254 Works

T-box transcription factor TBX1, targeted by microRNA-6727-5p, inhibits cell growth and enhances cisplatin chemosensitivity of cervical cancer cells through AKT and MAPK pathways

Haixia Liu, Mei Song, Xiaoyan Sun, Xin Zhang, Huayan Miao & Yankui Wang
Cervical cancer (CC) is the fourth most common cancers among women worldwide. T-box transcription factor 1 (TBX1), a member of the T-box family, has anti-tumor effects in some types of cancer, but its role in CC is yet unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the functions and underlying mechanisms of TBX1 in CC. Online database UALCAN showed that TBX1 was down-regulated in CC tissues compared with normal tissues and patients with lower...

Aconiti lateralis Radix Praeparata inhibits Alzheimer’s disease by regulating the complex regulation network with the core of GRIN1 and MAPK1

Yutao Wang, Huixiang Zhang, Jing Wang, Ming Yu, Qianqian Zhang, Shan Yan, Dingyun You, Lanlan Shi, Lihuan Zhang, Limei Wang, Hongxiang Wu & Xue Cao
Current medicine for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) cannot effectively reverse or block nerve injury. Traditional Chinese Medicine practice and research imply Aconiti lateralis Radix Praeparata (Fuzi) may meet this goal. Analysing the anti-AD effect of Fuzi and its potential molecular mechanism. AD model cells were treated with Fuzi in 0-300 mg/mL for 24 h in 37 °C. The cell viability (CV) and length of cell projections (LCP) for each group were observed, analysed, and standardised using...

Specific alterations in gut microbiota in patients with chronic kidney disease: an updated systematic review

Jin Zhao, Xiaoxuan Ning, Baojian Liu, Ruijuan Dong, Ming Bai & Shiren Sun
Emerging evidence demonstrates that gut dysbiosis is implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) with underlying mechanisms involving mucosal and/or systematic immunity or metabolic disorders. However, the profile of gut microbiota in patients with CKD has not been completely explored. Databases from their date of inception to 31 March 2020 were systematically searched for case-control or cross-sectional studies comparing the gut microbial profiles in adult patients with CKD or end-stage renal disease (ESRD)...

The lipoprotein NlpD in Cronobacter sakazakii responds to acid stress and regulates macrophage resistance and virulence by maintaining membrane integrity

Xuemeng Ji, Ping Lu, Juan Xue, Ning Zhao, Yan Zhang, Lu Dong, Xuejiao Zhang, Ping Li, Yaozhong Hu, Jin Wang, Bowei Zhang, Jingmin Liu, Huan lv & Shuo Wang
Cronobacter sakazakii, an emerging opportunistic pathogen, is implicated in severe foodborne outbreak infections in premature and full-term infants. Generally, acid tolerance is vital for the pathogenesis of foodborne pathogens; however, its role in C. sakazakii virulence remains largely unknown. To screen out acid-tolerance determinants from transposon mutants, anovel counterselection method using gentamicin and acid was developed. Using the counterselection method and growth assay, we screened several acid-sensitive mutants and found that nlpD encodes an acid-resistance...

Autophagy induced by Vip3Aa has a pro-survival role in Spodoptera frugiperda Sf9 cells

Xiaoyue Hou, Lu Han, Baoju An & Jun Cai
Vip3Aa is an insecticidal protein that can effectively control certain lepidopteran pests and has been used widely in biological control. However, the mechanism of action of Vip3Aa is unclear. In the present study, we showed that Vip3Aa could cause autophagy in Sf9 cells, which was confirmed by the increased numbers of GFP-Atg8 puncta, the appearance of autophagic vacuoles, and an elevated Atg8-II protein level. Moreover, we found that the AMPK-mTOR-ULK1 pathway is involved in Vip3Aa-induced...

Effects of dry yeast supplementation on growth performance, rumen fermentation characteristics, slaughter performance and microbial communities in beef cattle

Siqiang Liu, Ali Mujtaba Shah, Mei Yuan, Kun Kang, Zhisheng Wang, Lizhi Wang, Bai Xue, Huawei Zou, Xiangfei Zhang, Peiqiang Yu, Hongze Wang, Gang Tian & Quanhui Peng
This study aimed to investigate the effects of active dry yeast (ADY) on growth performance, rumen microbial composition and carcass performance of beef cattle. Thirty-two finishing beef cattle (yak ♂ × cattle-yaks ♀), with an average body weight of 110 ± 12.85 kg, were randomly assigned to one of four treatments: the low plane of nutrition group (control), low plane of nutrition group + ADY 2 g/head daily (ADY2), low plane of nutrition group +...

