36 Works

The management of grey literature as a component of a library and information science curriculum

L. Olatokunbo Aina
A citation analysis of a sample of publications appearing in journals published in Africa in 1995 was carried out. The citation covered major disciplines in sciences, humanities, education, social sciences and librarianship. The study reveals that grey literature (GL) is used by researchers across the disciplines. Given the importance of GL to researchers in Africa, as well as the pervasive role internet can play in providing access to GL, a case is made for teaching...

The Ivy League–Big Ten Epidemiology of Concussion Study: A Report on Methods and First Findings

Margot Putukian, Bernadette A. D’Alonzo, Carolyn S. Campbell-McGovern & Douglas J. Wiebe
Background:Little is known about the nature of concussion injury among university student-athletes, including concussion incidence and rates across sports, the mechanisms of injury, the type of activity during competition or practice, and the time to return to academics, return to sport, and symptom resolution.Purpose:To describe methods of the Ivy League–Big Ten Epidemiology of Concussion Study and first epidemiologic findings.Study Design:Descriptive epidemiology study.Methods:A prospective cohort study was conducted with data accrued through a surveillance system that...

sj-docx-1-smo-10.1177_20503121221149356 – Supplemental material for Severity of illness and mortality among children admitted to a tertiary referral hospital in Botswana: A secondary data analysis of a prospective cohort study

Sheyla Denise Richards, Molly Hayes, Loeto Mazhani, Tonya Arscott-Mills, Unami Mulale, Susan Coffin, Andrew P Steenhoff & Eimear Kitt
Supplemental material, sj-docx-1-smo-10.1177_20503121221149356 for Severity of illness and mortality among children admitted to a tertiary referral hospital in Botswana: A secondary data analysis of a prospective cohort study by Sheyla Denise Richards, Molly Hayes, Loeto Mazhani, Tonya Arscott-Mills, Unami Mulale, Susan Coffin, Andrew P Steenhoff and Eimear Kitt in SAGE Open Medicine

Data from: Fire frequency drives habitat selection by a diverse herbivore guild impacting top–down control of plant communities in an African savanna

Deron E. Burkepile, Dave I. Thompson, Richard W. S. Fynn, Sally E. Koerner, Stephanie Eby, Navashni Govender, Nicole Hagenah, Nathan P. Lemoine, Katherine J. Matchett, Kevin R. Wilcox, Scott L. Collins, Kevin P. Kirkman, Alan K. Knapp & Melinda D. Smith
In areas with diverse herbivore communities such as African savannas, the frequency of disturbance by fire may alter the top–down role of different herbivore species on plant community dynamics. In a seven year experiment in the Kruger National Park, South Africa, we examined the habitat use of nine common herbivore species across annually burned, triennially burned and unburned areas. We also used two types of exclosures (plus open access controls) to examine the impacts of...

Promoting the exploitation of grey literature in Africa

L. Olatokunbo Aina
A major problem with the use of grey literature in Africa is its lack of publicity and accessibility. Suggests various ways of advertising GL, including the provision of the international Standard Grey Literature Number (ISGLN) to all types of grey literature produced within each country in Africa. The national library within each country would be designated as the ISGLN issuing agency. Recommends that the network of the Pan African Development Information System (PADISNET) should include...

Data from: Terrestrial mammalian wildlife responses to Unmanned Aerial Systems approaches

Emily Bennitt, Hattie L.A. Bartlam-Brooks, Tatjana Y. Hubel & Alan M. Wilson
Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) are increasingly being used recreationally, commercially and for wildlife research, but very few studies have quantified terrestrial mammalian reactions to UAS approaches. We used two Vertical Take-off and Landing (VTOL) UAS to approach seven herbivore species in the Moremi Game Reserve, Botswana, after securing the relevant permissions. We recorded responses to 103 vertical and 120 horizontal approaches, the latter from three altitudes above ground level (AGL). We ran mixed logistic regressions...

