410 Works

Supplemental Material - Fiber reinforced polypropylene composites interfacial behavior improvement fabricated by cold plasma jet SiOx nanoparticles deposition

Lin Zhang, Zhangchuan Xia, Yadong He, Chunling Xin, Yang Yu, Feng Ren & Ruixue Wang
Supplemental Material for Fiber reinforced polypropylene composites interfacial behavior improvement fabricated by cold plasma jet SiOx nanoparticles deposition by Lin Zhang, Zhangchuan Xia, Yadong He, Chunling Xin, Yang Yu, Feng Ren and Ruixue Wang in Journal of Composite Materials

Additional file 1 of End-of-life care for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients with acute exacerbation

Norimichi Akiyama, Tomoyuki Fujisawa, Tatsuya Morita, Takafumi Koyauchi, Yoshinobu Matsuda, Masanori Mori, Mitsunori Miyashita, Ryo Tachikawa, Keisuke Tomii, Hiromi Tomioka, Satoshi Hagimoto, Yasuhiro Kondoh, Yoshikazu Inoue & Takafumi Suda
Supplementary Material 1

Additional file 2 of Morphological evolution and diversity of pectoral fin skeletons in teleosts

Yoshitaka Tanaka, Hiroki Miura, Koji Tamura & Gembu Abe
Additional file 2: Fig. S2. Pectoral fin skeletons in Eupercaria, a major group of Acanthopterygii. (A–C) Pectoral fin skeleton of Takifugu pardalis (18 cm TL) observed from the lateral view (A, C) and medial view (B). (D–F) Pectoral fin skeleton of Epinephelus akaara (6.5 cm TL) observed from the lateral view (D, F) and medial view (E). (G–I) Pectoral fin skeleton of Sebastes cheni (22 cm TL) observed from the lateral view (G, I) and...

Additional file 3 of Morphological evolution and diversity of pectoral fin skeletons in teleosts

Yoshitaka Tanaka, Hiroki Miura, Koji Tamura & Gembu Abe
Additional file 3: Fig. S3. Schematic diagrams of morphological comparison of pectoral fin skeletons focused on differences of girdle components between basal (mainly Osteoglossomorpha, Otomorpha, Protacanthopterygii and Stomiati) and derived (mainly Paracanthopterygii and Acanthopterygii) pectoral fin skeletons. Cl, cleithrum; Co, coracoid; FR, fin ray; Mco, mesocoracoid; Pel, pelvic girdle; PR, proximal radial; Sc, scapula.

Additional file 3 of Morphological evolution and diversity of pectoral fin skeletons in teleosts

Yoshitaka Tanaka, Hiroki Miura, Koji Tamura & Gembu Abe
Additional file 3: Fig. S3. Schematic diagrams of morphological comparison of pectoral fin skeletons focused on differences of girdle components between basal (mainly Osteoglossomorpha, Otomorpha, Protacanthopterygii and Stomiati) and derived (mainly Paracanthopterygii and Acanthopterygii) pectoral fin skeletons. Cl, cleithrum; Co, coracoid; FR, fin ray; Mco, mesocoracoid; Pel, pelvic girdle; PR, proximal radial; Sc, scapula.

Predator discrimination of prey promotes the predator-mediated coexistence of prey species

, Akira Yamawo & Michio Kondoh
The predator discrimination of prey can affect predation intensity and the prey density-dependence of predators, which has the potential to alter the coexistence of prey species. We used a predator–prey population dynamics model accounting for the predator’s adaptive diet choice and predator discrimination of prey to investigate how the latter influences prey coexistence. The model revealed that: (1) prey species that are perceived as belonging to the same species by a predator are attacked in...

Additional file 2 of Filtration-processed biomass nanofiber electrodes for flexible bioelectronics

Daiki Ando, Tetsuhiko F. Teshima, Francisco Zurita, Hu Peng, Kota Ogura, Kenji Kondo, Lennart Weiß, Ayumi Hirano-Iwata, Markus Becherer, Joe Alexander & Bernhard Wolfrum
Additional file 2: Figure S2. SEM images of surface topology of conductive materials on CSNF substrate. (a) The boundary between CNT networks and CSNF substrate where CNT networks partially detached. (b) Wrinkles on the surface of PEDOT:PSS micropatterns on the CSNF substrate. (c) The surface of CNT/PEDOT:PSS composite micropattern on the CSNF substrate. Scale bars: (a) 5µm, (b) 2µm, (c) 2µm.

