12 Works

Flying insect biomass is negatively associated with urban cover in surrounding landscapes

Cecilie Svenningsen, Diana Bowler, Susanne Hecker, Jesper Bladt, Volker Grescho, Nicole Van Dam, Jens Dauber, David Eichenberg, Rasmus Ejrnæs, Camilla Fløjgaard, Mark Frenzel, Tobias Frøslev, Anders Hansen, Jacob Heilmann-Clausen, Yuanyuan Huang, Jonas Larsen, Juliana Menger, Nur Liyana Nayan, Lene Pedersen, Anett Richter, Robert Dunn, Anders Tøttrup & Aletta Bonn
Aim In this study, we assessed the importance of local to landscape-scale effects of land cover and land use on flying insect biomass. Our main prediction was that insect biomass would be lower within more intensely used land, especially in urban areas and farmland. Location Denmark and parts of Germany. Methods We used rooftop-mounted car nets in a citizen science project (‘InsectMobile’) to allow for large-scale geographic sampling of flying insects. Citizen scientists sampled insects...

Demographic rates and stature of tree species in 13 sub-tropical forests: annual growth, annual survival, annual recruitment >( 1 cm dbh), stature (max dbh)

Stephan Kambach, Richard Condit, Salomón Aguilar, Helge Bruelheide, Sarayudh Bunyavejchewin, Chia-Hao Chang-Yang, Yu-Yun Chen, George Chuyong, Stuart J. Davies, Sisira Ediriweera, Corneille E. N. Ewango, Edwino S. Fernando, Nimal Gunatilleke, Savitri Gunatilleke, Stephen P Hubbell, Akira Itoh, David Kenfack, Somboon Kiratiprayoon, Yi-Ching Lin, Jean-Remy Makana, Mohizah Bt. Mohamad, Nantachai Pongpattananurak, Rolando Pérez, Lillian Jennifer V. Rodriguez, I-Fang Sun … & Nadja Rüger
Organisms of all species must balance their allocation to growth, survival and recruitment. Among tree species, evolution has resulted in different life-history strategies for partitioning resources to these key demographic processes. Life-history strategies in tropical forests have often been shown to align along a trade-off between fast growth and high survival, i.e. the well-known fast-slow continuum. In addition, an orthogonal trade-off has been proposed between tall stature – resulting from fast growth and high survival...

Database outcomes systematic review on participatory restoration ecology scenarios

Laura Catalina Quintero Uribe, Laetitia M. Navarro, Henrique M. Pereira & Néstor Fernández
Large-scale ecological restoration is crucial for effective biodiversity conservation and combating climate change. However, perspectives on the goals and values of restoration are highly diverse, as are the different approaches to restoration e.g., ranging from the restoration of cultural ecosystems to rewilding. We assess how the future of nature is envisioned in participatory scenarios, focusing on which elements of rewilding and nature contributions to people have been considered in scenario narratives across Europe. We use...

Data from: The megaherbivore gap after the non-avian dinosaur extinctions modified trait evolution and diversification of tropical palms

Renske E. Onstein, W. Daniel Kissling & H. Peter Linder
The Cretaceous–Paleogene (K-Pg) extinction of the non-avian dinosaurs (66 Ma) led to a 25 million year gap of megaherbivores (>1000 kg) before the evolution of megaherbivorous mammals in the Late Eocene (40 Ma). The botanical consequences of this ‘Paleocene megaherbivore gap’ (PMHG) remain poorly explored. We hypothesize that the absence of megaherbivores should result in changes in the diversification and trait evolution of associated plant lineages. We used phylogenetic time- and trait-dependent diversification models with...

Canopy structure change throughout a growing season in Trait-Based Experiment in 2014

Claudia Guimarães-Steinicke & Christian Wirth

Biotic filtering by species’ interactions constrains food-web variability across spatial and abiotic gradients

Barbara Bauer, Emilio Berti, Remo Ryser, Benoit Gauzens, Myriam Hirt, Benjamin Rosenbaum, Christoph Digel, David Ott, Stefan Scheu & Ulrich Brose
Despite intensive research on species dissimilarity patterns across communities (i.e. beta-diversity), we still know little about their implications for variation in food-web structures. Our analyses of 50 lake and 48 forest soil communities show that, while species dissimilarity depends on environmental and spatial gradients, these effects are only weakly propagated to the networks. Moreover, our results show that species and food-web dissimilarities are consistently correlated, but that much of the variation in food-web structure across...

