18 Works

EURADOS Intercomparison 2019 for Extremity and Eye Lens Dosemeters - Summary of Procedures, Results and Conclusions

Andrew F. McWhan, Wioletta Dobrzynska, Hannes Stadtmann, Tom W. M. Grimbergen, Markus Figel, Ana M. Romero & Isabelle Clairand
Abstract: EURADOS Working Group 2 has developed a system for a self-sustained programme of regular dosemeter intercomparisons (ICs), (Figel, M. Report to Council, WG02-SG2, 2007). ICs for whole body dosemeters were carried out in 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016 and 2018. In addition, four ICs with different scopes were carried out, two for extremity dosemeters in photon and beta fields (IC2009ext and IC2015ext) and two for whole-body dosemeters in neutron fields (IC2012n and IC2017n). This...

Visions for Radiation Dosimetry over the Next Two Decades – Strategic Research Agenda of the European Radiation Dosimetry Group

Werner Rühm, Elena Fantuzzi, Roger Harrison, Helmut Schuhmacher, Filip Vanhavere, Joao Alves, Jean-Francois Bottolier-Depois, Paola Fattibene, Željka Knežević, María Antonia Lopez, Sabine Mayer, Saveta Miljanić, Stefan Neumaier, Pawel Olko, Hannes Stadtmann, Rick Tanner & Clemens Woda
Abstract: The European Radiation Dosimetry Group (EURADOS) comprises a self-sustainable network of more than 60 European institutions such as reference and research laboratories, dosimetry services and companies, as well as more than 300 scientists active in the field of radiation dosimetry. The aim of the network is to promote research and development and European cooperation in the field of dosimetry of ionizing radiation and its implementation in routine practice, in order to contribute to compatibility...

Quality Assurance in Individual Monitoring for External Radiation – Results of EURADOS Survey 2012

P. J. Gilvin, J. G. Alves, C. Chesteres, J. W. E. van Dijk, M. Lehtinen, F. Rossi, B. Vekic & M. A. Chevallier
Abstract: EURADOS Working Group 2 (WG2) on Harmonization of Individual Monitoring is a network of institutions and individual monitoring services (IMSs), built up over the last 20 years, that aims to promote quality, technical excellence and good practice in Europe. In pursuit of these aims, in 2012 WG2 carried out a survey of IMSs in Europe. The survey was sent to about 170 IMS and included questions on: the use of formal quality assurance (QA)...

Uncertainties in internal dose assessment: Lifetime dose assessment for three example workers occupationally exposed to uranium - Analysing the intercomparison results

Estelle Davesne, Richard Bull, Jeri Anderson, Derek Bingham, Alan Birchall, Carlo Maria Castellani, Cécile Challeton-de Vathaire, M. L. Fernandez, Martina Froning, A. Giomi, Anne Laure Lebacq, Jakub Ośko, Inés Gomez Parada, Anna Pántya, A. G. Rojas, Ana Rojo, Masa Takahashi, Kotaro Tani & Eric Blanchardon
Abstract: Recently, several epidemiological studies were interested in identifying potential health effects of incorporated radionuclides. To achieve this work, exposure of individuals was quantified in order to be compared with health status. In order to quantify the exposure of workers, the measurement of retained or excreted activity also called bioassay, must be interpreted in terms of dose. The data available for dose reconstruction are mostly bioassay analyses (mostly urine) carried out to verify the absence...

EURADOS Intercomparison on Compartmental Model for 18F-FDG Developed by Hays and Segall

Wei Bo Li, David Broggio, Augusto Giussani, Tomáš Vrba, Kerstin Hürkamp, Alexandra Kamp, Dietmar Noßke, Lara Struelens & Peter Covens
Abstract: This report was originated from the analysis of the results of a joint EURADOS-EANM project about the assessment of the external radiation dose rate to comforters and caregivers exposed to patients undergoing nuclear medical diagnostics and therapy. The compartmental model for 18F-FDG developed by Hays and Segall in 1999 was applied by EURADOS members for predicting the time activity curves (TAC) in the source organs and tissues, and the urinary excretion. Inconsistencies have been...

EURADOS Stakeholder Workshop on June 30th, 2016

Rühm Werner, Željka Knežević, Elena Fantuzzi, Roger Harrison, Helmut Schuhmacher, Filip Vanhavere, Joao Alves, Jean-Francois Bottolier-Depois, Paola Fattibene, Phil Gilvin, María Antonia Lopez, Sabine Mayer, Saveta Miljanić, Pawel Olko, Hannes Stadtmann, Rick Tanner, Arturo Vargas & Clemens Woda
Introduction: On June 30th, 2016, the “First EURADOS Stakeholder Workshop” was held at the Helmholtz Center Munich (HMGU) in Neuherberg, Germany. The workshop was jointly organized by the HMGU and the EURADOS Office in conjunction with the 57thEURADOS Council meeting, which took place on June 29thand July 1st, also at the HMGU. In the frame of the “European Joint Programme for the Integration of Radiation Protection Research”, the CONCERT project funded by the European Commission...

