31 Works

Validation of an eDNA-based method for the detection of wildlife pathogens in water

Natalie Sieber, Hanna Hartikainen & Christoph Vorburger
Monitoring the occurrence and density of parasites and pathogens can identify high infection-risk areas and facilitates disease control and eradication measures. Environmental DNA (eDNA) techniques are increasingly used for pathogen detection due to their relative ease of application. Since many factors affect the reliability and efficacy of eDNA-based detection, rigorous validation and assessment of method limitations is a crucial first step. We evaluated an eDNA detection method using in-situ filtration of large volume water samples,...

Research data supporting \"Tetralin and decalin h-donor effect on catalytic upgrading of heavy oil inductively heated with steel balls\"

Abarasi Hart, Mohamed Adam, John Robinson, Sean Rigby & Joseph Wood
Dataset includes Thermogravimetric simulated distillation analysis, thermogravimetric coking data and nitrogen adsorption data of the catalyst.

Fatal and non-fatal events within 14 days after early, intensive mobilization post stroke

Julie Bernhardt, Karen Borschmann, Janice Collier, Amanda Thrift, Peter Langhorne, Sandy Middleton, Richard Lindley, Helen Dewey, Philip Bath, Catherine Said, Leonid Churilov, Fiona Ellery, Christopher Bladin, Christopher Reid, Judith Frayne, Velandai Srikanth, Stephen Read & Geoffrey Donnan
Objective: We examined fatal and non-fatal Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) at 14 days within AVERT. Method: A prospective, parallel group, assessor blinded, randomized international clinical trial comparing very early intensive mobilization training (VEM) with usual care (UC); with follow up to 3 months. Included: Patients with ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke within 24 hours of onset and physiological parameters within set limits. Treatment with thrombolytics allowed. Excluded: Patients with severe premorbid disability and/or comorbidities. Interventions continued...

Comments on the European Data Protection Board’s Guidelines 07/2020 on the concepts of controller and processor in the GDPR

Derek McAuley, Lilian Edwards, Lachlan Urquhart & Jiahong Chen

Research data supporting \"Operando visualisation of battery chemistry and dendrite formation in a sodium ion battery by 23Na MRI\"

Melanie Britton, Claire Doswell, Josh Bray, Galina Pavlovskaya, Emma Kendrick, Brij Kishore, Lin Chen, Maria-Magdalene Titirici, Heather Au, Hande Alptekin & Thomas Meersmann
Data for the figures in the manuscript and supplementary information.

Data from Reis et al (2020) Causes and consequences of liana infestation in Southern Amazonia. Journal of Ecology DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.13470

Simone Matias Reis, Beatriz Schwantes Marimon, Paulo S. Morandi, Fernando Elias, Adriane Esquivel‐Muelbert, Ben Hur Marimon Junior, Sophie Fauset, Edmar Almeida de Oliveira, Geertje M.F. van der Heijden, David Galbraith, Ted R. Feldpausch & Oliver L. Phillips

Rethinking megafauna

Marcos Moleón, José Sánchez-Zapata, José Donázar, Eloy Revilla, Berta Martín-López, Cayetano Gutiérrez-Cánovas, Wayne Getz, Zebensui Morales-Reyes, Ahimsa Campos-Arceiz, Larry Crowder, Mauro Galetti, Manuela González-Suárez, Fengzhi He, Pedro Jordano, Rebecca Lewison, Robin Naidoo, Norman Owen-Smith, Nuria Selva, Jens-Christian Svenning, José Tella, Christiane Zarfl, Sonja Jähnig, Matt Hayward, Søren Faurby, Nuria García … & Klement Tochner
Concern for megafauna is increasing among scientists and non-scientists. Many studies have emphasized that megafauna play prominent ecological roles and provide important ecosystem services to humanity. But, what precisely are “megafauna”? Here we critically assess the concept of megafauna and propose a goal-oriented framework for megafaunal research. First, we review definitions of megafauna and analyze associated terminology in the scientific literature. Second, we conduct a survey among ecologists and paleontologists to assess the species traits...

The clinical impact of high-profile animal-based research reported in the UK national press: a detailed discussion of articles from 1995, and full search results from the Nexis database

Jarrod Bailey & Michael Balls
Objectives: We evaluated animal-based biomedical ‘breakthroughs’ reported in the UK national press in 1995 (25 years prior to the conclusion of this study). Based on evidence of over-speculative reporting of biomedical research in other areas (e.g. press releases and scientific papers), we specifically examined animal research in the media, asking, “In a given year, what proportion of animal research ‘breakthroughs’ published in the UK national press had translated, more than 20 years later, to approved...

Review of Networking and Tangible Security Techniques for Domestic IoT Devices and Initial Ideas

Sameh Zakhary, Neelima Sunil & Dereak McAuley

Data from: Predator size affects the intensity of mutual interference in a predatory mirid

Nikos Papanikolaou, Sofia Dervisoglou, Argyro Fantinou, Theodore Kypraios, Valmari Giakoumaki & Dionysios Perdikis
Interference competition occurs when access to an available resource is negatively affected by interactions with other individuals, where mutual interference involves individuals of the same species. The interactive phenomena among individuals may be size-dependent, since body size is a major factor that may alter prey consumption rates and ultimately the dynamics and structure of food webs. A study was initiated in order to evaluate the effect of mutual interference in the prey-specific attack rates and...

