919 Works

Data from: An investigation of the therapeutic effects of statins with metformin on polycystic ovary syndrome: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Jie Sun, Yang Yuan, Rongrong Cai, Haixia Sun, Yi Zhou, Pin Wang, Rong Huang, Wenqing Xia & Shaohua Wang
Objectives: To investigate the therapeutic effects of statins with metformin on polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Settings: Endocrinology department. Participants: MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched until October 2014. Studies comparing statins and placebo, as well as the combination of statins and metformin and metformin alone, were included in the analysis. Interventions: Data were independently extracted by two researchers; any convergence was resolved by a third reviewer. Primary and secondary outcome...

Identification of a novel bacterial receptor that binds tail tubular proteins and mediates phage infection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Maozhi Hu, Hui Zhang, Dan Gu, Yi Ma & Xiaohui Zhou
The adsorption of phages to hosts is the first step of phage infection. Studies have shown that tailed phages use tail fibres or spikes to recognize bacterial receptors and mediate adsorption. However, whether other phage tail components can also recognize host receptors is unknown. To identify potential receptors, we screened a transposon mutagenesis library of the marine pathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus and discovered that a vp0980 mutant (vp0980 encodes a predicted transmembrane protein) could not be...

Traditional Chinese medicine Lingguizhugan decoction treating non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with spleen-yang deficiency pattern: Study protocol for a multicenter randomized controlled trial

Jingjuan Xu, Ruirui Wang, Shengfu You, Lei Zhang, Peiyong Zheng, Guang Ji & Baocheng Liu
Abstract Background Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common chronic liver disease characterized by excessive fat accumulation in the liver. One of the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms is insulin resistance (IR). Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has showed potential benefits in the management of NAFLD. Lingguizhugan decoction (LGZG) is a representative Chinese herbal formula; however, there is still no rigorous clinical trial supporting its application. Methods/design This study will be a three-arm, dose-optimization, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled...

The lipoprotein NlpD in Cronobacter sakazakii responds to acid stress and regulates macrophage resistance and virulence by maintaining membrane integrity

Xuemeng Ji, Ping Lu, Juan Xue, Ning Zhao, Yan Zhang, Lu Dong, Xuejiao Zhang, Ping Li, Yaozhong Hu, Jin Wang, Bowei Zhang, Jingmin Liu, Huan lv & Shuo Wang
Cronobacter sakazakii, an emerging opportunistic pathogen, is implicated in severe foodborne outbreak infections in premature and full-term infants. Generally, acid tolerance is vital for the pathogenesis of foodborne pathogens; however, its role in C. sakazakii virulence remains largely unknown. To screen out acid-tolerance determinants from transposon mutants, anovel counterselection method using gentamicin and acid was developed. Using the counterselection method and growth assay, we screened several acid-sensitive mutants and found that nlpD encodes an acid-resistance...

Knockdown of miR-1275 protects against cardiomyocytes injury through promoting neuromedin U type 1 receptor

Zhu Zeng, Haixin Ma, Jing Chen, Nina Huang, Yudan Zhang, Yufei Su & Huifang Zhang
The present study aimed to assess the role of miR-1275 in cardiac ischemia reperfusion injury. H9 human embryonic stem cell (hESC)-derived cardiomyocytes stimulated by oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) were used to simulate myocardial injury in vitro. miR-1275 expression levels in cells were measured by RT-qPCR. The release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK) was examined through LDH and CK ELISA kits. Cell apoptosis was detected through flow cytometry. A Fura-2 Calcium Flux Assay Kit...

Convergence of carbapenem resistance and hypervirulence in a highly-transmissible ST11 clone of K. pneumoniae: An epidemiological, genomic and functional study

Ping Li, Qiqiang Liang, Wugao Liu, Beiwen Zheng, Lizhang Liu, Wei Wang, Zhijiang Xu, Man Huang & Youjun Feng
Co-occurrence of hypervirulence and KPC-2 carbapenem resistant phenotypes in a highly-transmissible ST11 clone ofKlebsiella pneumoniae has elicited deep concerns from public health stand point. To address this puzzle, we conducted a large-scale epidemiological, clinical and genomic study of K. pneumonia ST11 clones with both hypervirulence and carbapenem resistance in two tertiary hospitals in Zhejiang province. Most of the patients (15/23) were diagnosed with exclusively carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae (CRKP) infections. Ten death cases were reported, some...

