43 Works

Data from: Lifespan and reproductive cost explain interspecific variation in the optimal onset of reproduction

Emeline Mourocq, Pierre Bize, Sandra Bouwhuis, Russell Bradley, Anne Charmantier, Carlos De La Cruz, Szymon Marian Obniak, Richard H. M. Espie, Márton Herenyi, Hermann Hötker, Oliver Kruger, John Marzluff, Anders P. Møller, Shinichi Nakagawa, Richard A. Phillips, Andrew N. Radford, Alexandre Roulin, János Török, Juliana Valencia, Martijn Van De Pol, Ian G. Warkentin, Isabel S. Winney, Andrew G. Wood, Michael Griesser & Szymon M. Drobniak
Fitness can be profoundly influenced by the age at first reproduction (AFR), but to date the AFR-fitness relationship only has been investigated intraspecifically. Here we investigated the relationship between AFR and average lifetime reproductive success (LRS) across 34 bird species. We assessed differences in the deviation of the Optimal AFR (i.e., the species-specific AFR associated with the highest LRS) from the age at sexual maturity, considering potential effects of life-history as well as social and...

Elemental concentrations in representative species of the ICRP's Reference Animals and Plants and associated soils in terrestrial Mediterranean ecosystems in Spain

J. Guillén, M. Izquierdo, S. Young, C. Wells, C.L. Barnett, N.A. Beresford, A. Baeza, A. Salas, A. Muñóz-Serrano, J.M. Corrales-Vázquez, J.G. Muñoz-Muñoz, E. Tovar & J.S. Chaplow
Data comprise stable element concentrations in terrestrial Reference Animals and Plants (RAPs) and corresponding whole-body concentration ratios determined in two different Mediterranean ecosystems: a Pinewood and a Dehesa (grassland with disperse tree cover). The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) RAPs considered in the Pinewood ecosystem were Pine Tree and Wild Grass; whereas in the Dehesa ecosystem those considered were Deer, Rat, Earthworm, Bee, Frog, Duck and Wild Grass. The data include: elemental concentrations in...

Transfer parameters for radionuclides and radiologically significant stable elements to foodstuffs in Spain

J. Guillen, F.M. Gómez Polo, A. Baeza & M.A. Ontalba
Data comprise of radionuclide and stable element concentrations in vegetal and animal food and feedstuffs, and their corresponding transfer coefficients and concentration ratios determined in Mediterranean ecosystems in Spain. The considered foodstuff groups are: cereals, grapevine (including wine), olive tree (including olive oil), lamb, beef, pork, and dairy products from sheep, goat and cow. The data include: elemental and radioactive concentration in soil, plants, food and feedstuffs; dry to fresh ratios for foodstuffs; animal feeding...

Data from: Maternal allocation in eggs when counting on helpers in a cooperatively breeding bird

Juliana Valencia, Concha Mateos, Carlos De La Cruz & Juan Carranza
For cooperatively breeding birds, it has been proposed that breeders should reduce their investment in eggs when they count on helpers, because this can be compensated for by helpers provisioning of nestlings. Data from some species have supported this prediction, but this is not the case in others. It has also been proposed that mothers should not reduce but rather increase investment if the presence of helpers enhances the reproductive value of offspring, a pattern...

Data from: Wintering areas predict age-related breeding phenology in a migratory passerine bird

Cosme López-Calderón, Keith A. Hobson, Alfonso Marzal, Javier Balbontín, Marivel Reviriego, Sergio Magallanes, Luz García-Longoria, Florentino De Lope & Anders P. Møller
Understanding connections between breeding, stopover and wintering grounds for long-distance migratory birds can provide important insight into factors influencing demography and the strength of carry-over effects among various periods of the annual cycle. Using previously described, multi-isotope (δ13C, δ15N, δ2H) feather isoscapes for Africa, we identified the most probable wintering areas for house martins (Delichon urbica) breeding at Badajoz in southwestern Spain. We identified two most-probable wintering areas differing in latitude in West Africa. We...

