1,885 Works

Macrophage-derived exosomes accelerate wound healing through their anti-inflammation effects in a diabetic rat model

Mengdie Li, Tao Wang, He Tian, Guohua Wei, Liang Zhao & Yijie Shi
Chronic, subclinical inflammation was often observed in the diabetic wound area, causing inadequate and delayed wound-healing effects by failing to initiate cell migration, proliferation, and extracellular matrix deposition. Therefore, we presented macrophage-derived exosomes (Exos) and explored their potential for inhibiting inflammation and accelerating diabetic wound healing in a skin defect, diabetic rat model. A thorough investigation demonstrated that Exos exerted anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting the secretion of pro-inflammatory enzymes and cytokines. Furthermore, they accelerated the...

Photoelectrochemical Immunosensor Based on ZnIn2S4/Bi2Se3 Nanocomposite for the Determination of Cardiac Troponin I

Wanxin Dong, Xinxin Mo, Yu Wang, Qin Lei & He Li
In this work, a novel flexible photoelectrochemical immunosensor is developed to determine cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in serum. The flower-like ZnIn2S4 nanospheres (ZIS), as signal amplification material, were successfully synthesized by a solvothermal method. The ZIS and Bi2Se3 were modified on the indium tin oxide- polyethylene terephthalate (ITO-PET) electrode, which effectively accelerates the electronic transition and improved the photocurrent conversion efficiency (signal on). However, the binding of antigen–antibody proteins blocks the electron transfer, resulting in...

BNIP3L/NIX degradation leads to mitophagy deficiency in ischemic brains

Xiaoli Wu, Yanrong Zheng, Mengru Liu, Yue Li, Shijia Ma, Weidong Tang, Wenping Yan, Ming Cao, Wanqing Zheng, Lei Jiang, Jiaying Wu, Feng Han, Zhenghong Qin, Liang Fang, Weiwei Hu, Zhong Chen & Xiangnan Zhang
Mitophagy, the elimination of damaged mitochondria through autophagy, promotes neuronal survival in cerebral ischemia. Previous studies found deficient mitophagy in ischemic neurons, but the mechanisms are still largely unknown. We determined that BNIP3L/NIX, a mitophagy receptor, was degraded by proteasomes, which led to mitophagy deficiency in both ischemic neurons and brains. BNIP3L exists as a monomer and homodimer in mammalian cells, but the effects of homodimer and monomer on mitophagy are unclear. Site-specific mutations in...

Identification of a novel bacterial receptor that binds tail tubular proteins and mediates phage infection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Maozhi Hu, Hui Zhang, Dan Gu, Yi Ma & Xiaohui Zhou
The adsorption of phages to hosts is the first step of phage infection. Studies have shown that tailed phages use tail fibres or spikes to recognize bacterial receptors and mediate adsorption. However, whether other phage tail components can also recognize host receptors is unknown. To identify potential receptors, we screened a transposon mutagenesis library of the marine pathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus and discovered that a vp0980 mutant (vp0980 encodes a predicted transmembrane protein) could not be...

Risk factors associated with COVID-19 infection: a retrospective cohort study based on contacts tracing

Tao Liu, Wenjia Liang, Haojie Zhong, Jianfeng He, Zihui Chen, Guanhao He, Tie Song, Shaowei Chen, Ping Wang, Jialing Li, Yunhua Lan, Mingji Cheng, Jinxu Huang, Jiwei Niu, Liang Xia, Jianpeng Xiao, Jianxiong Hu, Lifeng Lin, Qiong Huang, Zuhua Rong, Aiping Deng, Weilin Zeng, Jiansen Li, Xing Li, Xiaohua Tan … & Wenjun Ma
Objectives To estimate the attack rates, and identify the risk factors of COVID-19 infection. Methods Based on a retrospective cohort study, we investigated 11,580 contacts of COVID-19 cases in Guangdong Province from January 10 to March 15, 2020. All contacts were tested by RT-PCR to detect their infection of SARS-COV-2. Attack rates by characteristics were calculated, and logistic regression was used to estimate the risk factors of infection for COVID-19. Results A total of 515...