Pediatric tuberculosis outcomes and factors associated with unfavorable treatment outcomes in Botswana, 2008–2019: a retrospective analysis

Keatlaretse Siamisang, Goabaone Rankgoane-Pono, Tumisang Malebo Madisa, Tantamika Kabamba Mudiayi, John Thato Tlhakanelo, Paul Mubiri, Khutsafalo Kadimo, Francis Msume Banda & Vincent Setlhare
Abstract Introduction Globally, the amount of research on the outcomes of pediatric tuberculosis (TB) is disproportionately less than that of adult TB. The diagnosis of paediatric TB is also problematic in developing countries. The aim of this study was to describe the outcomes of pediatric TB in Botswana and to identify the factors associated with unfavorable outcomes. Methods This was a retrospective analysis of pediatric TB outcomes in Botswana, over a 12-year period from January...

Economic evaluation of implementation science outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review

Akash Malhotra, Ryan R. Thompson, Faith Kagoya, Felix Masiye, Peter Mbewe, Mosepele Mosepele, Jane Phiri, Jairos Sambo, Abigail Barker, Drew B. Cameron, Victor G. Davila-Roman, William Effah, Brian Hutchinson, Michael Laxy, Brad Newsome, David Watkins, Hojoon Sohn & David W. Dowdy
Abstract Background Historically, the focus of cost-effectiveness analyses has been on the costs to operate and deliver interventions after their initial design and launch. The costs related to design and implementation of interventions have often been omitted. Ignoring these costs leads to an underestimation of the true price of interventions and biases economic analyses toward favoring new interventions. This is especially true in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where implementation may require substantial up-front investment....

Data from: Herbivore size matters for productivity-richness relationships in African savannas

Deron E. Burkepile, Richard W. S. Fynn, Dave I. Thompson, Nathan P. Lemoine, Sally E. Koerner, Stephanie Eby, Nicole Hagenah, Kevin R. Wilcox, Scott L. Collins, Kevin P. Kirkman, Alan K. Knapp & Melinda D. Smith
1.Productivity and herbivory often interact to shape plant community composition and species richness with levels of production mediating the impact of herbivory. Yet, differences in herbivore traits such as size, feeding guild, and dietary requirements may result in different impacts of diverse herbivore guilds across productivity gradients. 2.We used size-selective herbivore exclosures to separate the effects of herbivory by larger herbivores, such as elephant, Burchell's zebra, and blue wildebeest from those of medium/smaller herbivores, such...

Data from: Possible causes of divergent population trends in sympatric African herbivores

Emily Bennitt, Hattie L.A. Bartlam-Brooks, Tatjana Y. Hubel & Alan M. Wilson
Sympatric herbivores experience similar environmental conditions but can vary in their population trends. Identifying factors causing these differences could assist conservation efforts aimed at maintaining fully functional ecosystems. From 1996 – 2013, tsessebe and wildebeest populations in the Okavango Delta, Botswana, declined by 73% and 90%, respectively, whereas zebra populations remained stable. These sympatric, medium sized herbivores are exposed to similar natural and anthropogenic pressures, but apparently differ in their responses to those pressures. To...

Economic evaluation of implementation science outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review

Akash Malhotra, Ryan R. Thompson, Faith Kagoya, Felix Masiye, Peter Mbewe, Mosepele Mosepele, Jane Phiri, Jairos Sambo, Abigail Barker, Drew B. Cameron, Victor G. Davila-Roman, William Effah, Brian Hutchinson, Michael Laxy, Brad Newsome, David Watkins, Hojoon Sohn & David W. Dowdy
Abstract Background Historically, the focus of cost-effectiveness analyses has been on the costs to operate and deliver interventions after their initial design and launch. The costs related to design and implementation of interventions have often been omitted. Ignoring these costs leads to an underestimation of the true price of interventions and biases economic analyses toward favoring new interventions. This is especially true in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where implementation may require substantial up-front investment....

Additional file 1 of Economic evaluation of implementation science outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review

Akash Malhotra, Ryan R. Thompson, Faith Kagoya, Felix Masiye, Peter Mbewe, Mosepele Mosepele, Jane Phiri, Jairos Sambo, Abigail Barker, Drew B. Cameron, Victor G. Davila-Roman, William Effah, Brian Hutchinson, Michael Laxy, Brad Newsome, David Watkins, Hojoon Sohn & David W. Dowdy
Additional file 1. Protocol for scoping review.

