3,424 Works

Cross-linked nanoparticles of silk fibroin with proanthocyanidins as a promising vehicle of indocyanine green for photo-thermal therapy of glioma

De-Li ZhuGe, Li-Fen Wang, Rui Chen, Xin-Ze Li, Zhi-Wei Huang, Qing Yao, Bin Chen, Ying-Zheng Zhao, He-Lin Xu & Jian-Dong Yuan
Instability of silk fibroin nanoparticles (SFNPs) in physiologic condition hinders its application as drug delivery vehicle. Herein, indocyanine green (ICG) loaded silk fibroin nanoparticles (ICG-SFNPs) was firstly prepared and then crosslinked by proanthocyanidins to obtain the stable ICG-CSFNPs for killing the residual tumour niche under near infra-red irradiation (NIR) after surgery. The particle size and zeta potentials of ICG-CSFNPs was 120.1 nm and -40.4 mV, respectively. Moreover, ICG-CSFNPs exhibited good stability of particle size in...

Longitudinal analysis of the antibody repertoire of a Zika virus-infected patient revealed dynamic changes in antibody response

Xuefeng Niu, Qihong Yan, Zhipeng Yao, Fan Zhang, Linbing Qu, Chunlin Wang, Chengrui Wang, Hui Lei, Chaoming Chen, Renshan Liang, Jia Luo, Qian Wang, Lingzhai Zhao, Yudi Zhang, Kun Luo, Longyu Wang, Hongkai Wu, Tingting Liu, Pingchao Li, Zhiqiang Zheng, Yee Joo Tan, Liqiang Feng, Zhenhai Zhang, Jian Han, Fuchun Zhang … & Ling Chen
The Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that causes neonatal abnormalities and other disorders. Antibodies to the ZIKV envelope (E) protein can block infection. In this study, next-generation sequencing (NGS) of immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) mRNA transcripts was combined with single-cell PCR cloning of E-binding monoclonal antibodies for analysing antibody response in a patient from the early stages of infection to more than one year after the clearance of the virus. The patient's IgH...

Bicomponent polymeric micelles for pH-controlled delivery of doxorubicin

Chunyun Wang, Peilan Qi, Yan Lu, Lei Liu, Yanan Zhang, Qianli Sheng, Tianshun Wang, Mengying Zhang, Rui Wang & Shiyong Song
Stimuli-responsive drug delivery systems (DDSs) are expected to realize site-specific drug release and kill cancer cells selectively. In this study, a pH-responsive micelle was designed utilizing the pH-sensitivity of borate bonds formed between dopamine and boronic acid. First, methyl (polyethylene glycol)-block-polycaprolactone (mPEG-PCL) was conjugated with 4-cyano-4-(thiobenzoylthio)pentanoic acid (CTP) to obtain a macroinitiator. Two different segments poly(dopamine methacrylamide) (PDMA) and poly(vinylphenylboronic acid) (PVBA) were then grafted to the end of mPEG-PCL. Two triblock copolymers, mPEG-PCL-PDMA and...

Redox-triggered mitoxantrone prodrug micelles for overcoming multidrug-resistant breast cancer

Hongzhi Qiao, Zhenzhu Zhu, Dong Fang, Yuan Sun, Chen Kang, Liuqing Di, Lei Zhang & Yahan Gao
Multidrug resistance (MDR) severely hinders the efficient chemotherapeutic treatments of cancer. d-α-Tocopherol polyethylene 1000 succinate (TPGS) based drug delivery system holds the potential of re-sensitizing resistant cancer cells. In this study, a TPGS prodrug containing both TPGS and mitoxantrone (MTO) via a disulphide bond was synthesised and assembled into micelle (TSMm) with a monodispersed diameter of 46.50 ± 1.12 nm. The disulphide bonds within the micelles could be cleaved in response to a high concentration...

Identification of novel mobile colistin resistance gene mcr-10

Chengcheng Wang, Yu Feng, Lina Liu, Li Wei, Mei Kang & Zhiyong Zong
Mobile colistin resistance (mcr) genes represent an emerging challenge. Here we describe a novel mcr gene, mcr-10, on an IncFIA plasmid of an Enterobacter roggenkampii clinical strain. mcr-10 has the highest nucleotide identity (79.69%) with mcr-9 and encodes MCR-10 with 82.93% amino acids identical to MCR-9. mcr-10 confers 4-fold increase in colistin MIC (from 1 to 4 mg/L) when cloned into a colistin-susceptible E. roggenkampii strain. By screening GenBank, mcr-10 was found in various Enterobacteriaceae...

