687 Works

Data from: Distinct colony boundaries and larval discrimination in polygyne red imported fire ants (Solenopsis invicta)

MacKenzie Kjeldgaard, Pierre-André Eyer, Collin McMichael, Alison Bockoven, Joanie King, Ayumi Hyodo, Thomas Boutton, Edward Vargo & Micky Eubanks
Evaluating the factors that promote invasive ant abundance is critical to assess their ecological impact and inform their management. Many invasive ant species show reduced nestmate recognition and an absence of boundaries between unrelated nests, which allow populations to achieve greater densities due to reduced intraspecific competition. We examined nestmate discrimination and colony boundaries in introduced populations of the red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta; hereafter, fire ant). Fire ants occur in two social forms:...

Data from: Phylogeography, population genetics, and distribution modeling reveal vulnerability of Scirpus longii (Cyperaceae) and the Atlantic Coastal Plain Flora to climate change.

Daniel Spalink, Ron MacKay & Kenneth J. Sytsma
A proactive approach to conservation must be predictive, anticipating how habitats will change and which species are likely to decline or prosper. We use composite species distribution modeling to identify suitable habitats for 18 members of the North American Atlantic Coastal Plain Flora (ACPF) since the Last Glacial Maximum and project these into the future. We then use Scirpus longii (Cyperaceae), a globally imperiled ACPF sedge with many of the characteristics of extinction vulnerability, as...

Data from: Meiotic drive shapes rates of karyotype evolution in mammals

Heath Blackmon, Joshua Justison, Itay Mayrose & Emma E. Goldberg
Chromosome number is perhaps the most basic characteristic of a genome, yet generalizations that can explain the evolution of this trait across large clades have remained elusive. Using karyotype data from over 1,000 mammals, we developed and applied a phylogenetic model of chromosome evolution that links chromosome number changes with karyotype morphology. Using our model, we infer that rates of chromosome number evolution are significantly lower in species with karyotypes that consist of either all...

Data from: A multilocus phylogeny of the fish genus Poeciliopsis: solving taxonomic uncertainties and preliminary evidence of reticulation

Mariana Mateos, Omar Domínguez-Domínguez & Alejandro Varela-Romero
The fish genus Poeciliopsis constitutes a valuable research system for evolutionary ecology, whose phylogenetic relationships have not been fully elucidated. We conducted a multilocus phylogenetic study of the genus based on seven nuclear and two mitochondrial loci with a thorough set of analytical approaches, i.e., concatenated (also known as super-matrix), species trees, and phylogenetic networks. Although several relationships remain unresolved, the overall results uncovered phylogenetic affinities among several members of this genus. A population previously...

Data from: Association genetics of growth and adaptive traits in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) using whole-exome-discovered polymorphisms

Mengmeng Lu, Konstantin V. Krutovsky, C. Dana Nelson, Jason B. West, Nathalie A. Reilly & Carol A. Loopstra
In the United States, forest genetics research began over 100 years ago and loblolly pine breeding programs were established in the 1950s. However, the genetics underlying complex traits of loblolly pine remains to be discovered. To address this, adaptive and growth traits were measured and analyzed in a clonally tested loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) population. Over 2.8 million single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers detected from exome sequencing were used to test for single locus...

Revisiting the Distanced Church

Heidi Campbell

Data from: Threshold elemental ratios and the temperature dependence of herbivory in fishes

Eric K. Moody, Nathan K. Lujan, Katherine A. Roach & Kirk O. Winemiller
1. Herbivorous ectothermic vertebrates are more diverse and abundant at lower latitudes. While thermal constraints may drive this pattern, its underlying cause remains unclear. We hypothesized that this constraint stems from an inability to meet the elevated phosphorus demands of bony vertebrates feeding on P-poor plant material at cooler temperatures because low gross growth efficiency at warmer temperatures facilitates higher P ingestion rates. We predicted that dietary carbon:phosphorus (C:P) should exceed the threshold elemental ratio...

