Domestication has greatly changed the social and reproductive behavior of dogs relative to that of wild members of the genus Canis, which typically exhibit social monogamy and extended parental care. Unlike a typical grey wolf pack that consists of a single breeding pair and their offspring from multiple seasons, a group of free-ranging dogs (FRDs) can include multiple breeding individuals of both sexes. To understand the consequences of this shift in reproductive behavior, we reconstructed...
The text is a proposal to present the specifics of activities carried out by Węgajty Theatre in the formula of the Other Theatre School, in the second decade of its existence - the years 2010-2019. The author uses categories such as process, road / walking, performative theatre, rhapsodic structure, artivism, in an attempt to present the way of creating performances in Węgajty. She employs the proposed terms with reference to the findings made in various...
We studied behavioural traits and behavioural correlations in larvae of a univoltine damselfly, Lestes sponsa, along its latitudinal distribution, spreading over 3300 km. We compared behavioural profiles among larvae grown either in native temperatures and photoperiods or averaged constant temperatures and photoperiods. We expected latitudinal differences in behavioural traits regardless of the conditions in which larvae were grown, with northern populations expressing higher activity, boldness and foraging efficiency. When grown in native conditions, northern larvae...
Lagomorpha is a clade of herbivorous mammals nested within Euarchontoglires, one of the major placental groups represented today. It comprises two extant families with markedly different body plans: the long-eared and long-limbed Leporidae (hares and rabbits) and the short-eared and short-limbed Ochotonidae (pikas). These two lagomorph lineages diverged probably during the latest Eocene/early Oligocene, but it is unclear whether the last common ancestor of crown lagomorphs was more leporid- or more ochotonid-like in morphology. Palaeolagus,...
Simple and reliable measurement of insulin sensitivity may be important for the prevention of insulin-resistance related diseases. Surrogate indices of insulin sensitivity are of limited utility in population without signs of metabolic syndrome. The aim of our study was to provide simple and accurate index of insulin sensitivity. The study group comprised 150 young healthy participants. Hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp was performed. Regression models with different laboratory parameters were constructed. Validation cohort 1 comprised independent group of...
Data and codes to replicate the analysis in: The spatial ecology of conflicts: Unravelling patterns of wildlife damage at multiple scalesCarlos Bautista, Eloy Revilla, Teresa Berezowska-Cnota, Néstor Fernández, Javier Naves & Nuria Selva
Human encroachment into natural habitats is typically followed by conflicts derived from wildlife damages to agriculture and livestock. Spatial risk modelling is a useful tool to gain understanding of wildlife damage and mitigate conflicts. Although resource selection is a hierarchical process operating at multiple scales, risk models usually fail to address more than one scale, which can result in the misidentification of the underlying processes. Here, we addressed the multi-scale nature of wildlife damage occurrence...
Halophytic vegetation and adjoining plant communities in Middle Asia (Pamir-Alai and western Tian Shan)Sebastian Świerszcz, Marcin Nobis, Anna Wróbel, Ewelina Klichowska, Sylwia Nowak & Arkadiusz Nowak
In this paper, we complete the syntaxonomical scheme for halophytic vegetation and adjoining plant communities of the lowland, montane and alpine zones in the Pamir-Alai and western Tian Shan in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan with some remarks on its environmental predictors. A total of 217 relevés were sampled in 2014–2019 using the seven-degree cover-abundance scale of the Braun-Blanquet approach. Modified TWlNSPAN was used to classify plant communities based on species composition. The cover-abundance scale was transformed...
Copepods of the genus Calanus are the key components of zooplankton. Understanding their response to a changing climate is crucial to predict the functioning of future warmer high-latitude ecosystems. Although specific Calanus species are morphologically very similar, they have different life strategies and roles in ecosystems. In this study, C. finmarchicus and C. glacialis were thoroughly studied with regard to their plasticity in morphology and ecology both in their preferred original water mass (Atlantic vs....
Brood sex ratio, early chick survival, and cell-mediated immunity measurements for 3 experimental groups of Larus canus and Chroicocephalus ridibundus pairsDariusz Bukaciński, Monika Bukacińska & Przemysław Chylarecki
Sex allocation theory predicts that parents should adjust their brood sex ratio to maximize fitness returns in relation to parental investment. Adaptive adjustment of sex ratio may be driven by differential costs of rearing sons and daughters or differential benefits of investing limited resources into offspring of different sex. In both cases, possible sex ratio bias should depend on parental condition. For sexually dimorphic birds with males larger than females, sons may be less likely...
Anatomy of the nasal and auditory regions of the fossil lagomorph Palaeolagus haydeni: systematic and evolutionary implicationsŁucja Fostowicz-Frelik, Irina Ruf & Jin Meng
Palaeolagus, a late Eocene to early Miocene North American lagomorph genus, represented by numerous and well-preserved specimens, has been long considered a basal leporid, although it is currently understood as a stem lagomorph. Based on micro-computed tomography (μCT) data and 3D reconstructions, here we present the first description of intracranial structures of the nasal and auditory regions of a complete skull of Palaeolagus haydeni from the early Oligocene of Nebraska. Although Palaeolagus haydeni shows a...
Pseudosteppes and related grassland vegetationin the Pamir-Alai and western Tian Shan Mts –the borderland of the Irano-Turanian and Euro-Siberian regionsSebastian Świerszcz, Marcin Nobis, Grzegorz Swacha, Zygmunt Kącki, Iwona Dembicz, Krystyna Waindzoch, Sylwia Nowak & Arkadiusz Nowak
The aim of our study was to complete the syntaxonomical scheme for grassland vegetation of the lowland, montane and alpine zones in the Pamir-Alai and western Tian Shan Mts in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan with some remarks on its environmental predictors. A total of 198 relevés were sampled in 2013–2018 using the seven-degree cover-abundance scale of the Braun-Blanquet approach. They were classified with k-means algorithmwith tranforming cover values to three level scale of the following intervals0%,...
Small mammals impact plant recruitment globally via size-dependent seed predation, generating a unimodal pattern across ecosystems. Chen et al. (2021) critiqued our seed removal analysis, advocating corrections for exposure time. We show in our rebuttal that such manipulations are unwarranted and argue for increased emphasis on plant recruitment metrics. This archive holds the updated seed removal dataset used for our rebuttal.
Polish Academy of Sciences14
National Research Tomsk State University2
Estación Biológica de Doñana1
Medical University of Białystok1
University of Wrocław1
German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research1
Claude Bernard University Lyon 11