43 Works

Recordings of aquatic macroinvertebrates by volunteers (2018-2020) and professionals (2013-2019) in the Netherlands

Edwin T.H.M. Peeters, Anton AM Gerritsen, Laura MS Seelen, Matthijs Begheyn, Froukje Rienks & Sven Teurlincx
Volunteers have become more and more involved in monitoring the quality of the environment in which they live. Traditionally, water quality monitoring is the field of professionals at water authorities, however, community initiatives have been undertaken to monitor abiotic conditions in waterbodies. To date, biological water quality assessment based on data collected by volunteers remains scarce. A citizen science project on biological water quality assessment was launched in the Netherlands in 2018. In this project,...

Water chemistry from the Red River Delta, Vietnam, 2018 to 2020

S. McGowan & J. Salgado
The dataset contains physical, chemical and biological measurements from the waters of 21 river sites across the Red River Delta in northern Vietnam. The data were collected monthly between February 2018 and January 2020. The parameters include temperature, dissolved oxygen, salinity, pH, turbidity, conductivity, total dissolved solids, dissolved nitrate, dissolved nitrite, dissolved ammonium, total nitrogen, dissolved phosphate, dissolved silicate, alkalinity, dissolved major ions (sodium, magnesium, potassium, calcium, chloride, sulphate) and a range of chlorophyll and...

Additional file 2 of Using skin temperature and activity profiles to assign chronotype in birds

Aurelia F. T. Strauß, Dominic J. McCafferty, Andreas Nord, Marina Lehmann & Barbara Helm
Additional file 2: R documentation of data selection and chronotype estimations.

Plastic mulch film residues in agriculture: impact on soil suppressiveness, plant growth, and microbial communities

Yueling Qi, Adam Ossowicki, Étienne Yergeau, Gianpiero Vigani, Violette Geissen & Paolina Garbeva
Plastic mulch film residues have been accumulating in agricultural soils for decades, but so far, little is known about its consequences on soil microbial communities and functions. Here, we tested the effects of plastic residues of low-density polyethylene and biodegradable mulch films on soil suppressiveness and microbial community composition. We investigated how plastic residues in a Fusarium culmorum suppressive soil affect the level of disease suppressiveness, plant biomass, nutrient status, and microbial communities in rhizosphere...

Hotspots in the grid: Avian sensitivity and vulnerability to collision risk from energy infrastructure interactions in Europe and North Africa

Jethro George Gauld, João P. Silva, Philip W. Atkinson, Paul Record, Marta Acácio, Volen Arkumarev, Julio Blas, Willem Bouten, Niall Burton, Inês Catry, Jocelyn Champagnon, Elizabeth A. Masden, Gary D. Clewley, Mindaugas Dagys, Olivier Duriez, Klaus‐Michael Exo, Wolfgang Fiedler, Andrea Flack, Guilad Friedemann, Johannes Fritz, Clara García-Ripollés, Stefan Garthe, Dimitri Giunchi, Atanas Grozdanov, Roi Harel … & Victoria Saravia
Wind turbines and power lines can cause bird mortality due to collision or electrocution. The biodiversity impacts of energy infrastructure (EI) can be minimised through effective landscape-scale planning and mitigation. The identification of high-vulnerability areas is urgently needed to assess potential cumulative impacts of EI while supporting the transition to zero-carbon energy. We collected GPS location data from 1,454 birds from 27 species susceptible to collision within Europe and North Africa and identified areas where...

Seed dispersal by waterbirds: a mechanistic understanding by simulating avian digestion

Casper H.A. Van Leeuwen, Merel B. Soons, Laura Vandionant, Andy J. Green & Elisabeth S. Bakker
Waterbirds disperse plant species via ingestion and egestion of seeds (endozoochory). However, our understanding about the regulating effects of seed traits, underlying mechanisms and possible (co)evolutionary processes is limited by our traditional reliance on data from feeding experiments with living waterbirds. Here, we overcome these limitations by developing and applying a new bioassay that realistically simulates digestive processes for Anseriformes waterbirds. We test three hypotheses: (1) seed survival and germination are most affected by mechanical...