Isolation of Infectious SARS-CoV-2 from Urine of a COVID-19 Patient

Jing Sun, Airu Zhu, Heying Li, Kui Zheng, Zhen Zhuang, Zhao Chen, Yongxia Shi, Zhaoyong Zhang, Si-bei Chen, Xuesong Liu, Jun Dai, Xiaobo Li, Shuxiang Huang, Xiaofang Huang, Ling Luo, Liyan Wen, Jianfen Zhuo, Yuming Li, Yanqun Wang, Lu Zhang, Yanjun Zhang, Fang Li, Liqiang Feng, Xinwen Chen, Nanshan Zhong … & Yi-min Li
SARS-CoV-2 caused a major outbreak of severe pneumonia (COVID-19) in humans. Viral RNA was detected in multiple organs in COVID-19 patients. However, infectious SARS-CoV-2 was only isolated from respiratory specimens. Here, infectious SARS-CoV-2 was successfully isolated from urine of a COVID-19 patient. The virus isolated could infect new susceptible cells and was recognized by its’ own patient sera. Appropriate precautions should be taken to avoid transmission from urine.

Molecular investigation of infection sources and transmission chains of brucellosis in Zhejiang, China

Heng Wang, Wei-min Xu, Kuang-ji Zhu, Su-juan Zhu, Hong-fang Zhang, Jia Wang, Yang Yang, Feng-yao Shao, Neng-ming Jiang, Zhen-yang Tao, Hang-yi Jin, Yi Tang, Liang-liang Huo, Fang Dong, Zhen-jun Li, Hua Ding & Zhi-guo Liu
In the present study, a total of 7793 samples from 5 different types of hosts were collected and tested, with a seroprevalence of 2.4% (184/7793). Although the seroprevalence of human and animal brucellosis is relatively low, numbers of human brucellosis cases reported have increased continuously from 2004 to 2018. A total of 118 Brucella strains containing 4 biotypes were obtained, including Brucella melitensis bv.1 (n = 8) and bv.3 (n = 106), Brucella abortus bv.3...

Isolation of infectious SARS-CoV-2 from urine of a COVID-19 patient

Jing Sun, Airu Zhu, Heying Li, Kui Zheng, Zhen Zhuang, Zhao Chen, Yongxia Shi, Zhaoyong Zhang, Si-bei Chen, Xuesong Liu, Jun Dai, Xiaobo Li, Shuxiang Huang, Xiaofang Huang, Ling Luo, Liyan Wen, Jianfen Zhuo, Yuming Li, Yanqun Wang, Lu Zhang, Yanjun Zhang, Fang Li, Liqiang Feng, Xinwen Chen, Nanshan Zhong … & Yi-min Li
SARS-CoV-2 caused a major outbreak of severe pneumonia (COVID-19) in humans. Viral RNA was detected in multiple organs in COVID-19 patients. However, infectious SARS-CoV-2 was only isolated from respiratory specimens. Here, infectious SARS-CoV-2 was successfully isolated from urine of a COVID-19 patient. The virus isolated could infect new susceptible cells and was recognized by its’ own patient sera. Appropriate precautions should be taken to avoid transmission from urine.

Population genetics and forensic efficiency of 30 InDel markers in four Chinese ethnic groups residing in Sichuan

Fei Wang, Guanglin He, Zheng Wang, Mengge Wang, Jing Liu, Xing Zou, Shouyu Wang, Mengyuan Song, Ziwei Ye, Mingkun Xie & Yiping Hou
Sichuan Province is located at the transitional junction regions of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the low-altitude plains. It also serves as the corridor of Sino-Tibetan-speaking population migration and expansion since neolithic expansion of Proto-Tibeto-Burman populations from Middle/Upper Yellow River during Majiayao period (3300–2000 BC). However, the population structure and the corresponding genetic diversity of forensic-related markers in this region remain unclear. Thus, we genotyped 30 insertion-deletion (InDel) markers in 444 samples from four ethnic groups...

Phenylboronic ester-modified anionic micelles for ROS-stimuli response in HeLa cell

Qi Y. Wang, Yi S. Xu, Nan X. Zhang, Zhi P. Dong, Bo N. Zhao, Lin C. Liu, Tao Lu & Yue Wang
Smart polymers as ideal drug nanocarriers have attracted much attention due to the effective drug delivery, internalization and release once triggered by intracellular stimuli, as well as reduced cytotoxicity. We here reported the anionic micelle consisting of copolymer (PEG-b-PAsp) and a PBE (Phenylboronic Ester) group grafted, which can achieve fast response to intracellular ROS and enhanced anti-tumor activity. With this, PEG-b-PAsp-g-PBE/DOX system showed better tumor growth inhibition when studied on HeLa cell lines with high...

