2,809 Works

Skunks in the Library: a Path to Production for Scholarly R&D

Bethany Nowviskie
Library-based digital humanities “skunkworks” are semi-independent research-and-development labs staffed with librarians who act as scholar-practitioners. The creation of skunkworks labs is an uncommon, yet uncommonly potent, organizational response to new opportunities opened up by digital scholarship. This article describes the Scholars’ Lab at the University of Virginia Library and asserts a critical role for library-embedded digital centers in forging new paths for knowledge work in the humanities.

\"Inventing the Map\" in the Digital Humanities: a Young Lady's Primer

Bethany Nowviskie
In 1823, at a small school in western Vermont, Frances Alsop Henshaw, the 14-year-old daughter of a prosperous merchant, produced a remarkable cartographic and textual artifact. Henshaw’s “Book of Penmanship Executed at the Middlebury Female Academy” is a slim volume containing – in addition to the expected, set copy-texts of a practice-book – a series of hand-drawn, delicately-colored maps of our nineteen United States, each one paired with a geometrically-constructed and embellished prose passage selected...

Marxism, Romanticism, Postmodernism: An American Case History

Jerome McGann
PROF. J: Then what can it mean, to practice a Marxist literary criticism? (1st line)

The Funerary Transformation of the Great Perfection (Rdzogs chen)

David Germano
The Great Perfection (Rdzogs chen) is one of the most important tantric traditions to develop in Tibet, but much of its early history has been obscured by the tradition’s visionary narratives of revelation, concealment, and excavation regarding its core scriptures. In addition, the over-reliance on the rubric “Great Perfection” itself obscures a broad diversity of distinct traditions, each with its own distinct rubric of self-identification and often quite divergent characteristics. This includes at the most...

Agony, Ecstasy, and the Mulekeeper's Wife: a Reading of Heptameron 2

Mary McKinley
The second story of Marguerite de Navarre’s Heptaméron, the tale of a mulekeeper’s wife who is raped and murdered by her husband’s servant, incorporates many elements of Marguerite’s mystical poetry. Precise details of the woman’s ‘agony’ and death echo the mystic’s gradual sublimation of the body as she progresses toward ecstatic union with Christ. Passages in Les Prisons describe the death of Louise de Savoie, Marguerite’s mother, as a mystical ecstasy. In Le Miroir de...

“The Grand Heretics of Modern Fiction”. Laura Riding, John Cowper Powys, and the Subjective Correlative

Jerome McGann
An essay on twentieth century figures.

NINES: a federated model for integrating digital scholarship

Bethany Nowviskie & Jerome McGann
NINES is a scholarly initiative to establish a coordinated network of peer-reviewed content and useful tools (both organizational and interpretive) for pedagogical and research materials developed by educators and scholars working in 19th-century British and American literary and cultural studies. The goal is to establish this aggregated body of scholarly and educational materials within those existing professional frameworks and organizations that monitor and accredit professional publication. NINES is designing a working model for a federated...

1996 AMS-IMS-MAA Library Survey

James Rovnyak, Nancy Anderson, Karl Dilcher & Martha Tucker
In 1996 the Library Committee of the American Mathematical Society carried out a survey of mathematics research libraries in doctoral-granting institutions in the United States and Canada. This combined file contains the summary report, the detailed full report, and budget figures from the survey. The 1996 survey was a follow-up to a similar 1990 survey by the American Mathematical Society: http://libra.virginia.edu/catalog/libra-oa:712.

Governor Pio Pico, the monster of California…no more: lessons in neuroendocrinology

Ivan S. Login & Jessica Login
We hypothesize that Pio Pico, the last Mexican Governor of California, had acromegaly between at least ages 43 to 57, from 1844 to 1858, before Pierre Marie published the clinical description of acromegaly in 1886. Pico’s probable growth hormone-secreting pituitary tumor likely infarcted spontaneously after 1858. The tumor infarction resulted in burnt-out acromegaly and probably restored normal pituitary function. Pearce Bailey published the first account of pituitary tumor infarction only in 1898. Pico’s undiagnosed, misunderstood,...

Globalization of agricultural pollution due to international trade

Clark O'Bannon, Joel Carr & David Seekell
Almost 90% of freshwater resources consumed globally are used to produce plant and animal commodities. Water-scarce countries can balance their water needs by importing food from other countries. This process, known as virtual water transfer, represents the externalization of water use. The volume and geographic reach of virtual water transfers is increasing, but little is known about how these transfers redistribute the environmental costs of agricultural production. The grey water footprint quantifies the environmental costs...

