33 Works

Supplementary Material for: Adaptive markers distinguish North and South Pacific Albacore amid low population differentiation

Felix Vaux, Sandra Bohn, John R. Hyde & Kathleen G. O'Malley
Supplementary Material for: Adaptive markers distinguish North and South Pacific Albacore amid low population differentiation Files include a spreadsheet of samples and sequencing success (Appendix S1), a document containing supplementary methods, references, tables and figures (Appendix S2), lists of identified outlier loci per genome scan program (Appendix S3), full pairwise FST results for the 12 sample areas (Appendix S4), and genetic data files (genepop and vcf genotype files, and fasta consensus files for outlier loci)....

Supplemental Material, sj-pdf-1-ssc-10.1177_08944393211031452 - Prevalence of Prejudice-Denoting Words in News Media Discourse: A Chronological Analysis

David Rozado, Musa Al-Gharbi & Jamin Halberstadt
Supplemental Material, sj-pdf-1-ssc-10.1177_08944393211031452 for Prevalence of Prejudice-Denoting Words in News Media Discourse: A Chronological Analysis by David Rozado, Musa Al-Gharbi and Jamin Halberstadt in Social Science Computer Review

Supplemental Material, sj-pdf-1-ssc-10.1177_08944393211031452 - Prevalence of Prejudice-Denoting Words in News Media Discourse: A Chronological Analysis

David Rozado, Musa Al-Gharbi & Jamin Halberstadt
Supplemental Material, sj-pdf-1-ssc-10.1177_08944393211031452 for Prevalence of Prejudice-Denoting Words in News Media Discourse: A Chronological Analysis by David Rozado, Musa Al-Gharbi and Jamin Halberstadt in Social Science Computer Review

Prevalence of Prejudice-Denoting Words in News Media Discourse: A Chronological Analysis

David Rozado, Musa Al-Gharbi & Jamin Halberstadt
This work analyzes the prevalence of words denoting prejudice in 27 million news and opinion articles written between 1970 and 2019 and published in 47 of the most popular news media outlets in the United States. Our results show that the frequency of words that denote specific prejudice types related to ethnicity, gender, sexual, and religious orientation has markedly increased within the 2010–2019 decade across most news media outlets. This phenomenon starts prior to, but...

February 2020 Southland flooding evacuation and response: Results of a survey

Lucy H. Kaiser, Finn R. Scheele, Sally H. Potter, Maureen A. Coomer & Joshua Stewart
In February 2020, the communities of Gore, Mataura and Wyndham in Southland, Aotearoa New Zealand, were impacted by a significant flood event, leading to a mandatory evacuation of the community and numerous flooded properties. A survey of the communities of Gore, Mataura and Wyndham was conducted in July 2020 to gather residents’ perspectives and experiences during the flooding event and ensuing evacuation. Topics included risk perception, weather and flood warnings, evacuation, impacts and demographics. Of...

Expropriation Risk and FDI in Developing Countries: Does Return of Capital Dominate Return on Capital?

M. Akhtaruzzaman, Nathan Berg & Christopher Hajzler
Previously reported effects of institutional quality and political risks on foreign direct investment (FDI) are mixed and, therefore, difficult to interpret. We present empirical evidence suggesting a relatively clear, statistically robust, and intuitive characterization. Institutional factors that affect the likelihood of an abrupt and total loss of foreigners’ capital (i.e., return of capital) dominate those that affect rates of return conditional on a strictly positive terminal investment value (i.e., return on capital). A one-standarddeviation reduction...

Price-Level Dispersion versus Inflation-Rate Dispersion: Evidence from Three Countries

David Fielding, Christopher Hajzler & James MacGee
Inflation can affect both the dispersion of commodity-specific price levels across locations (relative price variability, RPV) and the dispersion of inflation rates (relative inflation variability, RIV). Some menu-cost models and models of consumer search suggest that the RIV-inflation relationship could differ from the RPV-inflation relationship. However, most empirical studies examine only RIV, finding that RIV is high when inflation is high. We examine city-level retail price data from Japan, Canada and Nigeria, and find that...

Variation in milk fat globule size and composition: A source of bioactives for human health

Caroline Thum, Nicole C. Roy, David W. Everett & Warren C. McNabb
Milk fat globules (MFGs) are secreted from the mammalian gland and are composed of a triacylglycerol core surrounded by a triple membrane structure, the milk fat globule membrane (MFGM). The MFGM contains complex lipids and proteins reported to have nutritional, immunological, neurological and digestive functions. Human and ruminant milk are shown to share a similar MFG structure but with different size, profile and abundance of protein and polar lipids. This review summarizes the reported data...