Ecogeographical patterns in owl plumage colouration: climate and vegetation cover predict global colour variation

Arianna Passarotto, Arianna Passarotto, Emilio Rodríguez-Caballero, Ángel Cruz-Miralles & Jesús M. Avilés
Aim: Ecogeographical rules link animal colours, especially those produced by melanin pigments, with variation in environmental conditions over wide geographical scales. In particular, Gloger’s rule, coined in two versions for endothermic animals, suggests that tegument darkness would increase at high temperature, as well as in highly humid environments. On the other hand, the thermal melanism hypothesis, predicts that darker colourations should be more frequent in colder areas given their thermoregulation benefits. Location: Global Time period:...

Data from: Drought legacies are short, prevail in dry conifer forests and depend on growth variability.

Antonio Gazol, J. Julio Camarero, Raúl Sánchez-Salguero, Sergio Vicente-Serrano, Xavier Serra-Maluquer, Emilia Gutiérrez, Martín De Luis, Gabriel Sangüesa-Barreda, Klemen Novak, Vicente Rozas, Pedro A. Tiscar, Juan C. Linares, Edurne Martínez Del Castillo, Montse Ribas, Ignacio García-González, Fernando Silla, Álvaro Camisón, Mar Genova, Jose Miguel Olano, Ana-Maria Hereș, Jorge Curiel-Yuste, Luis A. Longares, Andrea Hevia, Miquel Tomas-Burguera & Juan Galván
The negative impacts of drought on forest growth and productivity last for several years generating legacies, although the factors that determine why such legacies vary across sites and tree species remain unclear. We used an extensive network of tree-ring width (RWI, ring-width index) records of 16 tree species from 567 forests, and high-resolution climate and NDVI datasets across Spain during the common period 1982‒2008 to test the hypothesis that climate conditions and growth features modulate...

Imaginarios y arquitecturas de cinematógrafos rurales en pantalla: cuatro ejemplos patrimoniales en la Provincia de Cáceres (España)

Angélica García-Manso

TempuSpacium - Didática das Ciências Sociais, Estudos II

Alfredo G Dias, Maria João Barroso Hortas, Nuno Ferreira & Francisco Jaraíz-Cabanillas
Este é o segundo volume produzido no âmbito do projeto TempuSpacium – Didática das Ciências Sociais, que, não obstante todas as dificuldades que resultaram da interrupção dos apoios financeiros e da situação pandémica que o país vive, continuou o seu trabalho centrado na produção de conhecimento em torno, particularmente, da questão de como ensinar a ensinar História e Geografia. Damos continuidade ao nosso propósito de envolver alguns dos nossos estudantes na investigação que realizamos no...

El paisaje rural como recurso didáctico para la enseñanza de aprendizajes integradores

Verónica Fernández García & Francisco Jaraíz-Cabanillas
Con el paso del tiempo, el paisaje ha ido obteniendo un potencial reconocimiento, tanto a nivel natural, cultural y didáctico, ya que nos ofrece una inmensa variedad de puntos de vista con los que abordar el tema del paisaje de una manera didáctica. Mediante la elaboración del presente trabajo, se pretende hacer hincapié en el paisaje como recurso didáctico, es decir, conocer la manera en que los alumnos perciben el paisaje, cuáles son los conocimientos...

Avian MHC copy number variation is associated with helminth richness

Piotr Minias, Jorge Gutiérrez & Peter Dunn
Genes of the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) play a key role in the adaptive immunity of vertebrates, as they encode receptors responsible for recognition of antigens. Evolutionary history of the MHC proceeded through numerous gene duplications, which increases the spectrum of pathogens recognized by individuals. Although pathogen-mediated selection is believed to be a primary driver of MHC expansion over evolutionary times, empirical evidence for this association is virtually lacking. Here, we used an extensive dataset...

Data from: Genomic evidence of demographic fluctuations and lack of genetic structure across flyways in a long distance migrant, the European turtle dove

Luciano Calderón, Leonardo Campagna, Thomas Wilke, Hervé Lormee, Cyril Eraud, Jenny C. Dunn, Gregorio Rocha, Pavel Zehtindjiev, Dimitrios E. Bakaloudis, Benjamin Metzger, Jacopo G. Cecere, Melanie Marx & Petra Quillfeldt
Background: Understanding how past climatic oscillations have affected organismic evolution will help predict the impact that current climate change has on living organisms. The European turtle dove, Streptopelia turtur, is a warm-temperature adapted species and a long distance migrant that uses multiple flyways to move between Europe and Africa. Despite being abundant, it is categorized as vulnerable because of a long-term demographic decline. We studied the demographic history and population genetic structure of the European...