Additional file 5 of Nitrogen, manganese, iron, and carbon resource acquisition are potential functions of the wild rice Oryza rufipogon core rhizomicrobiome

Jingjing Chang, Lei Tian, Marcio F.A. Leite, Yu Sun, Shaohua Shi, Shangqi Xu, Jilin Wang, Hongping Chen, Dazhou Chen, Jianfeng Zhang, Chunjie Tian & Eiko E. Kuramae
Additional file 5: Figure S3. The wild rice sites. The three in situ natural reserve sites (A) AJSI, (B) STSI and (C) ZTI and three ex situ artificial protection nurseries (D) AJS, (E) STS and (F) ZT. (In Figure C, professor Dazhou Chen who is one of the initiators for Dongxiang wild rice conservation is observing the growth status of wild rice).

Additional file 2 of Nitrogen, manganese, iron, and carbon resource acquisition are potential functions of the wild rice Oryza rufipogon core rhizomicrobiome

Jingjing Chang, Lei Tian, Marcio F.A. Leite, Yu Sun, Shaohua Shi, Shangqi Xu, Jilin Wang, Hongping Chen, Dazhou Chen, Jianfeng Zhang, Chunjie Tian & Eiko E. Kuramae
Additional file 2: Table S2. Details of the sampling sites.

Data for sperm numbers as a paternity guard in a wild bird

Melissah Rowe, Annabel Van Oort, Lyanne Brouwer, Jan T. Lifjeld, Michael S. Webster, Joseph F. Welklin & Daniel T. Baldassarre
Sperm competition is thought to impose strong selection on males to produce competitive ejaculates to outcompete rival males under competitive mating conditions. Our understanding of how different sperm traits influence fertilization success, however, remains limited, especially in wild populations. Recent literature highlights the importance of incorporating multiple ejaculate traits and pre-copulatory sexually selected traits in analyses aimed at understanding how selection acts on sperm traits. However, variation in a male’s ability to gain fertilization success...

Data from: Phytoplankton functional composition determines limitation by nutrients and grazers across a lake productivity gradient

Marika Schulhof, Dedmer Van De Waal, Steven Declerck & Jonathan Shurin
Functional tradeoffs among ecologically important traits govern the diversity of communities and changes in species composition along environmental gradients. A tradeoff between predator defense and resource competitive ability has been invoked as a mechanism that may maintain diversity in lake phytoplankton. Tradeoffs may promote diversity in communities where grazing- and resource-limited taxa coexist, which determines the extent to which communities are resource- or consumer-controlled. In addition, changes in temperature may alter nutrient demands and grazing...

Decomposing cover crops modify root-associated microbiome composition and disease tolerance of cash crop seedlings

Xiaojiao Liu, S. Emilia Hannula, Xiaogang Li, Maria Hundscheid, Paulien Klein Gunnewiek, Anna Clocchiatti, Wei Ding & Wietse De Boer
The assembly of root-associated microbes during the seedling stage has strong impact on subsequent performance of crops. Major factors influencing this assembly are crop species identity and composition of potential root-colonizing microbes in the bulk soil. The latter can be modified by soil management, such as organic amendments. The incorporation of residues of cover crops before the start of the growing season of cash crops presents an interesting option for steering of root-associated seedling microbiomes...

Additional file 1 of Using skin temperature and activity profiles to assign chronotype in birds

Aurelia F. T. Strauß, Dominic J. McCafferty, Andreas Nord, Marina Lehmann & Barbara Helm
Additional file 1: Figure S1. Exemplary picture from a temperature-sensitive radio transmitter attached to a wild Great Tit in the field. Photo by Aurelia F. T. Strauß. Figure S2. Skin temperature (10-min binned and unfiltered) against date and time for 18 Great Tits (female (F) and male (M)) kept in outdoor aviaries during winter. Colour indicates if days are rhythmic (black) or arrhythmic (red) according to the 3-day sliding window filtering. Two individuals were additionally...

