Data from: Biomimicry of iridescent, patterned insect cuticles: comparison of biological and synthetic, cholesteric microcells using hyperspectral imagingAurelie Jullien, Maxim Neradovskiy, Adriana Scarangella, Michel Mitov & Aurélie Jullien
Biological systems inspire the design of multifunctional materials and devices. However, current syynthetic replicas rarelyy capture the range of structural complexityy observed in natural materials. Prior to the definition of a biomimetic design, a dual investigation with a common set of criteria for comparing the biological material and the replica is required. Here, we deal with this issue by addressing the non-trivial case of insect cuticles tessellated with polygonal microcells with iridescent colors due to...
Data from: Extending full protection inside existing marine protected areas or reducing fishing effort outside can reconcile conservation and fisheries goalsMokrane Belharet, Antonio Di Franco, Antonio Calò, Lorenzo Mari, Joachim Claudet, Renato Casagrandi, Marino Gatto, Josep Lloret, Charlotte Sève, Paolo Guidetti & Paco Melià
1. Most fish stocks worldwide are fished at maximum sustainable yield (MSY) or overfished, as many fisheries management strategies have failed to achieve sustainable fishing. Identifying effective fisheries management strategies has now become urgent. 2. Here, we developed a spatially-explicit metapopulation model accounting for population connectivity in the north-western Mediterranean Sea, and parameterized it for three ecologically and economically important coastal fish species: the white seabream Diplodus sargus, the two-banded seabream Diplodus vulgaris and the...
All metazoans are in fact holobionts, resulting from the association of several organisms, and organismal adaptation is then due to the composite response of this association to the environment. Deciphering the mechanisms of symbiont acquisition in a holobiont is therefore essential to understanding the extent of its adaptive capacities. In cnidarians, some species acquire their photosynthetic symbionts directly from their parents (vertical transmission) but may also acquire symbionts from the environment (horizontal acquisition) at the...
The biogeography of community assembly: latitude and predation drive variation in community trait distribution in a guild of epifaunal crustaceansCollin Gross, Collin Gross, J Duffy, Kevin Hovel, Melissa Kardish, Pamela Reynolds, Christoffer Boström, Katharyn Boyer, Mathiew Cusson, Johan Eklöf, Aschwin Engelen, Klemens Eriksson, Joel Fodrie, John Griffin, Clara Hereu, Masakazu Hori, A Randall Hughes, Mikhail Ivanov, Pablo Jorgensen, Claudia Kruschel, Kun-Seop Lee, Jonathan Lefcheck, Karen McGlathery, Per-Olav Moksnes, Masahiro Nakaoka … & Jay Stachowicz
While considerable evidence exists of biogeographic patterns in the intensity of species interactions, the influence of these patterns on variation in community structure is less clear. Using a model selection approach on measures of trait dispersion in crustaceans associated with eelgrass (Zostera marina) spanning 30º of latitude in two oceans, we found that dispersion strongly increased with increasing predation and decreasing latitude. Ocean and epiphyte load appeared as secondary predictors; Pacific communities were more overdispersed...
During the early stages of invasion, the interaction between the features of the invaded landscape, notably its spatial structure, and the internal dynamics of an introduced population, has a crucial impact on establishment and spread. By approximating introduction areas as networks of patches linked by dispersal, we characterized their spatial structure with specific metrics and tested their impact on two essential steps of the invasion process: establishment and spread. By combining simulations with experimental introductions...
Data from: Effects of inbreeding on a gregarious parasitoid wasp with complementary sex determinationTania Zaviezo, Romina Retamal, Teddy Urvois, Xavier Fauvergue, Aurelie Blin & Thibaut Malausa
Inbreeding and inbreeding depression are processes in small populations of particular interest for a range of human activities such as animal breeding, species conservation or pest management. In particular, biological control programs should benefit from a thorough understanding of the causes and consequences of inbreeding because natural enemies experience repetitive bottlenecks during importation, laboratory rearing, and introduction. Predicting the effect of inbreeding in Hymenopteran parasitoid wasps, frequently used in biological control programs, is nonetheless a...
Data from: Parallel evolution of behaviour during independent host-shifts following maize introduction into Asia and EuropeVincent Calcagno, Clémentine Mitoyen, Philippe Audiot, Sergine Ponsard, Giu-Zhen Gao, Zhao-Zhi Lu, Zhen-Ying Wang, Kang-Lai He, Denis Bourguet & Gui-Zhen Gao
Maize was introduced into opposite sides of Eurasia 500 years ago, in Western Europe and in Asia. This caused two host-shifts in the phytophagous genus Ostrinia, O. nubilalis (the European corn borer; ECB) and O. furnacalis (the Asian corn borer; ACB) are now major pests of maize worldwide. They originated independently from Dicot-feeding ancestors, similar to O. scapulalis (the Adzuki bean borer; ABB). Unlike other host-plants, maize is yearly harvested, and harvesting practices impose severe...
Université Côte d'Azur13
French National Centre for Scientific Research3
University of Turin2
College of Charleston1
London School of Economics and Political Science1
University of Washington1
University of Zadar1
Université du Québec à Chicoutimi1
Institute of Plant Protection1
University of Groningen1