5 Works

Data from: Brood-tending males in a biparental fish suffer high paternity losses but rarely cuckold

Aneesh P. H. Bose, Holger Zimmermann, Jonathan M. Henshaw, Karoline Fritzsche & Kristina M. Sefc
Extra-pair paternity within socially monogamous mating systems is well-studied in birds and mammals but rather neglected in other animal taxa. In fishes, social monogamy has evolved several times but few studies have investigated the extent to which pair-bonded male fish lose fertilizations to cuckolders and gain extra-pair fertilizations themselves. We address this gap and present genetic paternity data collected from a wild population of Variabilichromis moorii, a socially monogamous African cichlid with biparental care of...

Data from: The evolution of fungal substrate specificity in a widespread group of crustose lichens

Philipp Resl, Fernando Fernández-Mendoza, Helmut Mayrhofer & Toby Spribille
Lichens exhibit varying degrees of specialization with regard to the surfaces they colonize, ranging from substrate generalists to strict substrate specialists. Though long recognized, the causes and consequences of substrate specialization are poorly known. Using a phylogeny of a 150-200 MYA clade of lichen fungi, we asked whether substrate niche is phylogenetically conserved, which substrates are ancestral, whether specialists arise from generalists or vice versa, and how specialization affects speciation/extinction processes. We found strong phylogenetic...

Data from: Inclusive fitness benefits mitigate costs of cuckoldry to socially paired males

Aneesh P. H. Bose, Jonathan M. Henshaw, Holger Zimmermann, Karoline Fritzsche & Kristina M. Sefc
Background: In socially monogamous species, reproduction is not always confined to paired males and females. Extra-pair males commonly also reproduce with paired females, which is traditionally thought to be costly to the females’ social partners. However, we suggest that when the relatedness between reproducing individuals is considered, cuckolded males can suffer lower fitness losses than otherwise expected, especially when the rate of cuckoldry is high. We combine theoretical modeling with a detailed genetic study on...

Data from: How to quantify (the response to) sexual selection on traits

Jonathan M. Henshaw, Michael D. Jennions & Loeske E. B. Kruuk
Natural selection operates via fitness components like mating success, fecundity and longevity, which can be understood as intermediaries in the causal process linking traits to fitness. Sexual selection occurs when traits influence mating or fertilisation success, which, in turn, influences fitness. We show how to quantify both these steps in a single path analysis, leading to better estimates of the strength of sexual selection. Our model controls for confounding variables, such as body size or...

Data from: New MRI contrast agents based on silicon nanotubes loaded with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles

Roberto Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Petra Granitzer, Klemens Rumpf & Jeffery L. Coffer
This article describes the preparation and fundamental properties of a new possible material as a MRI contrast agent based on the incorporation of preformed iron oxide nanocrystals into hollow silicon nanotubes. Specifically, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles Fe3O4 of two different average sizes (5 nm and 8 nm) were loaded into silicon nanotubes of two different shell thicknesses (40 nm and 70 nm). To achieve proper aqueous solubility, the nanotubes were functionalized with an outer polyethylene...

Registration Year

  • 2018
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Resource Types

  • Dataset
    5

Affiliations

  • University of Graz
    5
  • University of Alberta
    1
  • Australian National University
    1
  • Texas Christian University
    1
  • Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
    1