The novel outer membrane protein from OprD/Occ family is associated with hypervirulence of carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter baumannii ST2/KL22

Mingxi Hua, Jingyuan Liu, Pengcheng Du, Xinzhe Liu, Min Li, Huizhu Wang, Chen Chen, Xinmin Xu, Yu Jiang, Yajie Wang, Hui Zeng & Ang Li
Acinetobacter baumannii has become a major healthcare threat that causes nosocomial infections, especially in critically ill patients. The spread of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) strains has long been a clinical concern. It is important to study the epidemiology and virulence characteristics of different CRAB isolates in order to tailor infection prevention and antibiotic prescribing. In this study, a total of 71 CRAB isolates were collected in the hospital, and clinical characteristics of infections were analyzed....

Risk factors associated with COVID-19 infection: a retrospective cohort study based on contacts tracing

Tao Liu, Wenjia Liang, Haojie Zhong, Jianfeng He, Zihui Chen, Guanhao He, Tie Song, Shaowei Chen, Ping Wang, Jialing Li, Yunhua Lan, Mingji Cheng, Jinxu Huang, Jiwei Niu, Liang Xia, Jianpeng Xiao, Jianxiong Hu, Lifeng Lin, Qiong Huang, Zuhua Rong, Aiping Deng, Weilin Zeng, Jiansen Li, Xing Li, Xiaohua Tan … & Wenjun Ma
This study aimed to estimate the attack rates, and identify the risk factors of COVID-19 infection. Based on a retrospective cohort study, we investigated 11,580 contacts of COVID-19 cases in Guangdong Province from 10 January to 15 March 2020. All contacts were tested by RT-PCR to detect their infection of SARS-COV-2. Attack rates by characteristics were calculated. Logistic regression was used to estimate the risk factors of infection for COVID-19. A total of 515 of...

Risks and features of secondary infections in severe and critical ill COVID-19 patients

Haocheng Zhang, Yi Zhang, Jing Wu, Yang Li, Xian Zhou, Xin Li, Haili Chen, Mingquan Guo, Shu Chen, Feng Sun, Richeng Mao, Chao Qiu, Zhaoqin Zhu, Jingwen Ai & Wenhong Zhang
Objectives Severe or critical COVID-19 is associated with intensive care unit admission, increased secondary infection rate, and would lead to significant worsened prognosis. Risks and characteristics relating to secondary infections in severe COVID-19 have not been described. Methods Severe and critical COVID-19 patients from Shanghai were included. We collected lower respiratory, urine, catheters, and blood samples according to clinical necessity and culture and mNGS were performed. Clinical and laboratory data were archived. Results We found...

sj-xlsx-1-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 – Supplemental material for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma

Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang & Zhongsheng Sun
Supplemental material, sj-xlsx-1-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma by Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang and Zhongsheng Sun in Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology

Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma

Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang & Zhongsheng Sun
Background:Intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) has been shown to be inversely associated with immune infiltration in several cancers including clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), but it remains unclear whether ITH is associated with response to immunotherapy (e.g. PD-1 blockade) in ccRCC.Methods:We quantified ITH using mutant-allele tumor heterogeneity, investigated the association of ITH with immune parameters in patients with ccRCC (n = 336) as well as those with papillary RCC (pRCC, n = 280) from The Cancer...

High anal swab viral load predisposes adverse clinical outcomes in severe COVID-19 patients

Haibo Li, Lili Ren, Lulu Zhang, Yeming Wang, Li Guo, Conghui Wang, Yan Xiao, Ying Wang, Jian Rao, Xinming Wang, Ying Liu, Chaolin Huang, Xiaoying Gu, Guohui Fan, Hui Li, Binghuai Lu, Bin Cao & Jianwei Wang
To identify the association between the kinetics of viral load and clinical outcome in severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, a retrospective study was performed by involved 188 hospitalized severe COVID-19 patients in the LOTUS China trial. Among the collected 578 paired throat swab (TS) and anal swab (AS) samples, viral RNA was detected in 193 (33.4%) TS and 121 (20.9%) AS. A higher viral RNA load was found in TS than that of AS,...

Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation for high-normal blood pressure: study protocol for a randomized controlled pilot trial

Yu Wang, Guang-Xia Shi, Zhong-Xue Tian, Jun-Hong Liu, You-Sheng Qi, Jian-Feng Tu, Jing-Wen Yang, Li-Qiong Wang & Cun-Zhi Liu
Abstract Background High-normal blood pressure (BP) is associated with increased all-cause, cardiovascular mortality and frequently progresses to hypertension. Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) might be a non-pharmaceutical therapy option to control BP. This trial aims to determine the effectiveness and safety of TEAS combined with lifestyle modification for high-normal BP. Methods/design This prospective, randomized, and parallel clinical trial will be conducted in a community service center in China. Sixty participants with high-normal BP will be...