Diversification in evolutionary arenas – assessment and synthesis

Nicolai M. Nürk, H. Peter Linder, Renske E. Onstein, Matthew J. Larcombe, Colin E. Hughes, Laura Piñeiro Fernández, Philipp M. Schlüter, Luis Valente, Carl Beierkuhnlein, Vanessa Cutts, Michael J. Donoghue, Erika J. Edwards, Richard Field, Suzette G.A. Flantua, Steven I. Higgins, Anke Jentsch, Sigrid Liede-Schumann & Michael D. Pirie
Understanding how and why rates of evolutionary diversification vary is a central issue in evolutionary biology, ecology and biogeography. The concept of adaptive radiation has attracted much interest, but is metaphorical and verbal in nature, making it difficult to quantitatively compare different evolutionary lineages or geographic regions. In addition, the causes of evolutionary stasis are relatively neglected. Here we review the central concepts in the evolutionary diversification literature and bring these together by proposing a...

Nucleotide alignments of eight meiosis genes under extreme selection following whole genome duplication in Arabidopsis lyrata/A.arenosa.

Paul Seear, Martin France, Catherine Gregory, Darren Heavens, Roswitha Schmickl, Levi Yant & James Higgins
In this study we performed a genotype-phenotype association analysis of meiotic stability in ten autotetraploid Arabidopsis lyrata and A. lyrata/A. arenosa hybrid populations collected from the Wachau region and East Austrian Forealps. The aim was to determine the effect of eight meiosis genes under extreme selection upon adaptation to whole genome duplication. Individual plants were genotyped by high-throughput sequencing of the eight meiosis genes (ASY1, ASY3, PDS5b, PRD3, REC8, SMC3, ZYP1a/b) implicated in synaptonemal complex...

Data from: Co-foundress confinement elicits kinship effects in a naturally sub-social parasitoid

Ian C. W. Hardy, Daniela Lupi & Mohamed K. Abdi
Kinship among interacting individuals is often associated with sociality and also with sex ratio effects. Parasitoids in the bethylid genus Goniozus are sub-social, with single foundress females exhibiting post-ovipositional maternal care via short-term aggressive host and brood defence against conspecific females. Due to local mate competition (LMC) and broods normally being produced by a single foundress, sex ratios are female biased. Contests between adult females are, however, not normally fatal and aggression is reduced when...

Data from: Courtship behaviour, nesting microhabitat and assortative mating in sympatric stickleback species-pairs

Laura Dean, Amelia Reddish, Hannah Dunstan & Andrew MacColl
The maintenance of reproductive isolation in the face of gene-flow is a particularly contentious topic, but differences in reproductive behaviour may provide the key to explaining this phenomenon. However, we do not yet fully understand how behaviour contributes to maintaining species boundaries. How important are behavioural differences during reproduction? To what extent does assortative mating maintain reproductive isolation in recently diverged populations and how important are ‘magic traits’? Assortative mating can arise as a by-product...

Sex differences characterise inflammatory profiles of cerebellar mitochondria and are attenuated in Parkinson’s disease

Thomas L Ingram, Freya Shephard, , , &
Response to inflammation is a key determinant in many diseases and their outcomes. Diseases that commonly affect older people are frequently associated with altered inflammatory processes. Neuroinflammation has been described in Parkinson’s disease (PD) brain and presents a potential therapeutic target. PD is characterised by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta and at the sub-cellular level, mitochondrial dysfunction is a key feature. However, there is evidence that a different region...

Data associated with “Asymmetric magnetic relaxation behavior of domains and domain walls observed through the FeRh first-order metamagnetic phase transition”

Jamie Massey, Rowan Temple, Trevor Almeida, Ray Lamb, Nicolas Peters, Richard Campion, Fan Raymond, Damien McGrouther, Stephen McVitie, Paul Steadman & Christopher Marrows
Open access data deposit to accompany the publication “Asymmetric magnetic relaxation behavior of domains and domain walls observed through the FeRh first-order metamagnetic phase transition”

Using peridynamics and discrete multiphysics to study the effects of air voids and freezing water on the mechanical properties of asphalt

Danillo Sanfilippo, Ghiassi Bahman, Alessio Alexiadis & Alvaro Garcia Hernandez

Intraspecific genomic variation and local adaptation in a young hybrid species

Angelica Cuevas, Mark Ravinet, Glenn-Peter Sætre & Fabrice Eroukhmanoff
Hybridization increases genetic variation, hence hybrid species may have greater evolutionary potential once their admixed genomes have stabilized and incompatibilities have been purged. Yet, little is known about how such hybrid lineages evolve at the genomic level following their formation, in particular their adaptive potential. Here we investigate how the Italian sparrow (Passer italiae), a homoploid hybrid species, has evolved and locally adapted to its variable environment. Using restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq) on several...

Data from: Hurricane effects on Neotropical lizards span geographic and phylogenetic scales

Colin Donihue, Alex Kowaleski, Jonathan Losos, Adam Algar, Simon Baeckens, Robert Buchkowski, Anne-Claire Fabre, Hannah Frank, Anthony Geneva, Graham Reynolds, James Stroud, Julián Velasco, Jason Kolbe, Luke Mahler & Anthony Herrel
Extreme climate events such as droughts, cold snaps, and hurricanes can be powerful agents of natural selection, producing acute selective pressures very different from the everyday pressures acting on organisms. However, it remains unknown whether these infrequent but severe disruptions are quickly erased by quotidian selective forces, or whether they have the potential to durably shape biodiversity patterns across regions and clades. Here, we show that hurricanes have enduring evolutionary impacts on the morphology of...

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