114 Works

Additional file 3 of Human resource needs and costs for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis provision in nurse-led primary care in Eswatini and opportunities for task sharing

Stefan Kohler, Shona Dalal, Anita Hettema, Sindy Matse, Till Bärnighausen & Nicolas Paul
Additional file 3. Supplement C: Implementation Guide for PrEP demonstration projects in Swaziland

Human resource needs and costs for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis provision in nurse-led primary care in Eswatini and opportunities for task sharing

Stefan Kohler, Shona Dalal, Anita Hettema, Sindy Matse, Till Bärnighausen & Nicolas Paul
Abstract Background The global expansion of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) includes health systems that face a shortage of skilled health care workers (HCWs). We estimated the human resource needs and costs for providing PrEP in nurse-led primary care clinics in Eswatini. Furthermore, we assessed potential cost savings from task sharing between nurses and other HCW cadres. Methods We conducted a time-and-motion and costing study in a PrEP demonstration project between August 2017 and January 2019....

Additional file 4 of Human resource needs and costs for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis provision in nurse-led primary care in Eswatini and opportunities for task sharing

Stefan Kohler, Shona Dalal, Anita Hettema, Sindy Matse, Till Bärnighausen & Nicolas Paul
Additional file 4. Supplement D: Time-and-motion form used for data collection in a PrEP demonstration project in Eswatini

Additional file 1 of Detection of Salmonella Typhi nucleic acid by RT-PCR and anti-HlyE, -CdtB, -PilL, and -Vi IgM by ELISA at sites in Ghana, Madagascar and Ethiopia

Ursula Panzner, Ondari Daniel Mogeni, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Trevor Toy, Hyon Jin Jeon, Gi Deok Pak, Se Eun Park, Yeetey Enuameh, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Trinh Van Tan, Abraham Aseffa, Mekonnen Teferi, Biruk Yeshitela, Stephen Baker, Raphael Rakotozandrindrainy & Florian Marks
Additional file 1. Location of sites in Ethiopia [1A], Ghana [1B] and Madagascar [1C]. Notes: The location of each site is indicated as a black dot and the site’s name in red font; Ethiopia (Figure 1A): nine regional states (black italic, capital letters) and two chartered cities (black italic, lower letters) are shown;SNNPR=Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region; Ghana (Figure 1B): ten regions (black italic, capital letters) are shown; Madagascar (Figure 1C): six provinces (black...

Hand hygiene improvement of individual healthcare workers: results of the multicentre PROHIBIT study

Tjallie van der Kooi, Hugo Sax, Hajo Grundmann, Didier Pittet, Sabine de Greeff, Jaap van Dissel, Lauren Clack, Albert W. Wu, Judith Davitt, Sofia Kostourou, Alison Maguinness, Anna Michalik, Viorica Nedelcu, Márta Patyi, Janja Perme Hajdinjak, Milena Prosen, David Tellez, Éva Varga, Fani Veini, Mirosław Ziętkiewicz & Walter Zingg
Abstract Background Traditionally, hand hygiene (HH) interventions do not identify the observed healthcare workers (HWCs) and therefore, reflect HH compliance only at population level. Intensive care units (ICUs) in seven European hospitals participating in the “Prevention of Hospital Infections by Intervention and Training” (PROHIBIT) study provided individual HH compliance levels. We analysed these to understand the determinants and dynamics of individual change in relation to the overall intervention effect. Methods We included HCWs who contributed...

Hand hygiene improvement of individual healthcare workers: results of the multicentre PROHIBIT study

Tjallie van der Kooi, Hugo Sax, Hajo Grundmann, Didier Pittet, Sabine de Greeff, Jaap van Dissel, Lauren Clack, Albert W. Wu, Judith Davitt, Sofia Kostourou, Alison Maguinness, Anna Michalik, Viorica Nedelcu, Márta Patyi, Janja Perme Hajdinjak, Milena Prosen, David Tellez, Éva Varga, Fani Veini, Mirosław Ziętkiewicz & Walter Zingg
Abstract Background Traditionally, hand hygiene (HH) interventions do not identify the observed healthcare workers (HWCs) and therefore, reflect HH compliance only at population level. Intensive care units (ICUs) in seven European hospitals participating in the “Prevention of Hospital Infections by Intervention and Training” (PROHIBIT) study provided individual HH compliance levels. We analysed these to understand the determinants and dynamics of individual change in relation to the overall intervention effect. Methods We included HCWs who contributed...

Additional file 2 of Palliative care in the Eastern Mediterranean: comparative analysis using specific indicators

Miguel Antonio Sánchez-Cárdenas, Nasim Pourghazian, Eduardo Garralda, Danny van Steijn, Slim Slama, Edgar Benítez, Marie-Charlotte Bouësseau & Carlos Centeno
Additional file 2.