Additional file 2 of Economic evaluation of implementation science outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review

Akash Malhotra, Ryan R. Thompson, Faith Kagoya, Felix Masiye, Peter Mbewe, Mosepele Mosepele, Jane Phiri, Jairos Sambo, Abigail Barker, Drew B. Cameron, Victor G. Davila-Roman, William Effah, Brian Hutchinson, Michael Laxy, Brad Newsome, David Watkins, Hojoon Sohn & David W. Dowdy
Additional file 2. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) Checklist.

Additional file 2 of Economic evaluation of implementation science outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review

Akash Malhotra, Ryan R. Thompson, Faith Kagoya, Felix Masiye, Peter Mbewe, Mosepele Mosepele, Jane Phiri, Jairos Sambo, Abigail Barker, Drew B. Cameron, Victor G. Davila-Roman, William Effah, Brian Hutchinson, Michael Laxy, Brad Newsome, David Watkins, Hojoon Sohn & David W. Dowdy
Additional file 2. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) Checklist.

Severity of illness and mortality among children admitted to a tertiary referral hospital in Botswana: A secondary data analysis of a prospective cohort study

Sheyla Denise Richards, Molly Hayes, Loeto Mazhani, Tonya Arscott-Mills, Unami Mulale, Susan Coffin, Andrew P Steenhoff & Eimear Kitt
Objectives:Data on triage practices of children admitted to Princess Marina Hospital in Gaborone, Botswana is limited. The inpatient triage, assessment, and treatment score was developed for low resource settings to predict mortality in children. We assess its performance among children admitted to Princess Marina Hospital and their demographic, clinical, and risk factors for death.Methods:This was a secondary data analysis of a prospective cohort study comprising 299 children ages 1 month to 13 years admitted June...

Data from: Behaviour-related scalar habitat use by Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer)

Emily Bennitt, Mpaphi Casper Bonyongo & Stephen Harris
Studies of habitat use by animals must consider behavioural resource requirements at different scales, which could influence the functional value of different sites. Using Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer) in the Okavango Delta, Botswana, we tested the hypotheses that behaviour affected use between and within habitats, hereafter referred to as macro- and microhabitats, respectively. We fitted GPS-enabled collars to fifteen buffalo and used the distances and turning angles between consecutive fixes to cluster the resulting...

Data from: Rival group scent induces changes in dwarf mongoose immediate behaviour and subsequent movement

Charlotte Christensen, Julie M. Kern, Emily Bennitt & Andrew N. Radford
In many social species, groups of animals defend a shared territory against rival conspecifics. Intruders can be detected from a variety of cues, including fecal deposits, and the strength of response is expected to vary depending on the identity of the rival group. Previous studies examining differences in response to neighbor and stranger groups have focused on the immediate response to the relevant cues. Here, we investigated how simulated intrusions of rival groups affect both...

Electronic networking and grey literature: the African context

Kgomotso H. Moahi
Whilst the rest of the world is on the threshold of being an integral part of "Cyberspace" or on the net, most African countries are still trying to grapple with the more basic problem of implementing computer systems. Of course, not all of these countries are the same, with some, like South Africa, being more advanced. Africa also has a number of problems when it comes to the collection, processing and dissemination of grey literature....

sj-pdf-1-ajs-10.1177_0363546519830100 – Supplemental material for The Ivy League–Big Ten Epidemiology of Concussion Study: A Report on Methods and First Findings

Margot Putukian, Bernadette A. D’Alonzo, Carolyn S. Campbell-McGovern & Douglas J. Wiebe
Supplemental material, sj-pdf-1-ajs-10.1177_0363546519830100 for The Ivy League–Big Ten Epidemiology of Concussion Study: A Report on Methods and First Findings by Margot Putukian, Bernadette A. D’Alonzo, Carolyn S. Campbell-McGovern and Douglas J. Wiebe in The American Journal of Sports Medicine

sj-pdf-1-ajs-10.1177_0363546519830100 – Supplemental material for The Ivy League–Big Ten Epidemiology of Concussion Study: A Report on Methods and First Findings

