-Qiang Shi, Jiu Song Zhang, Yang Yang, Wei Liu & Li-Qun Fang
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease with increasing spread. Currently SFTS transmission has expanded beyond Asian countries, however, with definitive global extents and risk patterns remained obscure. Here we established an exhaustive database that included globally reported locations of human SFTS cases and the competent vector, Haemaphysalis longicornis (H. longicornis), as well as the explanatory environmental variables, based on which, the potential geographic range of H. longicornis and risk areas...

RNA based mNGS approach identifies a novel human coronavirus from two individual pneumonia cases in 2019 Wuhan outbreak

Liangjun Chen, Weiyong Liu, Qi Zhang, Ke Xu, Guangming Ye, Weichen Wu, Ziyong Sun, Fang Liu, Kailang Wu, Bo Zhong, Yi Mei, Wenxia Zhang, Yu Chen, Yirong Li, Mang Shi, Ke Lan & Yingle Liu
From December 2019, an outbreak of unusual pneumonia was reported in Wuhan with many cases linked to Huanan Seafood Market that sells seafood as well as live exotic animals. We investigated two patients who developed acute respiratory syndromes after independent contact history with this market. The two patients shared common clinical features including fever, cough, and multiple ground-glass opacities in the bilateral lung field with patchy infiltration. Here, we highlight the use of a low-input...

RNA based mNGS approach identifies a novel human coronavirus from two individual pneumonia cases in 2019 Wuhan outbreak

Liangjun Chen, Weiyong Liu, Qi Zhang, Ke Xu, Guangming Ye, Weichen Wu, Ziyong Sun, Fang Liu, Kailang Wu, Bo Zhong, Yi Mei, Wenxia Zhang, Yu Chen, Yirong Li, Mang Shi, Ke Lan & Yingle Liu
From December 2019, an outbreak of unusual pneumonia was reported in Wuhan with many cases linked to Huanan Seafood Market that sells seafood as well as live exotic animals. We investigated two patients who developed acute respiratory syndromes after independent contact history with this market. The two patients shared common clinical features including fever, cough, and multiple ground-glass opacities in the bilateral lung field with patchy infiltration. Here, we highlight the use of a low-input...

Proscillaridin A slows the prostate cancer progression through triggering the activation of endoplasmic reticulum stress

Fan Wang, Lin Liu, Yu Tong, Linfeng Li, Yanfeng Liu & Wei-Qiang Gao
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second commonly diagnosed malignancy in men over the world. Although androgen deprivation therapy for advanced PCa patients has significantly improved their survival, the majority of these patients eventually develop castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Proscillaridin A (Pro A), a cardiac glycoside that is clinically used to treat various heart failure diseases, has been reported to have anticancer activity in several cancers. However, whether Pro A exerts an inhibitory effect on PCa...

Base promoted synthesis of 3-benzyl-2,5-diarylpyrazines from arylaldehydes and α-amino ketones

Chao Wang
A novel approach to 3-benzyl-2,5-diarylpyrazine derivatives from α-amino ketones hydrochloride and arylaldehydes in the presence of Na2CO3 has been developed. In contrast with the classic synthetic methods of pyrazines, this protocol does not need additional oxidants and is more friendly to environment.

Data from: Cough reflex sensitivity and urge-to-cough deterioration in dementia with Lewy bodies

Takae Ebihara, Peijun Gui, Chika Ooyama, Koichi Kozaki & Satoru Ebihara
Cough, an important respiratory symptom, predominantly involves the brainstem, and the urge-to-cough is modulated by the cerebral cortex. Lewy body disease is associated with decreased cough reflex sensitivity and central respiratory chemosensitivity. Additionally, the insula, associated with the urge-to-cough, shows decreased activation and atrophy in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). We investigated the relationships between cognition and cough reflex and the urge-to-cough and compared the differences in responses of patients with DLB and other dementia...

Photoelectrochemical Immunosensor Based on ZnIn2S4/Bi2Se3 Nanocomposite for the Determination of Cardiac Troponin I

Wanxin Dong, Xinxin Mo, Yu Wang, Qin Lei & He Li
In this work, a novel flexible photoelectrochemical immunosensor is developed to determine cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in serum. The flower-like ZnIn2S4 nanospheres (ZIS), as signal amplification material, were successfully synthesized by a solvothermal method. The ZIS and Bi2Se3 were modified on the indium tin oxide- polyethylene terephthalate (ITO-PET) electrode, which effectively accelerates the electronic transition and improved the photocurrent conversion efficiency (signal on). However, the binding of antigen–antibody proteins blocks the electron transfer, resulting in...