Risk and Protective Factors for Violence Against Women and Girls Living in Conflict and Natural Disaster-Affected Settings: A Systematic Review

Maureen Murphy, Mary Ellsberg, Aminat Balogun & Claudia García-Moreno
This systematic review provides an overview of existing research on risk and protective factors associated with violence against women and girls (VAWG) in conflict and natural disaster settings. PubMed (Medline); PsycINFO; Scopus; and Cochrane Center trials registrar were searched as well as relevant internet repositories for VAWG research. The inclusion criteria covered studies that were published between January 1995 and December 2020, documented risk and/or protective factors for VAWG in conflict or natural disaster-affected settings...

Additional file 1 of The socioeconomic impact of tuberculosis on children and adolescents: a scoping review and conceptual framework

S. Atkins, L Heimo, DJ Carter, M. Ribas Closa, L. Vanleeuw, L. Chenciner, P. Wambi, K. Sidney-Annerstedt, U Egere, S Verkuijl, A Brands, T Masini, K Viney, T. Wingfield, K Lönnroth & D. Boccia
Additional file 1: Appendix 1. Search strategy.

The socioeconomic impact of tuberculosis on children and adolescents: a scoping review and conceptual framework

S. Atkins, L Heimo, DJ Carter, M. Ribas Closa, L. Vanleeuw, L. Chenciner, P. Wambi, K. Sidney-Annerstedt, U Egere, S Verkuijl, A Brands, T Masini, K Viney, T. Wingfield, K Lönnroth & D. Boccia
Abstract Background Tuberculosis (TB) has been repeatedly shown to have socioeconomic impacts in both individual-level and ecological studies; however, much less is known about this effect among children and adolescents and the extent to which being affected by TB during childhood and adolescence can have life-course implications. This paper describes the results of the development of a conceptual framework and scoping review to review the evidence on the short- and long-term socioeconomic impact of tuberculosis...

Prevalence of Trachoma after Implementation of Trachoma Elimination Interventions in Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia: Results of Impact Surveys in 131 Evaluation Units Covering 139 Districts

Hirpa Miecha, Michael Dejene, Dereje Adugna, Ageru Kebede, Damtew Yadeta, Addisu Alemayehu, Aemero Abateneh, Asfaw Wondimu, Mihiret Dayessa, Muhammed Shafi, Emawayish Taye, Leta Balcha, Solomon Gadisa, Nebiyu Negussu, Belete Mengistu, Rebecca Willis, Cristina Jimenez, Ana Bakhtiari, Sarah Boyd, Biruk Kebede, Fantahun Tadesse, Ayele Mamo, Mengistu Bekele, Zelalem Sinke, Anthony W. Solomon … & Emma M. Harding-Esch
To determine the prevalence of trachomatous inflammation—follicular (TF), trachomatous trichiasis (TT), water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) access in 131 evaluation units (EUs) after implementation of trachoma elimination interventions in Oromia Region, Ethiopia. A population-based cross-sectional survey was conducted in each EU using the World Health Organization-recommended two-stage cluster-sampling methodology. Twenty-six clusters, each with a mean of 30 households were enumerated in each EU. All residents aged ≥1 year in selected households were examined for TF...

Supplemental Material - A systematic review of economic evaluations alongside studies within a trial for improving recruitment and retention in randomised controlled trials

Athanasios Gkekas, Alex Evans, Adwoa Parker, Sarah Jane Ronaldson & David J Torgerson
Supplemental Material for A systematic review of economic evaluations alongside studies within a trial for improving recruitment and retention in randomised controlled trials by Athanasios Nassos Gkekas, Alex Evans, Adwoa Parker, Sarah Ronaldson and David J Torgerson in Research Methods in Medicine & Health Sciences

Supplemental Material - A systematic review of economic evaluations alongside studies within a trial for improving recruitment and retention in randomised controlled trials

Athanasios Gkekas, Alex Evans, Adwoa Parker, Sarah Jane Ronaldson & David J Torgerson
Supplemental Material for A systematic review of economic evaluations alongside studies within a trial for improving recruitment and retention in randomised controlled trials by Athanasios Nassos Gkekas, Alex Evans, Adwoa Parker, Sarah Ronaldson and David J Torgerson in Research Methods in Medicine & Health Sciences

Supplemental Material - A systematic review of economic evaluations alongside studies within a trial for improving recruitment and retention in randomised controlled trials

Athanasios Gkekas, Alex Evans, Adwoa Parker, Sarah Jane Ronaldson & David J Torgerson
Supplemental Material for A systematic review of economic evaluations alongside studies within a trial for improving recruitment and retention in randomised controlled trials by Athanasios Nassos Gkekas, Alex Evans, Adwoa Parker, Sarah Ronaldson and David J Torgerson in Research Methods in Medicine & Health Sciences

