58 Works

Australia-Indonesia Tectonics Observatory 2013-2016

&
This network consists of a series of temporary deployments in Indonesia, targeting urban basins (Jakarta, Bandung and Palu) with dense arrays, and also upper crustal structure in west and east Java using less dense, regional arrays

Data from: Dominant carnivore loss benefits native avian and invasive mammalian scavengers

Matthew Fielding, Calum Cunningham, Jessie Buettel, Dejan Stojanovic, Luke Yates, Menna Jones & Barry Brook
Scavenging by large carnivores is integral for ecosystem functioning by limiting the build-up of carrion and facilitating widespread energy flows. However, top carnivores have declined across the world, triggering trophic shifts within ecosystems. In this study, we use a natural ‘removal experiment’ of disease-driven decline and island extirpation of native mammalian (marsupial) carnivores to investigate top-down control on utilisation of experimentally placed carcasses by two mesoscavengers – the invasive feral cat and native forest raven....

Suharto's Enablers? Social complicity in the Indonesian killings of 1965-66

Eva Nisa
This projects aims to revolutionise understandings of civilian involvement in the most critical and bloody turning point in modern Indonesian history, the 1965-66 killings, and to transform the evidence base for Indonesian history-writing. By accessing critically endangered and never before used survivor community archives, the project will examine the complicity of civilians in the killings and how the violence shaped modern Indonesian national identity and moral consciousness. It will further generate a new, centralised archive...

Supplementary material for: nQMaker: estimating time non-reversible amino acid substitution models

Cuong Dang, Minh Bui, Hanon McShea, Joanna Masel, Jennifer James, Vinh Le & Robert Lanfear
Amino acid substitution models are a key component in phylogenetic analyses of protein sequences. All commonly-used amino acid models available to date are time-reversible, an assumption designed for computational convenience but not for biological reality. Another significant downside to time-reversible models is that they do not allow inference of rooted trees without outgroups. In this paper, we introduce a maximum likelihood approach nQMaker, an extension of the recently published QMaker method, that allows the estimation...

Drivers of global variation in land ownership - dataset

Patrick Kavanagh, Michael Gavin, Hannah Haynie, Geoff Kushnick, Bruno Vilela, Ty Tuff, Claire Bowern, Bobbi Low, Carol Ember, Kathryn Kirby & Carlos Botero
Land ownership shapes natural resource management and social–ecological resilience, but the factors determining ownership norms in human societies remain unclear. Here we conduct a global empirical test of long‐standing theories from ecology, economics and anthropology regarding potential drivers of land ownership and territoriality. Prior theory suggests that resource defensibility, subsistence strategies, population pressure, political complexity and cultural transmission mechanisms may all influence land ownership. We applied multi‐model inference procedures based on logistic regression to cultural...

Sex-specific splicing of Z- and W-borne nr5a1 alleles suggests sex determination is controlled by chromosome conformation

Xiuwen Zhang, Susan Wagner, Clare Holleley, Janine Deakin, Kazumi Matsubara, Ira Deveson, Deni O'Meally, Hardip Patel, Tariq Ezaz, Zhao Li, Chexu Wang, Melanie Edwards, Jennifer Marshall Graves & Arthur Georges
Pogona vitticeps has female heterogamety (ZZ/ZW) but the master sex determining gene is unknown, as is the case for all reptiles. We show that nr5a1, a gene that is essential in mammalian sex determination, has alleles on the Z and W chromosomes (Z-nr5a1 and W-nr5a1), which are both expressed and can recombine. Three transcript isoforms of Z-nr5a1 were detected in gonads of adult ZZ males, two of which encode a functional protein. However, ZW females...

Data for: The formation of “mega‐flocks” depends on vegetation structure in montane coniferous forests of Taiwan

Chun-Chieh Liao, Tzung-Su Ding & Chao-Chieh Chen
A mixed-species bird flock is a social assemblage where two or more bird species are moving together while foraging and might benefit from increased foraging efficiency and antipredator vigilance. A “mega-flock,” which includes flocking species from different vegetation layers, often exhibits high species diversity. Mechanisms for the formation of mega-flocks have not yet been explored. In this study, we evaluated the influence of vegetation structure and bird species diversity/richness in driving the occurrence of mega-flocks....

Effects of developmental and adult environments on ageing

Krish Sanghvi, Maider Iglesias-Carrasco, Felix Zajitscheck, Loeske E.B. Kruuk & Megan L Head
Developmental and adult environments can interact in complex ways to influence the fitness of individuals. Most studies investigating effects of the environment on fitness focus on environments experienced and traits expressed at a single point in an organism’s life. However, environments vary with time, so the effects of the environments that organisms experience at different ages may interact to affect how traits change throughout life. Here we test whether thermal stress experienced during development leads...