Data from: MarTurtSI, a global database of stable isotope analyses of marine turtles

Christine Figgener, Jospeh Bernardo & Pamela T. Plotkin
Marine turtles are both flagship species of conservation concern and indicators of ocean health. As highly migratory species, and despite substantial research effort focusing on nesting females and satellite tagging studies, we still know little about the trophic ecology and habitat use of immature stages and males. Consequently, marine turtle biologists began using stable isotope analyses in the last decade to elucidate various aspects of trophic ecology, including habitat use and trophic position. This has...

Data from: Screening sticky cards as a simple method for improving efficiency of Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Liviidae) monitoring and reducing non-target organisms

Mamoudou Sétamou, Robert R. Saldaña, James M. Hearn, Jon Dale, Teresa Patricia Feria Arroyo & Darek Czokajlo
Management of Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae) populations is one of the major strategies for reducing the spread and incidence of huanglongbing (HLB). HLB is putatively caused by Candidatus Liberibacter spp. (Rhizobiales: Phyllopbacteriaceae) that are transmitted to citrus by psyllid vectors. Diaphorina citri population monitoring is done to detect its presence and inform on management decisions. Various methods are used for detecting and estimating D. citri densities but trapping with yellow or lime-green sticky cards...

Millennial-scale change on a Caribbean reef system that experiences hypoxia

Blanca Figuerola, Ethan L. Grossman, Noelle Lucey, Nicole D. Leonard & Aaron O'Dea
Coastal hypoxia has become an increasingly acknowledged threat to coral reefs that is potentially intensifying because of increased input of anthropogenic nutrients. Almirante Bay (Caribbean Panama) is a semi-enclosed system that experiences hypoxia in deeper waters which occasionally expand into shallow coral reefs, suffocating most aerobic benthic life. To explore the long-term history of reefs in the bay we extracted reef matrix cores from two reefs that today experience contrasting patterns of oxygenation. We constructed...

Embracing Pastoral Entrepreneurship during the Pandemic: Traits needed to be an Effective Digital Pastor

Heidi A. Campbell & Sophia Osteen

LINC00467 facilitates the proliferation, migration and invasion of glioma via promoting the expression of inositol hexakisphosphate kinase 2 by binding to miR-339-3p

Yin Zhang, Yaxuan Zhang, Sen Wang, Boqiang Cao, Daling Hu, Junli Jia, Yuhang Wang, Luyao Chen, Jiaming Li, Hongyi Liu & Huamin Tang
Our previous studies indicate that long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) LINC00467 can act as an oncogene to participate in the malignant progression of glioma, but the underlying molecular mechanism remains to be studied further. This study aimed to explore the biological role of the LINC00467/miR-339-3p/ inositol hexakisphosphate kinase 2 (IP6K2) regulatory axis in glioma. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Oncomine databases and reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR (RT‑qPCR) were used to analyze IP6K2 expression in glioma. RT-PCR, EdU...

How do frontline healthcare workers learn from COVID-19 webinars during a pandemic? An online survey study

Shahraz Qamar, Aysun Tekin, Romil Singh, Salim Surani, Ramesh Adhikari, Vikas Bansal, Mayank Sharma, Marija Bogojevic, Neha Deo, Simon Zec, Diana J. Valencia Morales, Jamil Taji, Vishakha K. Kumar, Karen Boman, Syed Anjum Khan, Juan Pablo Domecq & Rahul Kashyap
The COVID-19 pandemic severely restricted in-person learning. As a result, many educational institutions switched to online platforms to continue teaching. COVID-19 webinars have been useful for rapidly disseminating information to frontline healthcare workers. While conducting COVID-19 webinars through online platforms is a popular method to train medical professionals, their effectiveness has never been investigated. Our aim was to ascertain the usefulness of COVID-19 webinars during the pandemic. We conducted an online survey of about 400...

Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel diosgenin–benzoic acid mustard hybrids with potential anti-proliferative activities in human hepatoma HepG2 cells

Jinling Zhang, Wenbao Wang, Yanzhao Tian, Liwei Ma, Lin Zhou, Hao Sun, Yukun Ma, Huiling Hou, Xiaoli Wang, Jin Ye & Xiaobo Wang
To discover new lead compounds with anti-tumour activities, in the present study, natural diosgenin was hybridised with the reported benzoic acid mustard pharmacophore. The in vitro cytotoxicity of the resulting newly synthesised hybrids (8–10, 14a–14f, and 15a–15f) was then evaluated in three tumour cells (HepG2, MCF-7, and HeLa) as well as normal GES-1 cells. Among them, 14f possessed the most potential anti-proliferative activity against HepG2 cells, with an IC50 value of 2.26 µM, which was...

China's Gridded Manufacturing Dataset

Chenjing Fan, Xinran Huang, Lin Zhou, Zhenyu Gai, Chaoyang Zhu & Haole Zhang
The growth of the manufacturing industry is the engine of rapid economic growth in developing regions. Characterizing the geographical distribution of manufacturing firms is critically important for scientists and policymakers. However, data on the manufacturing industry used in previous studies either have a low spatial resolution (or fuzzy classification) or high-resolution information is lacking. Here, we propose a map point-of-interest classification method based on machine learning technology and build a dataset of the distribution of...

Understanding farmers' reasons behind mitigation decisions is key in supporting their coexistence with wildlife

Susanne Vogel, Susanne Marieke Vogel, Anna Catherine Songhurst, Anna Songhurst, Graham McCulloch & Amanda Stronza
1. Coexistence between wildlife and farmers can be challenging and can endanger the lives of both, prompting the provisioning of mitigation methods by governments and non-governmental organisations (NGOs). However, provision of materials, demonstration of the effectiveness of methods or willingness to uptake a method do not predict uptake of methods. 2. We used Ethnographic Decision Models to understand how farmers’ work through the decisions of uptake or non-uptake of methods to mitigate crop consumption by...

Nitrogen addition frequency and propagule pressure influence Solidago canadensis invasion into native plant community

Xuan-Shao Liu, Jing-Fang Cai, Lin Liu, Kai Sun, Fan Jiang, Yi-Luan Shen, Si-Ha A & Hong-Li Li
Propagule pressure (i.e., the number of propagules) has long been recognized to play an essential role in plant invasion. But it is not clear whether propagule pressure influences the invasion of exotic plants into native plant communities when different frequencies of nitrogen are added. We established an experiment with three plant communities that included native plant communities alone (four grasses, two legumes and two forbs) or native plant communities with one or five invasive plants,...

diols data.xlsx

Lei Xing, Yang Zhou, Ziming Wang, Rui Bao & Junjie Zhang
LCDs in SPM of the ECS

Additional file 12 of Senescence-accelerated mice prone 8 (SAMP8) in male as a spontaneous osteoarthritis model

Yohei Sanada, Yasunari Ikuta, Chenyang Ding, Masahiro Shinohara, Dilimulati Yimiti, Hiroyuki Ishitobi, Keita Nagira, Minjung Lee, Takayuki Akimoto, Sachi Shibata, Masakazu Ishikawa, Tomoyuki Nakasa, Kiminori Matsubara, Martin K. Lotz, Nobuo Adachi & Shigeru Miyaki
Additional file 12: Table S6.

Additional file 2 of Senescence-accelerated mice prone 8 (SAMP8) in male as a spontaneous osteoarthritis model

Yohei Sanada, Yasunari Ikuta, Chenyang Ding, Masahiro Shinohara, Dilimulati Yimiti, Hiroyuki Ishitobi, Keita Nagira, Minjung Lee, Takayuki Akimoto, Sachi Shibata, Masakazu Ishikawa, Tomoyuki Nakasa, Kiminori Matsubara, Martin K. Lotz, Nobuo Adachi & Shigeru Miyaki
Additional file 2: Fig. S2. Histology of whole knee joint in SAMR1 and SAMP8.

