An array of 50 short period sensors deployed for one year in southern Victoria, SW Australia, generally targeting the Lachlan Orogen.
This array is part of the WOMBAT rolling array in E-SE Australia. It consist of ~20 short-period (Lennartz 3D-Lite MkII) seismometers recording three channels at 20hz. Station spacing is approximately 50 km.
This project investigates the widespread phenomena of ‘community rule-making’ in Pacific Island countries, in which local communities engage in deliberative processes oriented towards development of new normative orders. Occurring largely outside of state-sanctioned authority, such processes may address social problems such as gender based violence, crime and poverty, and frequently occur in the context of other locally-driven attempts at community regeneration. Through collaborative empirical research in PNG, Vanuatu and Fiji, our project will build an...
Direct and indirect effects of fire on microbial communities in a pyrodiverse dry-sclerophyll forestElle Bowd
Fire is one of the predominant drivers of the structural and functional dynamics of forest ecosystems. In recent years, novel fire regimes have posed a major challenge to the management of pyrodiverse forests. While previous research efforts have focused on quantifying the impacts of fire on above-ground forest biodiversity, how microbial communities respond to fire is less understood, despite their functional significance. Here, we describe the effects of time since fire, fire frequency and their...
Increasing [CO2] may influence commercial crop and timber yield. While selection of genotypes sensitive to elevated [CO2] (e[CO2]) appears possible in agricultural crops, there is limited evidence for genotype-by-CO2 (G×CO2) interactions in commercial tree species. We examined [CO2] responsiveness in 124 open-pollinated Eucalyptus globulus subspecies globulus (E. globulus) families with the aim of assessing whether G×CO2 interactions are detectable in seedlings for early-age screening. Plants were grown in ambient (a[CO2]; ~405 μmol mol-1) and e[CO2]...
Data, analytical, and plotting codes needed to reproduce meta-analyses on within-season divorce in birdsAntica Culina & Lyanne Brouwer
This data package contains data (effect sizes and other variables) and analytical codes needed to reproduce three meta-analyses on within-season divorce and breeding success in socially monogamous birds (Culina & Brouwer: No evidence of immediate fitness benefits of within-season divorce in monogamous birds. 2022. Biology Letters.) It also contains codes to reproduce Figures from the main text and from the Supplement. Readme file and Licence are provided too.
Supplementary data from 'Predicting the distribution of Australian frogs and their overlap with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis under climate change'Jarrod Sopniewski, Benjamin C. Scheele & Marcel Cardillo
Aim: Amphibians, with over 40% of assessed species listed as threatened, are disproportionately at risk in the global extinction crisis. Among the many factors implicated in the current and ongoing loss of amphibian biodiversity are climate change and the disease chytridiomycosis, caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). These two threats are of particular concern in Australia, where Bd has been implicated in the declines of at least 43 frog species, and climate change is...
The QUOLL deployment was designed to enhance coverage of SE Australia by infilling the Skippy Arrays. The objective was to understand the crustal variations in SE Australia and the transition in mantle structure from low-velocities under the eastern seaboard and higher velocities inland. QR stations - long term QA/QB stations - short-term linear arrays Equipment: Guralp CMG-3ESP seismometers with Reftek or Nanometrics Orion recorders
The GloLake dataset provides historical and near real-time time series of relative (i.e., storage change) and absolute (i.e., total stored volume) storage for more than 25,000 lakes worldwide using multiple sources of satellite data, including laser and radar altimetry and optical remote sensing. This data can help us understand the influence of climate variability and anthropogenic activities on water availability and system ecology over the last four decades. The GloLake dataset will be updated regularly...
Data for: Interspecific competition and facilitation coexist in mixed-species bird flocks of montane coniferous forests in TaiwanChao-Chieh Chen, Chun-Chieh Liao & Bruno Andreas Walther
Besides competition, positive interactions also play an important role in shaping the social structure of mixed-species bird flocks. This study aimed to illuminate the interspecific interactions of competition and facilitation in mixed-species bird flocks. We recorded the foraging behavior and microhabitat use of flocking species in montane coniferous forests of Taiwan under different social contexts. Foraging niche breadth and niche-overlap with other flocking species were compared between individuals inside and outside of mixed flocks. For...
This repository includes the data files for the simulation study and the case study in the publication. The simulation_result.Rdata is an R data file that stores simulated data and results. The data is used to generate Figures 2-7, S1, and S2. The casestudy_trees.Rdata is an R data file that stores the posterior samples of the species tree of the Australian rainbow skinks and the model fitting on these trees. The data file is used to...
This array is part of the WOMBAT rolling array. It consist of ~60 short-period (Lennartz 3D-Lite MkII) recording at 25hz. Station spacing is approximately 50 km
Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS-attributed mortalities and associated sociodemographic factors in Papua New Guinea: Evidence from the comprehensive health and epidemiological surveillance systemBang Nguyen PHAM, Nora Abori, Vinson D. Silas, Ronny Jorry, Chalapati Rao, Anthony D. Okely & William Pomat
Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV/AIDS are public health concerns in Papua New Guinea (PNG). This study examines TB and HIV/AIDS mortalities and associated sociodemographic factors in PNG. Method: As part of a longitudinal study, verbal autopsy (VA) interviews were conducted using the WHO 2016 VA Instrument to collect data of 926 deaths occurred in the communities within the catchment areas of the Comprehensive Health and Epidemiological Surveillance System from 2018-2020. InterVA-5 cause of deaths analytic tool...