Tumor-derived exosomal miRNA-141 promote angiogenesis and malignant progression of lung cancer by targeting growth arrest-specific homeobox gene (GAX)

Wulong Wang, Guodai Hong, Siyuan Wang, Wenbin Gao & Ping Wang
Previous researches have suggested that exosomal miRNA-141 has association with metastatic lung cancer, however, its role and regulatory mechanism require further study. In this study, exosomes were isolated from lung cancer patients and normal human serum and identified. We found that the expression of miRNA-141 was up-regulated in the lung cancer serum exosomes compared with the normal serum exosomes. When the exosomes were extracted for co-culture with HUVECs, they were absorbed and distributed around the...

Oxidative stress-related genes (EPHX1 and MnSOD) polymorphism and risk of pre-eclampsia: a meta-analysis

Ge Zhao, Jing Liu & Tao Meng
Previous studies have detected the association of polymorphisms in oxidative stress-related genes EPHX1 and MnSOD with pre-eclampsia (PE) risk, but the results are inconsistent among studies. Thus, a meta-analysis was performed to obtain more conclusive results. Eligible studies were retrieved in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Scopus, and CNKI. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were utilized to evaluate the relationship between EPHX1 rs1051740, EPHX1 rs2234922, MnSOD rs4880 polymorphisms, and PE susceptibility in...

Autophagy enhances the replication of Peste des petits ruminants virus and inhibits caspase-dependent apoptosis in vitro

Bo Yang, Qinghong Xue, Xuefeng Qi, Xueping Wang, Peilong Jia, Shuying Chen, Ting Wang, Tianxia Xue & Jingyu Wang
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute and highly contagious disease in small ruminants that causes significant economic losses in developing countries. An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that both autophagy and apoptosis are important cellular mechanisms for maintaining homeostasis, and they participate in the host response to pathogens. However, the crosstalk between apoptosis and autophagy in host cells during PPRV infection has not been clarified. In this study, autophagy was induced upon...

The synergistic antitumor activity of 3-(2-nitrophenyl) propionic acid-paclitaxel nanoparticles (NPPA-PTX NPs) and anti-PD-L1 antibody inducing immunogenic cell death

Xiao-Chuan Duan, Li-Yuan Peng, Xin Yao, Mei-Qi Xu, Hui Li, Shuai-Qiang Zhang, Zhuo-Yue Li, Jing-Ru Wang, Zhen-Han Feng, Guang-Xue Wang, Ai Liao, Ying Chen & Xuan Zhang
Cancer immunotherapy is a strategy that is moving to the frontier of cancer treatment in the current decade. In this study, we show evidence that 3-(2-nitrophenyl) propionic acid-paclitaxel nanoparticles (NPPA-PTX NPs), act as immunogenic cell death (ICD) inducers, stimulating an antitumor response which results in synergistic antitumor activity by combining anti-PD-L1 antibody (aPD-L1) in vivo. To investigate the antitumor immunity induced by NPPA-PTX NPs, the expression of both ICD marker calreticulin (CRT) and high mobility...

MicroRNA miR-188-5p as a mediator of long non-coding RNA MALAT1 regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis in multiple myeloma

Hui Liu, Zuofei Chi, Hong Jin & Wei Yang
Multiple myeloma (MM), a malignancy of plasma cells mainly derived from the bone marrow, has remained incurable generally. LncRNA MALAT1 has been reported to be upregulated in the MM cells and knockdown of MALAT1 inhibited MM cell cycle progression and enhanced cell apoptosis. Online target prediction showed that two target sites for MALAT1 existed in miR-188-5p, which has been identified as a tumor suppressor in other types of cancers. However, the role of miR-188-5p in...

Circulating microRNA profile unveils mechanisms of action of acitretin for psoriasis vulgaris

Lin Chen, Jie Li, Ying Yao, Shanlong Wang, Shuangjin Zheng, Xinggang Ju & Bin Zhang
Psoriasis vulgaris is a common chronic and recurrent inflammatory skin disease. In clinical practice, acitretin is the first-line treatment drug for psoriasis vulgaris. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a vital role in the initiation and development of psoriasis vulgaris. However few studies focused on the mechanisms of acitretin in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris from the perspective of miRNAs. Here, the expression profiles of circulating miRNAs in the plasma of 12 patients with psoriasis vulgaris before and...

