200 Works

A Escola Normal de Lisboa e a formação de professores: percursos, identidade e afirmação sob o signo da pedagogia republicana da educação nova

Maria João Mogarro
A Escola Normal de Lisboa representa um símbolo maior da formação de professores, nomeadamente durante o período republicano (1910-1926), em que se registou um investimento significativo na formação de professores, tanto ao nível do discurso político e educativo, como no esforço reformista. O ensino normal conheceu então a sua fase de apogeu, pela importância que foi atribuída à formação de docentes, fundamental na conceção da educação como motor do desenvolvimento e progresso do país, assim...

D1.1 Report on life sciences use cases and user stories

Heli Fitzgerald, Aino Juslén, Sabine von Mering, Mareike Petersen, Niels Raes, Sharif Islam, Frederik Berger, Tea Katharina von Bonsdorff-Salminen, Rui Figueira, Elspeth Haston, Eva Häffner, Laurence Livermore, Veljo Runnel, Sofie De Smedt, Sarah Vincent & Claus Weiland

D1.2 Report on Earth sciences use cases and user stories

Sabine von Mering, Mareike Petersen, Heli Fitzgerald, Aino Juslén, Niels Raes, Sharif Islam, Frederik Berger, Tea Katharina von Bonsdorff-Salminen, Rui Figueira, Elspeth Haston, Eva Häffner, Laurence Livermore, Veljo Runnel, Sofie De Smedt, Sarah Vincent & Claus Weiland

eDNA in a bottleneck: obstacles to fish metabarcoding studies in megadiverse freshwater systems

Jake Jackman, Chiara Benvenuto, Ilaria Coscia, Cintia Carvalho, Jonathan Ready, Jean Boubli, William Magnusson, Allan McDevitt & Naiara Sales
The current capacity of environmental DNA (eDNA) to provide accurate insights into the biodiversity of megadiverse regions (e.g., the Neotropics) requires further evaluation to ensure its reliability for long-term monitoring. In this study, we first evaluated the taxonomic resolution capabilities of a short fragment from the 12S rRNA gene widely used in fish eDNA metabarcoding studies, and then compared eDNA metabarcoding data from water samples with traditional sampling using nets. For the taxonomic discriminatory power...

Paleodictyon maximum: forma típica da Icnofácies de Nereites em ambiente de rampa carbonatada do Jurássico Médio da Praia da Mareta (Bacia do Algarve, Portugal)

Carlos Carvalho, Paulo Fernandes, José Oliveira & José Anacleto

DiSSCo Prepare Milestone report MS3.4 \"Proposed Content for a DiSSCo Digital Maturity Tool\"

Helen Hardy, Laurence Livermore, Anne Koivunen, Quentin Groom, Patricia Mergen, Frederik Berger, Peter Giere, Sabine von Mering, Rui Figueira, Pedro Arsénio & Alexandra Cartaxana

Following Darwin’s footsteps: Evaluating the impact of an activity designed for elementary school students to link historically important evolution key concepts on their understanding of natural selection

Xana Sá-Pinto, Alexandre Pinto, Joana Ribeiro, Inês Sarmento, Patrícia Pessoa, Leonor L. Rodrigues, Lucía Vázquez-Ben, Evangelia Mavrikaki & Joaquim Bernardino Lopes
While several researchers have suggested that evolution should be explored from the initial years of schooling, little information is available on effective resources to enhance elementary school students’ level of understanding of evolution by natural selection (LUENS). For the present study, we designed, implemented and evaluated an educational activity planned for fourth graders to explore concepts and conceptual fields that were historically important for the discovery of natural selection. Observation field notes and students’ productions...

