101 Works

Echolocating toothed whales use ultra-fast echo-kinetic responses to track evasive prey

Heather Vance, Peter Madsen, Natacha Aguilar De Soto, Danuta Wisniewska, Michael Ladegaard, Sascha Hooker & Mark Johnson
Visual predators rely on fast-acting optokinetic responses to track and capture agile prey. Most toothed whales, however, rely on echolocation for hunting and have converged on biosonar clicking rates reaching 500/s during prey pu rsuits. If echoes are processed on a click by click basis, as assumed, neural responses 100x faster than those in vision are required to keep pace with this information flow. Using high resolution bio-logging of wild predator prey interactions we show...

Additional file 2 of Does conservative kidney management offer a quantity or quality of life benefit compared to dialysis? A systematic review

Louise Engelbrecht Buur, Jens Kristian Madsen, Inge Eidemak, Elizabeth Krarup, Thomas Guldager Lauridsen, Lena Helbo Taasti & Jeanette Finderup
Additional file 2:

Rewetting does not return drained fen peatlands to their old selves

Juergen Kreyling, Franziska Tanneberger, Florian Jansen, Sebastian Van Der Linden, Camiel Aggenbach, Volker Blüml, John Couwenberg, Willem-Jan Emsens, Hans Joosten, Agatha Klimkowska, Wiktor Kotowski, Lukasz Kozub, Bernd Lennartz, Yvonne Liczner, Haojie Liu, Dierk Michaelis, Claudia Oehmke, Karsten Parakenings, Elisabeth Pleyl, Arne Poyda, Stefanie Raabe, Markus Röhl, Kirsten Rücker, Anett Schneider, Joachim Schrautzer … & Gerald Jurasinski
Peatlands, in particular groundwater-fed fens of the temperate zone, have been drained for agriculture, forestry and peat extraction for a long time and on a large scale. Drainage turns peatlands from a carbon and nutrient sink into a respective source, diminishes water regulation capacity at the landscape scale, causes continuous surface height loss and destroys their typical biodiversity. Over the last decades, drained peatlands have been rewetted for biodiversity restoration and, as it strongly decreases...

Data from: Using singleton densities to detect recent selection in Bos taurus

Matthew Hartfield, Nina Aagaard Poulsen, Bernt Guldbrandtsen & Thomas Bataillon
Many quantitative traits are subject to polygenic selection, where several genomic regions undergo small, simultaneous changes in allele frequency that collectively alter a phenotype. The widespread availability of genome data, along with novel statistical techniques, has made it easier to detect these changes. We apply one such method, the ‘Singleton Density Score’, to the Holstein breed of Bos taurus to detect recent selection (arising up to around 740 years ago). We identify several genes as...

Intratumoral expression of CD38 in patients with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder

Trine Engelbrecht Hybel, Maja Ølholm Vase, Eva Futtrup Maksten, Marie Beck Enemark, Kristina Lystlund Lauridsen, Stephen Hamilton-Dutoit, Claus Andersen, Michael Boe Møller, Søren Schwartz Sørensen, Bente Jespersen, Jan Kampmann, Francesco d’Amore & Maja Ludvigsen
Intratumoral expression of CD38 in patients with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder

Prevalence of chronic pain in a national cohort of patients with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy: a cross-sectional study

Rikke Nicoline Stokholm, Charlotte Handberg & Lone F. Knudsen
The aim was to investigate the prevalence, characteristics, predictors, and consequences of chronic pain in a national cohort of patients with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD). Questionnaires were sent to all Danish LGMD patients (≥18 years of age) registered with the National Rehabilitation Center for Neuromuscular Diseases. Of 209 patients, 121 responded. 44.7% of the patients experienced persistent (daily or constant) chronic pain lasting more than 3 months. 21.0% of patients experienced chronic pain that was...

Irreproducibility in searches of scientific literature: a comparative analysis

Gabor Pozsgai, Gabor Lövei, Liette Vasseur, Geoff Gurr, Péter Batáry, Janos Korponai, Nick Littlewood, Jian Liu, Arnold Móra, John Obrycki, Olivia Reynolds, Jenni Stockan, Heather VanVolkenburg, Jie Zhang, Wenwu Zhou & Minsheng You
1. Repeatability is the cornerstone of science and it is particularly important for systematic reviews. However, little is known on how researchers’ choice of database and search platform influence the repeatability of systematic reviews. Here, we aim to unveil how the computer environment and the location where the search was initiated from influence hit results. 2. We present a comparative analysis of time-synchronized searches at different institutional locations in the world, and evaluate the consistency...

