32 Works

Aboveground carbon density plots from a logged forest, Danum Valley, Borneo, 1992-2016

M.E.J. Cutler, C.D. Philipson, D.F.R.P. Burslem, G.M. Foody, P. Lincoln, M.A. Pinard, M. Snoep, C.E. Wheeler, H. Tangki & Y.S. Wai
Data are presented for Above ground Carbon Density (ACD) estimated from a series of forest census surveys which took place from 1992 – 2016 in a mixture of logged and unlogged tropical lowland dipterocarp forest in the Ulu Segama Forest Reserve (USFR) and Danum Valley Conservation Area (DVCA), Sabah, Malaysia. Additional data on logging method, coupe and year of logging is also presented. The USFR comprises of forested land divided into coupes that were each...

Model output data for \"Negative density-dependent dispersal emerges from the joint evolution of density- and body condition-dependent dispersal strategies\"

Celina Baines, Justin Travis, Shannon McCauley & Greta Bocedi
Empirical studies have documented both positive and negative density-dependent dispersal, yet most theoretical models predict positive density dependence as a mechanism to avoid competition. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the occurrence of negative density-dependent dispersal, but few of these have been formally modeled. Here, we developed an individual based model of the evolution of density-dependent dispersal. This model is novel in that it considers the effects of density on dispersal directly, and indirectly...

Book Review: Research with Children: Perspectives and Practices

Carolyn Cooke

Collateral benefits of targeted supplementary feeding on demography and growth rate of a threatened population

Sarah R. Fenn, Eric M. Bignal, Amanda E. Trask, Davy I. McCracken, Pat Monaghan & Jane M. Reid
1. Effective evidence-based conservation requires full quantification of the impacts of targeted management interventions on focal populations. Such impacts may extend beyond target individuals to also affect demographic rates of non-target conspecifics (e.g. different age classes). However, such collateral (i.e. unplanned) impacts are rarely evaluated, despite their potential to substantially alter conservation outcomes. Subsequent management decisions may then be poorly informed or erroneous. 2. We used 15 years of individual-based demographic data in a “before-after...

Balancing risks of injury and disturbance to marine mammals when pile driving at offshore windfarms

Paul Thompson, Isla Graham, Barbara Cheney, Tim Barton, Adrian Farcas & Nathan Merchant
1. Offshore windfarms require construction procedures that minimise impacts on protected marine mammals. Uncertainty over the efficacy of existing guidelines for mitigating near-field injury when pile-driving recently resulted in the development of alternative measures, which integrated the routine deployment of acoustic deterrent devices (ADD) into engineering installation procedures without prior monitoring by Marine Mammal Observers. 2. We conducted research around the installation of jacket foundations at the UK’s first deep-water offshore windfarm to address data...

Livestock grazing impacts upon components of the breeding productivity of a common upland insectivorous passerine: results from a long-term experiment

Lisa E. Malm, James W. Pearce-Higgins, Nick A. Littlewood, Alison J. Karley, Ewa Karaszewska, Robert Jaques, Robin J. Pakeman, Steve M. Redpath & Darren M. Evans
The intensity of pastoral management in areas of High Nature Value farming is declining in some regions of Europe but increasing in others. This affects open habitats of conservation concern, such as the British uplands, where bird species that benefit from low-intensity grazing may be most sensitive to such polarisation. While experimental manipulations of livestock grazing intensities have improved our understanding of upland breeding bird responses in the short-term, none have examined the longer-term impacts...

Model outputs for simulation of soil organic carbon changes on a Red Soil agricultural site in China using integrated Hydrus 1-D hydrology

J. Oyesiku-Blakemore, L. Verrot, J. Smith & P. Hallett
Data comprise soil organic carbon (SOC) content from soil simulations in a small agricultural catchment (Sunjia) which is part of the Critical Zone Observatory (CZO) in southeast China (Jianxi province). The simulations were performed using the ECOSSE model (a pool-based carbon and nitrogen turnover model) and soil and climate input data were provided by the research farm at the soil science department of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Simulations were conducted in 2018.