The 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey (Final Data Release)

Matthew Colless
The 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS) is a major spectroscopic survey taking full advantage of the unique capabilities of the 2dF facility built by the Anglo-Australian Observatory. The 2dFGRS is integrated with the 2dF QSO survey (Croom et al., 2004). The 2dFGRS obtained spectra for 245591 objects, mainly galaxies, brighter than a nominal extinction-corrected magnitude limit of bJ=19.45. Reliable (quality>=3) redshifts were obtained for 221414 galaxies. The galaxies cover an area of approximately 1500 square...

Data From: Winter mortality of a passerine bird increases following hotter summers and during winters with higher maximum temperatures

Lei Lv, Martijn Van De Pol, Helen L. Osmond, Yang Liu, Andrew Cockburn & Loeske E. B. Kruuk
Climate change influences animal population dynamics via effects on survival or reproduction. However, attributing changes in mortality to specific climate variables is challenging as it is often not known exactly when individuals died within a year. Here, we investigated climate effects on adult mortality in Australian superb fairy-wrens (Malurus cyaneus). Over a 27-year period, mortality outside the breeding season nearly doubled. This non-breeding season mortality increased with both lower minimum and higher maximum temperatures in...

EVA

&
An array of 50 short period sensors deployed for one year in southern Victoria, SW Australia, generally targeting the Lachlan Orogen.

SEAL

&
This array is part of the WOMBAT rolling array in E-SE Australia. It consist of ~20 short-period (Lennartz 3D-Lite MkII) seismometers recording three channels at 20hz. Station spacing is approximately 50 km.

Community Rule-Making in the Pacific Islands as Regulatory Innovation

Miranda Forsyth
This project investigates the widespread phenomena of ‘community rule-making’ in Pacific Island countries, in which local communities engage in deliberative processes oriented towards development of new normative orders. Occurring largely outside of state-sanctioned authority, such processes may address social problems such as gender based violence, crime and poverty, and frequently occur in the context of other locally-driven attempts at community regeneration. Through collaborative empirical research in PNG, Vanuatu and Fiji, our project will build an...

Direct and indirect effects of fire on microbial communities in a pyrodiverse dry-sclerophyll forest

Elle Bowd
Fire is one of the predominant drivers of the structural and functional dynamics of forest ecosystems. In recent years, novel fire regimes have posed a major challenge to the management of pyrodiverse forests. While previous research efforts have focused on quantifying the impacts of fire on above-ground forest biodiversity, how microbial communities respond to fire is less understood, despite their functional significance. Here, we describe the effects of time since fire, fire frequency and their...

Response of 25-day old Eucalyptus globulus to elevated CO2

Matthew Brookhouse, David Bush, Milos Ivkovich, Graham Farquhar, Florian Busch & Elizabeth Pinkard
Increasing [CO2] may influence commercial crop and timber yield. While selection of genotypes sensitive to elevated [CO2] (e[CO2]) appears possible in agricultural crops, there is limited evidence for genotype-by-CO2 (G×CO2) interactions in commercial tree species. We examined [CO2] responsiveness in 124 open-pollinated Eucalyptus globulus subspecies globulus (E. globulus) families with the aim of assessing whether G×CO2 interactions are detectable in seedlings for early-age screening. Plants were grown in ambient (a[CO2]; ~405 μmol mol-1) and e[CO2]...

Data, analytical, and plotting codes needed to reproduce meta-analyses on within-season divorce in birds

Antica Culina & Lyanne Brouwer
This data package contains data (effect sizes and other variables) and analytical codes needed to reproduce three meta-analyses on within-season divorce and breeding success in socially monogamous birds (Culina & Brouwer: No evidence of immediate fitness benefits of within-season divorce in monogamous birds. 2022. Biology Letters.) It also contains codes to reproduce Figures from the main text and from the Supplement. Readme file and Licence are provided too.

Supplementary data from 'Predicting the distribution of Australian frogs and their overlap with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis under climate change'

Jarrod Sopniewski, Benjamin C. Scheele & Marcel Cardillo
Aim: Amphibians, with over 40% of assessed species listed as threatened, are disproportionately at risk in the global extinction crisis. Among the many factors implicated in the current and ongoing loss of amphibian biodiversity are climate change and the disease chytridiomycosis, caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). These two threats are of particular concern in Australia, where Bd has been implicated in the declines of at least 43 frog species, and climate change is...