Additional file 2 of Using skin temperature and activity profiles to assign chronotype in birds

Aurelia F. T. Strauß, Dominic J. McCafferty, Andreas Nord, Marina Lehmann & Barbara Helm
Additional file 2: R documentation of data selection and chronotype estimations.

An experimental test of the Growth Rate Hypothesis as a predictive framework for microevolutionary adaptation

Kimberley Lemmen, Libin Zhou, Spiros Papakostas & Steven Declerck
The growth rate hypothesis (GRH), a central concept of ecological stoichiometry, posits that the relative body phosphorus content of an organism is positively related to somatic growth rate as protein synthesis, which is necessary for growth, requires P-rich rRNA and has strong support at the interspecific level. Here, we explore the use of the GRH to predict microevolutionary responses in consumer body stoichiometry. For this, we subjected zooplankton populations to selection for fast population growth...

The opportunity for selection: an important but slippery concept in ecology and evolution.

Thomas Reed, Thomas Reed, Marcel E. Visser & Robin Waples
1. The concept of the opportunity for selection (I), measured as the variance in relative fitness, is over 60 years old, yet remains poorly understood by, or even unknown to, many ecologists and evolutionary biologists. This essay aims to clarify key conceptual and practical issues concerning use and estimation of I, which represents a theoretical upper limit on the rate of evolutionary adaptation. 2. The component of I caused by linear selection on a single...

Additional file 5 of Nitrogen, manganese, iron, and carbon resource acquisition are potential functions of the wild rice Oryza rufipogon core rhizomicrobiome

Jingjing Chang, Lei Tian, Marcio F.A. Leite, Yu Sun, Shaohua Shi, Shangqi Xu, Jilin Wang, Hongping Chen, Dazhou Chen, Jianfeng Zhang, Chunjie Tian & Eiko E. Kuramae
Additional file 5: Figure S3. The wild rice sites. The three in situ natural reserve sites (A) AJSI, (B) STSI and (C) ZTI and three ex situ artificial protection nurseries (D) AJS, (E) STS and (F) ZT. (In Figure C, professor Dazhou Chen who is one of the initiators for Dongxiang wild rice conservation is observing the growth status of wild rice).

Utilizing woody materials for fungal-based management of soil nitrogen pools

Anna Clocchiatti, Emilia Hannula, Maria Hundscheid, Paulien Klein Gunnewiek & Wietse De Boer
Application of nitrogen fertilizers to reach high crop production is common practice. However, this can come with an environmental cost, irrespectively of the synthetic or organic origin of the nitrogen fertilizer. Intensively managed soils often fail to retain excess nitrogen, which leads to contamination of ground- and surface water. Next to abiotic factors like soil texture, limited nitrogen retention is ascribed to low activity of saprotrophic fungi. It has been shown that amendment of arable...

Using skin temperature and activity profiles to assign chronotype in birds

Aurelia F. T. Strauß, Dominic J. McCafferty, Andreas Nord, Marina Lehmann & Barbara Helm
Abstract Chronotypes describe consistent differences between individuals in biological time-keeping. They have been linked both with underlying variation in the circadian system and fitness. Quantification of chronotypes is usually by time of onset, midpoint, or offset of a rhythmic behaviour or physiological process. However, diel activity patterns respond flexibly to many short-term environmental influences, which can make chronotypes hard to identify. In contrast, rhythmic patterns in physiological processes, such as body temperature, may provide more...

Evolution of parasitoid host preference and performance in response to an invasive host acting as evolutionary trap

Astrid Kruitwagen, Leo Beukeboom, Bregje Wertheim & Sander Van Doorn
The invasion of a novel host species can create a mismatch in host choice and offspring survival (performance) when native parasitoids attempt to exploit the invasive host without being able to circumvent its resistance mechanisms. Invasive hosts can therefore act as evolutionary trap reducing parasitoids’ fitness and this may eventually lead to their extinction. Yet, escape from the trap can occur when parasitoids evolve behavioural avoidance or a physiological strategy compatible with the trap host,...