Anolis allisoni gene annotation

Shunsuke Kanamori, Luis M. Díaz, Antonio Cádiz, Katsushi Yamaguchi, Shuji Shigenobu & Masakado Kawata
The result of gene annotation for Anolis isolepis genome using BRAKER2.

Additional file 1 of Draft genome of six Cuban Anolis lizards and insights into genetic changes during their diversification

Shunsuke Kanamori, Luis M. Díaz, Antonio Cádiz, Katsushi Yamaguchi, Shuji Shigenobu & Masakado Kawata
Additional file 1. Additional tables and figures.

Draft genome of six Cuban Anolis lizards and insights into genetic changes during their diversification

Shunsuke Kanamori, Luis M. Díaz, Antonio Cádiz, Katsushi Yamaguchi, Shuji Shigenobu & Masakado Kawata
Abstract Background Detecting genomic variants and their accumulation processes during species diversification and adaptive radiation is important for understanding the molecular and genetic basis of evolution. Anolis lizards in the West Indies are good models for studying evolutionary mechanisms because of the repeated evolution of their morphology and the ecology. We performed de novo genome assembly of six Cuban Anolis lizards with different ecomorphs and thermal habitats (Anolis isolepis, Anolis allisoni, Anolis porcatus, Anolis allogus,...

Zishen Pill alleviates diabetes in Db/db mice via activation of PI3K/AKT pathway in the liver

You Wu, Boju Sun, Xiaoyuan Guo, Lili Wu, Yaomu Hu, Lingling Qin, Tao Yang, Mei Li, Tianyu Qin, Miao Jiang & Tonghua Liu
Abstract Background The rising global incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) highlights a need for new therapies. The Zishen Pill (ZSP) is a traditional Chinese herbal decoction that has previously shown hypoglycemic effects in C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice, although the therapeutic mechanism remains unknown. This study aims to explore the underlying mechanisms of ZSP’s hypoglycemic effects using db/db mice. Methods Db/db mice were divided into two groups: model group and ZSP group, while wt/wt mice were...

Zishen Pill alleviates diabetes in Db/db mice via activation of PI3K/AKT pathway in the liver

You Wu, Boju Sun, Xiaoyuan Guo, Lili Wu, Yaomu Hu, Lingling Qin, Tao Yang, Mei Li, Tianyu Qin, Miao Jiang & Tonghua Liu
Abstract Background The rising global incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) highlights a need for new therapies. The Zishen Pill (ZSP) is a traditional Chinese herbal decoction that has previously shown hypoglycemic effects in C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice, although the therapeutic mechanism remains unknown. This study aims to explore the underlying mechanisms of ZSP’s hypoglycemic effects using db/db mice. Methods Db/db mice were divided into two groups: model group and ZSP group, while wt/wt mice were...

Impact of upper and lower respiratory symptoms on COVID-19 outcomes: a multicenter retrospective cohort study

Kensuke Nakagawara, Shotaro Chubachi, Ho Namkoong, Hiromu Tanaka, Ho Lee, Shuhei Azekawa, Shiro Otake, Takahiro Fukushima, Atsuho Morita, Mayuko Watase, Kaori Sakurai, Tatsuya Kusumoto, Takanori Asakura, Katsunori Masaki, Hirofumi Kamata, Makoto Ishii, Naoki Hasegawa, Norihiro Harada, Tetsuya Ueda, Soichiro Ueda, Takashi Ishiguro, Ken Arimura, Fukuki Saito, Takashi Yoshiyama, Yasushi Nakano … & Koichi Fukunaga
Abstract Background Respiratory symptoms are associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outcomes. However, the impacts of upper and lower respiratory symptoms on COVID-19 outcomes in the same population have not been compared. The objective of this study was to characterize upper and lower respiratory symptoms and compare their impacts on outcomes of hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Methods This was a multicenter, retrospective cohort study; the database from the Japan COVID-19 Task Force was used. A total...

Skipping breakfast during pregnancy and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in Japanese women: the Tohoku medical megabank project birth and three-generation cohort study

Misato Aizawa, Keiko Murakami, Ippei Takahashi, Tomomi Onuma, Aoi Noda, Fumihiko Ueno, Fumiko Matsuzaki, Mami Ishikuro, Taku Obara, Hirotaka Hamada, Noriyuki Iwama, Masatoshi Saito, Junichi Sugawara, Nobuo Yaegashi & Shinichi Kuriyama
Abstract Background Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) adversely affect the prognosis of mother and child, and the prognosis depends on the subtype of HDP. Skipping breakfast may be associated with increased blood pressure due to disruption of the circadian clock, but the association with the development of HDP has not been studied. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between skipping breakfast and the development of HDP and HDP subtypes in Japanese...