Additional file 2 of Senescence-accelerated mice prone 8 (SAMP8) in male as a spontaneous osteoarthritis model

Yohei Sanada, Yasunari Ikuta, Chenyang Ding, Masahiro Shinohara, Dilimulati Yimiti, Hiroyuki Ishitobi, Keita Nagira, Minjung Lee, Takayuki Akimoto, Sachi Shibata, Masakazu Ishikawa, Tomoyuki Nakasa, Kiminori Matsubara, Martin K. Lotz, Nobuo Adachi & Shigeru Miyaki
Additional file 2: Fig. S2. Histology of whole knee joint in SAMR1 and SAMP8.

Additional file 3 of Senescence-accelerated mice prone 8 (SAMP8) in male as a spontaneous osteoarthritis model

Yohei Sanada, Yasunari Ikuta, Chenyang Ding, Masahiro Shinohara, Dilimulati Yimiti, Hiroyuki Ishitobi, Keita Nagira, Minjung Lee, Takayuki Akimoto, Sachi Shibata, Masakazu Ishikawa, Tomoyuki Nakasa, Kiminori Matsubara, Martin K. Lotz, Nobuo Adachi & Shigeru Miyaki
Additional file 3: Fig. S3. Hip and ankle joints of SAMP8 with aging.

Additional file 8 of Senescence-accelerated mice prone 8 (SAMP8) in male as a spontaneous osteoarthritis model

Yohei Sanada, Yasunari Ikuta, Chenyang Ding, Masahiro Shinohara, Dilimulati Yimiti, Hiroyuki Ishitobi, Keita Nagira, Minjung Lee, Takayuki Akimoto, Sachi Shibata, Masakazu Ishikawa, Tomoyuki Nakasa, Kiminori Matsubara, Martin K. Lotz, Nobuo Adachi & Shigeru Miyaki
Additional file 8: Table S2. Meniscus score.

Single-cell transcriptomics reveals the role of Macrophage-Naïve CD4 + T cell interaction in the immunosuppressive microenvironment of primary liver carcinoma

Zhuomao Mo, Daiyuan Liu, Yihan Chen, Jin Luo, Wenjing Li, Jiahui Liu, Ling Yu, Bijun Huang & Shijun Zhang
Abstract Background Liver carcinoma generally presents as an immunosuppressive microenvironment that promotes tumor evasion. The intercellular crosstalk of immune cells significantly influences the construction of an immunosuppressive microenvironment. This study aimed to investigate the important interactions between immune cells and their targeting drugs in liver carcinoma, by using single-cell and bulk transcriptomic data. Methods Single-cell and bulk transcriptomic data were retrieved from Gene Expression Omnibus (GSE159977, GSE136103, and GSE125449) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TGCA-LIHC),...

Additional file 8 of Mapping of Candidate Genes in Response to Low Nitrogen in Rice Seedlings

Jia Li, Wei Xin, Weiping Wang, Shijiao Zhao, Lu Xu, Xingdong Jiang, Yuxuan Duan, Hongliang Zheng, Luomiao Yang, Hualong Liu, Yan Jia, Detang Zou & Jingguo Wang
Additional file 8: Table S7. RNA-seq data of 58 genes.

Registration Year

  • 2023
    32
  • 2022
    368
  • 2021
    63
  • 2020
    59
  • 2019
    18
  • 2018
    31
  • 2017
    21
  • 2016
    26
  • 2015
    24
  • 2014
    11

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    352
  • Text
    196
  • Collection
    62
  • Image
    56
  • Audiovisual
    12
  • Output Management Plan
    4
  • Journal Article
    2
  • Other
    2
  • Conference Proceeding
    1

Affiliations

  • Texas A&M University
    687
  • Zhejiang University
    172
  • Sichuan University
    150
  • Capital Medical University
    147
  • Southern Medical University
    138
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
    138
  • Chinese PLA General Hospital
    128
  • First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University
    114
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
    102
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    96