The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) is a network of ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometers that record direct solar absorption spectra of the atmosphere in the near-infrared. From these spectra, accurate and precise column-averaged abundances of atmospheric constituents including CO2, CH4, N2O, HF, CO, H2O, and HDO, are retrieved. This is the GGG2020 data release of observations from the TCCON station at Manaus, Brazil
Islands Within Islands: Bacterial Phylogenetic Structure and Consortia in Hawaiian Lava Caves and FumarolesRebecca Prescott, Tatyana Zamkovaya, Stuart Donachie, Diana Northup, Joseph Mendley, Natalia Monsalve, Jimmy Saw, Alan Decho, Patrick Chain & Penelope Boston
Lava caves, tubes, and fumaroles in Hawai‘i present a range of volcanic, oligotrophic environments from different lava flows and host unexpectedly high levels of bacterial diversity. These features provide an opportunity to study the ecological drivers that structure bacterial community diversity and assemblies in volcanic ecosystems and compare the older, more stable environments of lava tubes, to the more variable and extreme conditions of younger, geothermally active caves and fumaroles. Using 16S rRNA amplicon-based sequencing...
Data for: Modeling the distribution of the endangered Jemez Mountains salamander (Plethodon neomexicanus) in relation to geology, topography, and climateAndrew Bartlow, J. Tomasz Giermakowski, Paul Neville, Emily Schultz-Fellenz, Brandon Crawford, Anita Lavadie-Bulnes, Brent Thompson & Chuck Hathcock
The Jemez Mountains salamander (Plethodon neomexicanus; hereafter JMS) is an endangered salamander restricted to the Jemez Mountains in north-central New Mexico, United States. This strictly terrestrial species requires moist surface conditions for mating and foraging. Threats to its current habitat include fire suppression and ensuing severe fires, changes in forest composition, habitat fragmentation, and climate change. Forest composition changes resulting from reduced fire frequency and increased tree density suggest that its current aboveground habitat does...
The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) is a network of ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometers that record direct solar absorption spectra of the atmosphere in the near-infrared. From these spectra, accurate and precise column-averaged abundances of atmospheric constituents including CO2, CH4, N2O, HF, CO, H2O, and HDO, are retrieved. This is the GGG2020 data release of observations from the TCCON station at Four Corners, NM, USA
Long-range ordering, while typically understood as a decrease in entropy, can also be driven by increasing system entropy in certain special cases. We demonstrate that artificial spin ice arrays of single-domain nanomagnets can be designed to produce entropy-driven order. We probe thermally active tetris artificial spin ice, known to have a zero point Pauli entropy, both experimentally and through simulations. We find two-dimensional magnetic ordering in one subset of the nanomagnet moments, which we demonstrate...
ACE MAG and SWEPAM 4-min merged magnetic field and plasma parameter moments data at NASA Space Science Data Center.
Manipulating plant microbiomes in the field: native mycorrhizae advance plant succession and improve native plant restorationLiz Koziol, Jonathan Bauer, Eric Duell, Karen Hickman, Geoffrey House, Peggy Schultz, Alice Tipton, Gail Wilson & James Bever
The plant microbiome is critical to plant health and is degraded with anthropogenic disturbance. However, the value of re-establishing the native microbiome is rarely considered in ecological restoration. Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are particularly important microbiome components, as they associate with most plants, and later successional grassland plants are strongly responsive to native AM fungi. With five separate sites across the United States, we inoculated mid- and late successional plant seedlings with one of three...
This Data Product contains Measurements from the ACE Solar Wind Electron Proton Alpha Monitor (SWEPAM) Instrument. The Quality of the ACE Level 2 Data are such that it is suitable for serious Scientific Study. However, to avoid Confusion and Misunderstanding, it is recommended that Users consult with the appropriate ACE Team Members before publishing Work derived from the Data. The ACE Team has worked hard to ensure that the Level 2 Data are free from...
ACE Solar Wind Electron Proton Alpha Monitor (SWEPAM) Suprathermal Electron Pitch Angle 128-Second Level 3 DataDavid McComas, Ruth Skoug, Dot Delapp, Heather Elliott & Andrew Davis
Suprathermal Electron Pitch Angle data from ACE/SWEPAM. Level 3 data, 128-second averages. These pitch angle distributions are calculated automatically by a computer code, and have not been validated by a person. It is therefore likely that they include some artifacts and erroneous values. These data files contain suprathermal electron pitch angle distribution functions (s^3 cm^-6) at 272 eV from the ACE/SWEPAM-E instrument. The energy channel is ~12% wide, centered at 272 eV. Pitch angle bins...
Solar Wind Ion parameters from ACE/SWEPAM. Level 2 data, 64-second averages. Parameters include proton density, temperature (radial component) and flow speed, flow velocity vector in GSE, GSM and RTN coordinates, and alpha to proton density ratio. ACE position vectors in GSE and GSM are included. The data are accessible via ftp in HDF and CDF from the ACE Science Center and CDAWeb, respectively, and in ASCII format from the value-added interfaces at those sites. Hourly...
Los Alamos National Laboratory9
Southwest Research Institute4
California Institute of Technology4
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory3
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (US)2
University of Toronto2
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA (US)2
California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA (US)2
University of New Mexico2