Visions for Radiation Dosimetry over the Next Two Decades -Strategic Research Agenda of the European Radiation Dosimetry Group: Version 2020

Jean-François Bottolier-Depois, Isabelle Clairand, Elena Fantuzzi, Paola Fattibene, Roger Harrison, Oliver Hupe, Pawel Olko, Veronika Olšovcová, Werner Rühm, Marco Silari, Rick Tanner & Filip Vanhavere
Introduction: The European Radiation Dosimetry Group (EURADOS) comprises a self-sustainable network of more than 70 European institutions and about 600 scientists active in the field of radiation dosimetry. It was founded in 1981, and was registered in Germany as an “e.V.” (registered society) in 2008. The aim of the network is to promote research and development and European cooperation in the field of dosimetry of ionising radiation. For this, EURADOS has established Working Groups (WGs)...

IDEAS Guidelines (Version 2) for the Estimation of Committed Doses from Incorporation Monitoring Data

C.M. Castellani, J.W. Marsh, C. Hurtgen, E. Blanchardon, P. Berard, A. Giussani & M.A. Lopez
ABstract: Doses from intakes of radionuclides cannot be measured but must be assessed from monitoringdata, such as whole body, urine or faecaldata. Such assessments require applicationofbiokinetic and dosimetric models, and the assessor may well have to make assumptions about factors such as the pattern of intake and properties of the material. Intercomparison exercises (Doerfel 2000) have shown a wide range in doses that can be obtained from the same data set as a result of...

Comparison of Codes Assessing Radiation Exposure of Aircraft Crew due to Galactic Cosmic Radiation

J.F. Bottolier-Depois, P. Beck, M. Latocha, V. Mares, D. Matthiä, W. Rühm & F. Wissmann
Abstract: The aim of this report is to compare the doses and dose rates calculatedby various codes assessing radiation exposure of aircraft crew due to cosmic radiation. Some of the codes are used routinely for radiation protection purposes while others are purely for scientific use. The calculations were done using a set of representative, real flight routes around the globe. The results are presented in an anonymous way. This comparison is of major importance since...

EURADOS Intercomparison 2012 for Neutron Dosemeters

Elena Fantuzzi, Marie-Anne Chevallier, Rodolfo Cruz-Suarez, Marlies Luszik-Bhadra, Sabine Mayer, David J. Thomas, Rick Tanner & Filip Vanhavere
Abstract: EURADOS, within the work performed by Working Group 2 -Harmonization of Individual Monitoring in Europe, has started a self-sustained programme of regular intercomparisons and has successfully executed three intercomparisons for whole body photon dosemeters (IC2008, IC2010, IC2012) and one intercomparison for extremity dosemeters for photon and beta fields (IC2009). In 2012, the EURADOS intercomparison IC2012n was launched for personal neutron dosemeters routinely used to measure personal dose equivalent, Hp(10), in individual monitoring. No systems...

ORAMED: Optimization of Radiation Protection of Medical Staff

F. Vanhavere, E. Carinou, G. Gualdrini, I. Clairand, M. Sans Merce, M. Ginjaume, D. Nikodemova, J. Jankowski, J.-M. Bordy, A. Rimpler, S. Wach, P. Martin, L. Struelens, S. Krim, C. Koukorava, P. Ferrari, F. Mariotti, E. Fantuzzi, L. Donadille, C. Itié, N. Ruiz, A. Carnicer, M. Fulop, J. Domienik & M. Brodecki
Abstract: The medical staff performing interventional cardiology and radiology (IC/IR) procedures stand close to the patient and thus close to the primary radiation beam. Although they wear a lead apron and thyroid collar, their hands, legs and eyes are not protected. Therefore, these parts could receive significantly high doses. Moreover, thedose ranges for the same kind of procedures vary a lot, as many factors affect extremity and eye lens doses. Additionally, there is evidence that...

Data from: Rapid evolutionary responses of life history traits to different experimentally-induced pollution in Caenorhabditis elegans

Morgan Dutilleul, Jean-Marc Bonzom, Catherine Lecomte, Benoit Goussen, Fabrice Daian, Simon Galas & Denis Réale
Background Anthropogenic disturbances can lead to intense selection pressures on traits and very rapid evolutionary changes. Evolutionary responses to environmental changes, in turn, reflect changes in the genetic structure of the traits, accompanied by a reduction of evolutionary potential of the populations under selection. Assessing the effects of pollutants on the evolutionary responses and on the genetic structure of populations is thus important to understanding the mechanisms that entail specialization to novel environmental conditions or...

