8 Works

Data from: Composite measures of selection can improve the signal-to-noise ratio in genome scans

Katie E. Lotterhos, Daren C. Card, Sara M. Schaal, Liuyang Wang, Caitlin Collins & Bob Verity
The growing wealth of genomic data is yielding new insights into the genetic basis of adaptation, but it also presents the challenge of extracting the relevant signal from multi-dimensional datasets. Different statistical approaches vary in their power to detect selection depending on the demographic history, type of selection, genetic architecture and experimental design. Here, we develop and evaluate new approaches for combining results from multiple tests, including multivariate distance measures and methods for combining P-values....

Data from: Higher predation risk for insect prey at low latitudes and elevations

Tomas Roslin, Bess Hardwick, Vojtech Novotny, William K. Petry, Nigel R. Andrew, Ashley Asmus, Isabel C. Barrio, Yves Basset, Andrea Larissa Boesing, Timothy C. Bonebrake, Erin K. Cameron, Wesley Dáttilo, David A. Donoso, Pavel Drozd, Claudia L. Gray, David S. Hik, Sarah J. Hill, Tapani Hopkins, Shuyin Huang, Bonny Koane, Benita Laird-Hopkins, Liisa Laukkanen, Owen T. Lewis, Sol Milne, Isaiah Mwesige … & Eleanor M. Slade
Biotic interactions underlie ecosystem structure and function, but predicting interaction outcomes is difficult. We tested the hypothesis that biotic interaction strength increases toward the equator, using a global experiment with model caterpillars to measure predation risk. Across an 11,660-kilometer latitudinal gradient spanning six continents, we found increasing predation toward the equator, with a parallel pattern of increasing predation toward lower elevations. Patterns across both latitude and elevation were driven by arthropod predators, with no systematic...

Data from: Whole genome amplification and reduced-representation genome sequencing of Schistosoma japonicum miracidia

Jonathan A. Shortt, Daren C. Card, Drew R. Schield, Yang Liu, Bo Zhong, Todd A. Castoe, Elizabeth J. Carlton & David D. Pollock
Background: In areas where schistosomiasis control programs have been implemented, morbidity and prevalence have been greatly reduced. However, to sustain these reductions and move towards interruption of transmission, new tools for disease surveillance are needed. Genomic methods have the potential to help trace the sources of new infections, and allow us to monitor drug resistance. Large-scale genotyping efforts for schistosome species have been hindered by cost, limited numbers of established target loci, and the small...

Data from: Evaluating mechanisms of diversification in a Guineo-Congolian tropical forest frog using demographic model selection

Daniel M. Portik, Adam D. Leaché, Danielle Rivera, Michael F. Barej, Marius Burger, Mareike Hirschfeld, Mark-Oliver Rödel, David C. Blackburn & Matthew K. Fujita
The accumulation of biodiversity in tropical forests can occur through multiple allopatric and parapatric models of diversification, including forest refugia, riverine barriers and ecological gradients. Considerable debate surrounds the major diversification process, particularly in the West African Lower Guinea forests, which contain a complex geographic arrangement of topographic features and historical refugia. We used genomic data to investigate alternative mechanisms of diversification in the Gaboon forest frog, Scotobleps gabonicus, by first identifying population structure and...

Data from: The evolution of vertebrate eye size across an environmental gradient: phenotype does not predict genotype in a Trinidadian killifish

Shannon M. Beston, Elijah Wostl & Matthew R. Walsh
Vertebrates exhibit substantial variation in eye size. Eye size correlates positively with visual capacity and behaviors that enhance fitness, such as predator avoidance. This foreshadows a connection between predation and eye size evolution. Yet, the conditions that favor evolutionary shifts in eye size, besides the well-known role for light availability, are unclear. We tested the influence of predation on the evolution of eye size in Trinidadian killifish, Rivulus hartii. Rivulus are located across a series...

Data from: Rapid evolution mitigates the ecological consequences of an invasive species (Bythotrephes longimanus) in lakes in Wisconsin

Michael Gillis, Matthew Walsh, Michael K. Gillis & Matthew R. Walsh
Invasive species have extensive negative consequences for biodiversity and ecosystem health. Novel species also drive contemporary evolution in many native populations, which could mitigate or amplify their impacts on ecosystems. The predatory zooplankton Bythotrephes longimanus invaded lakes in Wisconsin, USA, in 2009. This invasion caused precipitous declines in zooplankton prey (Daphnia pulicaria), with cascading impacts on ecosystem services (water clarity). Here, we tested the link between Bythotrephes invasion, evolution in Daphnia and post-invasion ecological dynamics...

Data from: Contrasting gene expression programs correspond with predator-induced phenotypic plasticity within and across-generations in Daphnia

Nicole R. Hales, Drew R. Schield, Audra L. Andrew, Daren C. Card, Matthew R. Walsh & Todd A. Castoe
Research has shown that a change in environmental conditions can alter the expression of traits during development (i.e., ‘within-generation phenotypic plasticity’) as well as induce heritable phenotypic responses that persist for multiple generations (i.e., ‘transgenerational plasticity’). It has long been assumed that shifts in gene expression are tightly linked to observed trait responses at the phenotypic level. Yet, the manner in which organisms couple within- and trans-generational plasticity at the molecular level is unclear. Here...

Data from: Targeted capture of complete coding regions across divergent species

Ryan K. Schott, Bhawandeep Panesar, Daren C. Card, Matthew Preston, Todd A. Castoe & Belinda S. W. Chang
Despite continued advances in sequencing technologies, there is a need for methods that can efficiently sequence large numbers of genes from diverse species. One approach to accomplish this is targeted capture (hybrid enrichment). While these methods are well established for genome resequencing projects, cross-species capture strategies are still being developed and generally focus on the capture of conserved regions, rather than complete coding regions from specific genes of interest. The resulting data is thus useful...

Registration Year

  • 2017
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  • Dataset
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Affiliations

  • The University of Texas at Arlington
    8
  • University of Washington
    1
  • Duke University
    1
  • University of Ostrava
    1
  • North-West University
    1
  • University of Alberta
    1
  • University of Aberdeen
    1
  • Aarhus University
    1
  • National Polytechnic School
    1
  • University of Bayreuth
    1