Phylogenomic discordance in the Eared Seals is best explained by incomplete lineage sorting following explosive radiation in the Southern Hemisphere

Fernando Lopes, Larissa Oliveira, Amanda Kessler, Yago Beux, Enrique Crespo, Susana Cárdenas-Alayza, Patricia Majluf, Maritza Sepulveda, , Valentina Franco-Trecu, Diego Paez-Rosas, Jaime Chaves, Carolina Loch, Bruce Robertson, Karina Acevedo-Whitehouse, Fernando Elorriaga-Verplancken, Stephen Kirkman, Claire Peart, Jochen Wolf & Sandro Bonatto
The phylogeny and systematics of fur seals and sea lions (Otariidae) have long been studied with diverse data types, including an increasing amount of molecular data. However, only a few phylogenetic relationships have reached acceptance pointing at strong gene-tree species tree discordance. Divergence times in the group also vary largely between studies. These uncertainties impeded the understanding of the biogeographical history of the group, such as when and how trans-equatorial dispersal and subsequent speciation events...

Data from 'Convergent patterns of body size variation in distinct parasite taxa with convergent life cycles'

Robert Poulin
Aim: Interspecific variation among metazoans often follows a latitudinal pattern, with species at higher latitudes being larger-bodied than related species from lower latitudes (Bergmann’s rule). For parasitic species, body sizes within any higher taxon often correlate with the body sizes of their hosts (Harrison’s rule). Whether temperature-driven latitudinal effects or host-driven resource constraints act independently or additively to shape interspecific variation in parasite body sizes remains unknown. We use a comparative approach to test the...

Supplementary data for: Transposon mutagenesis identifies cooperating genetic drivers during keratinocyte transformation and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma progression

Michael Mann, Aziz Aiderus, Justin Newberg, Liliana Guzman-Rojas, Ana Contreras-Sandoval, Amanda Meshey, Devin Jones, Felipe Amaya-Manzanares, Roberto Rangel, Jerrold Ward, Song-Choon Lee, Kenneth Ban, Keith Rogers Rogers, Susan Rogers, Luxmanan Selvanesan, Leslie McNoe, Neal Copeland, Nancy Jenkins, Kenneth Tsai, Michael Black & Karen Mann
Supplementary Note 1: S1 Text: Oncogenomic comparisons between SB candidate Trunk driver genes and their direct orthologs in human Cancer Gene Census; Pyrosequencing analysis of SB-driven keratinocyte cancer models; References. Supplementary Figures 1-11: S1 Fig: Overview of genetic crosses to generate SB|Trp53|Onc3 mouse model. S2 Fig: SB insertion patterns in activated and inactivated drivers. S3 Fig: Evaluating the reproducibility of SBCapSeq results from bulk cuSCC and normal skin specimens. S4 Fig. Hierarchical two-dimensional clustering of...

Models of evolutionary rescue with plasticity and nonlinear environmental change: code and data

Philip Greenspoon & Hamish Spencer
Rapid environmental changes are putting numerous species at risk of extinction. For migration-limited species, persistence depends on either phenotypic plasticity or evolutionary adaptation (evolutionary rescue). Current theory on evolutionary rescue typically assumes linear environmental change. Yet accelerating environmental change may pose a bigger threat. Here we present the simulation code and data from a model of a species encountering an environment with accelerating or decelerating change, to which it can adapt through evolution or phenotypic...

Speciation in the abyss - genomics and morphology reveal a new species of beaked whale

Emma L. Carroll, Michael R. McGowen, Morgan L. McCarthy, Felix G. Marx, Natacha Aguilar De Soto, Merel L. Dalebout, Sascha Dreyer, Oscar E. Gaggiotti, Sabine S. Hansen, Anton Van Helden, Aubrie B. Onoufriou, Robin W. Baird, C. Scott Baker, Simon Berrow, Danielle Cholewiak, Diane Claridge, Rochelle Constantine, Nicholas J. Davison, Catarina Eira, R. Ewan Fordyce, John Gatesy, G. J. Greg Hofmeyr, Vidal Martin, James G. Mead, Antonio A. Mignucci-Giannoni … & Morten T. Olsen
Earth’s deep oceans remains less well understood than the surface of Mars. Beaked whales (ziphiids) are among the most visible inhabitants of the abyss, due to their large size and worldwide distribution, yet their diversity and ecology remain obscure. We combine genomic and morphometric analyses to reveal a new Southern Hemisphere ziphiid species, Ramari’s beaked whale, Mesoplodon eueu, whose name is linked to the Indigenous people of the lands from which the species holotype and...