Regional and landscape-scale variability of Landsat-observed vegetation dynamics in northwest Siberian tundra

Howard Epstein & Gerald Frost
Widespread increases in Arctic tundra productivity have been documented for decades using coarse-scale satellite observations, but finer-scale observations indicate that changes have been very uneven, with a high degree of landscape- and regional-scale heterogeneity. Here we analyze time-series of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) observed by Landsat (1984–2012), to assess landscape- and regional-scale variability of tundra vegetation dynamics in the northwest Siberian Low Arctic, a little-studied region with varied soils, landscape histories, and permafrost...

Moderating diets to feed the future

Kyle Davis
Population growth, dietary changes, and increasing biofuel use are placing unprecedented pressure on the global food system. While this demand likely cannot be met by expanding agricultural lands, much of the world's cropland can attain higher crop yields. Therefore, it is important to examine whether increasing crop productivity to the maximum attainable yield (i.e., yield gap closure) alone can substantially improve food security at global and national scales. Here we show that closing yield gaps...

Ludic Algorithms

Bethany Nowviskie
A review and description of Ramon Llull’s medieval Ars Magna, with attention to its structure and function and to past misunderstandings as to its purpose, helps situate instrumental issues that many digital humanities projects must address today. Among these are problems involved in establishing scholarly primitives and developing the rules or algorithms by which they can be manipulated in creative and revelatory ways. Llull also provides a framework in which to examine the relationship between...

\"Algorithm\"

Bethany Nowviskie
(:unav)

An Experimental Examination of the Volunteer’s Dilemma

Charles Holt
An Experimental Examination of the Volunteer’s Dilemma Jacob K. Goeree, Charles A. Holt, Angela M. Smith Abstract In a volunteer’s dilemma, only one “volunteer” is needed to obtain a benefit for all. Volunteering is costly, and the symmetric Nash equilibrium involves randomization. These predictions have the intuitive property that volunteer rates decline with larger groups, but surprisingly, the probability of obtaining no volunteers is increasing with group size, even as the number of players goes...

Albemarle County's Equity Roadshow: A Report on Findings and Recommendations

Carolyn Heaps, Tyler Hinkle, Kevin Kask, Mikayla Woodley & Nicholas Wittkofski
Albemarle County is located in central Virginia. Its partly suburban, partly rural composition serves a variety of land uses: from residential, to recreational, to commercial. In 2019, Albemarle County’s Office of Equity and Inclusion (OEI) launched an Equity Roadshow to determine the level of access its diverse residents had to various resources and services in the community. The Equity Roadshow consisted of a short survey for residents to complete in person with representatives from the...

Review of Isobel Armstrong, \"Victorian Poetry: Poetry, Poetics and Politics\"

Herbert Tucker
(:unav)

Eternal September of the Digital Humanities

Bethany Nowviskie
(:unav)

ADHO, on Love and Money

Bethany Nowviskie
Here's a word meant for the small audience of people who care about the inner workings of digital humanities professional societies. DH wonks, step this way.

University of Virginia Library Discovery Layer Recommendation

Ellen Ramsey, Carla Lee, Raymond Lubinsky, Jeremy Bartczak, Todd Burks, Dave Griles, Robert Haschart, Nestor Walker, Mark Witteman & Christopher Welte
In August of 2018, the University of Virginia Library's Virgo 4 Project Team recommended Blacklight 7 for comprehensive discovery of UVA Library holdings via a sustainable technology stack. Virgo 3, built on Blacklight/Rails 3, is outdated and unable to progress further. For the Library's discovery layer, a modern architecture is needed to better interface with our users. UVA stakeholder requirements emphasize an interface to the Library's collections that meets the needs of both novice and...

Wanted Dead or Alive: Browning's Romanticism

Herbert Tucker
(:unav)

Logics of Self-Love

Patricia Spacks
(:unav)

Teaching manuals and the blackboard: Accessing historical classroom practices

Caitlin Wylie
The blackboard, a useful teaching tool in nineteenth-century England, was transformed into a teaching necessity in the decades from 1870, when the Education Acts made school free and mandatory for all children. The resulting huge population of schoolchildren inspired the development of teaching techniques appropriate for large-group learning. Many of these techniques relied on the blackboard as a reusable demonstration space visible to the entire class at once, unlike a book or slate. To share...

The Victorian Problem with Joy

Herbert Tucker
(:unav)

A General Algebraic Theory and Derived Software Framework for Automated Tradeoff Analysis Tools

Chong Tang, Kevin Sullivan, Hamid Bagheri & Ke Dou
This paper presents a formal, general algebraic theory of design space tradeoff analysis tools, and a map-reduce-based framework, derived mechanically from the theory, for implementing such tools. The theory is organized as a hierarchy of Coq typeclasses in a style similar to that being used elsewhere to formalize abstract mathematics. From this theory, using Coq's extraction function, we produce a polymorphic framework (in Scala) that developers specialize and extend to produce domain-specific trade-off analysis tools....

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