Plant cover and plant-pollinator interactions in Central European grasslands (Poland/Czech Republic)

Demetra Rakosy, Elena Motivans, Valentin Ştefan, Arkadiusz Nowak, Sebastian Świerszcz, Reinart Feldmann, Elisabeth Kühn, Costanza Geppert, Neeraja Venkataraman, Anna Sobieraj-Betlińska, Anita Grossmann, Wiktoria Rojek, Katarzyna Pochrząst, Magdalena Cielniak, Anika Kirstin Gathof, Kevin Baumann & Tiffany Marie Knight
Complex socio-economic, political and demographic factors have driven the increased conversion of Europe’s semi-natural grasslands to intensive pastures. This trend is particularly strong in some of the most biodiverse regions of the continent, such as Central and Eastern Europe. Intensive grazing is known to decrease species diversity and alter the composition of plant and insect communities. Comparatively little is known, however, about how intensive grazing influences plant functional traits related to pollination and the structure...

Marginal imprint of human land use upon fire history in a mire-dominated boreal landscape of the Veps Highland, North-West Russia

Igor Drobyshev, Nina Ryzhkova, Mats Niklasson, Alexei Zhukov, Irma Mullonen, Guilherme Pinto & Alexander Kryshen'
Spatially explicit reconstructions of fire activity in European boreal forests are rare, limiting our understanding of factors driving vegetation dynamics in this part of the boreal domain. We have developed a spatially explicit dendrochronological reconstruction of a fire regime in a mire-dominated landscape of the Veps Nature Park (North-West Russia) over the 1580-2000 CE period. We dated 74 fire years using 164 fire-scarred living and dead Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) trees collected on 31...

Demographic response to light environment of all species in the Barro Colorado plot: recruitment, growth, and mortality

Nadja Rüger, Stephen P. Hubbell & Richard Condit
We measured growth, death, and recruitment of 250,000 individual trees of 300 species in the Barro Colorado 50-ha plot in Panama. To understand how light limits demography, we also carried out a detailed map of the light environment across the 50 hectares, providing an estimate of the light at the top of every tree in the plot (Rüger et al. 2009, 2011ab, 2012, 2018, 2020). These tables combine results from the three main studies on...

Canopy volume throughout a growing season in Trait-Based Experiment in 2014

Claudia Guimarães-Steinicke & Christian Wirth

Supporting code, tables and data for: Megafrugivores as fading shadows of the past: Extant frugivores and the abiotic environment as the most important determinants of the distribution of palms in Madagascar

Laura Méndez, Duarte S. Viana, Adriana Alzate, Wolf L. Eiserhardt, Roberto Rozzi, W. Daniel Kissling, Mijoro Rakotoarinivo & Renske E. Onstein
The extinction of all Madagascar’s megafrugivores ca. 1000 years ago, may have left its signature on the current distribution of vertebrate-dispersed plants across the island, due to the loss of effective seed dispersal. In this study, we dissect the roles of extinct and extant frugivore distributions, abiotic variables, human impact and spatial predictors on the compositional turnover, or beta-diversity, of palm (Arecaceae) species and their fruit sizes across 40 assemblages on Madagascar. Variation partitioning showed...

Eco-evolutionary dynamics modulate plant responses to global change depending on plant diversity and species identity

Peter Dietrich, Jens Schumacher, Nico Eisenhauer & Christiane Roscher
Global change has dramatic impacts on grassland diversity. However, little is known about how fast species can adapt to these changes and how this affects their responses to global change. To close this gap, we performed a common garden experiment testing whether plant responses to global change are influenced by the selection history of the plants and the conditioning history of soil at different levels of plant diversity. Therefore, we collected seeds and took soil...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    12

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    12

Affiliations

  • German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research
    12
  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
    3
  • Aarhus University
    2
  • Leipzig University
    2
  • Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry
    2
  • University of Padua
    1
  • Thammasat University
    1
  • Estación Biológica de Doñana
    1
  • Columbia University
    1
  • Field Museum of Natural History
    1