Plant community data for European ecoregions

Jose A. Capitan, Sara Cuenda, Alejandro Ordoñez & David Alonso
Patterns in macroecology are related to species occurrence across meaningful spatial and temporal scales. The dataset provided here reports species distribution data (presence-absence) for herbaceous plants across a number of European habitats (ecoregions). Species occurrence is accompanied by the corresponding plant's maximun stem height values. This dataset has been used to unveil patterns of herbaceous plant height clustering in mid-latitude European ecoregions. Presence-absence data for herbaceous plants were drawn from Atlas Florae Europaeae (Jalas &...

The concurrent assessment of agronomic, ecological, and environmental variables enables better choice of agroecological service crop termination management

David Navarro-Miró, José M. Blanco-Moreno, Corrado Ciaccia, Elena Testani, Ileana Iocola, Laura Depalo, Giovanni Burgio, Hanne Lakkenborg Kristensen, Margita Hefner, Kalvi Tamm, Ingrid Bender, Alessandro Persiani, Mariangela Diacono, Francesco Montemurro, Koen Willekens, Hélène Védie, Martina Bavec, Martina Robačer, Donatienne Arlotti, Pauline Deltour, Stefaan De Neve, Mesfin Tsegaye Gebremikael, Lourdes Chamorro, Berta Caballero-López, Alejandro Pérez-Ferrer … & F. Xavier Sans
1. Although organic farming was originally promoted as an alternative farming system to address agronomic, environmental, and ecological issues, its conventionalisation has led to an intensification and specialisation of production. In light of this, several studies have questioned the environmental benefits of organic farming as well as its agronomic viability. Thus, there is a need to improve organic vegetable systems to reduce their environmental impact without affecting their productivity. To tackle this challenge, European farmers...

Lobbying in Scandinavia

Øyvind Ihlen, Anne Skorkjær Binderkrantz & PerOla Öberg

Citizen science guider forskerne til vigtige marsvin-områder

Freja Jakobsen, Signe Sveegaard & Magnus Wahlberg

SKRIIIG! Sådan virker lyden i gyserfilm

Frederik Lundsgaard Jensen & Mathias Clasen

Echolocation activity of harbour porpoises, Phocoena phocoena, show seasonal artificial reef attraction despite elevated noise levels close to oil and gas platforms

Jonas Teilmann
Harbour porpoises frequently alter their behaviour in response to underwater sound from shipping, seismic surveys, drilling and marine renewables. Less well understood is the response of porpoises to sounds emitted from oil and gas (O&G) platforms during routine operations. The responses are not easily predictable as platforms can act simultaneously and to varying degree as a source of disturbance through noise and attraction through an artificial reef effect with increased prey abundance and diversity. To...

Detecting flying insects using car nets and DNA metabarcoding

Cecilie Svenningsen, Tobias Guldberg Frøslev, Jesper Bladt, Lene Bruhn Pedersen, Jonas Colling Larsen, Rasmus Ejrnæs, Camilla Fløjgaard, Anders Hansen, Jacob Heilmann-Clausen, Robert Dunn & Anders Tøttrup
Monitoring insects across space and time is challenging, due to their vast taxonomic and functional diversity. This study demonstrates how nets mounted on rooftops of cars (car nets) and DNA metabarcoding can be applied to sample flying insect richness and diversity across large spatial scales within a limited time period. During June 2018, 365 car net samples were collected by 151 volunteers during two daily time intervals on 218 routes in Denmark. Insect bulk samples...

Detecting purging of inbreeding depression by a slow rate of inbreeding for various traits: the impact of environmental and experimental conditions

Mads Fristrup Schou, Jørgen Bundgaard, Volker Loeschcke &
Inbreeding depression (ID) has since long been recognized as a significant factor in evolutionary biology. It is mainly the consequence of (partially) recessive deleterious mutations maintained by mutation-selection balance in large random mating populations. When population size is reduced, recessive alleles are increasingly found in homozygous condition due to drift and inbreeding and become more prone to selection. Particularly at slow rates of drift and inbreeding, selection will be more effective in purging such alleles,...

