197 Works

Paleodictyon maximum: forma típica da Icnofácies de Nereites em ambiente de rampa carbonatada do Jurássico Médio da Praia da Mareta (Bacia do Algarve, Portugal)

Carlos Carvalho, Paulo Fernandes, José Oliveira & José Anacleto

Quando um Presidente da República vive no limite do semipresidencialismo: retratos que a imprensa diária esboçou na primeira metade do mandato de Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa

Felisbela Lopes & Paula Espírito Santo

Artigos selecionados da 29.ª Conferência Europeia de Linguística Sistémico-Funcional (ESFLC2019) Selected papers from the 29th European Systemic Functional Linguistics Conference (ESFLC2019)

Marta Alexandre, Fausto Caels, Gorete Marques, Maria Mafalda Sanches de Azevedo Mendes & ines conde

Mediação familiar: contributos de investigações realizadas em portugal

Maria Teresa Ribeiro, Paulo Teodoro de Matos & Helena Rebelo Pinto
Se pretende identificar e analisar alguns dos mais importantes temas e problemas familiares para os quais a Mediação Familiar proporciona uma resposta adequada... Se pretende conhecer metodologias e campos de ação direta com as Famílias relacionados com a Mediação Familiar e enriquecidos pelos seus contributos... Se pretende obter informação sobre investigações realizadas em Portugal sobre a Orientação e Mediação Familiar... Se pretende conhecer a atividade docente e de pesquisa do Instituto de Ciências da Família...

Policy recommendations for 8th ITPGRFA Governing Body Meeting

Garrett Graddy-Lovelace, Maywa Montenegro, Alder Keleman Saxena, Andrew Jones, Margarita Fernandez, Marina Padrao Temudo, Alark Saxena, Diana V. Luna González, Hannah Wittman, Devon Sampson, Veronica Limeberry, Alejandro Argumedo, Marcela Cely-Santos, Rachel Bezner Kerr, Claire Kremen & Béla Teeken

A Escola Normal de Lisboa e a formação de professores: percursos, identidade e afirmação sob o signo da pedagogia republicana da educação nova

Maria João Mogarro
A Escola Normal de Lisboa representa um símbolo maior da formação de professores, nomeadamente durante o período republicano (1910-1926), em que se registou um investimento significativo na formação de professores, tanto ao nível do discurso político e educativo, como no esforço reformista. O ensino normal conheceu então a sua fase de apogeu, pela importância que foi atribuída à formação de docentes, fundamental na conceção da educação como motor do desenvolvimento e progresso do país, assim...

D1.1 Report on life sciences use cases and user stories

Heli Fitzgerald, Aino Juslén, Sabine von Mering, Mareike Petersen, Niels Raes, Sharif Islam, Frederik Berger, Tea Katharina von Bonsdorff-Salminen, Rui Figueira, Elspeth Haston, Eva Häffner, Laurence Livermore, Veljo Runnel, Sofie De Smedt, Sarah Vincent & Claus Weiland

D1.2 Report on Earth sciences use cases and user stories

Sabine von Mering, Mareike Petersen, Heli Fitzgerald, Aino Juslén, Niels Raes, Sharif Islam, Frederik Berger, Tea Katharina von Bonsdorff-Salminen, Rui Figueira, Elspeth Haston, Eva Häffner, Laurence Livermore, Veljo Runnel, Sofie De Smedt, Sarah Vincent & Claus Weiland

Household composition, income and assets survey data (including environmental product collection) from Mabalane, Gurue and Marrupa districts, Mozambique in 2014 and 2015

F. Vollmer, J. Fisher, C.M. Ryan, S. Baumert, E. Woollen, A. Luz, I. Cossa, R. Stedham & H. Smith
This dataset includes data collected as part of the Abrupt Changes in Ecosystem Services (ACES) project on the composition, income (including consumption and sale of environmental resources), ownership of assets (e.g. farming equipment, household furnishings and own transport) and wellbeing of respondent households in rural Mozambique. Data are also included from a participatory wealth ranking exercise carried out in each village. Data were collected in a total of 27 villages: 7 villages in Mabalane District...