Strong foraging preferences for Ribes alpinum (Saxifragales: Grossulariaceae) in the polyphagous caterpillars of Buff tip moth Phalera bucephala (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae)

Juliano Morimoto & Zuzanna Pietras
Herbivorous insects such as butterflies and moths are essential to natural and agricultural systems due to pollination and pest outbreaks. However, our knowledge of butterflies’ and moths’ nutrition is fragmented and limited to few common, charismatic, or problematic species. This gap precludes our complete understanding of herbivorous insects’ natural history, physiological and behavioural adaptations that drive how species interact with their environment, the consequences of habitat destruction and climate change to invertebrate biodiversity, and pest...

Natural history of model organisms: the secret (group) life of Drosophila melanogaster larvae and why it matters to developmental ecology

Juliano Morimoto & Zuzanna Pietras
Model organisms such as Drosophila melanogaster have been key tools for advancing our fundamental and applied knowledge in biological and biomedical sciences. However, model organisms have become intertwined with the idea of controlled and stable laboratory environments, and their natural history has been overlooked. In holometabolous insects, lack of natural history information on larval ecology has precluded major advances in the field of developmental ecology, especially in terms of manipulations of population density early in...

Model output of changes in soil carbon storage and emissions for agricultural and forest land uses across the Red Soil region in China

J. Oyesiku-Blakemore, J. Smith & P. Hallett
Data comprise soil organic carbon content from a simulation using the ECOSSE model; a pool-based carbon and nitrogen turnover model. Simulations were performed using input data from the Sunjia research farm in southeast China (Jianxi province). Data here is from simulations using the global version of the ECOSSE model, a package which applies the regular model spatially. Input data for the simulations were provided by the soil science department of the Chinese Academy of Sciences....

Fishing for mammals: landscape-level monitoring of terrestrial and semi-aquatic communities using eDNA from lotic ecosystems

Naiara Sales, Maisie B. McKenzie, Joseph Drake, Lynsey R. Harper, Samuel S. Browett, Ilaria Coscia, Owen S. Wangensteen, Charles Baillie, Emma Bryce, Deborah A. Dawson, Erinma Ochu, Bernd Hänfling, Lori Lawson Handley, Stefano Mariani, Xavier Lambin, Christopher Sutherland & Allan McDevitt
1. Environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding has revolutionised biomonitoring in both marine and freshwater ecosystems. However, for semi-aquatic and terrestrial animals, the application of this technique remains relatively untested. 2. We first assess the efficiency of eDNA metabarcoding in detecting semi-aquatic and terrestrial mammals in natural lotic ecosystems in the UK by comparing sequence data recovered from water and sediment samples to the mammalian communities expected from historical data. Secondly, using occupancy modelling we compared the...

Mimicry and mitonuclear discordance in nudibranchs: new insights from exon capture phylogenomics

Kara K.S. Layton, Jose I. Carvajal & Nerida G. Wilson
Phylogenetic inference and species delimitation can be challenging in taxonomic groups that have recently radiated and where introgression produces conflicting gene trees, especially when species delimitation has traditionally relied on mitochondrial data and colour pattern. Chromodoris, a genus of colourful and toxic nudibranch in the Indo-Pacific, has been shown to have extraordinary cryptic diversity and mimicry, and has recently radiated, ultimately complicating species delimitation. In these cases, additional genome-wide data can help improve phylogenetic resolution...

Data from: Strong survival selection on seasonal migration versus residence induced by extreme climatic events

Paul Acker, Francis Daunt, Sarah Wanless, Sarah J. Burthe, Mark A. Newell, Michael P. Harris, Hannah Grist, Jenny Sturgeon, Robert L. Swann, Carrie Gunn, Ana Payo-Payo & Jane M. Reid
1. Elucidating the full eco-evolutionary consequences of climate change requires quantifying the impact of extreme climatic events (ECEs) on selective landscapes of key phenotypic traits that mediate responses to changing environments. Episodes of strong ECE-induced selection could directly alter population composition, and potentially drive micro-evolution. However, to date, few studies have quantified ECE-induced selection on key traits, meaning that immediate and longer-term eco-evolutionary implications cannot yet be considered. 2. One widely-expressed trait that allows individuals...