Data from: Too salty for you? Changes of diet in the laughing gull nestlings during the growing period

Erick González-Medina, José Alfredo Castillo-Guerrero, José A. Masero & Guillermo Fernández
In many seabird and waterbird species, salinity can impose physiological stress on recently hatched chicks because they have a limited capacity to excrete salt loads. In response, parents can select low-salt food for their nestlings in the first stage of their growth. We determined the growth-related variation in the diet of laughing gull Leucophaeus atricilla nestlings by using stable isotope analysis of feathers. Isotopic measurement of hatchling down reflects the mother's diet before laying eggs....

Flowering synchrony drives reproductive success in a wind-pollinated tree

Michał Bogdziewicz, Mario Pesendorfer, Elizabeth Crone, Carlos Pérez-Izquierdo & Raul Bonal
Synchronized and quasi-periodic production of seeds by plant populations, known as masting, is implicated in many ecological processes, but how it arises remains poorly understood. Flowering and pollination dynamics are hypothesized to provide the mechanistic link for the observed relationship between weather and population‐level seed production. We report the first experimental test of the phenological synchrony hypotheses as a driver of pollen limitation in mast seeding oaks (Quercus ilex). Higher flowering synchrony yielded greater pollination...

Data from: Generational shift in spring staging site use by a long-distance migratory bird

Mo A. Verhoeven, Jelle A.H. Loonstra, Jos C.E.W. Hooijmeijer, Jose A. Masero, Theunis Piersma, Nathan R. Senner, Jos C. E. W. Hooijmeijer & A. H. Jelle Loonstra
In response to environmental change, species have been observed altering their migratory behaviours. Few studies, however, have been able to determine whether these alterations resulted from inherited, plastic, or flexible changes. Here we present a unique observation of a rapid population-level shift in migratory routes — over 300 km from Spain to Portugal — by continental black-tailed godwits Limosa limosa limosa. This shift did not result from adult godwits changing staging sites, as adult site...

Data from: Unexpected consequences of a drier world: evidence that delay in late summer rains biases the population sex ratio of an insect

Raul Bonal, Marisa Hernández, Josep Maria Espelta, Alberto Muñoz & José M. Aparicio
The complexity of animal life histories makes it difficult to predict the consequences of climate change on their populations. In this paper, we show, for the first time, that longer summer drought episodes, such as those predicted for the dry Mediterranean region under climate change, may bias insect population sex ratio. Many Mediterranean organisms, like the weevil Curculio elephas, become active again after summer drought. This insect depends on late summer rainfall to soften the...

Data from: Identifying management actions to increase foraging opportunities for shorebirds at semi-intensive shrimp farms

Juan G. Navedo, Guillermo Fernández, Nelson Valdivia, Mark C. Drever & Jose A. Masero
The expansion of aquaculture has resulted in widespread habitat conversion throughout the world. Identifying beneficial management measures may dramatically reduce negative impacts of aquaculture for migratory birds. We studied how densities of foraging shorebirds varied at ponds within a semi-intensive shrimp aquaculture farm on the north-western coast of Mexico, as related to timing of harvest and tidal cycles. Further, we estimated the total daily available area for each shorebird species throughout two entire harvesting seasons...

Co-evaluation of Expositive Texts in Primary Education: Rubric vs Comments

Alba Mª Mayo Beltrán, María Jesús Fernández Sánchez, Manuel Montanero Fernández & David Martin Parejo
This study compares the effects of two resources, a paper rubric (CR) or the comment bubbles from a word processor (CCB), to support peer co-evaluation of expository texts in primary education. A total of 57 students wrote a text which, after a peer co-evaluation process, was rewritten. To analyze the improvements in the texts, we used a rubric that was similar to the one in the first condition. The messages and suggestions for improvement were...