Daidzein stimulates fatty acid-induced fat deposition in C2C12 myoblast cells via the G protein-coupled receptor 30 pathway

Chengjian Zhou, Ping Li, Meihong Han & Xuejun Gao
Fat deposition in skeletal muscle is an important aspect of improving meat quality. Isoflavones can promote animal anabolism, but whether and how they regulate muscle fat deposition remain largely unclear. In this study, we explored the role and corresponding molecular mechanism of one of the major isoflavones, daidzein, in fat deposition in C2C12 myoblast cells. In the absence of fatty acids (FAs), daidzein did not promote triglyceride synthesis and lipid droplet formation in cells but...

Establishing a high sensitivity detection method for SARS-CoV-2 IgM/IgG and developing a clinical application of this method

Chunyan Zhang, Lei Zhou, Hao Liu, Sibing Zhang, Yaping Tian, Junli Huo, Fei Li, Yao Zhang, Bo Wei, Dan Xu, Jinwei Hu, Jiayi Wang, Yuxuan Cheng, Wenjie Shi, Xiuli Xu, Jianping Zhou, Peipei Sang, Xudong Tan, Weiwei Wang, Minjie Zhang, Bin Wang, Yujun Zhou, Kan Zhang & Kunlun He
COVID-19 is caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection and was initially discovered in Wuhan. This outbreak quickly spread all over China and then to more than 20 other countries. SARS-CoV-2 fluorescent microsphere immunochromatographic test strips were prepared by the combination of time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay with a lateral flow assay. The analytical performance and clinical evaluation of this testing method was done and the clinical significance of the testing method was verified. The LLOD of SARS-CoV-2 antibody IgG...

Dominant factors of the phosphorus regulatory network differ under various dietary phosphate loads in healthy individuals

Guoxin Ye, Jiaying Zhang, Zhaori Bi, Weichen Zhang, Minmin Zhang, Qian Zhang, Mengjing Wang & Jing Chen
The purpose of this study was to explore the contribution of each factor of the phosphorus metabolism network following phosphorus diet intervention via Granger causality analysis. In this study, a total of six healthy male volunteers were enrolled. All participants sequentially received regular, low-, and high-phosphorus diets. Consumption of each diet lasted for five days, with a 5-day washout period between different diets. Blood and urinary samples were collected on the fifth day of consumption...

sj-pdf-2-ppa-10.1177_09520767211034664 - Supplemental material for The evolution of collaborative networks: A social network analysis of Chinese environmental protection policy

Yanwei Li & Jing Huang
Supplemental material, sj-pdf-2-ppa-10.1177_09520767211034664 for The evolution of collaborative networks: A social network analysis of Chinese environmental protection policy by Yanwei Li and Jing Huang in Public Policy and Administration

The evolution of collaborative networks: A social network analysis of Chinese environmental protection policy

Yanwei Li & Jing Huang
Interagency collaboration helps governments to better resolve various complex societal problems. This contribution examines the mechanisms underlying the collaboration of disparate national government agencies engaged in Chinese environmental protection. We test three dominant mechanisms, namely, the institutionalization of collaborative networks, resource interdependence and exchange, and preferential attachment. It is concluded that a collaborative network over time becomes cohesive, that national government agencies prefer to collaborate with popular agencies and tend to collaborate with those whose...

The evolution of collaborative networks: A social network analysis of Chinese environmental protection policy

Yanwei Li & Jing Huang
Interagency collaboration helps governments to better resolve various complex societal problems. This contribution examines the mechanisms underlying the collaboration of disparate national government agencies engaged in Chinese environmental protection. We test three dominant mechanisms, namely, the institutionalization of collaborative networks, resource interdependence and exchange, and preferential attachment. It is concluded that a collaborative network over time becomes cohesive, that national government agencies prefer to collaborate with popular agencies and tend to collaborate with those whose...

Inhibition of CDK9 activity compromises global splicing in prostate cancer cells

Qiang Hu, Ninu Poulose, Samuel Girmay, Alma Helevä, Dimitrios Doultsinos, Aishwarya Gondane, Rebecca E Steele, Xiaozhuo Liu, Massimo Loda, Song Liu, Dean G. Tang, Ian G Mills & Harri M Itkonen
Cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (CDK9) phosphorylates RNA polymerase II to promote productive transcription elongation. Here we show that short-term CDK9 inhibition affects the splicing of thousands of mRNAs. CDK9 inhibition impairs global splicing and there is no evidence for a coordinated response between the alternative splicing and the overall transcriptome. Alternative splicing is a feature of aggressive prostate cancer (CRPC) and enables the generation of the anti-androgen resistant version of the ligand-independent androgen receptor, AR-v7. We...

