5 Works

Agroecological transformation for sustainable food systems : insight on France-CGIAR research

Kwesi Atta-Krah, Jean-Luc Chotte, Chantal Gascuel, Vincent Gitz, Etienne Hainzelin, Bernard Hubert, Marcela Quintero & Fergus Sinclair

Agroecosystem diversification with legumes or non-legumes improves differently soil fertility according to soil type

Marie Sauvadet, Jean Trap, Gaëlle Damour, Claude Plassard, Karel Van Den Meersche, Raphaël Achard, Clémentine Allinne, Patrice Autfray, Isabelle Bertrand, Eric Blanchart, Péninna Deberdt, Séguy Enock, Jean-Daniel Essobo, Grégoire Freschet, Mickaël Hedde, Elias De Melo Virginio Filho, Bodovololona Rabary, Miora Rakotoarivelo, Richard Randriamanantsoa, Béatrice Rhino, Aude Ripoche, Elisabeth Rosalie, Stéphane Saj, Thierry Becquer, Philippe Tixier … & Jean-Michel Harmand
Plant diversification through crop rotation or agroforestry is a promising way to improve sustainability of agroecosystems. Nonetheless, criteria to select the most suitable plant communities for agroecosystems diversification facing contrasting environmental constraints need to be refined. Here, we compared the impacts of 24 different plant communities on soil fertility across six tropical agroecosystems: either on highly weathered Ferralsols, with strong P limitation, or on partially weathered soils derived from volcanic material, with major N limitation....

Negative impacts of dominance on bee communities: Does the influence of invasive honey bees differ from native bees?

Lucas Alejandro Garibaldi, Lucas Garibaldi, Néstor Pérez-Méndez, Guaraci Cordeiro, Alice Hughes, Michael Orr, Isabel Alves Dos Santos, Breno Freitas, Favízia Freitas De Oliveira, Gretchen Lebuhn, Ignasi Bartomeus, Marcelo Aizen, Patricia Andrade, Betina Blochtein, Danilo Boscolo, Patricia Drumond, Maria Gaglianone, Barbara Gemmill-Herren, Rosana Halinski, Cristiane Krug, Marcia Maues, Lucia Piedade Kiill, Mardiore Pinheiro, Carmen Pires & Blandina Felipe Viana
Invasive species can reach high abundances and dominate native environments. One of the most impressive examples of ecological invasions is the spread of the African sub-species of the honey bee throughout the Americas, starting from its introduction in a single locality in Brazil. The invasive honey bee is expected to more negatively impact bee community abundance and diversity than native dominant species, but this has not been tested previously. We developed a comprehensive and systematic...

Proximity to natural habitat and flower plantings increases insect populations and pollination services in South African apple orchards

Fabrizia Ratto, Peter Steward, Steven Sait, James Pryke, Rene Gaigher, Michael Samways & William Kunin
Introducing areas of wildflower vegetation within crop fields has been shown to enhance pollinator activity and pollination services to crops, and findings in Europe showed an interaction effect between floral treatments and landscape context. Natural fynbos patches in the South African Cape Floristic Region (CFR) are potential reservoirs for beneficial insects that could enhance pollinator populations and crop pollination in commercial apple orchards. However, the effect of proximity to natural habitat and floral enhancement treatments...

Chromosome evolution and the genetic basis of agronomically important traits in greater yam

Jessen Bredeson, Jessica Lyons, Ibukun Oniyinde, Nneka Okereke, Olufisayo Kolade, Ikenna Nnabue, Nneka Okereke, Christian Nwadili, Eva Hribova, Matthew Parker, Jeremiah Nwogha, Shengqiang Shu, Joseph Carlson, Robert Kariba, Samuel Muthemba, Katarzyna Knop, Geoffrey Barton, Anna Sherwood, Antonio Lopez-Montes, Robert Asiedu, Ramni Jamnadass, Alice Muchugi, David Goodstein, Chiedozie Egesi, Jonathan Featherston … & Daniel Rokhsar
The nutrient-rich tubers of the greater yam, Dioscorea alata L., provide food and income security for millions of people around the world. Despite its global importance, however, greater yam remains an ‘orphan crop.’ Here we address this resource gap by presenting a highly contiguous chromosome-scale genome assembly of D. alata combined with a dense genetic map derived from African breeding populations. The genome sequence reveals an ancient allotetraploidization in the Dioscorea lineage, followed by extensive...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    5

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    4
  • Text
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Affiliations

  • World Agroforestry Centre
    5
  • National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
    2
  • Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement
    2
  • Estación Biológica de Doñana
    1
  • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
    1
  • State University of Norte Fluminense
    1
  • Institute for Research and Technology in Food and Agriculture
    1
  • National Root Crops Research Institute
    1
  • University of California, Berkeley
    1
  • Institut de Recherche pour le Développement
    1