101 Works

Data from: Persistence of an extreme male-biased adult sex ratio in a natural population of polyandrous bird

András Kosztolányi, Zoltan Barta, Clemens Küpper & Tamás Székely
In a number of insects, fishes and birds the conventional sex roles are reversed: males are the main care provider whereas females focus on matings. The reversal of typical sex roles is an evolutionary puzzle, because it challenges the foundations of sex roles, sexual selection and parental investment theory. Recent theoretical models predict that biased parental care may be a response to biased adult sex ratios (ASRs). However, estimating ASR is challenging in natural populations,...

Data from: Radiolarian biodiversity dynamics through the Triassic and Jurassic: implications for proximate causes of the end-Triassic mass extinction

Ádám T. Kocsis, Wolfgang Kiessling & József Pálfy
Within a ∼60-Myr interval in the Late Triassic to Early Jurassic, a major mass extinction took place at the end of Triassic, and several biotic and environmental events of lesser magnitude have been recognized. Climate warming, ocean acidification, and a biocalcification crisis figure prominently in scenarios for the end-Triassic event and have been also suggested for the early Toarcian. Radiolarians, as the most abundant silica-secreting marine microfossils of the time, provide a control group against...

Data from: Rearing conditions have long-term sex-specific fitness consequences in the collared flycatcher

Eszter Szász, Eszter Szöllősi, Gergely Hegyi, János Török & Balázs Rosivall
Rearing conditions may exert profound effects on individual performance, however, effects manifested after independence and recruitment are seldom considered. Here, we examine the long-term fitness consequences of rearing conditions in the collared flycatcher, a species where rearing conditions have sex-specific effects on nestling growth (with greater effects in males), but not on morphology at fledging. We performed a brood size manipulation experiment, and followed the recruits during their local lifetime. Brood size manipulation did not...

Data from: Palaeobiogeography and evolutionary patterns of the larger foraminifer Borelis de Montfort (Borelidae)

Davide Bassi, Juan Carlos Braga, Giovanni Di Domenico, Johannes Pignatti, Sigal Abramovich, Pamela Hallock, Janine Koenen, Zoltan Kovacs, Martin R. Langer, Giulio Pavia & Yasufumi Iryu
The palaeobiogeography of the alveolinoid Borelis species reveals the evolutionary patterns leading to the two extant representatives, which occur in shallow-water tropical carbonate, coral reef-related settings. Type material and new material of fossil Borelis species, along with Recent specimens were studied to assess their taxonomic status, species circumscriptions (based on proloculus size, occurrence of Y-shaped septula, and the index of elongation), palaeobiogeography and evolutionary dynamics. The species dealt with here are known from exclusively fossil...

Local versus broad scale environmental drivers of continental beta diversity patterns in subterranean spider communities across Europe

Stefano Mammola, Pedro Cardoso, Dorottya Angyal, Gergely Balázs, Theo Blick, Hervé Brustel, Julian Carter, Srećko Ćurčić, Samuel Danflous, László Dányi, Sylvain Déjean, Christo Deltshev, Mert Elverici, Jon Fernandez Perez, Fulvio Gasparo, Marjan Komnenov, Christian Komposch, Ľubomír Kováč, Kadir Kuntz, Andrej Mock, Oana Moldovan, Maria Naumova, Martina Pavlek, Carlos Prieto, Carles Ribera … & Marco Isaia
Macroecologists seek to identify drivers of community turnover (β-diversity) through broad spatial scales. Yet, the influence of local habitat features in driving broad-scale β-diversity patterns remains largely untested, due to the objective challenges of associating local-scale variables to continental-framed datasets. We examined the relative contribution of local- versus broad-scale drivers of continental β-diversity patterns, using a uniquely suited dataset of cave-dwelling spider communities across Europe (35–70° latitude). Generalized dissimilarity modeling showed that geographical distance, mean...

Data from: Teleconnections and local weather orchestrate the reproduction of tit species in the Carpathian Basin

Miklós Laczi, László Zsolt Garamszegi, Gergely Hegyi, Márton Herényi, Gábor Ilyés, Réka Könczey, Gegrely Nagy, Rita Pongrácz, Balázs Rosivall, Eszter Szöllősi, László Tóth & János Török
Variation in climatic conditions is an important driving force of ecological processes. Populations are under selection to respond to climatic changes with respect to phenology of the annual cycle (e.g. breeding, migration) and life-history. As teleconnections can reflect climate on a global scale, the responses of terrestrial animals are often investigated in relation to the El Niño-Southern Oscillation and North Atlantic Oscillation. However, investigation of other teleconnections and local climate is often neglected. In this...