Seascape genetics of the Atlantic spotted dolphin (Stenella frontalis) based on mitochondrial DNA

Karina Bohrer Do Amaral, Dalia C. Barragán-Barrera, Roosevelt A. Mesa-Gutiérrez, Nohelia Farias-Curtidor, Susana J. Caballero Gaitán, Paula Méndez-Fernandez, Marcos C. Oliveira Santos, Caroline Rinaldi, Renato Rinaldi, Salvatore Siciliano, Vidal Martín, Manuel Carillo, Ana Carolina O. De Meirelles, Valentina Franco-Trecu, Nelson J. R. Fagundes, Ignacio Benites Moreno, L. Lacey Knowles & Ana Rita Amaral
The Atlantic spotted dolphin (Stenella frontalis) is endemic to tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate waters of the Atlantic Ocean. Throughout its distribution, both geographic distance and environmental variation may contribute to population structure of the species. In this study we follow a seascape genetics approach to investigate population differentiation of Atlantic spotted dolphins based on a large worldwide dataset and the relationship with marine environmental variables. The results revealed that the Atlantic spotted dolphin exhibits...

Preserving wintering frugivorous birds in agro‐ecosystems under land use change: Lessons from intensive and super-intensive olive orchards

Rui Morgado, Rui Pedroso, Miguel Porto, José Herrera, Francisco Rego, Francisco Moreira & Pedro Beja
Fleshy-fruit production is becoming more intensive worldwide, but how this affects frugivorous birds is poorly known. In the Mediterranean region, intensive and super-intensive olive orchards are fast expanding, potentially affecting millions of wintering songbirds. Here we test the idea that intensification may benefit frugivorous birds, at least locally, due to increased fruit availability, while negatively affecting the wider wintering bird community due to intensive management, structural simplification and landscape homogenisation. We estimated olive abundance and...

Literature, Text and Context

João Ventura

Artigos selecionados da 29.ª Conferência Europeia de Linguística Sistémico-Funcional (ESFLC2019) Selected papers from the 29th European Systemic Functional Linguistics Conference (ESFLC2019)

Marta Alexandre, Fausto Caels, Gorete Marques, Maria Mafalda Sanches de Azevedo Mendes & ines conde

The skeletomuscular system of the mesosoma of Formica rufa workers (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

Lazzat Aibekova, Brendon Boudinot, Rolf Beutel, Adrian Richter, Roberto Keller, Francisco Hita Garcia & Evan Economo
The mesosoma is the power core of the ant, containing critical structural and muscular elements for the movement of the head, legs, and metasoma. It has been hypothesized that adaptation to ground locomotion and the loss of flight led to the substantial rearrangements in the mesosoma in worker ants, and that it is likely the ant mesosoma has undergone functional modifications as ants diversified into different ecological and behavioral niches. Despite this importance, studies on...

Data from: Delegation to artificial agents fosters prosocial behaviors in the collective risk dilemma

Elias Fernandez Domingos, Inês Terrucha, Rémi Suchon, Jelena Grujić, Juan C. Burguillo, Francisco C. Santos & Tom Lenaerts
Home assistant chat-bots, self-driving cars, drones or automated negotiation systems are some of the several examples of autonomous (artificial) agents that have pervaded our society. These agents enable the automation of multiple tasks, saving time and (human) effort. However, their presence in social settings raises the need for a better understanding of their effect on social interactions and how they may be used to enhance cooperation towards the public good, instead of hindering it. To...

Educação artística: um testemunho, algumas reflexões

Margarida Calado
Fui, desde a sua criação em 2004 até à minha jubilação em dezembro de 2017, professora e Coordenadora /Diretora do Mestrado em Educação Artística da Faculdade de Belas Artes da Universidade de Lisboa. Salvo algumas exceções, nunca senti da parte dos docentes – quer da Escola Superior de Belas Artes de Lisboa (ESBAL), quer da Faculdade – muito empenho na formação de professores, embora grande parte dos diplomados/licenciados pela instituição seguissem a profissão de professores...

Data from: Protecting great apes from disease: compliance with measures to reduce anthroponotic disease transmission

Ana Nuno, Chloe Chesney, Maia Wellbelove, Elena Bersacola, Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, Fabian Leendertz, Amanda Webber & Kimberley Hockings
Based on an international sample of past (N=420) and potential future visitors (N=569) to wild great ape tourism sites in Africa, we used an online questionnaire to characterise visitors’ practices, assess expectations (e.g., about proximity to great apes) and identify key factors related to potential compliance with disease mitigation measures. This was implemented adapting a framework from health literature (the Health Belief Model; HBM), particularly focused on reducing COVID-19 transmission at an early stage of...