A three-month, five-station array targeting aftershocks of the May 20 2016 Peterson Ranges earthquake via 250hz short period sensors.
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is the most powerful analytical tool in chemistry, ranging from small molecules to 3D structure determinations of large biomolecules such as proteins and DNA. This application is for a probe that offers the highest possible sensitivity of detection, about 2.5 times higher than the current probe, which is a loaned item and partly defect. The new probe is essential to regain full operation of the 800 MHz NMR spectrometer at...
Future-proofing the koala: synergizing genomic and environmental data for effective species managementMatthew Lott, Belinda Wright, Linda Neaves, Greta Frankham, Siobhan Dennison, Mark Eldridge, Sally Potter, David Alquezar-Planas, Carolyn Hogg, Katherine Belov & Rebecca Johnson
Climatic and evolutionary processes are inextricably linked to conservation. Avoiding extinction in rapidly changing environments often depends upon a species’ capacity to adapt in the face of extreme selective pressures. Here, we employed exon capture and high-throughput next-generation sequencing to investigate the mechanisms underlying population structure and adaptive genetic variation in the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus), an iconic Australian marsupial that represents a unique conservation challenge because it is not uniformly threatened across its range. An...
Southern Greater Glider spotlighting surveys conducted in 2021 in the Victorian Central Highlands AustraliaDavid Lindenmayer
Data used for Elevation, disturbance, and forest type drive the occurrence of a specialist arboreal folivore as published in PLOS ONE. These are the results of Spotlighting surveys for Greater Gliders in the Victorian Central Highlands in Australia.
Data from: Composition of a chemical signalling trait varies with phylogeny and precipitation across an Australian lizard radiationStephen Zozaya, Luisa Teasdale, Craig Moritz, Megan Higgie & Conrad Hoskin
The environment presents challenges to the transmission and detection of animal signalling systems, resulting in selective pressures that can drive signal divergence among populations in disparate environments. For chemical signals, climate is a potentially important selective force because factors such as temperature and moisture influence the persistence and detection of chemicals. We investigated an Australian lizard radiation (Heteronotia) to explore relationships between a sexually dimorphic chemical signalling trait (epidermal pore secretions) and two key climate...
This folder contains raster data in asc format to be used with Omniscape to visualise predicted flow across a study area raster, using the core breeding habitat cells ('Saltwater crocodile core breeding habitat cells.asc') for saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus) in the Northern Territory, Australia, the optimized resistance surface ('Saltwater crocodile optimized resistance surface.asc'), and core habitat cells ('Saltwater crocodile core habitat cells.asc') as ground nodes, effectively representing locations where current could ‘settle’.
Fire and herbivores alter vegetation structure and function. Future fire activity is predicted to increase, and quantifying changes in vegetation communities arising from post-fire herbivory is needed to better manage natural environments. We investigated the effects of post-fire herbivory on understory plant communities in a coastal eucalypt forest in south-eastern Australia. We quantified herbivore activity, understory plant diversity, and dominant plant morphology following a wildfire in 2017 using two sizes of exclosures. Statistical analysis incorporated...
Nests are essential constructions that directly determine fitness, yet their structure can vary substantially across bird species. While there is evidence supporting a link between nest architecture and the habitat a species occupies, we still ignore what ecological and evolutionary processes are linked to different nest types. Using information on 3175 species of songbirds, we show that – after controlling for latitude and body size – species that build domed nests (i.e., nests with a...
Mistletoes could moderate drought impacts on woodland birds, but are themselves susceptible to drought-induced diebackRoss Crates
Mistletoes are hemiparasitic plants and keystone species in many ecosystems globally. Given predicted increases in drought frequency and intensity, mistletoes may be crucial for moderating drought impacts on community structure. Dependent on host vascular flows, mistletoes can succumb to stress when water availability falls, making them susceptible to mortality during drought. We counted mistletoe across >350,000 km2 of south-eastern Australia and conducted standardised bird surveys between 2016 and 2021, spanning a major drought event in...
When closely related species come into contact via range expansion, both may experience reduced fitness as a result of the interaction. Selection is expected to favor traits that minimize costly interspecies reproductive interactions (such as mismating) via a phenomenon called reproductive character displacement (RCD). Research on RCD frequently assumes secondary contact between species, but the geographic history of species interactions is often unknown. Landscape genomic data allows tests of geographic hypotheses about species origins and...
Novel Mantle flow retrodictions reveal preferential material flow in the sublithospheric European mantleHans-Peter Bunge, Siavash Ghelichkhan & Jens Oeser
The Cenozoic tectonic evolution of Northern Europe involves a number of events that are difficult to reconcile with an intra-plate setting, including magmatic events and topographic changes that are located far from plate boundaries. It is entirely plausible to relate these events to sublithospheric processes in a vigorously convecting mantle. However, traditional mantle convection models are difficult to link to the spatiotemporal constraints provided by geologic archives, because their output invariably depends on the assumptions...
Lineages may diversify when they encounter available ecological niches. Adaptive divergence by ecological opportunity often appears to follow the invasion of a new environment with open ecological space. This evolutionary process is hypothesized to explain the explosive diversification of numerous Australian vertebrate groups following the collision of the Eurasian and Australian plates 25 million years ago. One of these groups is the pythons, which demonstrate their greatest phenotypic and ecological diversity in Australo-Papua (Australia and...
Australian National University54
Australian National University (ANU, Australia)11
University of Sydney4
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation4
University of Melbourne3
Sun Yat-sen University2
University of Santo Tomas2
University of Michigan–Ann Arbor2
University of Queensland2