Iodine mediated synthesis of diaryl diselenides using SeO2 as a selenium source

Dileep Kommula, Qing Li, Siyang Ning, Wujun Liu, Qian Wang & Zongbao K. Zhao
A simple, eco-friendly and convenient procedure has been developed for the synthesis of diphenyl diselinides from readily available aryl boronic acids by reaction with SeO2 in the presence of iodine under simple conditions. The methodology is reported about 19 examples and applicable to a broad scope of aryl boronic acids containing electron-rich and electron-poor substituents. Apart from being milder and environmentally benign conditions, this synthetic protocol comprises a novel, reliable methodology to give good to...

ddPCR: a more accurate tool for SARS-CoV-2 detection in low viral load specimens

Tao Suo, Xinjin Liu, Jiangpeng Feng, Ming Guo, Wenjia Hu, Dong Guo, Hafiz Ullah, Yang Yang, Qiuhan Zhang, Xin Wang, Muhanmmad Sajid, Zhixiang Huang, Liping Deng, Tielong Chen, Fang Liu, Ke Xu, Yuan Liu, Qi Zhang, Yingle Liu, Yong Xiong, Guozhong Chen, Ke Lan & Yu Chen
Quantitative real time PCR (RT-PCR) is widely used as the gold standard for clinical detection of SARS-CoV-2. However, due to the low viral load specimens and the limitations of RT-PCR, significant numbers of false negative reports are inevitable, which results in failure to timely diagnose, cut off transmission, and assess discharge criteria. To improve this situation, an optimized droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) was used for detection of SARS-CoV-2, which showed that the limit of detection...

Personalized Policy Learning Using Longitudinal Mobile Health Data

Xinyu Hu, Min Qian, Bin Cheng & Ying Kuen Cheung
Personalized policy represents a paradigm shift one decision rule for all users to an individualized decision rule for each user. Developing personalized policy in mobile health applications imposes challenges. First, for lack of adherence, data from each user are limited. Second, unmeasured contextual factors can potentially impact on decision making. Aiming to optimize immediate rewards, we propose using a generalized linear mixed modeling framework where population features and individual features are modeled as fixed and...

The activation of antiviral RNA interference not only exists in neural progenitor cells but also in somatic cells in mammals

Yuqiang Zhang, Zhe Li, Zhi Ye, Yan Xu, Binbin Wang, Congcong Wang, Yunpeng Dai, Jinfeng Lu, Boxun Lu, Wanju Zhang & Yang Li
The RNA interference (RNAi) pathway directs an important antiviral immunity mechanism in plants and invertebrates. Recently, we and others have demonstrated that the antiviral RNAi response is also conserved in mammals, at least to five distinct RNA viruses, including Zika virus (ZIKV). ZIKV may preferentially infect neuronal progenitor cells (NPCs) in the developing foetal brain. Ex vivo ZIKV infection induces RNAi-mediated antiviral response in human NPCs, but not in the more differentiated NPCs or somatic...

The activation of antiviral RNA interference not only exists in neural progenitor cells but also in somatic cells in mammals

Yuqiang Zhang, Zhe Li, Zhi Ye, Yan Xu, Binbin Wang, Congcong Wang, Yunpeng Dai, Jinfeng Lu, Boxun Lu, Wanju Zhang & Yang Li
The RNA interference (RNAi) pathway directs an important antiviral immunity mechanism in plants and invertebrates. Recently, we and others have demonstrated that the antiviral RNAi response is also conserved in mammals, at least to five distinct RNA viruses, including Zika virus (ZIKV). ZIKV may preferentially infect neuronal progenitor cells (NPCs) in the developing foetal brain. Ex vivo ZIKV infection induces RNAi-mediated antiviral response in human NPCs, but not in the more differentiated NPCs or somatic...

Prolonged presence of viral nucleic acid in clinically recovered COVID-19 patients was not associated with effective infectiousness

Ke Hong, Wei Cao, Zhengyin Liu, Ling Lin, Xing Zhou, Yan Zeng, Yuan Wei, Li Chen, Xiaosheng Liu, Yang Han, Lianguo Ruan & Taisheng Li
Prolonged presence of viral nucleic acid was reported in certain patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), with unclear clinical and epidemiological significance. We here described the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of 37 recovered COVID-19 patients with prolonged presence of viral RNA in Wuhan, China. For those who had been discharged and re-admitted, their close contacts outside the hospital were traced and evaluated. The median age of the 37 patients was 62 years (IQR 50, 68),...

Composite quasi-likelihood for single-index models with massive datasets

Rong Jiang, Meng-Fan Guo & Xin Liu
The single-index models (SIMs) provide an efficient way of coping with high-dimensional nonparametric estimation problems and avoid the “curse of dimensionality.” Many existing estimation procedures for SIMs were built on least square loss, which is popular for its mathematical beauty but is non-robust to non-normal errors and outliers. This article addressed the question of both robustness and efficiency of estimation methods based on a new data-driven weighted linear combination of convex loss functions instead of...

Metabolomics signatures in type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and integrative analysis

Yue Sun, Hao-Yu Gao, Zhi-Yuan Fan, Yan He & Yu-Xiang Yan
Objective Metabolic signatures have emerged as valuable signaling molecules in the biochemical process of type 2 diabetes (T2D). To summarize and identify metabolic biomarkers in T2D, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the associations between metabolites and T2D using high-throughput metabolomics techniques. Methods We searched relevant studies from MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library as well as Chinese databases (Wanfang, Vip, and CNKI) inception through 31 December 2018. Meta-analysis was...