Supplement to: Global impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on stroke care and intravenous thrombolysis

Raul Nogueira, Muhammed Qureshi, Mohamad Abdalkader, Sheila Martins, Hiroshi Yamagami, Zhongming Qiu, Ossama Mansour, Anvitha Sathya, Anna Czlonkowska, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Diana Aguiar De Sousa, Jelle Demeestere, Robert Mikulik, Peter Vanacker, James Siegler, Janika Korv, Jose Biller, Conrad Liang, Navdeep Sangha, Alicia Zha, Alexandra Czap, Christine Holmstedt, Tanya Turan, George Ntaios, Konark Malhotra … & Thanh Nguyen
Objective: The objectives of this study were to measure the global impact of the pandemic on the volumes for intravenous thrombolysis (IVT), IVT transfers, and stroke hospitalizations over 4 months at the height of the pandemic (March 1 to June 30, 2020) compared with two control 4-month periods. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional, observational, retrospective study across 6 continents, 70 countries, and 457 stroke centers. Diagnoses were identified by their ICD-10 codes and/or classifications in...

An island-hopping bird reveals how founder events shape genome-wide divergence

Ashley Sendell-Price, Kristen Ruegg, Bruce Robertson & Sonya Clegg
When populations colonise new areas, both strong selection and strong drift can be experienced due to novel environments and small founding populations, respectively. Empirical studies have predominantly focused on the phenotype when assessing the role of selection, and limited neutral-loci when assessing founder-induced loss of diversity. Consequently, the extent to which processes interact to influence evolutionary trajectories is difficult to assess. Genomic-level approaches provide the opportunity to simultaneously consider these processes. Here, we examine the...

Hearing from the ocean and into the river: The evolution of the inner ear of Platanistoidea (Cetacea, Odontoceti)

Mariana Viglino, Maximiliano Gaetán, Mónica R. Buono, R. Ewan Fordyce & Travis Park
The inner ear of the two higher clades of modern cetaceans (Neoceti) is highly adapted for hearing infrasonic (mysticetes) or ultrasonic (odontocetes) frequencies. Within odontocetes, Platanistoidea comprises a single extant riverine representative, Platanista gangetica, and a diversity of mainly extinct marine species from the late Oligocene onward. Recent studies, drawing on features including the disparate tympanoperiotic, have not yet provided a consensus phylogenetic hypothesis for platanistoids. Further, cochlear morphology and evolutionary patterns have never been...

Data from: A concise review on antimicrobial peptides for prevention and treatment of dental caries

John Yun Niu, Iris Xiaoxue Yin, William Ka Kei Wu, Quan-Li Li, May Lei Mei & Chun Hung Chu
Antimicrobial peptides have become promising candidates for the development of antimicrobial therapeutics. This paper describes the collection and analysis of data performed for a published concise review on the application of antimicrobial peptides for the management of dental caries. A literature search was performed to locate journal articles published in the English language up to 2019. The search was performed through six common databases. The search term was (Antimicrobial peptide OR AMP OR Cathelicidin OR...

Data from: Trophic partitioning and feeding capacity in Permian bryozoan faunas of Gondwana

Catherine Reid & Yuta Tamberg
Bryozoans are epibenthic suspension-feeders and use their ciliated tentacles to generate feeding currents. Modern bryozoan mouth size limits the size of the particles that can be ingested, and lophophore diameter is linked to water pumping rates. In fossil bryozoans these soft parts are absent, however, mouth and lophophore dimensions can be inferred from preserved skeletons. Gondwanan Permian palaeostomate bryozoans show distinct order-level trophic partitioning across warm to cold-water faunas. In diverse warm-water faunas of southern...

Temperature mesocosm data

Olwyn Friesen, Robert Poulin & Clément Lagrue
Predicting the effects of climate change requires understanding complex interactions among multiple abiotic and biotic factors. By influencing key interactions among host species, parasites can affect community and ecosystem structuring. Yet, our understanding of how multiple parasites and abiotic factors interact to alter ecosystem structure remains limited. To empirically test the role of temperature variation and parasites in shaping communities, we used a multigenerational mesocosm experiment composed of four sympatric freshwater crustacean species (isopods and...