Supplemental Material - A systematic review of economic evaluations alongside studies within a trial for improving recruitment and retention in randomised controlled trials

Athanasios Gkekas, Alex Evans, Adwoa Parker, Sarah Jane Ronaldson & David J Torgerson
Supplemental Material for A systematic review of economic evaluations alongside studies within a trial for improving recruitment and retention in randomised controlled trials by Athanasios Nassos Gkekas, Alex Evans, Adwoa Parker, Sarah Ronaldson and David J Torgerson in Research Methods in Medicine & Health Sciences

Palliative care in the Eastern Mediterranean: comparative analysis using specific indicators

Miguel Antonio Sánchez-Cárdenas, Nasim Pourghazian, Eduardo Garralda, Danny van Steijn, Slim Slama, Edgar Benítez, Marie-Charlotte Bouësseau & Carlos Centeno
Abstract Background Monitoring the development of palliative care (PC) illustrates the capacity of health systems to respond to the needs of people experiencing serious health-related suffering. Aim To analyse comparatively the situation of PC in the countries of the Easter Mediterranean region using context-specific indicators. Method An online questionnaire with 15 context-specific PC indicators investigating service provision, use of medicines, policy, education, and vitality was designed. Authors Institution 1 nominated in-country experts to complete the...

Detection of Salmonella Typhi nucleic acid by RT-PCR and anti-HlyE, -CdtB, -PilL, and -Vi IgM by ELISA at sites in Ghana, Madagascar and Ethiopia

Ursula Panzner, Ondari Daniel Mogeni, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Trevor Toy, Hyon Jin Jeon, Gi Deok Pak, Se Eun Park, Yeetey Enuameh, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Trinh Van Tan, Abraham Aseffa, Mekonnen Teferi, Biruk Yeshitela, Stephen Baker, Raphael Rakotozandrindrainy & Florian Marks
Abstract Background We aimed to assess the prevalence of Salmonella Typhi through DNA and IgM-antibody detection methods as a prelude to extended surveillance activities at sites in Ghana, Madagascar, and Ethiopia. Methods We performed species-specific real-time polymerase reaction (RT-PCR) to identify bacterial nucleic acid, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detecting HlyE/STY1498-, CdtB/STY1886-, pilL/STY4539- and Vi-antigens in blood and biopsy specimens of febrile and non-febrile subjects. We generated antigen-specific ELISA proxy cut-offs by change-point analyses,...

Detection of Salmonella Typhi nucleic acid by RT-PCR and anti-HlyE, -CdtB, -PilL, and -Vi IgM by ELISA at sites in Ghana, Madagascar and Ethiopia

Ursula Panzner, Ondari Daniel Mogeni, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Trevor Toy, Hyon Jin Jeon, Gi Deok Pak, Se Eun Park, Yeetey Enuameh, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Trinh Van Tan, Abraham Aseffa, Mekonnen Teferi, Biruk Yeshitela, Stephen Baker, Raphael Rakotozandrindrainy & Florian Marks
Abstract Background We aimed to assess the prevalence of Salmonella Typhi through DNA and IgM-antibody detection methods as a prelude to extended surveillance activities at sites in Ghana, Madagascar, and Ethiopia. Methods We performed species-specific real-time polymerase reaction (RT-PCR) to identify bacterial nucleic acid, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detecting HlyE/STY1498-, CdtB/STY1886-, pilL/STY4539- and Vi-antigens in blood and biopsy specimens of febrile and non-febrile subjects. We generated antigen-specific ELISA proxy cut-offs by change-point analyses,...

Additional file 1 of Using the WHO-INTEGRATE evidence-to-decision framework to develop recommendations for induction of labour

Melissa Murano, Doris Chou, Maria Laura Costa & Tari Turner
Additional file 1. Supplementary methods and data for “Using the WHO-INTEGRATE evidence-to-decision framework in the development of induction of labour recommendations”. Detailed evidence review findings, 2. Search strategies, 3. Qualitative evidence eligibility and quality assessment, 4. Qualitative evidence selection, 5. Cost and cost-effectiveness evidence, 6. EtD framework mapping, 7. Characteristics of included qualitative studies, 8. Participant characteristics in included qualitative studies, 9. References.