Literature, Text and Context

João Ventura

DiSSCo Prepare Milestone report MS3.4 \"Proposed Content for a DiSSCo Digital Maturity Tool\"

Helen Hardy, Laurence Livermore, Anne Koivunen, Quentin Groom, Patricia Mergen, Frederik Berger, Peter Giere, Sabine von Mering, Rui Figueira, Pedro Arsénio & Alexandra Cartaxana

Data from: Non-trophic plant-animal interactions mediate positive density dependence among conspecific saplings

Magdalena Żywiec, Jose M. Fedriani, Przemysław Kurek & Jan Holeksa
Trophic plant-animal interactions (e.g. browsing by ungulates, insect attack) are an important and well-studied source of mortality in many tree populations. Non-trophic tree-animal interactions (e.g. deer antler rubbing) also frequently lead to tree death, and thus have significant effects on forest ecosystem functioning, but they are much less well studied than trophic interactions are. As deer populations have increased in recent decades in the Northern Hemisphere, their impact on tree populations via browsing and antler...

Data from: Lichen traits responding to aridity

Paula Matos, Pedro Pinho, Gregorio Aragón, Isabel Martinez, Alice Nunes, Amadeu M. V. M. Soares & Cristina Branquinho
1. Climate change is expected to cause several impacts at the global scale and drylands will be among the most affected areas. Thus, investigating how these changes will affect the composition, structure and functioning of dryland ecosystems has become a priority. From an ecological indicator point of view, several works have shown that functional diversity is better than species richness to understand ecosystem functioning or response to environmental factors. However most of these works focus...

Data from: Contrasting plant water-use responses to groundwater depth in coastal dune ecosystems

Cristina Antunes, Mari Cruz Díaz Barradas, María Zunzunegui, Simone Vieira, Ângela Pereira, Andreia Anjos, Otília Correia, Maria João Pereira & Cristina Máguas
1.Groundwater lowering can produce dramatic changes in the physiological performance and survival of plant species. The impact of decreasing water availability due to climate change and anthropogenic groundwater extraction on coastal dune ecosystems has become of increasing concern, with uncertainties about how vegetation will respond in both the short and long terms. 2.We aimed to evaluate the water‐use responses of different plant functional types to increasing groundwater table depth and how this would affect their...

Data from: Sauropod tooth morphotypes from the Upper Jurassic of the Lusitanian Basin (Portugal)

Pedro Mocho, Rafael Royo-Torres, Elisabete Malafaia, Fernando Escaso & Francisco Ortega
The Upper Jurassic of the Lusitanian Basin has yielded an important fossil record of sauropods, but little information is available about the tooth morphotypes represented in this region. A large sample of teeth, both unpublished and published, is described and discussed here. Four main tooth morphologies are identified: spatulate, heart-shaped, pencil-shaped, and compressed cone-chisel-shaped. Heart-shaped teeth are considered to be exclusive to a non-neosauropod eusauropod, tentatively referred to Turiasauria. The spatulate teeth can be attributed...

Data from: DNA metabarcoding for high-throughput monitoring of estuarine macrobenthic communities

Jorge Lobo, Shadi Shokralla, Maria Helena Costa, Mehrdad Hajibabaei & Filipe Costa
Morphology-based profiling of benthic communities has been extensively applied to aquatic ecosystems' health assessment. However, it remains a low-throughput, and sometimes ambiguous, procedure. Despite DNA metabarcoding has been applied to marine benthos, a comprehensive approach providing species-level identifications for estuarine macrobenthos is still lacking. Here we report a combination of experimental and field studies to assess the aptitude of COI metabarcoding to provide robust species-level identifications for high-throughput monitoring of estuarine macrobenthos. To investigate the...

Data from: Effects of forest certification on the ecological condition of Mediterranean streams

Filipe S. Dias, Miguel N. Bugalho, Patricia M. Rodríguez-González, António Albuquerque & Jorge Orestes Cerdeira
1. Forest certification, a proxy for sustainable forest management, covers more than 10% of the world's forests. Under forest certification, forest managers and landowners must comply with environmental, economic and social management standards aiming to promote forest conservation. Despite an increasing area of certified forests, there is a dearth of data on how forest certification is affecting the conservation of forest ecosystems and associated habitats. 2. Here we assess the effects of Forest Stewardship Council...

Data from: From nature to the labratory: the impact of founder effects in adaptation

Josiane Santos, Marta Pascual, Pedro Simões, Inês Fragata, Margarida Lima, Bárbara Kellen, Marta Santos, Ana Marques, Michael R. Rose & Margarida Matos
Most founding events entail a reduction of population size, which in turn leads to genetic drift effects that can deplete alleles. Besides reducing neutral genetic variability, founder effects can in principle shift additive genetic variance for phenotypes that underlie fitness. This could then lead to different rates of adaptation among populations that have undergone a population size bottleneck as well as an environmental change, even when these populations have a common evolutionary history. Thus theory...