Presencia de espacios satíricos e infoentrentenimiento en radios universitarias de España

Daniel Martín-Pena & José Valhondo Crego

Data from: Intraspecific haplotype diversity in Cherleria sedoides L. (Caryophyllaceae) is best explained by chloroplast capture from an extinct species

Abigail J. Moore, Francisco J. Valtueña, Markus S. Dillenberger, Joachim W. Kadereit & Chris D. Preston
Cherleria sedoides, a plant species widespread in alpine areas of the major European mountain ranges and in Scotland, contains two highly divergent chloroplast haplotype groups, one widespread (WH) and one present only in some populations in the Alps (AH). We investigated whether this haplotype diversity is the result of (1) intraspecific differentiation, (2) retention of an ancestral polymorphism or (3) hybridisation. For this purpose, 106 matK sequences from throughout the Caryophyllaceae and 80 trnQ-rps16 and...

Data from: Hybrid speciation by sorting of parental incompatibilities in Italian sparrows

Jo S. Hermansen, Fredrik Haas, Richard I. Bailey, Alexander J. Nederbragt, Cassandra N. Trier, Alfonso Marzal, Glenn-Peter Sætre & Glenn-Peter Saetre
Speciation by hybridization is emerging as a significant contributor to biological diversification. Yet, little is known about the relative contributions of (i) evolutionary novelty and (ii) sorting of preexisting parental incompatibilities to the build-up of reproductive isolation under this mode of speciation. Few studies have addressed empirically whether hybrid animal taxa are intrinsically isolated from their parents, and no study has so far investigated by which of the two aforementioned routes intrinsic barriers evolve. Here,...

Data from: Peripatric speciation in an endemic Macaronesian plant after recent divergence from a widespread relative

Francisco J. Valtueña, Tomás Rodríguez-Riaño, Josefa López, Carlos Mayo & Ana Ortega-Olivencia
The Macaronesian Scrophularia lowei is hypothesized to have arisen from the widespread S. arguta on the basis of several phylogenetic studies of the genus, but sampling has been limited. Although these two annual species are morphologically distinct, the origin of S. lowei is unclear because genetic studies focused on this Macaronesian species are lacking. We studied 5 S. lowei and 25 S. arguta populations to determine the relationship of both species and to infer the...

Data from: The interplay among acorn abundance and rodent behavior drives the spatial pattern of seedling recruitment in mature Mediterranean oak forests

Pau Sunyer, Ester Boixadera, Alberto Muñoz, Raúl Bonal & Josep Maria Espelta
The patterns of seedling recruitment in animal-dispersed plants result from the interactions among environmental and behavioral variables. However, we know little on the contribution and combined effect of both kinds of variables. We designed a field study to assess the interplay between environment (vegetation structure, seed abundance, rodent abundance) and behavior (seed dispersal and predation by rodents, and rooting by wild boars), and their contribution to the spatial patterns of seedling recruitment in a Mediterranean...

Data from: Uropygial gland volume and malaria infection are related to survival in migratory house martins

Sergio Magallanes, Luz García-Longoria, Cosme López-Calderón, Maribel Reviriego, Florentino De Lope, Anders P. Moller & Alfonso Marzal
Pathogens such as bacteria, fungi and malaria and related haemosporidians provoke negative effects on the fitness of their hosts. Animals have developed a range of defensive mechanisms to resist or eliminate these parasitic infections and their negative fitness costs. The uropygial gland secretion has been proposed to act as defensive barrier of skin and plumage in the fight against bacteria and fungi, and may prevent birds from acquiring haemosporidian infections. Thus, the secretion of uropygial...

Data from: Evolutionary significance of the invasion of introduced populations into the native range of Meconopsis cambrica

Francisco J Valtueña, Christopher D Preston & Joachim W Kadereit
The long history of the deliberate or accidental, human-mediated dispersal of flowering plants has led to the introduction of foreign genotypes of many species into areas of Europe hitherto occupied by potentially distinct native populations. Studies of the genetic and evolutionary consequences of such changes are handicapped by the difficulty of identifying the surviving native populations of many species in the absence of clear morphological differences. We investigated the relationship between putative native and introduced...

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