Margot Putukian, Bernadette A. D’Alonzo, Carolyn S. Campbell-McGovern & Douglas J. Wiebe
Supplemental material, sj-pdf-1-ajs-10.1177_0363546519830100 for The Ivy League–Big Ten Epidemiology of Concussion Study: A Report on Methods and First Findings by Margot Putukian, Bernadette A. D’Alonzo, Carolyn S. Campbell-McGovern and Douglas J. Wiebe in The American Journal of Sports Medicine

Additional file 1 of Pediatric tuberculosis outcomes and factors associated with unfavorable treatment outcomes in Botswana, 2008–2019: a retrospective analysis

Keatlaretse Siamisang, Goabaone Rankgoane-Pono, Tumisang Malebo Madisa, Tantamika Kabamba Mudiayi, John Thato Tlhakanelo, Paul Mubiri, Khutsafalo Kadimo, Francis Msume Banda & Vincent Setlhare
Supplementary Material 1

Additional file 1 of Pediatric tuberculosis outcomes and factors associated with unfavorable treatment outcomes in Botswana, 2008–2019: a retrospective analysis

Keatlaretse Siamisang, Goabaone Rankgoane-Pono, Tumisang Malebo Madisa, Tantamika Kabamba Mudiayi, John Thato Tlhakanelo, Paul Mubiri, Khutsafalo Kadimo, Francis Msume Banda & Vincent Setlhare
Supplementary Material 1

Severity of illness and mortality among children admitted to a tertiary referral hospital in Botswana: A secondary data analysis of a prospective cohort study

Sheyla Denise Richards, Molly Hayes, Loeto Mazhani, Tonya Arscott-Mills, Unami Mulale, Susan Coffin, Andrew P Steenhoff & Eimear Kitt
Objectives:Data on triage practices of children admitted to Princess Marina Hospital in Gaborone, Botswana is limited. The inpatient triage, assessment, and treatment score was developed for low resource settings to predict mortality in children. We assess its performance among children admitted to Princess Marina Hospital and their demographic, clinical, and risk factors for death.Methods:This was a secondary data analysis of a prospective cohort study comprising 299 children ages 1 month to 13 years admitted June...

Data from: Effects of divergent migratory strategies on access to resources for Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer)

Emily Bennitt, Mpaphi Casper Bonyongo & Stephen Harris
Populations of large herbivores frequently display divergent migratory strategies, a likely consequence of the trade-off between the costs and benefits of migration. Globally, physical and environmental barriers disrupt migrations, leading to increased residency, which can have detrimental consequences. In the Okavango Delta, Botswana, veterinary cordon fences erected in 1982 may have caused enforced residency in some subpopulations of Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer). We used data from GPS-enabled collars fitted to females in 1 resident...

Additional file 1 of Economic evaluation of implementation science outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review

Akash Malhotra, Ryan R. Thompson, Faith Kagoya, Felix Masiye, Peter Mbewe, Mosepele Mosepele, Jane Phiri, Jairos Sambo, Abigail Barker, Drew B. Cameron, Victor G. Davila-Roman, William Effah, Brian Hutchinson, Michael Laxy, Brad Newsome, David Watkins, Hojoon Sohn & David W. Dowdy
Additional file 1. Protocol for scoping review.

Registration Year

  • 2023
    4
  • 2022
    16
  • 2021
    9
  • 2019
    2
  • 2016
    4
  • 2015
    1

Resource Types

  • Text
    16
  • Dataset
    12
  • Collection
    8

Affiliations

  • University of Botswana
    36
  • Makerere University
    10
  • University of Pennsylvania
    8
  • University of the Witwatersrand
    8
  • Helmholtz Zentrum München
    6
  • University of Washington
    6
  • Johns Hopkins University
    6
  • University of California, Berkeley
    6
  • Washington University in St. Louis
    6
  • Cavendish University Zambia
    6