Isolation of infectious SARS-CoV-2 from urine of a COVID-19 patient

Jing Sun, Airu Zhu, Heying Li, Kui Zheng, Zhen Zhuang, Zhao Chen, Yongxia Shi, Zhaoyong Zhang, Si-bei Chen, Xuesong Liu, Jun Dai, Xiaobo Li, Shuxiang Huang, Xiaofang Huang, Ling Luo, Liyan Wen, Jianfen Zhuo, Yuming Li, Yanqun Wang, Lu Zhang, Yanjun Zhang, Fang Li, Liqiang Feng, Xinwen Chen, Nanshan Zhong … & Yi-min Li
SARS-CoV-2 caused a major outbreak of severe pneumonia (COVID-19) in humans. Viral RNA was detected in multiple organs in COVID-19 patients. However, infectious SARS-CoV-2 was only isolated from respiratory specimens. Here, infectious SARS-CoV-2 was successfully isolated from urine of a COVID-19 patient. The virus isolated could infect new susceptible cells and was recognized by its’ own patient sera. Appropriate precautions should be taken to avoid transmission from urine.

Additional file 1 of Traditional Chinese medicine Lingguizhugan decoction treating non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with spleen-yang deficiency pattern: Study protocol for a multicenter randomized controlled trial

Jingjuan Xu, Ruirui Wang, Shengfu You, Lei Zhang, Peiyong Zheng, Guang Ji & Baocheng Liu
Additional file 1. SPIRIT 2013 checklist.

Traditional Chinese medicine Lingguizhugan decoction treating non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with spleen-yang deficiency pattern: Study protocol for a multicenter randomized controlled trial

Jingjuan Xu, Ruirui Wang, Shengfu You, Lei Zhang, Peiyong Zheng, Guang Ji & Baocheng Liu
Abstract Background Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common chronic liver disease characterized by excessive fat accumulation in the liver. One of the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms is insulin resistance (IR). Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has showed potential benefits in the management of NAFLD. Lingguizhugan decoction (LGZG) is a representative Chinese herbal formula; however, there is still no rigorous clinical trial supporting its application. Methods/design This study will be a three-arm, dose-optimization, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled...

Impact of environmental shocks on the preferred number of children of internal migrants: Evidence from China

Jin Li
Most research has used individual or group features to explain why migrants have different preferred number of children. However, these features can be identified and subdivided infinitely, with none of them broadly answering the question “why migrants desire more or less children”? This paper identified “environmental shocks”, which are a common experience for all migrants, as determinants of dissimilar preferred number of children across internal migrants in China. Environmental shocks refer to the uncertainty experienced...

Analytical comparisons of SARS-COV-2 detection by qRT-PCR and ddPCR with multiple primer/probe sets

Xinjin Liu, Jiangpeng Feng, Qiuhan Zhang, Dong Guo, Lu Zhang, Tao Suo, Wenjia Hu, Ming Guo, Xin Wang, Zhixiang Huang, Yong Xiong, Guozhong Chen, Yu Chen & Ke Lan
Different primers/probes sets have been developed all over the world for the nucleic acid detection of SARS-CoV-2 by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) as a standard method. In our recent study, we explored the feasibility of droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) for clinical SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid detection compared with qRT-PCR using the same primer/probe sets issued by Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) targeting viral ORF1ab or N gene, which showed that...

Development of an automatic integrated gene detection system for novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV2)

Yuchang Li, Jing Li, Ying Zhang, Lizhong Dai, Lin Li, Juan Liu, Sen Zhang, Xiaoyan Wu, Yi Hu, Chenfeng Qin, Tao Jiang & Xiaoping Kang
In December 2019, Wuhan, China suffered a serious outbreak of a novel coronavirus infectious disease (COVID) caused by novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV 2). To quickly identify the pathogen, we designed and screened primer sets, and established a sensitive and specific qRT-PCR assay for SARS-CoV 2; the lower limit of detection (LOD) was 14.8 (95% CI: 9.8–21) copies per reaction. We combined this qRT-PCR assay with an automatic integration system for nucleic acid...

Epidemiology and clinical course of COVID-19 in Shanghai, China

Yinzhong Shen, Fang Zheng, Danfeng Sun, Yun Ling, Jun Chen, Feng Li, Tao Li, Zhiping Qian, Yuyi Zhang, Qingnian Xu, Li Liu, Qin Huang, Fei Shan, Lie Xu, Jun Wu, Zhaoqin Zhu, Zhigang Song, Shenyang Li, Yuxin Shi, Jianliang Zhang, Xueyun Wu, Joshua B. Mendelsohn, Tongyu Zhu & Hongzhou Lu
Background: Novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) is prevalent around the world. We aimed to describe epidemiological features and clinical course in Shanghai. Methods: We retrospectively analysed 325 cases admitted at Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, between January 20 and February 29, 2020. Results: 47.4% (154/325) had visited Wuhan within 2 weeks of illness onset. 57.2% occurred in 67 clusters; 40% were situated within 53 family clusters. 83.7% developed fever during the disease course. Median times from...