Genome-wide identification and functional prediction of circular RNAs in response to heat stress in Chinese Holstein cows

Ying Qi, Lin Zhang, Yuemei Guo, Jing Wang, Mingxing Chu, Yiming Zhang, Junfei Guo & Qiuling Li
Heat stress (HS) leads to substantial economic loss of dairy industry each year. The negative effect of HS in dairy cows is becoming one of the more urgent issue due to accelerating side-effects of global warming. Various genes are involved in HS response but the information about the role of noncoding RNAs, especially circular RNAs (circRNAs) is largely unknown. In our study, we aimed to investigate the different expression profile of circRNAs between HS and...

The clinical and immunological features of the post-extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy anti-glomerular basement membrane disease

Beining Wang, Jia Xiaoyu, Xiaojuan Yu, Zhao Cui & Minghui Zhao
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a noninvasive modality to treat urolithiasis, with complications including tissue damage and hematoma of kidney parenchyma. Anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) disease is suggested to be a rare complication of ESWL since it was reported in several cases to occur after ESWL. However, the clinical and immunological features of the ESWL-associated anti-GBM disease have not been fully investigated so far. Here, we present the clinical, pathological, and immunological characteristics of...

Tumor-targeted Gd-doped mesoporous Fe3O4 nanoparticles for T1/T2 MR imaging guided synergistic cancer therapy

Shaohui Zheng, Shang Jin, Min Jiao, Wenjun Wang, Xiaoyu Zhou, Jie Xu, Yong Wang, Peipei Dou, Zhen Jin, Changyu Wu, Jingjing Li, Xinting Ge & Kai Xu
In this study, a novel intelligent nanoplatform to integrate multiple imaging and therapeutic functions for targeted cancer theranostics. The nanoplatform, DOX@Gd-MFe3O4 NPs, was constructed Gd-doped mesoporous Fe3O4 nanoparticles following with the doxorubicin (DOX) loading in the mesopores of the NPs. The DOX@Gd-MFe3O4 NPs exhibited good properties in colloidal dispersity, photothermal conversion, NIR triggered drug release, and high T1/T2 relaxicity rate (r1=9.64 mM−1s−1, r2= 177.71 mM−1s−1). Benefiting from the high MR contrast, DOX@Gd-MFe3O4 NPs enabled simultaneous...

Alkaloids constituents from the roots of Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. with their cytotoxic activities

Ying Chen, Li Li, Li-Rui Jiang, Jia-Yin Tan, Li-Na Guo, Xiao-Li Wang, Wei Dong, Wen-Bao Wang, Ji-Kai Sun & Bo Song
Two new alkaloids, phranisines A–B (1–2), along with two known compounds, N-p-Coumaroyl serotonin (3) and N-p-coumaroyl-tryptamine (4), were isolated from the roots of Phragmites australis. The structures of 1–4 were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic. The absolute configuration of compounds 1–2 were identified through quantum-chemical electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculation compared with their experimental CD. All the isolated compounds were tested for their cytotoxic activities against HeLa and MCF-7 human cancer cell lines,...

Long non-coding RNA PCAT1 drives clear cell renal cell carcinoma by upregulating YAP via sponging miR-656 and miR-539

Rui Wang, Bin Zheng, Hongyan Liu & Xiuxian Wan
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common RCC subtype with high metastasis, poor prognosis and conventional chemotherapy resistance. Prostate cancer associated transcript 1 (PCAT1) is an important lncRNA that was reported to be involved in cell proliferation, migration and invasion of several types of cancer cells. However, its role in ccRCC is still undetermined. This study found that PCAT1 levels were elevated in ccRCC tumors as well as several ccRCC cells, and...