Circulating microRNA profile unveils mechanisms of action of acitretin for psoriasis vulgaris

Lin Chen, Jie Li, Ying Yao, Shanlong Wang, Shuangjin Zheng, Xinggang Ju & Bin Zhang
Psoriasis vulgaris is a common chronic and recurrent inflammatory skin disease. In clinical practice, acitretin is the first-line treatment drug for psoriasis vulgaris. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a vital role in the initiation and development of psoriasis vulgaris. However few studies focused on the mechanisms of acitretin in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris from the perspective of miRNAs. Here, the expression profiles of circulating miRNAs in the plasma of 12 patients with psoriasis vulgaris before and...

The antagonist of P2Y11 receptor NF157 ameliorates oxidized LDL-induced vascular endothelial inflammation

Yun Kuang, Hui Liu, Siyu Guo, Yufei Wang, Huijuan Zhang & Yanxiang Qiao
Atherosclerosis is the chronic inflammatory disease, and inflammation-elicited endothelial activation is an early event in the development of atherosclerosis. The P2Y11 receptor is a purinergic receptor and a member of the P2 family of G coupled protein which has been shown to modulate vascular function. Progress in the study of purine receptors has been tremendous and these receptors have become pharmacological targets for various diseases. In this study, we show that the P2Y11R antagonist NF157...

lncRNA Sequencing of Antler Mesenchymal Tissue Revealed that the Regulatory Network of Antler Cell Proliferation and Differentiation

Ruobing Han, Lei Han, Yanling Xia, Mengya Guo & Heping Li
Antlers have been widely studied due to their unique physiological characteristics, such as rapid growth, periodic shedding and regeneration. However, little is known about how antler growth is regulated by long non-coding RNA (lncRNA). The aim of the present study was to identify the lncRNAs expression profile and explore the function of lncRNAs during the antler growth. Herein, RNA-sequencing technology (RNA-seq) was performed on the three growth periods (early developmental period: EP, middle developmental period:...

Suppressed inflammation in obese children induced by a high-fiber diet is associated with the attenuation of gut microbial virulence factor genes

Hui Li, Guojun Wu, Liping Zhao & Menghui Zhang
In our previous study, a gut microbiota-targeted dietary intervention with a high-fiber diet improved the immune status of both genetically obese (Prader-Willi Syndrome, PWS) and simple obese (SO) children. However, PWS children had higher inflammation levels than SO children throughout the trial, the gut microbiota of the two cohorts was similar. As some virulence factors (VFs) produced by the gut microbiota play a role in triggering host inflammation, this study compared the characteristics and changes...

Fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) mediates signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)-drived resistance of breast cancer to doxorubicin

Yan Wang, Zhiqiang Cheng, Jing Xu, Meina Lai, Liming Liu, Min Zuo & Lin Dang
Excessive activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is implicated in breast cancer (BC) chemoresistance, but its underlying mechanism is not fully understood. There are STAT3 binding sites in fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) promoter region, thus STAT3 may regulate the transcription of FTO. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between FTO and STAT3 in BC chemoresistance. Herein, FTO and STAT3 were highly expressed in doxorubicin-resistant BC (BC-DoxR) cells. CHIP...

Identification of the key genes and pathways involved in B cells in primary Sjögren’ s syndrome

Shizhen Lei & Yi Zhang
Primary Sjögren’ s syndrome (pSS) is a relatively common autoimmune disease, which mainly involves the exocrine glands, causing dry eye, dryness of mouth, fatigue and pain in the joints, thus severely affecting the normal lives of patients. B cell populations are considered to play an important role in their pathogenesis and pSS patients are generally characterized by exhibiting biological signs of B cell activation. Moreover, another important characterized change in the peripheral blood of pSS...

Identification of the key genes and pathways involved in B cells in primary Sjögren’ s syndrome

Shizhen Lei & Yi Zhang
Primary Sjögren’ s syndrome (pSS) is a relatively common autoimmune disease, which mainly involves the exocrine glands, causing dry eye, dryness of mouth, fatigue and pain in the joints, thus severely affecting the normal lives of patients. B cell populations are considered to play an important role in their pathogenesis and pSS patients are generally characterized by exhibiting biological signs of B cell activation. Moreover, another important characterized change in the peripheral blood of pSS...

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