12 Works

Data from: Temporal patterns of genetic variation in a salmon population undergoing rapid change in migration timing

Ryan P. Kovach, Anthony J. Gharrett & David A. Tallmon
Though genetic diversity is necessary for population persistence in rapidly changing environments, little is known about how climate-warming influences patterns of intra-population genetic variation. For a pink salmon population experiencing increasing temperatures, we used temporal genetic data (microsatellite = 1993, 2001, 2009; allozyme = 1979, 1981, 1983) to quantify the genetic effective population size (Ne) and genetic divergence due to differences in migration timing and to estimate whether these quantities have changed over time. We...

Data from: Recommendations for using msBayes to incorporate uncertainty in selecting an ABC model prior: a response to Oaks et al.

Michael James Hickerson, Graham N. Stone, Konrad Lohse, Terrence C. Demos, Xiaoou Xie, Cedric Landerer & Naoki Takebayashi
Prior specification is an essential component of parameter estimation and model comparison in Approximate Bayesian computation (ABC). Oaks et al. present a simulation-based power analysis of msBayes and conclude that msBayes has low power to detect genuinely random divergence times across taxa, and suggest the cause is Lindley's paradox. Although the predictions are similar, we show that their findings are more fundamentally explained by insufficient prior sampling that arises with poorly chosen wide priors that...

Data from: Does moonlight increase predation risk? Meta-analysis reveals divergent responses of nocturnal mammals to lunar cycles

Laura R. Prugh & Christopher D. Golden
1. The risk of predation strongly affects mammalian population dynamics and community interactions. Bright moonlight is widely believed to increase predation risk for nocturnal mammals by increasing the ability of predators to detect prey, but the potential for moonlight to increase detection of predators and the foraging efficiency of prey has largely been ignored. Studies have reported highly variable responses to moonlight among species, calling into question the assumption that moonlight increases risk. 2. Here,...

Data from: The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes

Ricardo Betancur-R., Adela Roa-Varon, Nancy I. Holcroft, W. Calvin Borden, Terry Grande, Kent Carpenter, Millicent Sanciangco, Chenhong Li, Dahiana Arcila, Jesus A Ballesteros, Guillermo Ortí, J. Andrés López, Matthew A. Campbell, Edward O. Wiley, Gloria Arratia, Guoqing Lu, Stuart Willis, Richard E. Broughton, , Feifei Zhang & Daniel J. Hough
The tree of life of fishes is in a state of flux because we still lack a comprehensive phylogeny that includes all major groups. The situation is most critical for a large clade of spiny-finned fishes, traditionally referred to as percomorphs, whose uncertain relationships have plagued ichthyologists for over a century. Most of what we know about the higher-level relationships among fish lineages has been based on morphology, but rapid influx of molecular studies is...

Data from: Genetic variation and differentiation of extant bison (Bison bison) subspecies and cattle (Bos taurus) breeds and subspecies

Matthew A. Cronin, Michael D. MacNeil, Ninh Vu, Vicki Leesburg, Harvey D. Blackburn & James N. Derr
The genetic relationship of American plains bison (Bison bison bison) and wood bison (B. b. athabascae) was quantified and compared with that among breeds and subspecies of cattle. Plains bison from nine herds (N=136), wood bison from three herds (N=65), taurine cattle (Bos taurus taurus) from fourteen breeds (N=244), and indicine cattle (B. t. indicus) from two breeds (N=53) were genotyped for 29 polymorphic microsatellite loci. Bayesian cluster analyses indicate three groups, two of which...

Data from: Molecular phylogeny of the burying beetles (Coleoptera: Silphidae: Nicrophorinae)

Derek S. Sikes & Chandra Venables
Burying beetles (Silphidae: Nicrophorus) are well-known for their monopolization of small vertebrate carcasses in subterranean crypts and complex biparental care behaviors. They have been the focus of intense behavioral, ecological, and conservation research since the 1980s yet no thorough phylogenetic estimate for the group exists. Herein, we infer relationships, test past hypotheses of relationships, and test biogeographic scenarios among 55 of the subfamily Nicrophorinae’s currently valid and extant 72 species. Two mitochondrial genes, COI and...