Kinetics of SARS-CoV-2 specific IgM and IgG responses in COVID-19 patients

Baoqing Sun, Ying Feng, Xiaoneng Mo, Peiyan Zheng, Qian Wang, Pingchao Li, Ping Peng, Xiaoqing Liu, Zhilong Chen, Huimin Huang, Fan Zhang, Wenting Luo, Xuefeng Niu, Peiyu Hu, Longyu Wang, Hui Peng, Zhifeng Huang, Liqiang Feng, Feng Li, Fuchun Zhang, Fang Li, Nanshan Zhong & Ling Chen
The emerging COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection poses severe challenges to global public health. Serum antibody testing is becoming one of the critical methods for the diagnosis of COVID-19 patients. We investigated IgM and IgG responses against SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) and spike (S) protein after symptom onset in the intensive care unit (ICU) and non-ICU patients. 130 blood samples from 38 COVID-19 patients were collected. The levels of IgM and IgG specific to N and...

Risks and features of secondary infections in severe and critical ill COVID-19 patients

Haocheng Zhang, Yi Zhang, Jing Wu, Yang Li, Xian Zhou, Xin Li, Haili Chen, Mingquan Guo, Shu Chen, Feng Sun, Richeng Mao, Chao Qiu, Zhaoqin Zhu, Jingwen Ai & Wenhong Zhang
Objectives Severe or critical COVID-19 is associated with intensive care unit admission, increased secondary infection rate, and would lead to significant worsened prognosis. Risks and characteristics relating to secondary infections in severe COVID-19 have not been described. Methods Severe and critical COVID-19 patients from Shanghai were included. We collected lower respiratory, urine, catheters, and blood samples according to clinical necessity and culture and mNGS were performed. Clinical and laboratory data were archived. Results We found...

Long-term sustained release Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) microspheres of asenapine maleate with improved bioavailability for chronic neuropsychiatric diseases

Junqiu Zhai, Yu-e Wang, Xiangping Zhou, Yan Ma & Shixia Guan
Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are severe chronic neuropsychiatric diseases, affecting hundreds of millions of people worldwide. Asenapine maleate (ASM) has been demonstrated as a safe and effective therapeutic agent under twice-daily administration. However, lower compliance is observed when patients are treated with ASM, which significantly limits its application in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Moreover, the low bioavailability of ASM caused by first-pass metabolism and poor aqueous solubility also impairs the treatment effect. A formulation of...

Establishing a high sensitivity detection method for SARS-CoV-2 IgM/IgG and developing a clinical application of this method

Chunyan Zhang, Lei Zhou, Hao Liu, Sibing Zhang, Yaping Tian, Junli Huo, Fei Li, Yao Zhang, Bo Wei, Dan Xu, Jinwei Hu, Jiayi Wang, Yuxuan Cheng, Wenjie Shi, Xiuli Xu, Jianping Zhou, Peipei Sang, Xudong Tan, Weiwei Wang, Minjie Zhang, Bin Wang, Yujun Zhou, Kan Zhang & Kunlun He
COVID-19 is caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection and was initially discovered in Wuhan. This outbreak quickly spread all over China and then to more than 20 other countries. SARS-CoV-2 fluorescent microsphere immunochromatographic test strips were prepared by the combination of time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay with a lateral flow assay. The analytical performance and clinical evaluation of this testing method was done and the clinical significance of the testing method was verified. The LLOD of SARS-CoV-2 antibody IgG...

Tranilast attenuates neuropathic pain during type-2 diabetes by inhibiting hypoxia-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines in Zucker diabetic fatty rat model

Wei Zhang, Jun Ma, Shan Wang, Tao Huang & Min Xia
The modulatory effect of tranilast on neuropathic pain in type-2 diabetes (T2DM) remains unclear. We monitored interleukin (IL)-1β, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels during the progression of T2DM induced neuropathic pain in rats, and assessed the impact of tranilast treatment of increasing concentrations (0, 200 and 400 mg/kg/day via oral gavage in 1% NaHCO3 delivered as 100 mg/kg twice a day) on the levels of cytokine production, as well as on...

The novel outer membrane protein from OprD/Occ family is associated with hypervirulence of carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter baumannii ST2/KL22

Mingxi Hua, Jingyuan Liu, Pengcheng Du, Xinzhe Liu, Min Li, Huizhu Wang, Chen Chen, Xinmin Xu, Yu Jiang, Yajie Wang, Hui Zeng & Ang Li
Acinetobacter baumannii has become a major healthcare threat that causes nosocomial infections, especially in critically ill patients. The spread of carbapenem resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) strains has long been a clinical concern. It is important to study the epidemiology and virulence characteristics of different CRAB isolates in order to tailor infection prevention and antibiotic prescribing. In this study, a total of 71 CRAB isolates were collected in the hospital, and clinical characteristics of infections were...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    189

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Affiliations

  • Capital Medical University
    189
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
    143
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    132
  • Zhejiang University
    115
  • Fudan University
    114
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
    109
  • Sichuan University
    107
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    105
  • Nanjing Medical University
    96
  • Central South University
    82