Data from: The effect of social environment on bird song: listener-specific expression of a sexual signal

Mónika Jablonszky, Sándor Zsebők, Miklós Laczi, Gergely Nagy, Éva Vaskuti & László Zsolt Garamszegi
Animal signals should consistently differ among individuals to convey distinguishable information about the signalers. However, behavioral display signals, such as bird song are also loaded with considerable within-individual variance with mostly unknown function. We hypothesized that the immediate social environment may play a role in mediating such variance component, and investigated in the collared flycatcher (Ficedula albicollis) if the identity and quality of listeners could affect song production in signalers. After presenting territorial males with...

Olimpia Revisited. Variations on a Theme by E. T. A. Hoffmann in 20th Century Avant-Garde Art

Judith Bartha

Built Environment Education as Intervention: Making Visual Education More Transdisciplinary

Gabriella Pataky & Judit Skaliczki

A populist movement of Central-Eastern Europe

Renato Vagi
It is therefore clear that Jászi’s populism fits not only into the Kulcsár’s framework, but also into the conceptual net created by Mudde, Müller and Pappas, because primarily he spoke about the corrupt elite and the pure people. But we can also say that Jászi and his movement’s character is not the same as todays populist movement’s character. Thus, we should create, and that’s my main suggestion, a new concept of the Central-Easter-European progressive populism:...

Dynamic changes of pausing in tryadic conversations

Dorottya Gyarmathy, Valéria Krepsz, Anna Huszár & Viktória Horváth
Pausing in conversation has several roles from speech planning to managing turn-takings (TTs). However, less is known about the dynamic changes of pauses over time or with regard to the turn-taking system. The frequency and the duration of silent and filled pauses (SPs and FPs) as well as shared silences was analyzed in 20 tryadic Hungarian conversations using dynamic frames (altogether more than 7700 items). Data showed that the frequency of silent and FPs decreased...

Food restriction delays breeding and affects insulin-like growth factor-1, oxidative damage, and haematocrit value before egg-laying in female canaries

Rita Hargitai, Nóra Boross, Zsófia Tóth & Ádám Lendvai
Environmental challenges, such as fluctuations in food availability, could influence reproductive investment. If resource availability is poor, individuals need to decide in which life-history process they invest more energy and vital compounds, which determine the cost of reproduction. In resource allocation, the physiological pathways have important roles. The aim of our study was to examine whether food availability influenced physiological traits (insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) concentration, antioxidant capacity (OXY), level of oxidative damage (ROM) and...

Data from: Foraging decisions with conservation consequences: Interaction between beavers and invasive tree species

Erika Juhász, Ákos Bede-Fazekas, Krisztián Katona, Zsolt Molnár & Marianna Biró
Herbivore species can either hinder or accelerate the invasion of woody species through selective utilization. Therefore, an exploration of foraging decisions can contribute to the understanding and forecasting of woody plant invasions. Despite the large distribution range and rapidly growing abundance of beaver species across the Northern Hemisphere, only a few studies focus on the interaction between the beaver and invasive woody plants. We collected data on the woody plant supply and utilization at 20...

Additional file 3 of Lost in explanation: internal conflicts in the discourse of ADHD psychoeducation

Myrte J. M. van Langen, Rebeka Szőke, Dominique N. J. Rijkelijkhuizen, Sarah Durston & Branko M. van Hulst
Additional file 3. Examples of internal conflicts in ADHD psychoeducation.

Data from: Avian brood parasitism and ectoparasite richness – scale-dependent diversity interactions in a three-level host-parasite system

Zoltán Vas, Tibor István Fuisz, Péter Fehérvári, Jenő Reiczigel & Lajos Rózsa
Brood parasitic birds, their foster species and their ectoparasites form a complex co-evolving system composed of three hierarchical levels. However, effects of hosts’ brood parasitic life-style on the evolution of their louse (Phthiraptera: Amblycera, Ischnocera) lineages have never been tested. We present two phylogenetic analyses of ectoparasite richness of brood parasitic clades. Our hypothesis was that brood parasitic life-style affects louse richness negatively across all avian clades due to the lack of vertical transmission routes....

Data from: Geographies of an online social network

Balázs Lengyel, Attila Varga, Bence Ságvári, Ákos Jakobi & János Kertész
How is online social media activity structured in the geographical space? Recent studies have shown that in spite of earlier visions about the “death of distance”, physical proximity is still a major factor in social tie formation and maintenance in virtual social networks. Yet, it is unclear, what are the characteristics of the distance dependence in online social networks. In order to explore this issue the complete network of the former major Hungarian online social...

Data from: Effects of perceived predation risk and social environment on the development of three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) morphology

Nurul I. Ab Ghani, Gábor Herczeg & Juha Merilä
Phenotypically plastic changes in response to variation in perceived predation risk are widespread, but little is known about if and how social environment modulates induced responses to predation risk. We investigated the influence of perceived predation risk (i.e. chemical cues from a predator) and social environment (i.e. one, two or 20 individuals reared together) on three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) morphology in a factorial common garden experiment. We found that exposure to chemical cues from potential...

