12 Works

Data from: Amadori-glycated phosphatidylethanolamine enhances the physical stability and selective targeting ability of liposomes

Taiki Miyazawa, Reina Kamiyoshihara, Naoki Shimizu, Takahiro Harigae, Yurika Otoki, Junya Ito, Shunji Kato, Teruo Miyazawa & Kiyotaka Nakagawa
Liposomes consisting of 100% phosphatidylcholine exhibit poor membrane fusion, cellular uptake and selective targeting capacities. To overcome these limitations, we used Amadori-glycated phosphatidylethanolamine, which is universally present in animals and commonly consumed in foods. We found that liposomes containing Amadori-glycated phosphatidylethanolamine exhibited significantly reduced negative membrane potential and demonstrated high cellular uptake.

Data from: A shady phytoplankton paradox: when phytoplankton increases under low light

Masato Yamamichi, Takehiro Kazama, Kotaro Tokita, Izumi Katano, Hideyuki Doi, Takehito Yoshida, Nelson Hairston, Jotaro Urabe & Nelson G. Hairston
Light is a fundamental driver of ecosystem dynamics, affecting the rate of photosynthesis and primary production. In spite of its importance, less is known about its community-scale effects on aquatic ecosystems compared with those of nutrient loading. Understanding light limitation is also important for ecosystem management, as human activities have been rapidly altering light availability to aquatic ecosystems. Here we show that decreasing light can paradoxically increase phytoplankton abundance in shallow lakes. Our results, based...

Data from: UV bullseye contrast of Hemerocallis flowers attracts hawkmoths but not swallowtail butterflies

Shun K. Hirota, Nozomu Miki, Akiko A. Yasumoto & Tetsukazu Yahara
The colour and patterns of animal-pollinated flowers are known to have effects on pollinator attraction. In this study, the relative importance of flower colour and colour contrast patterns on pollinator attraction was examined in two pollinator groups, swallowtail butterflies and hawkmoths using two Hemerocallis species; butterfly-pollinated H. fulva and hawkmoth-pollinated H. citrina, having reddish and yellowish flowers in human vision, respectively. Flowers of both species have UV bullseye patterns, composed of UV-absorbing centres and UV-reflecting...

Data from: Time-dependent decline of body-specific attention to the paretic limb in chronic stroke patients

Naoki Aizu, Yutaka Oouchida & Shin-Ichi Izumi
Objective: To examine whether reduced body-specific attention to paretic limb is found in chronic stroke patients in the time-dependent manner. Methods: Twenty-one patients with chronic hemiparesis (10 left and 11 right hemiparesis) after subcortical stroke and 18 age-matched healthy controls were recruited in this study. Standard neuropsychological examinations showed no clear evidence of spatial neglect in all patients. In order to quantitatively measure the spatial attention to paretic hand, a visual detection task for detecting...

Data from: Simulation of the nodal flow of mutant embryos with small number of cilia: comparison of mechanosensing and vesicle transport hypotheses

Toshihiro Omori, Katja Winter, Kyosuke Shinohara, Hiroshi Hamada & Takuji Ishikawa
Left-right (L-R) asymmetry in the body plan is determined by nodal flow in vertebrate embryos. Shinohara et al. used Dpcd and Rfx3 mutant mouse embryos and showed that only a few cilia were sufficient to achieve L-R asymmetry. However, the mechanism underlying the breaking of symmetry by such weak ciliary flow is unclear. The flow-mediated signals related to L-R asymmetry have not been clarified; there are two models for L-R symmetry breaking: vesicle transport and...

Data from: Disentangling the drivers of invasion spread in a vector-borne tree disease

Yutaka Osada, Takehisa Yamakita, Etsuko Shoda-Kagaya, Andrew M. Liebhold & Takehiko Yamanaka
1. Pine wilt disease (PWD) invaded southern Japan in the early 1900’s and has gradually expanded its range to northern Honshu (Japanese mainland). The disease is caused by a pathogenic North American nematode, which is transmitted by native pine sawyer beetles. Recently the disease has invaded other portions of East Asia and Europe where extensive mortality of host pines is anticipated to resemble historical patterns seen in Japan. 2. There is a critical need to...

