15 Works

Knowledge of returning wildlife species and willingness to participate in citizen science projects among wildlife park visitors in Germany

Emu-Felicitas Ostermann-Miyashita, Emu-Felicitas Ostermann-Miyashita, Hannes König, Nadja Pernat, Sonoko Dorothea Bellingrath-Kimura, Sophia Hibler & Christian Kiffner
Successful conservation efforts have led to recent increases of large mammals such as European bison (Bison bonasus), moose (Alces alces) and grey wolf (Canis lupus) and their return to former habitats in central Europe. While embraced by some, the recovery of these species is a controversial topic and holds potential for human-wildlife conflicts. Involving the public has been suggested to be an effective method for monitoring wildlife and mitigating associated conflicts. To assess two interrelated...

Quantifying the relationship between prey density, livestock and illegal killing of leopards

Mahmood Soofi, Ali Turk Qashqaei, Marzieh Mousavi, Ehsan Hadipour, Marc Filla, Bahram Hasanzadeh Kiabi, Benjamin Bleyhl, Arash Ghoddousi, Niko Balkenhol, Andrew Royle, Chris R. Pavey, Igor Khorozyan & Matthias Waltert
Many large mammalian carnivores are facing population declines due to illegal killing (e.g., shooting) and habitat modification (e.g., livestock farming). Illegal killing occurs cryptically and hence is difficult to detect. However, reducing illegal killing requires a solid understanding of its magnitude and underlying drivers, while accounting for the imperfect detection of illegal killing events. Despite the importance of illegal killing of large carnivores in comparison with other causes of mortality, its relationship with potential drivers...

Data from: Computational Modeling of Gluteus Medius Muscle Moment Arm in Caviomorph Rodents Reveals Ecomorphological Specializations

Lukas Löffler, Jan Wölfer, Flavia Gavrilei & John Nyakatura
The data stored in this repository allow the reproduction of the study described in the following. Vertebrate musculoskeletal locomotion is realized through lever-arm systems. The instantaneous muscle moment arm (IMMA), which is expected to be under selective pressure and thus of interest for ecomorphological studies, is a key aspect of these systems. The IMMA changes with joint motion and its length change is technically difficult to acquire—usually, proxies such as osteological in-levers are used instead—and...

Data from: Adaptive division of growth and development between hosts in helminths with two-host life cycles

Daniel Benesh, James C. Chubb & Geoff A. Parker
Parasitic worms (helminths) with complex life cycles divide growth and development between successive hosts. Using data from 597 species of acanthocephalans, cestodes, and nematodes with two-host life cycles, we found that helminths with larger intermediate hosts were more likely to infect larger, endothermic definitive hosts, although some evolutionarily shifts in definitive host mass occurred without changes in intermediate host mass. Life-history theory predicts parasites to shift growth to hosts in which they can grow rapidly...

Die ungleichen Auswirkungen auf Beschäftigte im ersten Pandemiejahr

Carsten Braband, Valentina Consiglio, Natascha Hainbach, Markus M. Grabka & Sebastian Königs
Die Corona-Pandemie hat eine der schwersten Wirtschaftskrisen zu Friedenszeiten ausgelöst. Eine Analyse für das erste Krisenjahr zeigt, dass die umfassende Ausweitung der Kurzarbeit größere Beschäftigungsverluste verhindern konnte. Niedrigeinkommensbezieher:innen, Beschäftigte in Minijobs und Selbstständige waren jedoch stärker als andere Gruppen von den Auswirkungen der Krise betroffen, sowie Frauen eher als Männer. Die Nettoeinkommen blieben im Schnitt stabil, speziell für Beschäftigte mit niedrigen und mittleren Einkommen.

Core Characteristics of Learning Resource Collectors

Nancy J. Hoebelheinrich, Elizabeth Newbold, Angus Whyte, Maria Johnsson, Kerstin Helbig, Margareta Hellström, Iryna Kuchma & Mijke Jetten
As part of the Education And Training On Handling Of Research Data IG (ETHRD-IG) activities, the Learning Resource Collectors Focus Group studied the evolving landscape of learning resources on RDM topics. As we collected and listed a snapshot of current catalogues or registries of learning resources for review, we realized that a set of core characteristics could describe these types of organisations that would be useful to help people evaluate and understand the resources they...

Sleep as Action? World Alienation, Distance, and Loneliness in Ottessa Moshfegh's My Year of Rest and Relaxation

Marlene Dirschauer
This article explores how Ottessa Moshfegh's novel My Year of Rest and Relaxation portrays the relationship between the self and the world against the backdrop of the 9/11 terror attacks. It shows that distance emerges as the central component of the narrator's world alienation, which also crucially informed Hannah Arendt's critique of modernity as developed in her seminal work, The Human Condition. By revisiting some of the philosopher's key ideas in light of more recent...

Individual and collective encoding of risk in animal groups

Matthew M.G. Sosna, Colin R. Twomey, Joseph Bak-Coleman, Winnie Poel, Bryan C. Daniels, Pawel Romanczuk & Iain D. Couzin
The need to make fast decisions under risky and uncertain conditions is a widespread problem in the natural world. While there has been extensive work on how individual organisms dynamically modify their behavior to respond appropriately to changing environmental conditions (and how this is encoded in the brain), we know remarkably little about the corresponding aspects of collective information processing in animal groups. For example, many groups appear to show increased “sensitivity” in the presence...