A database of radionuclide biological half-life values for wildlife

N.A. Beresford, K. Beaugelin-Seiller, C. Wells, S. Vives-Lynch, J. Vives I Batlle, M.D. Wood, K. Tagami, A. Real, J. Burgos, S. Fesenko, M. Cujic, A. Kryshev, N. Pachal, B.S. Su, C.L. Barnett, S. Uchida, T. Hinton, J. Mihalík, K. Stark, C. Willrodt & J.S. Chaplow
Data comprise biological and ecological half-life values for marine, freshwater, terrestrial and riparian organisms. The database includes 1908 biological half-life values for 52 elements across a range of wildlife groups (marine, freshwater, terrestrial and riparian). The compilation of values from a range of sources was conducted by an international working group under the auspices of an International Atomic Energy Agency programme.

Comparison of Codes Assessing Radiation Exposure at Aviation Altitudes in Case of Solar Particle Events

P. Beck, J.-F. Bottolier-Depois, R. Bütikofer, E. Flückiger, N. Fuller, K.-L. Klein, M. Latocha, V. Mares, D. Matthiä & W. Rühm
Abstract: The European Radiation Dosimetry Group, EURADOS focuses, among other issues, on the harmonization of dose assessment within Europe and conformance with international practices. Along these lines, this EURADOS report compares route doses and dose rates at flight altitudes due to solar cosmic radiation (SCR) associated with ground level enhancements (GLEs) as calculated by means of nine available computer codes. Some of these codes are routinely used for the assessment of radiation exposure of aircraft...

12th EURADOS Winter School Radon: Dosimetry, Metrology and Regulation

Arturo Vargas, Annette Röttger, James W. Marsh, Pawel Olko, Martin Dubslaff, Marta García-Talavera, Claudia Grossi, Werner Hofmann, Estelle Rage, Krystian Skubacz & Hannah Wiedner
Abstract: The COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 2013/59/EURATOM of 5 December 2013 laying down basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation addresses radon at workplaces and at homes: Radon is directly addressed in the Basic Safety Standards Directive through Article 54 concerning workplace radon levels, Article 74 concerning indoor radon levels, and Article 103 for the national action plan. The new directive brings significant changes, with respect to the former Directive...

Data from: Pollution breaks down the genetic architecture of life history traits in Caenorhabditis elegans

Morgan Dutilleul, Benoit Goussen, Jean-Marc Bonzom, Simon Galas & Denis Réale
When pollution occurs in an environment, populations present suffer numerous negative and immediate effects on their life history traits. Their evolutionary potential to live in a highly stressful environment will depend on the selection pressure strengths and on the genetic structure, the trait heritability, and the genetic correlations between them. If expression of this structure changes in a stressful environment, it becomes necessary to quantify these changes to estimate the evolutionary potential of the population...

Data from: Adaptation costs to constant and alternating polluted environments

Morgan Dutilleul, Denis Reale, Benoit Goussen, Catherine Lecomte, Simon Galas & Jean-Marc Bonzom
Some populations quickly adapt to strong and novel selection pressures caused by anthropogenic stressors. However, this short-term evolutionary response to novel and harsh environmental conditions may lead to adaptation costs, and evaluating these costs is important if we want to understand the evolution of resistance to anthropogenic stressors. In this experimental evolution study, we exposed Caenorhabditis elegans populations to uranium (U populations), salt (NaCl populations), alternating uranium/salt treatments (U/NaCl populations), and to a control environment...

EURADOS Intercomparison IC2017n for Neutron Dosemeters

Sabine Mayer, Marie-Anne Chevallier, Elena Fantuzzi, Michael Hajek, Marlies Luszik-Bhadra, Rick Tanner, David J. Thomas & Filip Vanhavere
Abstract: EURADOS has carried out a number of different intercomparison exercises for personal dosemeters in the past that qualify as proficiency tests for different dosimetry systems and radiation types including one previous neutron personal dosemeter intercomparison (IC2012n). Neutron intercomparisons are especially complicated to design because of the limited availability of reference fields and the costs associated with the exposures. IC2017n was the second EURADOS organized intercomparison exercise for neutron personal dosemeters. It was an important...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    14
  • 2017
    1
  • 2015
    3

Resource Types

  • Data Paper
    14
  • Dataset
    4

Affiliations

  • Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire
    18
  • Helmholtz Zentrum München
    12
  • Belgian Nuclear Research Centre
    10
  • Public Health England
    7
  • Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt
    7
  • National Agency for New Technologies Energy and Sustainable Economic Development
    6
  • Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences
    4
  • Federal Office for Radiation Protection
    4
  • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas
    4
  • Newcastle University
    3