Paeoniflorin reduce luxS/AI-2 system-controlled biofilm formation and virulence in Streptococcus suis

Jinpeng Li, Qingying Fan, Manyu Jin, Chenlong Mao, Hui Zhang, Xiaoling Zhang, Liyun Sun, Daniel Grenier, Li Yi, Xiaogai Hou & Yang Wang
Streptococcus suis (S. suis), more specifically serotype 2, is a bacterial pathogen that threatens the lives of pigs and humans. Like many other pathogens, S. suis exhibits quorum sensing (QS) system-controlled virulence factors, such as biofilm formation that complicates treatment. Therefore, impairing the QS involving LuxS/AI-2 cycle in S. suis, may be a promising alternative strategy for overcoming S. suis infections. In this study, we investigated paeoniflorin (PF), a monoterpenoid glycoside compound extracted from peony,...

Zinc finger C3H1 domain-containing protein (ZFC3H1) evaluates the prognosis and treatment of prostate adenocarcinoma (PRAD): A study based on TCGA data

Hang Huang, Haokai Xu, Ping Li, Xueting Ye, Wei Chen & Xixi Huang
The present study was aimed to evaluate the expression profile of Zinc finger C3H1 domain-containing protein (ZFC3H1) using bioinformatic analysis of public datasets from The Cancer Genome Atlas database (TCGA). The results showed that the expression levels of ZFC3H1 were notably lower than the corresponding non-cancerous tissues in prostate adenocarcinoma (PRAD), and patients in the high ZFC3H1-expression group showed poor survival. We hypothesized that the low expression of ZFC3H1 in tumor tissue might have be...

Whole-transcriptome analysis of rat cavernosum and identification of circRNA-miRNA-mRNA networks to investigate nerve injury erectile dysfunction pathogenesis

Jie Huang, Jianxiong Ma, Jie Wang, Ke Ma, Kang Zhou, Wenjie Huang, Fan Zhao, Bodong Lv & Qing Hu
There is growing evidence that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play a vital role in many kinds of diseases, including erectile dysfunction (ED). Nevertheless, the role of circRNAs in cavernous nerve-damaging ED (CNI-ED) is unknown. Here, we aimed to discover novel circRNAs, probed their potential role in the CNI-ED, and construct a ceRNA network of circRNAs. Twelve male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 2 groups by us: bilateral cavernous nerve crush (BCNC) and control groups....

Prostate-specific membrane antigen modulates the progression of prostate cancer by regulating the synthesis of arginine and proline and the expression of androgen receptors and Fos proto-oncogenes

Xi Hong, Liang Mao, Luwei Xu, Qiang Hu & Ruipeng Jia
The expression of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is strikingly upregulated during oncogenesis and prostate cancer (PCa) progression, but the functions of this antigen in PCa remain unclear. Here, we constructed PSMA-knockdown LNCaP and 22rv1 cell lines and performed metabonomic and transcriptomic analyses to determine the effects of PSMA on PCa metabolism and transcription. The metabolism of arginine and proline was detected using specific kits. The mRNA and protein expression levels of the identified differentially expressed...

Zinc finger C3H1 domain-containing protein (ZFC3H1) evaluates the prognosis and treatment of prostate adenocarcinoma (PRAD): A study based on TCGA data

Hang Huang, Haokai Xu, Ping Li, Xueting Ye, Wei Chen & Xixi Huang
The present study was aimed to evaluate the expression profile of Zinc finger C3H1 domain-containing protein (ZFC3H1) using bioinformatic analysis of public datasets from The Cancer Genome Atlas database (TCGA). The results showed that the expression levels of ZFC3H1 were notably lower than the corresponding non-cancerous tissues in prostate adenocarcinoma (PRAD), and patients in the high ZFC3H1-expression group showed poor survival. We hypothesized that the low expression of ZFC3H1 in tumor tissue might have be...

Construction of a novel risk model based on the random forest algorithm to distinguish pancreatic cancers with different prognoses and immune microenvironment features

Yalan Lei, Rong Tang, Jin Xu, Bo Zhang, Jiang Liu, Chen Liang, Qingcai Meng, Jie Hua, Xianjun Yu, Wei Wang & Si Shi
Immune-related long noncoding RNAs (irlncRNAs) are actively involved in regulating the immune status. This study aimed to establish a risk model of irlncRNAs and further investigate the roles of irlncRNAs in predicting prognosis and the immune landscape in pancreatic cancer. The transcriptome profiles and clinical information of 176 pancreatic cancer patients were retrieved from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Immune-related genes (irgenes) downloaded from ImmPort were used to screen 1903 immune-related lncRNAs (irlncRNAs) using Pearson’s...