Flagermus er effektive dræbere, fordi de jager med tunnelsyn

Laura Stidsholt

Codelists for: \"Adverse outcomes after partner bereavement in people with reduced kidney function: parallel cohort studies in England and Denmark\"

Patrick Bidulka & Vestergaard Søren Viborg

Data from: Warming and eutrophication interactively drive changes in the methane-oxidizing community of shallow lakes

Thomas P.A. Nijman, Thomas A. Davidson, Stefan T.J. Weideveld, Joachim Audet, Chiara Esposito, Eti E. Levi, Adrian Ho, Leon P.M. Lamers, Erik Jeppesen & Annelies J. Veraart
Freshwater ecosystems are the largest natural source of the greenhouse gas methane (CH4), with shallow lakes a particular hot spot. Eutrophication and warming generally increase lake CH4 emissions but their impacts on the sole biological methane sink - methane oxidation - and methane-oxidizer community dynamics are poorly understood. We used the world’s longest-running freshwater climate-change mesocosm experiment to determine how methane-oxidizing bacterial (MOB) abundance and composition, and methane oxidation potential in the sediment respond to...

Additional file 5 of Does conservative kidney management offer a quantity or quality of life benefit compared to dialysis? A systematic review

Louise Engelbrecht Buur, Jens Kristian Madsen, Inge Eidemak, Elizabeth Krarup, Thomas Guldager Lauridsen, Lena Helbo Taasti & Jeanette Finderup
Additional file 5:

Menneskets ankomst til Australien var lidt af en bedrift

Ole Høiris

Ascorbic acid supports ex vivo generation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells from circulating hematopoietic stem cells: RNA-seq dataset

Rasmus Bak & Anders Laustsen
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) constitute a rare type of immune cell with multifaceted functions, but their potential use as a cell-based immunotherapy is challenged by the scarce cell numbers that can be extracted from blood. Here, we systematically investigate culture parameters for generating pDCs from hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs). Using optimized conditions combined with implementation of HSPC pre-expansion, we generate an average of 465 million HSPC-derived pDCs (HSPC-pDCs) starting from 100,000 cord blood-derived...

Genetic polymorphisms in COMT and BDNF influence synchronization dynamics of human neuronal oscillations

Jaana Simola, Felix Siebenhühner, Vladislav Myrov, Katri Kantojärvi, Tiina Paunio, J. Matias Palva, Elvira Brattico & Satu Palva
Neuronal oscillations, their inter-areal synchronization, and scale-free dynamics constitute fundamental mechanisms for cognition by regulating communication in neuronal networks. These oscillatory dynamics have large inter-individual variability that is partly heritable. We hypothesized that this variability could be partially explained by genetic polymorphism in neuromodulatory genes. We recorded resting-state magnetoencephalography (MEG) from 82 healthy participants and investigated whether oscillation dynamics were influenced by genetic polymorphisms in Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met. Both...

Macronutrient niches and field limitation in a woodland assemblage of harvestmen

Søren Nielsen, Trine Bilde & Søren Toft
1. Description of animals’ trophic niches help us understand interactions between species in biological communities that are not easily observed. Analyses of macronutrient niches, i.e. the range of macronutrient (protein:lipid:carbohydrate) ratios selected by generalist feeders, may be a useful alternative approach to inter-species comparisons of diets, especially within taxonomic assemblages of predators where species with similar nutritional requirements are likely to accept similar types of prey. 2. Here we analysed the macronutritional niches of a...

The forms of representation in Architectural Design Education: The cases of AUIC-POLIMI and FAUP

Rafael Sousa Santos, Clara Pimenta do Vale, Barbara Bogoni & Poul Henning Kirkegaard

Additional file 2 of Does conservative kidney management offer a quantity or quality of life benefit compared to dialysis? A systematic review

Buur Louise Engelbrecht, Madsen Jens Kristian, Eidemak Inge, Krarup Elizabeth, Lauridsen Thomas Guldager, Taasti Lena Helbo & Finderup Jeanette
Additional file 2:

Registration Year

  • 2021
    101

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    56
  • Text
    39
  • Collection
    3
  • Journal Article
    2
  • Other
    1

Affiliations

  • Aarhus University
    101
  • Aarhus University Hospital
    17
  • Rigshospitalet
    13
  • Aalborg University Hospital
    10
  • Gentofte Hospital
    6
  • Zhejiang University
    5
  • University of Minnesota
    4
  • University of Helsinki
    4
  • Central South University
    3
  • Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University
    3