Variation in milk fat globule size and composition: A source of bioactives for human health

Caroline Thum, Nicole C. Roy, David W. Everett & Warren C. McNabb
Milk fat globules (MFGs) are secreted from the mammalian gland and are composed of a triacylglycerol core surrounded by a triple membrane structure, the milk fat globule membrane (MFGM). The MFGM contains complex lipids and proteins reported to have nutritional, immunological, neurological and digestive functions. Human and ruminant milk are shown to share a similar MFG structure but with different size, profile and abundance of protein and polar lipids. This review summarizes the reported data...

Scale dependence of drilling predation in the Holocene of the northern Adriatic Sea across benthic habitats and nutrient regimes

Martin Zuschin, Rafal Nawrot, Markus Dengg, Ivo Gallmetzer, Alexandra Haselmair, Sandra Wurzer & Adam Tomašových
Predation has strongly shaped past and modern marine ecosystems, but the scale dependency of patterns in drilling predation, the most widely used proxy for predator-prey interactions in the fossil record, is a matter of debate. To assess the effects of spatial and taxonomic scale on temporal trends in the drilling frequencies (DF), we analyzed Holocene molluscan assemblages of different benthic habitats and nutrient regimes from the northern Adriatic shelf in a sequence stratigraphic context. Although...

Data from: First evidence of deviation from Mendelian proportions in a conservation program

Catherine Grueber, Katherine Farquharson, Belinda Wright, Graham Wallis, Carolyn J. Hogg & Katherine Belov
Classic Mendelian inheritance is the bedrock of population genetics and underpins pedigree-based management of animal populations. However, assumptions of Mendelian inheritance might not be upheld in conservation breeding programs if early viability selection occurs, even when efforts are made to equalise genetic contributions of breeders. To test this possibility, we investigated deviations from Mendelian proportions in a captive meta-population of the endangered Tasmanian devil. This marsupial population is ideal for addressing evolutionary questions in conservation...

Population pharmacokinetics of immediate-release and modified-release paracetamol and its major metabolites in a supratherapeutic dosing study

Jingyun Li, Angela L. Chiew, Geoffrey K. Isbister & Stephen B. Duffull
Overdose with paracetamol modified-release (MR) formulation, a bilayer tablet containing 69% slow-release component, has been increasing since its introduction to the market. However, little evidence exists for the management of MR paracetamol overdose. We aimed to develop a population pharmacokinetic (PK) model for immediate-release (IR) and MR paracetamol and its major metabolism, and quantitatively understand the formulation difference in toxicity assessment based on the nomogram line. Data from a cross-over study design in nine healthy...

Population pharmacokinetics of immediate-release and modified-release paracetamol and its major metabolites in a supratherapeutic dosing study

Jingyun Li, Angela L. Chiew, Geoffrey K. Isbister & Stephen B. Duffull
Overdose with paracetamol modified-release (MR) formulation, a bilayer tablet containing 69% slow-release component, has been increasing since its introduction to the market. However, little evidence exists for the management of MR paracetamol overdose. We aimed to develop a population pharmacokinetic (PK) model for immediate-release (IR) and MR paracetamol and its major metabolism, and quantitatively understand the formulation difference in toxicity assessment based on the nomogram line. Data from a cross-over study design in nine healthy...

Data for: Northward range extension for Durvillaea poha bull kelp: response to tectonic disturbance?

Felix Vaux, Dave Craw, Ceridwen I. Fraser & Jonathan M. Waters
Data for: Vaux F, Craw D, Fraser CI, Waters JM. (2021). Northward range extension for Durvillaea poha bull kelp: response to tectonic disturbance? Journal of Phycology. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpy.13179 Understanding the forces that shape species distributions is increasingly important in a fast-changing world. Although major disturbance events can adversely affect natural populations, they can also present new opportunities, for example by opening up habitat for colonisation by other lineages. Following extensive geographic sampling, we use genomic data...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    33

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    23
  • Text
    8
  • Collection
    2

Affiliations

  • University of Otago
    33
  • University of Newcastle Australia
    3
  • Oregon State University
    2
  • University of Peradeniya
    2
  • Academy of Military Medical Sciences
    2
  • Peking University
    2
  • China Agricultural University
    2
  • Peking University Third Hospital
    2
  • South Asian Clinical Toxicology Research Collaboration
    2
  • Bank of Canada
    2