Data from: Nitrogen deposition alters plant–fungal relationships: linking belowground dynamics to aboveground vegetation change

Sarah L. Dean, Emily C. Farrer, D. Lee Taylor, Andrea Porras-Alfaro, Katharine N. Suding & Robert L. Sinsabaugh
Nitrogen (N) deposition rates are increasing globally due to anthropogenic activities. Plant community responses to N are often attributed to altered competitive interactions between plants, but may also be a result of microbial responses to N, particularly root-associated fungi (RAF), which are known to affect plant fitness. In response to N, Deschampsia cespitosa, a codominant plant in the alpine tundra at Niwot Ridge (CO), increases in abundance, while Geum rossii, its principal competitor, declines. Importantly,...

Data from: Strong maternal fidelity and natal philopatry shape genetic structure in North Pacfic humpback whales

C. Scott Baker, Debbie Steel, John Calambokidis, Erin A. Falcone, Ursula Gozález-Peral, Jay Barlow, Alexander M. Burdin, Phillip J. Clapham, John K. B. Ford, Christine M. Gabriele, David Mattila, Janice M. Straley, Barbara L. Taylor, Jorge Urbán, Paul R. Wade, David Weller, Briana H. Witteveen, Manami Yamaguchi, CS Baker, BH Witteveen, E Falcone, BL Taylor, JKB Ford, AM Burdin, PJ Clapham … & JM Straley
We quantified the relative influence of maternal fidelity to feeding grounds and natal fidelity to breeding grounds in humpback whales based on an ocean-wide survey of mitochondrial (mt) DNA diversity in the North Pacific. For 2,193 biopsy samples collected from whales in 10 feeding regions and 8 breeding regions during the winter and summer of 2004 to 2006, we first used microsatellite genotyping (average, 9.5 loci) to identify replicate samples. From sequences of the mtDNA...

Data from: Molecular phylogeny and SNP variation of polar bears (Ursus maritimus), brown bears (U. arctos) and black bears (U. americanus) derived from genome sequences

Matthew A. Cronin, Gonzalo Rincon, Robert W. Meredith, Michael D. MacNeil, Alma Islas-Trejo, Angela Canovas & Juan F. Medrano
We assessed the relationships of polar bears (Ursus maritimus), brown bears (U. arctos), and black bears (U. americanus) with high throughput genomic sequencing data with an average coverage of 25X for each species. A total of 1.4 billion 100-bp paired-end reads was assembled using the polar bear and annotated giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) genome sequences as references. We identified 13.8 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the three species aligned to the polar bear genome....

Data from: Heteropatric speciation in a duck, Anas crecca

Kevin Winker, Kevin G. McCracken, Daniel D. Gibson & Jeffrey L. Peters
Heteropatric differentiation is a mode of speciation with gene flow in which divergence occurs between lineages that are in sympatry and allopatry at different times during cyclic spatial movements. Empirical evidence suggests that heteropatric differentiation may prove to be common among seasonally migratory organisms. We examined genetic differentiation between the sedentary Aleutian Islands population of green-winged teal (Anas crecca nimia) and its close migratory relative, the Eurasian, or Old World (OW), Anas c. crecca population,...

Data from: Are flatfishes (Pleuronectiformes) monophyletic?

Matthew A. Campbell, Wei-Jen Chen & J. Andrés López
All extant species of flatfish (order Pleuronectiformes) are thought to descend from a common ancestor, and therefore to represent a monophyletic group. This hypothesis is based largely on the dramatic bilateral asymmetry and associated ocular migration characteristics of all flatfish. Yet, molecular-based phylogenetic studies have been inconclusive on this premise. Support for flatfish monophyly has varied with differences in taxonomic and gene region sampling schemes. Notably, the genus Psettodes has been found to be more...

Data from: Migration and stress during reproduction govern telomere dynamics in a seabird

Jannik Schultner, Børge Moe, Olivier Chastel, Claus Bech & Alexander S. Kitaysky
Changes in telomere length are believed to reflect changes in physiological state and life expectancy in animals. However, much remains unknown about the determinants of telomere dynamics in wild populations, and specifically the influence of conditions during highly mobile life-history stages, for example migration. We tested whether telomere dynamics were associated with migratory behaviour and/or with stress during reproduction in free-living seabirds. We induced short-term stress during reproduction in chick-rearing, black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla), tracked...

Registration Year

  • 2013
    12

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    12

Affiliations

  • University of Alaska Fairbanks
    12
  • University of Alaska System
    4
  • University of Kansas
    1
  • City University of New York
    1
  • Institute of Geography
    1
  • City College of New York
    1
  • George Washington University
    1
  • Oregon State University
    1
  • Texas A&M University
    1
  • Alaska Fisheries Science Center
    1