Data from: Temperature niche shift observed in a Lepidoptera population under allochronic divergence

Helena Santos, Maria Rosa Paiva, Catarina Tavares, Carole Kerdelhué & Manuela Branco
A process of adaptive divergence for tolerance to high temperatures was identified by using a rare model-system, consisting of two sympatric populations of a Lepidoptera (Thaumetopoea pityocampa) with different life-cycle timings, a "mutant" population with summer larval development, Leiria SP, and the founder natural population, having winter larval development, Leiria WP. A third, allopatric population (Bordeaux WP) was also studied. First and second instar larvae were experimentally exposed to daily-cycles of heat treatment reaching maximum...

Data from: Evolution of mir-92a underlies natural morphological variation in Drosophila melanogaster

Saad Arif, Sophie Murat, Isabel Almudi, Maria D. S. Nunes, Diane Bortolamiol-Becet, Naomi S. McGregor, James M. S. Currie, Harri Hughes, Matthew Ronshaugen, Élio Sucena, Eric C. Lai, Christian Schlötterer & Alistair P. McGregor
eworoRL514BC_QTLPhenotype and genotype data for QTL mapping between strains e, wo, ro and RAL514.eworoRL514BC.xlsstsse_ORER_QTL_mapMap information for QTL mapping between strains st, ss, e and oregon R.ssste_ORER_QTL_crossCross information for QTL mapping between strains st, ss, e and oregon R.

Data from: Genetic footprints of Iberian cattle in America 500 years after the arrival of Columbus

Amparo M. Martínez, Luis T. Gama, Javier Cañón, Catarina Ginja, Juan V. Delgado, Susana Dunner, Vincenzo Landi, Inmaculada Martín-Burriel, M. Cecilia T. Penedo, Clementina Rodellar, Jose Luis Vega-Pla, Atzel Acosta, Luz Ángela Álvarez, Esperanza Camacho, Óscar Cortés, José Ribamar Marques, Óscar Roberto Martínez, Rubén Darío Martínez, Lilia Melucci, Guillermo Martínez-Velázquez, Jose Ernesto Muñoz, Alicia Postiglioni, Jorge Quiroz, Philip Sponenberg, Odalys Uffo … & Ruben D. Martínez
BACKGROUND: American Creole cattle presumably descend from animals imported from the Iberian Peninsula during the period of colonization and settlement, through different migration routes, and may have also suffered the influence of cattle directly imported from Africa. The introduction of European cattle, which began in the 18th century, and later of Zebu from India, has threatened the survival of Creole populations, some of which have nearly disappeared or were admixed with exotic breeds. Assessment of...

Data from: Revisiting the measurement of anomie

Ali Teymoori, Jolanda Jetten, Brock Bastian, Amarina Ariyanto, Frédérique Autin, Nadia Ayub, Constantina Badea, Tomasz Besta, Fabrizio Butera, Rui Costa-Lopes, Lijuan Cui, Carole Fantini, Gillian Finchilesc, Lowell Gaertner, Mario Gollwitzer, Ángel Gómez, Roberto González, Ying Yi Hong, Dorthe Høj Jensen, Minoru Karasawa, Thomas Kessler, Olivier Klein, Marcus Lima, Tuuli Anna Mähönen, Laura Megevand … & Gillian Finchilescu
Sociologists coined the term "anomie" to describe societies that are characterized by disintegration and deregulation. Extending beyond conceptualizations of anomie that conflate the measurements of anomie as 'a state of society' and as a 'state of mind', we disentangle these conceptualizations and develop an analysis and measure of this phenomenon focusing on anomie as a perception of the 'state of society'. We propose that anomie encompasses two dimensions: a perceived breakdown in social fabric (i.e.,...