Data from: Deep mitochondrial introgression and hybridization among ecologically divergent vole species

Cristiane Bastos-Silveira, Sara M. Santos, Rita Monarca, Maria Da Luz Mathias & Gerald Heckel
The completion of speciation is typically difficult to ascertain in rapidly diverging taxa but the amount of hybridization and gene flow in sympatry or parapatry contains important information about the level of reproductive isolation achieved. Here we examined the progress in speciation between the Mediterranean (Microtus duodecimcostatus) and the Lusitanian pine vole (M. lusitanicus) which are part of the most rapid radiation of species known in mammals. These two Iberian pine voles are classified as...

Data from: Laboratory selection quickly erases historical differentiation

Inês Fragata, Pedro Simões, Miguel Lopes-Cunha, Margarida Lima, Bárbara Kellen, Margarida Bárbaro, Josiane Santos, Michael R. Rose, Mauro Santos & Margarida Matos
The roles of history, chance and selection have long been debated in evolutionary biology. Though uniform selection is expected to lead to convergent evolution between populations, contrasting histories and chance events might prevent them from attaining the same adaptive state, rendering evolution somewhat unpredictable. The predictability of evolution has been supported by several studies documenting repeatable adaptive radiations and convergence in both nature and laboratory. However, other studies suggest divergence among populations adapting to the...

Data from: Quantifying population size of migrant birds at stopover sites: combining count data with stopover length estimated from stable isotope analysis

Teresa Catry, Pedro Miguel Lourenço & Jose Pedro Granadeiro
1. Regular counts of migrating animals at stopover sites have been used as a measure of site importance at the global scale as well as for monitoring long-term population changes. However, migratory passage can last for several weeks and the turnover rate of individuals is often high, preventing the use of peak counts to estimate the total number of migrants. This estimate can be achieved, however, by combining count data with information on stopover length....

Data from: Tracking global change using lichen diversity: towards a global-scale ecological indicator

Paula Matos, Linda Geiser, Amanda Hardman, Doug Glavich, Pedro Pinho, Alice Nunes, Amadeu M. V. M. Soares, Cristina Branquinho & Amadeu M.V.M. Soares
Lichens have been used to efficiently track major drivers of global change from the local to regional scale since the beginning of the industrial revolution (sulphur dioxide) to the present (nitrogen deposition and climate change). Currently, the challenge is to universalize monitoring methodologies to compare global change drivers’ simultaneous and independent effects on ecosystems and to assess the efficacy of mitigation measures. Because two protocols are now used at a continental scale North America (US)...

Data from: The abundance and distribution of guilds of riparian woody plants change in response to land use and flow regulation

Francisca C. Aguiar, Pedro Segurado, Maria João Martins, Maria Dolores Bejarano, Christer Nilsson, Maria Manuela Portela & David M. Merritt
1. Many riparian ecosystems in Mediterranean Europe are affected by land use and flow alteration by dams. We focused on understanding how these stressors and their components affect riparian forests in the region. We asked: (i) are there well-defined, responsive riparian guilds?; (ii) do dam-induced stream flows determine abundance and distribution of riparian guilds? and (iii) what are the main drivers governing composition and cover of riparian guilds in regulated rivers? 2. We inventoried the...

Data from: Demographic history of a recent invasion of house mice on the isolated Island of Gough

Melissa M. Gray, Daniel Wegmann, Ryan J. Haasl, Michael A. White, Sofia I. Gabriel, Jeremy B. Searle, Richard J. Cuthbert, Peter G. Ryan & Bret A. Payseur
Island populations provide natural laboratories for studying key contributors to evolutionary change, including natural selection, population size, and the colonization of new environments. The demographic histories of island populations can be reconstructed from patterns of genetic diversity. House mice (Mus musculus) inhabit islands throughout the globe, making them an attractive system for studying island colonization from a genetic perspective. Gough Island, in the central South Atlantic Ocean, is one of the remotest islands in the...

Data from: P53 gene discriminates two ecologically divergent sister species of pine voles

Ana S. Quina, Cristiane Bastos-Silveira, Marcos Miñarro, Jacint Ventura, Rafael Jiménez, Octávio S. Paulo & Maria L. Mathias
Genes with relevant roles in the differentiation of closely-related species are likely to have diverged simultaneously with the species and more accurately reproduce the species tree. The Lusitanian (Microtus lusitanicus) and Mediterranean (M. duodecimcostatus) pine voles are two recently separated sister species with fossorial lifestyles whose different ecological, physiological and morphological phenotypes reflect the better adaptation of M. duodecimcostatus to the underground habitat. Here we asked whether the differentiation of M. lusitanicus and M. duodecimcostatus...

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