Data from: Integrated evidence reveals a new species in the ancient blue coral genus Heliopora (Octocorallia)

Zoe T. Richards, Nina Yasuda, Taisei Kikuchi, Taryn Foster, Chika Mitsuyuki, Michael Stat, Yoshihisa Suyama & Nerida G. Wilson
Maintaining the accretion potential and three dimensional structure of coral reefs is a priority but reef-building scleractinian corals are highly threatened and retreating. Hence future reefs are predicted to be dominated by non-constructional taxa. Since the Late Triassic however, other non-scleractinian anthozoans such as Heliopora have contributed to tropical and subtropical reef-building. Heliopora is an ancient and highly conserved reef building octocoral genus within the monospecific Family Helioporidae, represented by a single extant species –...

Data from: Estimating range expansion of wildlife in heterogeneous landscapes: a spatially explicit state-space matrix model coupled with an improved numerical integration technique

Yutaka Osada, Takeo Kuriyama, Masahiko Asada, Hiroyuki Yokomizo & Tadashi Miyashita
Dispersal as well as population growth is a key demographic process that determines population dynamics. However, determining the effects of environmental covariates on dispersal from spatial-temporal abundance proxy data is challenging owing to the complexity of model specification for directional dispersal permeability and the extremely high computational loads for numerical integration. In this paper, we present a case study estimating how environmental covariates affect the dispersal of Japanese sika deer by developing a spatially explicit...

Data from: Phylogeographic analysis suggests two origins for the riparian azalea Rhododendron indicum (L.) Sweet

Watanabe Yoichi, Izumi Kawamata, Yu Matsuki, Yoshihisa Suyama, Koichi Uehara & Motomi Ito

Data from: Impact of sexually antagonistic genital morphologies on female reproduction and wild population demography

Yasuoki Takami, Tomohiko Fukuhara, Jun Yokoyama & Masakado Kawata
Sexual conflict is a strong driver of evolution. The evolutionary outcomes of sexual conflict can, in turn, influence ecological processes within populations, e.g., demography. However, evidence for the latter hypothesis is scarce, especially in the wild. Here, we show that sexual conflict is associated with demographic processes determining population size in the ground beetle Carabus insulicola with elaborate male and female genitalia, based on individual- and population-level analyses. We found that sexually antagonistic selection can...

Data from: The function of the ophiuroid nerve ring: how a decentralized nervous system controls coordinated locomotion

Elizabeth G. Clark, Daichi Kanauchi, Takeshi Kano, Hitoshi Aonuma, Derek E. G. Briggs & Akio Ishiguro
Echinoderms lack a centralized nervous control system yet each extant echinoderm class has evolved unique and effective strategies for locomotion. Brittle stars (Ophiuroidea) stride swiftly over the seafloor by coordinating motions of their five muscular arms. Their arms consist of many repeating segments, requiring them to use a complex control system to coordinate motions among segments and between arms. We conducted in vivo experiments with brittle stars to analyze the functional role of the nerve...

Data from: Comparisons of behavioral and TRPA1 heat sensitivities in three sympatric Cuban Anolis lizards

Hiroshi D. Akashi, Shigeru Saito, Antonio Cádiz Díaz, Takashi Makino, Makoto Tominaga & Masakado Kawata
Thermal tolerances of organisms play a role in defining geographic ranges and occurrence of species. In Cuba, three sympatric species of Anolis lizards (Anolis allogus, Anolis homolechis, and Anolis sagrei) inhabit different thermal microhabitats. A previous study found that these species showed distinct gene expression patterns in response to temperature stimuli, suggesting the genetically distinct thermal physiology among species. To investigate whether the Anolis species inhabiting locally distinct thermal habitats diverge their thermal tolerances, we...

Registration Year

  • 2018

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Tohoku University
  • University of Tokyo
  • University of Hyogo
  • National Institute for Environmental Studies
  • RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology
  • Kyushu University
  • Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Okazaki Institute for Integrative Bioscience
  • Yamagata University
  • Northern Research Station