Stochastic Tree Search for Estimating Optimal Dynamic Treatment Regimes

Yilun Sun & Lu Wang
A dynamic treatment regime (DTR) is a sequence of decision rules that adapt to the time-varying states of an individual. Black-box learning methods have shown great potential in predicting the optimal treatments; however, the resulting DTRs lack interpretability, which is of paramount importance for medical experts to understand and implement. We present a stochastic tree-based reinforcement learning (ST-RL) method for estimating optimal DTRs in a multistage multitreatment setting with data from either randomized trials or...

High ultrafiltration rate induced intradialytic hypotension is a predictor for cardiac remodeling: a 5-year cohort study

Jinbo Yu, Xiaohong Chen, Yang Li, Yaqiong Wang, Zhonghua Liu, Bo Shen, Jie Teng, Jianzhou Zou & Xiaoqiang Ding
Intradialytic-hypotension (IDH) is a common complication of hemodialysis. High ultrafiltration rate (UFR) might lead to IDH. However, the relationships between UFR, IDH, and cardiac remodeling among hemodialysis patients in the long-term have not been deeply explored. This retrospective cohort study collected clinical and echocardiographic data. Patients were enrolled from 1 January 2014 to 31 March 2014 and were followed-up for 5-year. Those who suffered from more than four hypotensive events during three months (10% of...

Supplemental Material, CONSORT_b - Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial

Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen & Desheng Wang
Supplemental Material, CONSORT_b for Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial by Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen and Desheng Wang in Ear, Nose & Throat Journal

Supplemental Material, original_data - Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial

Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen & Desheng Wang
Supplemental Material, original_data for Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial by Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen and Desheng Wang in Ear, Nose & Throat Journal

Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial

Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen & Desheng Wang
Aim:Some obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients may have mandibular retrognathia (ANB > 4.7° and SNB < 76.2°). Currently, there are no studies that have compared the effectiveness of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) versus mandibular advancement device (MAD) in severe OSA patients with mandibular retrognathia. We explored the efficacy of CPAP versus MAD for the treatment of severe OSA patients with mandibular retrognathia.Methods:A total of 105 patients were enrolled. Outcomes were assessed by using polysomnography,...

Phase separation of the Cep63•Cep152 complex underlies the formation of dynamic supramolecular self-assemblies at human centrosomes

Jong Il Ahn, Jung-Eun Park, Lingjun Meng, Liang Zhang, Tae-Sung Kim, Michael J. Kruhlak, Bo Yeon Kim & Kyung S. Lee
The centrosome is a unique membraneless organelle that plays a pivotal role in the orderly progression of the cell cycle in animal cells. It has been shown that two pericentriolar scaffold proteins, Cep63 and Cep152, generate a heterotetrameric complex to self-assemble into a higher-order cylindrical architecture around a centriole. However, the mechanisms underlying how they reach their threshold concentrations in the vast intracellular space and generate a self-assembled architecture remain mysterious. Here we demonstrate that,...

Human coronavirus dependency on host heat shock protein 90 reveals an antiviral target

Cun Li, Hin Chu, Xiaojuan Liu, Man Chun Chiu, Xiaoyu Zhao, Dong Wang, Yuxuan Wei, Yuxin Hou, Huiping Shuai, Jianpiao Cai, Jasper Fuk-Woo Chan, Jie Zhou & Kwok Yung Yuen
Rapid accumulation of viral proteins in host cells render viruses highly dependent on cellular chaperones including heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90). Three highly pathogenic human coronaviruses, including MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2, have emerged in the past 2 decades. However, there is no approved antiviral agent against these coronaviruses. We inspected the role of Hsp90 for coronavirus propagation. First, an Hsp90 inhibitor, 17-AAG, significantly suppressed MERS-CoV propagation in cell lines and physiological-relevant human intestinal organoids. Second,...

Association between atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases risk and renal outcome in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Honghong Ren, Lijun Zhao, Yutong Zou, Yiting Wang, Junlin Zhang, Yucheng Wu, Rui Zhang, Tingli Wang, Jiali Wang, Yitao Zhu, Ruikun Guo, Huan Xu, Lin Li, Mark E. Cooper & Fang Liu
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus increase atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD) risk. However, the association between renal outcome of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and ASCVD risk is unclear. This retrospective study enrolled 218 type 2 diabetic patients with biopsy-proven DKD, and without known cardiovascular diseases. Baseline characteristics were obtained and the 10-year ASCVD risk score was calculated using the Pooled Cohort Equation (PCE). Renal outcome was defined as progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD)....

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