Interventions addressing functional abilities of older people in rural and remote areas: a scoping review of available evidence based on WHO functional ability domains

Ivy Yan Zhao, Jed Montayre, Angela Y. M. Leung, Jann Foster, Ariana Kong, Stephen Neville, Ramona Ludolph, Christopher Mikton, Alana Officer & Alex Molassiotis
Abstract Background The World Health Organization (WHO) encourages healthy ageing strategies to help develop and maintain older people’s functional abilities in five domains: their ability to meet basic needs; learn, grow, and make decisions; be mobile; build and maintain relationships, and contribute to society. This scoping review reports the available evidence-based interventions that have been undertaken with people ≥ 50 years of age in rural and remote areas and the outcomes of those interventions relevant...

Genetic diversity of Trypanosoma cruzi strains isolated from chronic chagasic patients and non-human hosts in the state of São Paulo, Brazil

Thiago Kury Moreno de Souza, Elizabeth Visone Nunes Westphalen, Sansão da Rocha Westphalen, Helena Hilomi Taniguchi, Carlos Roberto Elias, Gabriela Motoie, Ricardo Gava, Vera Lucia Pereira-Chioccola, Christina Terra Gallafrio Novaes, Noêmia Barbosa Carvalho, Edimar Alcides Bocchi, Fátima das Dores da Cruz, Mussya Cisotto Rocha, Samuel Katsuyuki Shinjo, Maria Aparecida Shikanai-Yasuda, Paola Andrea Ortiz, Marta Maria Geraldes Teixeira & José Eduardo Tolezano
BACKGROUND Trypanosoma cruzi shows an exuberant genetic diversity. Currently, seven phylogenetic lineages, called discrete typing units (DTUs), are recognised: TcI-TcVI and Tcbat. Despite advances in studies on T. cruzi and its populations, there is no consensus regarding its heterogeneity. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to perform molecular characterisation of T. cruzi strains, isolated in the state of São Paulo, to identify the DTUs involved and evaluate their genetic diversity. METHODS T. cruzi strains were isolated from...

Additional file 1 of The socioeconomic impact of tuberculosis on children and adolescents: a scoping review and conceptual framework

S. Atkins, L Heimo, DJ Carter, M. Ribas Closa, L. Vanleeuw, L. Chenciner, P. Wambi, K. Sidney-Annerstedt, U Egere, S Verkuijl, A Brands, T Masini, K Viney, T. Wingfield, K Lönnroth & D. Boccia
Additional file 1: Appendix 1. Search strategy.

Additional file 1 of Hand hygiene improvement of individual healthcare workers: results of the multicentre PROHIBIT study

Tjallie van der Kooi, Hugo Sax, Hajo Grundmann, Didier Pittet, Sabine de Greeff, Jaap van Dissel, Lauren Clack, Albert W. Wu, Judith Davitt, Sofia Kostourou, Alison Maguinness, Anna Michalik, Viorica Nedelcu, Márta Patyi, Janja Perme Hajdinjak, Milena Prosen, David Tellez, Éva Varga, Fani Veini, Mirosław Ziętkiewicz & Walter Zingg
Additional file 1: Table S1. Association between hand hygiene and activity index during baseline and intervention; Table S2. Overall (i.e. for all HCWs) hand hygiene compliance per hospital, during baseline and the intervention period; Figure S1. Boxplot (median, quartiles and ranges) of individual HH compliance both during baseline and intervention period; Figure S2. Boxplot (median, quartiles and ranges) of hand hygiene increase (in percentage points) in the group of improving HCWs; Figure S3. Variability within...

Additional file 2 of Education-related inequalities in beliefs and behaviors pertaining to COVID-19 non-pharmaceutical interventions

Katherine Kirkby, Nicole Bergen, Cecilia Vidal Fuertes, Anne Schlotheuber & Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor
Additional file 2: Supplementary Table 2. Education-related inequality in four COVID-19 prevention and testing indicators by country: crude and adjusted Slope Index of Inequality (SII) and Relative Index of Inequality (RII) (UMD-CTIS, June-Dec 2021). Education-related inequality in four COVID-19 prevention and testing indicators in 90 study countries from the UMD Global COVID-19 Trends and Impact Survey, June–December 2021. Education-related inequality is measured using the Slope Index of Inequality (SII) and Relative Index of Inequality (RII)....

Additional file 1 of Human resource needs and costs for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis provision in nurse-led primary care in Eswatini and opportunities for task sharing

Stefan Kohler, Shona Dalal, Anita Hettema, Sindy Matse, Till Bärnighausen & Nicolas Paul
Additional file 1. Supplement A: Supplementary tables

Registration Year

  • 2022
    114

Resource Types

  • Text
    62
  • Collection
    36
  • Dataset
    16

Affiliations

  • World Health Organization
    114
  • Heidelberg University
    17
  • London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
    16
  • University of York
    15
  • Karolinska Institute
    12
  • Charité - University Medicine Berlin
    10
  • Hannover Medical School
    10
  • University of Gothenburg
    9
  • Ministry of Health
    8
  • Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
    7