Data from: \"Discovery and characterization of 80 SNPs and 1,624 SSRs in the transcriptome of Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus, L)\" in Genomic Resources Notes Accepted 1 June 2015 to 31 July 2015

Iratxe Montes, Jorge Langa, César Vilas, Sarah J. Helyar, Paula Álvarez, Darrell Conklin & Andone Estonba
This paper reports on SNP discovery in the Atlantic mackerel transcriptome, using next generation sequencing technologies and applying developed methodology already proven successful for the European anchovy. A total of 9,966 high quality transcriptome contigs were assembled, from which 951 putative SNPs were discovered. In all, 479 putative SNPs and 1,624 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) suitable for genotyping were identified. A subset of 96 was selected for genotyping; from these, 80 SNPs were considered polymorphic...

Data from: Keeping your options open: maintenance of thermal plasticity during adaptation to a stable environment

Inês Fragata, Miguel Lopes-Cunha, Margarida Bárbaro, Bárbara Kellen, Margarida Lima, Gonçalo Faria, Sofia G. Seabra, Mauro Santos, Pedro Simões & Margarida Maria Matos
Phenotypic plasticity may allow species to cope with environmental variation. The study of thermal plasticity and its evolution helps understanding how populations respond to variation in temperature. In the context of climate change, it is essential to realize the impact of historical differences in the ability of populations to exhibit a plastic response to thermal variation and how it evolves during colonization of new environments. We have analyzed the real-time evolution of thermal reaction norms...

Data from: Drosophila melanogaster larvae make nutritional choices that minimize developmental time

Marisa A. Rodrigues, Nelson E. Martins, Lara F. Balancé, Lara N. Broom, António J. S. Dias, Ana S. D. Fernandes, Fábio Rodrigues, Élio Sucena & Christen K. Mirth
Organisms from slime moulds to humans carefully regulate their macronutrient intake to optimize a wide range of life history characters including survival, stress resistance, and reproductive success. However, life history characters often differ in their response to nutrition, forcing organisms to make foraging decisions while balancing the trade-offs between these effects. To date, we have a limited understanding of how the nutritional environment shapes the relationship between life history characters and foraging decisions. To gain...

Data from: Evolution of Drosophila resistance against different pathogens and infection routes entails no detectable maintenance costs

Vitor G. Faria, Nelson E. Martins, Tânia Paulo, Luís Teixeira, Élio Sucena & Sara Magalhães
Pathogens exert a strong selective pressure on hosts, entailing host adaptation to infection. This adaptation often affects negatively other fitness-related traits. Such trade-offs may underlie the maintenance of genetic diversity for pathogen resistance. Trade-offs can be tested with experimental evolution of host populations adapting to parasites, using two approaches: (1) measuring changes in immunocompetence in relaxed-selection lines and (2) comparing life-history traits of evolved and control lines in pathogen-free environments. Here, we used both approaches...

Data from: Conservation priorities of Iberoamerican pig breeds and their ancestors based on microsatellite information

Oscar Cortés, A. M. Martinez, J. Cañon, N. Sevane, L. T. Gama, C. Ginja, V. Landi, P. Zaragoza, N. Carolino, A. Vicente, P. Sponenberg & J. V. Delgado
Criollo pig breeds are descendants from pigs brought to the American continent starting with Columbus second trip in 1493. Pigs currently play a key role in social economy and community cultural identity in Latin America. The aim of this study was to establish conservation priorities among a comprehensive group of Criollo pig breeds based on a set of 24 microsatellite markers and using different criteria. Spain and Portugal pig breeds, wild boar populations of different...

DiSSCo Prepare Deliverable D8.1 \"Communication and Dissemination Strategy\"

Ana Casino, Céline Cassarino, Marie-Laure Kamatali, Karsten Gödderz, Eva Alonso, Maria Judite Alves, François DUSOULIER & Hilary Goodson
The Communication and Dissemination (C&D) Strategy for DiSSCo Prepare is a supporting instrument to facilitate efficient communication among project partners, strengthen coherence and enlighten the shared vision for external outreach whilst procures and empowers engagement of third parties. The C&D Strategy collates the tools, channels and mechanisms necessary to develop cross-cutting activities throughout the project’s duration and beyond. This document will aim to ensure the most effective information exchange both internally and externally towards external...

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