The evolution and biological correlates of hand preferences in anthropoid primates

Kai Robert Caspar, Fabian Pallasdies, Larissa Mader, Heitor Sartorelli & Sabine Begall
The evolution of human right-handedness has been intensively debated for decades. Manual lateralization patterns in non-human primates have the potential to elucidate evolutionary determinants of human handedness. However, restricted species samples and inconsistent methodologies have so far limited comparative phylogenetic studies. By combining original data with published literature reports, we assembled data on hand preferences for standardized object manipulation in 1,786 individuals from 38 species of anthropoid primates, including monkeys, apes, and humans. Based on...

Optimized coverage of potash tailings piles

Lydia Rösel
Saline contaminants from potash mining endanger aquatic ecosystems. Uncovered potash tailings piles release high amounts of chloride and sodium. Conventional coverage systems with a transpiration-intensive vegetation on a soil layer reduce percolation water only to some extent and does not protect the surrounding environment sufficiently. Powerful sealing layers are used to cover other mining deposits, but are still uncommon for potash tailings piles. In this paper, I study how to complement conventional coverage with additional...

Abschlussbericht zur Evaluation des Q-Masters an der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Christin Lucksnat, Ingo Fehrmann, Angela Müncher, Detlef Pech & Dirk Richter
Neues Studienangebot Q-Master kann wichtigen Beitrag im Kampf gegen Lehrkräftemangel leisten Seit 2018 können Studierende an der Berliner Humboldt-Universität auch ohne vorangehendes Lehramtsstudium einen Masterstudiengang belegen, der sie für den Quereinstieg in die Lehrtätigkeit an Grundschulen qualifiziert. Eine Forschungskooperation hat das neue Studienangebot über einen längeren Zeitraum evaluiert. Der Auswertung zufolge gewährleistet der Q-Master hohe fachlich-didaktische Standards und verspricht mehr Vielfalt unter den Lehrkräften. Damit kann er als eine Blaupause für andere Universitäten dienen.

Entrever y escribir: La crítica de arte en Paz, Revueltas y García Ponce

Berit Callsen
pp. 47-62. Art criticism is seen by Octavio Paz, José Revueltas y Juan García Ponce as a part of "intuitive observation". In their visual intuitions, and this is the hypothesis this article seeks to discuss, all of them deal with a productive notion they discover in visual arts, although their arguments differ. By a comparative analysis this essay focuses on critical texts which nearly haven’t been studied until now searching for similarity and differences in...

The Heritage of the Textile Industry

Heike Oevermann, Bartosz Walczak & Mark Watson
The textile industry is a global phenomenon. It was the impetus for industrialisation, the growth of cities, the creation of company towns and world-wide trading routes in staple goods: silk, wool, linen, cotton, jute and artificial fibres. Facing global economic changes, textile mills have proved adaptable to new purposes. Many spearhead urban regeneration and secure the future identity of places. Which lessons do mill conversions give? Which are the pioneers, the flagships, the giants, and...

Recommendations for a minimal metadata set to aid harmonised discovery of learning resources

Nancy J. Hoebelheinrich, Katarzyna Biernacka, Michelle Brazas, Leyla Jael Castro, Nicola Fiore, Margareta Hellström, Emma Lazzeri, Ellen Leenarts, Paula Maria Martinez Lavanchy, Elizabeth Newbold, Amy Nurnberger, Esther Plomp, Lucia Vaira, Celia W.G. van Gelder & Angus Whyte
As part of the Education And Training On Handling Of Research Data IG activities, the Minimal Metadata for Learning Resources Focus Group recommends a minimal set of metadata for learning resources. By comparing and analyzing existing learning resource-related metadata schemas to find the overlaps, the group provides guidance on metadata elements that should be minimally required for purposes of learning resource discovery to those concerned with supporting or providing training resources. This set includes a...

Data From: Genomic regions associate with major axes of variation driven by gas exchange and leaf construction traits in cultivated sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)

Ashley Earley, Andries A. Temme, Christopher R. Cotter & John M. Burke
Stomata and leaf veins play an essential role in transpiration and the movement of water throughout leaves. These traits are thus thought to play a key role in the adaptation of plants to drought and a better understanding of the genetic basis of their variation and coordination could inform efforts to improve drought tolerance. Here, we explore patterns of variation and covariation in leaf anatomical traits and analyze their genetic architecture via genome-wide association (GWA)...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    15

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    7
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    4
  • Other
    2
  • Collection
    1
  • Journal Article
    1

Affiliations

  • Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    14
  • Data Archiving and Networked Services
    2
  • Lund University
    2
  • Digital Curation Centre
    2
  • German National Library of Medicine
    2
  • University of Potsdam
    2
  • National Research Council
    2
  • Dutch Techcentre for Life Sciences
    2
  • Science and Technology Facilities Council
    2
  • German Institute for Economic Research
    1