QUOLL

, &
The QUOLL deployment was designed to enhance coverage of SE Australia by infilling the Skippy Arrays. The objective was to understand the crustal variations in SE Australia and the transition in mantle structure from low-velocities under the eastern seaboard and higher velocities inland. QR stations - long term QA/QB stations - short-term linear arrays Equipment: Guralp CMG-3ESP seismometers with Reftek or Nanometrics Orion recorders

GloLake: Global historical and near real-time lake storage dynamics from 1984-present

The GloLake dataset provides historical and near real-time time series of relative (i.e., storage change) and absolute (i.e., total stored volume) storage for more than 25,000 lakes worldwide using multiple sources of satellite data, including laser and radar altimetry and optical remote sensing. This data can help us understand the influence of climate variability and anthropogenic activities on water availability and system ecology over the last four decades. The GloLake dataset will be updated regularly...

Data for: Interspecific competition and facilitation coexist in mixed-species bird flocks of montane coniferous forests in Taiwan

Chao-Chieh Chen, Chun-Chieh Liao & Bruno Andreas Walther
Besides competition, positive interactions also play an important role in shaping the social structure of mixed-species bird flocks. This study aimed to illuminate the interspecific interactions of competition and facilitation in mixed-species bird flocks. We recorded the foraging behavior and microhabitat use of flocking species in montane coniferous forests of Taiwan under different social contexts. Foraging niche breadth and niche-overlap with other flocking species were compared between individuals inside and outside of mixed flocks. For...

Simulation results for ProSSE and datafile for case study

Xia Hua
This repository includes the data files for the simulation study and the case study in the publication. The simulation_result.Rdata is an R data file that stores simulated data and results. The data is used to generate Figures 2-7, S1, and S2. The casestudy_trees.Rdata is an R data file that stores the posterior samples of the species tree of the Australian rainbow skinks and the model fitting on these trees. The data file is used to...

Health security in the Pacific: expert perspectives to guide health system strengthening

Meru Sheel & Nicole Rendell
This report seeks to identify and prioritise health system strengthening initiatives that prevent impacts of health security threats and strengthen the ability to respond to these threats in the Pacific region. For this report, we focus on Timor Leste, Papua New Guinea and Pacific Island Countries and Areas, hereafter collectively referred to as ‘the Region’. Pacific Island Countries and Areas include the Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States...

The Australian AuScope Virtual Research Environments (AVRE): a Flexible, Service-Oriented Geoscience Platform to Empower Researchers for the Global Challenges of Today and Those of the Future

Jens Klump , Tim Rawling , Carsten Friedrich , Ulrich Engelke , Vincent Fazio & Lesley Wyborn
AuScope is Australia’s National Geoscience Research Infrastructure Program and seeks to provide a world-class research physical and digital infrastructure to help tackle Australia's key geoscience challenges. Launched in 2007, AuScope’s data-generating infrastructures range from VLBI telescopes to geochemistry/geochronology laboratories and geophysical data acquisitions. To utilise data collected by these infrastructures and equivalents elsewhere, the Australian Geoscience Research and Government communities have collaborated on building a suite of data portals, tools, software and virtual laboratories that...

Carbonatites do not exist in vacuum: carbonatite–rock interactions from experiment and nature, and implications for REE mineralisation

Michael Anenburg
The igneous nature of carbonatites has been controversial for decades until experimental work in the 1960s and 1970s conclusively showed that carbonatite melts can exist in geologically reasonable conditions. The observation of natrocarbonatite eruptions at Ol Doinyo Lengai further confirmed their igneous nature. However, these lines of evidence for igneous carbonatites have been a red herring: many ideas, processes, and terms deriving from silicate magma systems were inaccurately projected into carbonatite systems. Instead, carbonatites should...

The European continental crust through detrital zircons from modern rivers: biasing effects in the detrital zircon record

Paula Castillo , Heinrich Bahlburg , Rodrigo Fernández , Mark Fanning & Jasper Berndt
We present U-Pb, Lu-Hf, and O isotopic data, as well as size-shape data for approximately 3700 detrital zircons from 15 European rivers. In combination with geomorphological information for each river basin (area, drainage length, and hypsometric curves), we evaluate the representativeness and biases affecting such datasets. The new data allow us to demonstrate that the detrital zircon record from major rivers represents all relevant geological events in Europe at the continental scale, with detrital zircon...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    58

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    46
  • Text
    6
  • Output Management Plan
    3
  • Journal Article
    1
  • Preprint
    1
  • Report
    1

Affiliations

  • Australian National University
    47
  • Australian National University (ANU, Australia)
    10
  • University of Sydney
    4
  • Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
    4
  • University of Melbourne
    3
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    2
  • Columbia University
    2
  • National Parks and Wildlife Service
    2
  • Kaohsiung Medical University
    2
  • University of Western Australia
    2