Data and R code for What you see is where you go: visibility influences movement decisions of a forest bird navigating a 3D structured matrix

Job Aben, Johannes Signer, Janne Heiskanen, Petri Pellikka & Justin Travis
Animal spatial behaviour is often presumed to reflect responses to visual cues. However, inference of behaviour in relation to the environment is challenged by the lack of objective methods to identify the information that effectively is available to an animal from a given location. In general, animals are assumed to have unconstrained information on the environment within a detection circle of a certain radius (the perceptual range; PR). However, visual cues are only available up...

Model output for soil carbon and nitrogen turnover in agricultural sites in the Red Soil region of China

J. Oyesiku-Blakemore, J. Smith & P. Hallett
Summary output data (including soil organic carbon concentration, nitrogen, available water and carbon dioxide) from simulations of soil in a small agricultural catchment (Sunjia) in Southeast China (Jianxi province). The simulations were performed using the ECOSSE model; a pool-based carbon and nitrogen turnover model. The simulations were performed using soil and climate input data from the research farm. Input data for the simulations were provided by the soil science department of the Chinese Academy of...

European bird declines: do we need to rethink approaches to the management of abundant generalist predators?

Barry John McMahon, Susan Doyle, Aimée Gray, Sean Kelly & Steve M. Redpath
Bird species are declining across Europe. Current European policy, i.e. the Birds and Habitats Directives, focus on habitat management as a way of halting the declines. This paper explores the role of predation in causing bird population declines and asks if we need to reconsider our approach to the management of generalist predators. We analysed bird population trends and distribution changes across Europe, Britain and Ireland, reflecting an increasing gradient of generalist predator abundance (principally...

Book Review: The Posthuman Child: Educational Transformation through Philosophy with Picture books

Kirsten Darling-McQuistan

Multigenerational exposure to elevated temperatures leads to a reduction in standard metabolic rate in the wild

Natalie Pilakouta, Shaun Killen, Bjarni Kristjansson, Skuli Skulason, Jan Lindstom, Neil Metcalfe & Kevin Parsons
In light of global climate change, there is a pressing need to understand and predict the capacity of populations to respond to rising temperatures. Metabolic rate is a key trait that is likely to influence the ability to cope with climate change. Yet, empirical and theoretical work on metabolic rate responses to temperature changes has so far produced mixed results and conflicting predictions. Our study addresses this issue using a novel approach of comparing fish...

Feature: Exploring the concept of community in relation to Early Years practice

Mark Watson

Technology-enabled professional learning in remote rural minority language classrooms

Rachel Shanks, Christina Walker & Do Coyle

Back to the Future with Writing and Speech

Tim Ingold
This essay for the inaugural issue of Technology and Language suggests a kind of time-travel. As the hand becomes dethroned in writing, the voice might be in speech, and it is with the technologies of the scribal and vocal arts that they can be reclaimed. In the fairly recent past, words, severed from hand and mouth, have been converted into the liquid currency of a global information and communications industry. Technologies followed in step and...

Recent immigrants alter the quantitative genetic architecture of paternity in song sparrows

Jane Reid & Peter Arcese
Quantifying additive genetic variances and cross-sex covariances in reproductive traits, and identifying processes that shape and maintain such (co)variances, is central to understanding the evolutionary dynamics of reproductive systems. Gene flow resulting from among-population dispersal could substantially alter additive genetic variances and covariances in key traits in recipient populations, thereby altering forms of sexual conflict, indirect selection and evolutionary responses. However, the degree to which genes imported by immigrants do in fact affect quantitative genetic...

Data from: Among-individual and within-individual variation in seasonal migration covaries with subsequent reproductive success in a partially-migratory bird

Jane Reid, Moray Souter, Sarah Fenn, Paul Acker, Ana Payo-Payo, Sarah Burthe, Sarah Wanless & Francis Daunt
Within-individual and among-individual variation in expression of key environmentally-sensitive traits, and associated variation in fitness components occurring within and between years, determine the extents of phenotypic plasticity and selection and shape population responses to changing environments. Reversible seasonal migration is one key trait that directly mediates spatial escape from seasonally-deteriorating environments, causing spatio-seasonal population dynamics. Yet, within-individual and among-individual variation in seasonal migration versus year-round residence, and dynamic associations with subsequent reproductive success, have not...

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  • 2020

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  • University of Aberdeen
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Edinburgh
  • Linköping University
  • Hólar University College
  • University of Antwerp
  • LTS International
  • Aberdeen University
  • Western Australian Museum