Emergence of ST11-K47 and ST11-K64 hypervirulent carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in bacterial liver abscesses from China: a molecular, biological, and epidemiological study

Qiwen Yang, Xinmiao Jia, Menglan Zhou, Hui Zhang, Wenhang Yang, Timothy Kudinha & Yingchun Xu
Background: Multidrug-resistant bacteria, especially those with high virulence, are an emerging problem in clinical settings. Methods: We conducted a multicentre epidemiological and comparative genomic analysis on the evolution, virulence and antimicrobial resistance of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in patients with bacterial liver abscesses from 2012 to 2016. Results: A total of 477 bacterial isolates were collected. Enterobacteriaceae were the main pathogen (89.3%) with K. pneumoniae (52.4%) predominating followed by Escherichia coli (26.8%). All CRKps (3.2%) were of...

BUB1B (BUB1 Mitotic Checkpoint Serine/Threonine Kinase B) Promotes Lung Adenocarcinoma by Interacting with Zinc Finger Protein ZNF143 and Regulating Glycolysis

Xiaolei Zhou, Yanli Yuan, Hongping Kuang, Bingxiang Tang, Hui Zhang & Manlin Zhang
Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is one of the most common causes of cancer death in men. BUB1B (BUB1 mitotic checkpoint serine/threonine kinase B) has been reported to contribute to the initiation and development of several cancers. Here, we aimed to explore the potential role of BUB1B in LUAD. We found BUB1B was upregulated in LUAD, suggesting its potential role as a biomarker for LUAD diagnosis. Significantly, LUAD patients with high BUB1B expression had a shorter survival...

Ultraviolet-to-Infrared Broadband Photodetector and Imaging Application based on Perovskite Single Crystal

Meng Xu, Xinyue Wang, Jiexin Weng, Jingling Shen, Yanbing Hou & Bo Zhang
The organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite CH3NH3PbBr3(MAPbBr3) has been well developed in the X-ray to visible light band due to its superior optoelectronic properties, but this material is rarely studied in the infrared band. In this paper, a UV-NIR broadband optical detector based on MAPbBr3 single crystal is studied, and the response range can reach the near-infrared region. In the visible light band, the optical response of the device is mainly caused by the photoelectric effect; in...

Ultraviolet-to-Infrared Broadband Photodetector and Imaging Application based on Perovskite Single Crystal

Meng Xu, Xinyue Wang, Jiexin Weng, Jingling Shen, Yanbing Hou & Bo Zhang
The organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite CH3NH3PbBr3(MAPbBr3) has been well developed in the X-ray to visible light band due to its superior optoelectronic properties, but this material is rarely studied in the infrared band. In this paper, a UV-NIR broadband optical detector based on MAPbBr3 single crystal is studied, and the response range can reach the near-infrared region. In the visible light band, the optical response of the device is mainly caused by the photoelectric effect; in...

Additional file 1 of Efficacy and evaluation of therapeutic exercises on adults with Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

Yong Yang, Guotuan Wang, Shikun Zhang, Huan Wang, Wensheng Zhou, Feifei Ren, Huimin Liang, Dongdong Wu, Xinying Ji, Makoto Hashimoto & Jianshe Wei
Additional file 1: Appendix 1. PRISMA Checklist. Appendix 2. Protocol. Appendix 3. Search Strategy. Appendix 4. Outcomes. Appendix 5. Definitions of exercise types and non-exercise training control. Appendix 6. Statistical methods in details. Appendix 7. Assessment of the transitivity. Appendix 8. Characteristics of studies and subjects included in the review. Appendix 9. Risk of Bias. Appendix 10. Results from network meta-analyses. Appendix 11. Evaluation of heterogeneity and inconsistency. Appendix 12. Publication bias. Appendix 13. Network...

Efficacy and evaluation of therapeutic exercises on adults with Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

Yong Yang, Guotuan Wang, Shikun Zhang, Huan Wang, Wensheng Zhou, Feifei Ren, Huimin Liang, Dongdong Wu, Xinying Ji, Makoto Hashimoto & Jianshe Wei
Abstract Background Exercises are an effective treatment in Parkinson’s disease (PD), but there is still controversy over which types should be used. We aimed to compare and rank the types of exercise that improve PD symptoms by quantifying information from randomised controlled trials. Methods We performed a systematic review and network meta-analysis and searched PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) from...

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