Data from: A hyperparasite affects the population dynamics of a wild plant pathogen

Charlotte Tollenaere, Benoit Pernechele, Hannu S. Mäkinen, Steven R. Parratt, Mark Z. Németh, Gabor M. Kovács, Levente Kiss, Ayco J. M. Tack & Anna-Liisa Laine
Assessing the impact of natural enemies of plant and animal pathogens on their host's population dynamics is needed to determine the role of hyperparasites in affecting disease dynamics, and their potential for use in efficient control strategies of pathogens. Here we focus on the long-term study describing metapopulation dynamics of an obligate pathogen, the powdery mildew (Podosphaera plantaginis) naturally infecting its wild host plant (Plantago lanceolata) in the fragmented landscape of the Åland archipelago (southwest...

Data from: Susceptibility to ecological traps is similar among closely related taxa but sensitive to spatial isolation

Bruce A. Robertson, Isabel A. Keddy-Hector, Shailab D. Shrestha, Leah Y. Silverberg, Clara E. Woolner, Ian Hetterich & Gabor Horváth
Ecological traps are maladaptive behavioural scenarios in which animals prefer to settle in habitats with the lowest survival and/or reproductive success. Aquatic insect species, for example, are attracted to sources of horizontally polarized light associated with natural water bodies, but today they commonly prefer to lay their eggs upon asphalt roads and buildings that reflect an unnaturally high percentage of polarized light. Ecological traps are a rapidly emerging threat to the persistence of animal populations,...

Data from: What is behind the variation in mate quality dependent sex ratio adjustment? – A meta-analysis

Eszter Szász, László Z. Garamszegi & Balázs Rosivall
Theory predicts that parents adjust the sex ratio of their brood to the sexually selected traits of their mate because the reproductive success of sons may be more dependent on inherited paternal attractiveness than that of daughters. Empirical studies vary in terms of whether they support the theory, and this variation has often been regarded as evidence against sex ratio adjustment or has been ascribed to methodological differences. Applying phylogenetic meta-analyses, we aimed to find...

Maternal diet affects juvenile Carpetan rock lizard performance and personality

Gergely Horváth, Gonzalo Rodríguez-Ruiz, José Martín, Pilar López & Gábor Herczeg
Differences in both stable and labile state variables are known to affect the emergence and maintenance of consistent inter-individual behavioural variation (animal personality or behavioural syndrome), especially when experienced early in life. Variation in environmental conditions experienced by gestating mothers (viz. non-genetic maternal effects) are known to have significant impact on offspring condition and behaviour, yet, their effect on behavioural consistency is not clear. Here, by applying an orthogonal experimental design, we aimed to study...

Data from: Contagious fear: escape behaviour increases with flock size in European gregarious birds

Federico Morelli, Yanina Benedetti, Mario Diaz, Tomas Grim, Juan Ibáñez-Álamo, Jukka Jokimäki, Marja-Liisa Kaisanlahti-Jokimäki, Kunter Tätte, Gábor Markó, Yiting Jiang, Piotr Tryjanowski & Anders P. Møller
Flight initiation distance (FID), the distance at which individuals take flight when approached by a potential (human) predator, is a tool for understanding predator-prey interactions. Among the factors affecting FID, tests of effects of group size (i.e. number of potential prey) on FID have yielded contrasting results. Group size or flock size could either affect FID negatively (i.e. the dilution effect caused by the presence of many individuals) or positively (i.e. increased vigilance due to...

A practical approach to measuring the acoustic diversity by community ecology methods

Sándor Zsebők, Dénes Schmera, Miklós Laczi, Gergely Nagy, Éva Vaskuti, János Török & László Garamszegi
The study of the diversity of animal signals on within- and among-species levels is the key to uncover mechanisms that shape the evolution of communication systems. However, the methods used to quantify acoustic diversity (like repertoire size) lack to grasp several aspects of acoustic diversity. Here, we propose a new framework for the study of animal communication, in which we decompose the acoustic diversity with the methodological toolbox from community ecology. We explore how different...

Moholy-Nagy Visual Modules - Research on Art Didactics Design Education in Secondary Schools, Let’s Space Design!, 3rd Case Study – Space

Valéria Póczos

Registration Year

  • 2022
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  • 2013

Resource Types

  • Dataset
  • Text
  • Conference Paper
  • Collection
  • Journal Article


  • Eötvös Loránd University
  • University of Helsinki
  • Utrecht University
  • University of Groningen
  • University Medical Center Utrecht
  • Leiden University Medical Center
  • Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie
  • University of Nigeria
  • IT University of Copenhagen
  • University of Economics Prague