Additional file 1 of Trace-element analysis of mineral grains in Ryugu rock fragment sections by synchrotron-based confocal X-ray fluorescence

Benjamin Bazi, Pieter Tack, Miles Lindner, Bart Vekemans, Ella De Pauw, Beverley Tkalcec, Frank E. Brenker, Jan Garrevoet, Gerald Falkenberg, Hikaru Yabuta, Hisayoshi Yurimoto, Tomoki Nakamura, Kana Amano, Megumi Matsumoto, Yuri Fujioka, Yuma Enokido, Daisuke Nakashima, Masayuki Uesugi, Hiroshi Naraoka, Takaaki Noguchi, Ryuji Okazaki, Kanako Sakamoto, Toru Yada, Masahiro Nishimura, Aiko Nakato … & Laszlo Vincze
Additional file 1: Monte Carlo uncertainty estimation method for the calculation of the elemental yields.

Additional file 2 of Trace-element analysis of mineral grains in Ryugu rock fragment sections by synchrotron-based confocal X-ray fluorescence

Benjamin Bazi, Pieter Tack, Miles Lindner, Bart Vekemans, Ella De Pauw, Beverley Tkalcec, Frank E. Brenker, Jan Garrevoet, Gerald Falkenberg, Hikaru Yabuta, Hisayoshi Yurimoto, Tomoki Nakamura, Kana Amano, Megumi Matsumoto, Yuri Fujioka, Yuma Enokido, Daisuke Nakashima, Masayuki Uesugi, Hiroshi Naraoka, Takaaki Noguchi, Ryuji Okazaki, Kanako Sakamoto, Toru Yada, Masahiro Nishimura, Aiko Nakato … & Laszlo Vincze
Additional file 2: Monte Carlo uncertainty estimation method for the calculation of the mineral grain weight fractions.

Endothelial TFEB signaling-mediated autophagic disturbance initiates microglial activation and cognitive dysfunction

Yaping Lu, Xiang Chen, Xiuxiu Liu, Yi Shi, Zhaocong Wei, Lili Feng, Quan Jiang, Weifeng Ye, Takuya Sasaki, Kohji Fukunaga, Yong Ji, Feng Han & Ying-Mei Lu
Cognitive impairment caused by systemic chemotherapy is a critical question that perplexes the effective implementation of clinical treatment, but related molecular events are poorly understood. Herein, we show that bortezomib exposure leads to microglia activation and cognitive impairment, this occurs along with decreased nuclear translocation of TFEB (transcription factor EB), which is linked to macroautophagy/autophagy disorder, STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) phosphorylation and IL23A (interleukin 23 subunit alpha) expression. Pharmacological enhancement of...

Pregnancy outcomes among female childhood, adolescent, and young adult cancer survivors assessed using internet-based nationwide questionnaire surveys in Japan

Toshiaki Yasuoka, Noriyuki Iwama, Kuniaki Ota, Junichi Hasegawa, Hirohito Metoki, Masatoshi Saito, Takashi Sugiyama & Nao Suzuki
Female cancer survivors planning to become pregnant are concerned about the impact of cancer treatment on their ability to maintain normal pregnancy and the negative impact on their offspring. However, studies on the pregnancy outcomes of cancer survivors in Japan are limited. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the pregnancy outcomes of female cancer survivors by comparing them with women without a history of malignant tumors in Japan. This cross-sectional study included 3308 subjects, based...

Data from: Inconsistency between morphological traits and ancestry of individuals in the hybrid zone between two Rhododendron japonoheptamerum varieties revealed by a genotyping-by-sequencing approach

Ichiro Tamaki, Watanabe Yoichi, Yu Matsuki, Yoshihisa Suyama & Mizuo Mizuno
The morphological traits and genetic backgrounds of hybrid individuals in a hybrid zone reflect the history of that zone. In the hybrid zone between Rhododendron japonoheptamerum var. hondoense (RJH) and R. japonoheptamerum var. kyomaruense (RJK), flower morphological traits that can be used to distinguish the two varieties were measured and leaves were sampled for DNA extraction. Reference populations consisting of pure RJH and RJK were also used. Genotype data for individuals were obtained by the...