Steering microbiomes by organic amendments towards climate-smart agricultural soils

Kristof Brenzinger, Ohana Y. A. Costa, Adrian Ho, Guusje Koorneef, Bjorn Robroek, Douwe Molenaar, Gerard Korthals & Paul L. E. Bodelier
We steered the soil microbiome via applications of organic residues (mix of cover crop residues, sewage sludge + compost, and digestate + compost) to enhance multiple ecosystem services in line with climate-smart agriculture. Our result highlights the potential to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions from agricultural soils by the application of specific organic amendments (especially digestate + compost). Unexpectedly, also the addition of mineral fertilizer in our mesocosms led to similar combined GHG emissions than...

Additional file 1 of Using skin temperature and activity profiles to assign chronotype in birds

Aurelia F. T. Strauß, Dominic J. McCafferty, Andreas Nord, Marina Lehmann & Barbara Helm
Additional file 1: Figure S1. Exemplary picture from a temperature-sensitive radio transmitter attached to a wild Great Tit in the field. Photo by Aurelia F. T. Strauß. Figure S2. Skin temperature (10-min binned and unfiltered) against date and time for 18 Great Tits (female (F) and male (M)) kept in outdoor aviaries during winter. Colour indicates if days are rhythmic (black) or arrhythmic (red) according to the 3-day sliding window filtering. Two individuals were additionally...

Effects of oviposition in a non-host species on foraging behaviour of the parasitoid Cotesia glomerata

Jetske De Boer, Jessica De Bruijn, Louise Vet & Hans Smid
Parasitoids lay their eggs in or on a host, usually another insect. During foraging, parasitoids can encounter insects that differ in terms of host suitability and quality. At one extreme end of this spectrum are non-hosts that are unsuitable for offspring development. Non-hosts are generally ignored but parasitization does occur and occasionally also results in egg deposition. Here, we investigate how oviposition in a non-host influences subsequent foraging behaviour of a parasitoid and whether this...

Physiological control on carbon isotope fractionation in marine phytoplankton

Karen Brandenburg
One of the great challenges in biogeochemical research over the past half a century has been to quantify and understand the mechanisms underlying stable carbon isotope fractionation (εp) in phytoplankton in response to changing CO2 concentrations. Partly, this interest is grounded in the use of fossil photosynthetic organism remains as a proxy for past atmospheric CO2 levels. Phytoplankton organic carbon is depleted in 13C compared to its source because of kinetic fractionation by the enzyme...

Data for: Soil legacy effects of plants and drought on aboveground insects in native and range-expanding plant communities

Keli Li, , Freddy C. Ten Hooven, Jeffrey A. Harvey & Wim H. Van Der Putten
Soils contain biotic and abiotic legacies of previous conditions that may influence plant community biomass and associated aboveground biodiversity. However, little is known about the relative strengths and interactions of the various belowground legacies on aboveground plant-insect interactions. We used an outdoor mesocosm experiment to investigate the belowground legacy effects of range-expanding versus native plants, extreme drought, and their interactions on plants, aphids, and pollinators. We show that plant biomass was influenced more strongly by...

Elemental and biochemical nutrient limitation of zooplankton: A meta-analysis

Patrick Thomas, Charlotte Kunze, Dedmer Van De Waal, Helmut Hillebrand & Maren Striebel
Primary consumers in aquatic ecosystems are frequently limited by the quality of their food, often expressed as phytoplankton elemental and biochemical composition. However, effects of these food quality indicators vary across studies, and we lack an integrated understanding of how elemental (e.g., nitrogen, phosphorus) and biochemical (e.g., fatty acid, sterol) limitations interactively influence aquatic food webs. Here we present results of a meta-analysis using >100 experimental studies, confirming that limitation by N, P, fatty acids,...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    43

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    27
  • Text
    12
  • Collection
    4

Affiliations

  • Netherlands Institute of Ecology
    37
  • Zhejiang University
    12
  • Columbia University
    12
  • Peking University Cancer Hospital
    12
  • Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
    12
  • Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital
    12
  • Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology
    12
  • Nankai University
    12
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    12
  • Shanxi Medical University
    12