Data from: Different contributions of local- and distant-regulatory changes to transcriptome divergence between stickleback ecotypes

Asano Ishikawa, Makoto Kusakabe, Kohta Yoshida, Mark Ravinet, Takashi Makino, Atsushi Toyoda, Asao Fujiyama & Jun Kitano
Differential gene expression can play an important role in phenotypic evolution and divergent adaptation. Although differential gene expression can be caused by both local- and distant-regulatory changes, we know little about their relative contribution to transcriptome evolution in natural populations. Here, we conducted expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) analysis to investigate the genetic architecture underlying transcriptome divergence between marine and stream ecotypes of threespine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus). We identified both local and distant eQTLs, some...

Data from: Calcium dynamics regulating the timing of decision-making in C. elegans

Yuki Tanimoto, Akiko Yamazoe-Umemoto, Kosuke Fujita, Yuya Kawazoe, Yosuke Miyanishi, Shuhei J. Yamazaki, Xianfeng Fei, Karl Emanuel Busch, Keiko Gengyo-Ando, Junichi Nakai, Yuichi Iino, Yuishi Iwasaki, Koichi Hashimoto & Koutarou D. Kimura
Brains regulate behavioral responses with distinct timings. Here we investigate the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the timing of decision-making during olfactory navigation in Caenorhabditis elegans. We find that, based on subtle changes in odor concentrations, the animals appear to choose the appropriate migratory direction from multiple trials as a form of behavioral decision-making. Through optophysiological, mathematical and genetic analyses of neural activity under virtual odor gradients, we further find that odor concentration information is...

Genetic consequences of plant edaphic specialisation to solfatara fields; phylogenetic and population genetic analysis of Carex angustisquama (Cyperaceae)

Koki Nagasawa, Hiroaki Setoguchi, Masayuki Maki, Hayato Goto, Keitaro Fukushima, Yuji Isagi, Yoshihisa Suyama, Yoshihiro Tsunamoto, Ayumi Matsuo, Kazuhiro Sawa & Shota Sakaguchi
Edaphic specialisation is one of the main drivers of plant diversification and has multifaceted effects on population dynamics. Carex angustisquama is a sedge plant growing only on heavily acidified soil in solfatara fields, where only extremophytes can survive. Because of the lack of closely related species in similar habitats and its disjunct distribution, the species offers ideal settings to investigate the effects of adaptation to solfatara fields and historical biogeography on genetic consequences of plant...

Data from: Physiological conditions and genetic controls of phaeomelanin pigmentation in nestling barn swallows

Emi Arai, Masaru Hasegawa, Takashi Makino, Akihiko Hagino, Yusuke Sakai, Hajime Ohtsuki, Kazumasa Wakamatsu & Masakado Kawata
Phaeomelanin is a common pigment that confers a reddish color to animals. Since phaeomelanogenesis requires the sulfhydryl group from cysteine or glutathione (GSH), which is an important antioxidant, this pigmentation and the associated coloration may be an honest signal, whereby only high-quality individuals (e.g., with lower oxidative stress) are able to develop showy plumage. The present study tested the mechanisms underlying the honest signal hypothesis using nestling barn swallows, Hirundo rustica gutturalis, which exhibit phaeomelanic...

Variations in leaf economics spectrum traits for an evergreen coniferous species: Tree size dominates over environment factors

Zhili Liu, Kouki Hikosaka, Fengri Li & Guangze Jin
Many leaf traits strongly vary with tree size and environmental factors, but the importance of these factors to intraspecific variations of leaf traits in forest trees have rarely been simultaneously evaluated. We measured needle longevity and specific leaf area (SLA) and nitrogen (N) content of every needle age (0 to 4 year old) for 65 individuals with 0.3-100 cm diameter at breast height (DBH) for an evergreen coniferous species, Pinus koraiensis Sieb. et Zucc., in...

γ-radiation effects on metal oxide particles and their wetted surfaces

John McGrady, Shinichi Yamashita, Atsushi Kimura, Sho Kano, Huilong Yang, Zhengang Duan, Takumi Saito & Hiroaki Abe
Typical metal oxide corrosion products of structural materials have been irradiated with γ-rays in ultra-pure water to investigate the effect of radiation on the surface oxide and the nature of adsorbed water. Analysis techniques including thermal gravimetric analysis, differential thermal analysis, diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy before and after γ-irradiation were employed to investigate surface structural effects and adsorbed water behaviour. The production of H2 in the oxide nanoparticle mixtures...

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