Synthesis and anti-proliferative activities of 5,6,7-trimethoxyflavones and their derivatives

Liang Su, Wei Li, Kexiong Liu & Qiuan Wang
A series of 5,6,7-trimethoxyflavones 1a-1g and their derivatives 2a-2g, 3a-3d, 4 and 5, including the natural products 5,6,7-trimethoxy-4’-hydroxyflavone (1a), 5,6,7,3’,4’ -pentamethoxyflavone (sinensetin, 1 b), 5,6,7-trimethoxy-3’,4’-methyl enedioxy flavone (1c), 5,6,7,3’-tetramethoxy-4,5’-methylenedioxyflavone (1e), 5,6,7, 3’,4’,5’-hextamethoxyflavone (1 g), 5-hydroxy-3,4,2’,3’,4’-pentamethoxy chal-cone (2 b), 5,4’-dihydroxy-6,7-dimethoxy flavone (cirsimaritin, 3a) and 5-hydroxy-6,7,3’, 4’-tetramethoxyflavone (5-demethylsinensetin, 3 b), 3,5,6,7,3’,4’-hexamethoxyflavone (3-methoxysinensetin, 4) and 5’-hydroxy-3,6,7,3’,4’-pentamethoxyflavone (5) were synthesized. Their anti-proliferative activity in vitro was evaluated against a panel of four human cancer cell lines (Aspc-1, HCT-116, HepG-2...

Zinc finger C3H1 domain-containing protein (ZFC3H1) evaluates the prognosis and treatment of prostate adenocarcinoma (PRAD): A study based on TCGA data

Hang Huang, Haokai Xu, Ping Li, Xueting Ye, Wei Chen & Xixi Huang
The present study was aimed to evaluate the expression profile of Zinc finger C3H1 domain-containing protein (ZFC3H1) using bioinformatic analysis of public datasets from The Cancer Genome Atlas database (TCGA). The results showed that the expression levels of ZFC3H1 were notably lower than the corresponding non-cancerous tissues in prostate adenocarcinoma (PRAD), and patients in the high ZFC3H1-expression group showed poor survival. We hypothesized that the low expression of ZFC3H1 in tumor tissue might have be...

Discovery of a subgenotype of human coronavirus NL63 associated with severe lower respiratory tract infection in China, 2018

Yanqun Wang, Xin Li, Wenkuan Liu, Mian Gan, Lu Zhang, Jin Wang, Zhaoyong Zhang, Airu Zhu, Fang Li, Jing Sun, Guoxian Zhang, Zhen Zhuang, Jiaying Luo, Dehui Chen, Shuyan Qiu, Li Zhang, Duo Xu, Chris Ka Pun Mok, Fuchun Zhang, Jingxian Zhao, Rong Zhou & Jincun Zhao
Human coronavirus NL63 (HCoV-NL63) is primarily associated with common cold in children, elderly and immunocompromised individuals. Outbreaks caused by HCoV-NL63 are rare. Here we report a cluster of HCoV-NL63 cases with severe lower respiratory tract infection that arose in Guangzhou, China, in 2018. Twenty-three hospitalized children were confirmed to be HCoV-NL63 positive, and most of whom were hospitalized with severe pneumonia or acute bronchitis. Whole genomes of HCoV-NL63 were obtained using next-generation sequencing. Phylogenetic and...

Uncovering antiobesity-related hypertension targets and mechanisms of metformin, an antidiabetic medication

Lu Yang, Jianxin Yang, Xiao Liang, Wenjun Huang, Xiaoxi Zhang & Rong Li
Metformin, a common clinical drug used to treat diabetes mellitus, is found with potential antiobese actions as reported in increasing evidences. However, the detailed mechanisms of metformin-antiobesity-related hypertension remain unrevealed. We have utilized the bioinformatics strategy, including network pharmacology and molecular docking analyses, to uncover pharmacological targets and molecular pathways of bioactive compounds against clinical disorders, such as cancers, coronavirus disease 2019. In this report, the in-silico approaches using network pharmacology and molecular docking was...

Anti-neoplastic characteristics and potential targets of calycosin against bisphenol A-related osteosarcoma: bioinformatics analysis

Qijin Pan, Ka Wu, Jiachang Tan, Yu Li, Xiao Liang & Min Su
Environmentally, bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-known pollutant caused human health risk, including osteosarcoma (OS). OS, a deadly bone neoplasia, may occur in children and adults. However, the anti-OS pharmacotherapy prescribes limitedly in clinical practice. Interestingly, previous experimental evidences indicate calycosin-exerting potential anti-OS actions. Thus, in this report, we aimed to further characterize and detail the therapeutic targets and molecular mechanisms of calycosin-anti-BPA-related OS by using network pharmacology and molecular docking analyses. In results, the...

Derivation and validation of a model to predict acute kidney injury following cardiac surgery in patients with normal renal function

Penghua Hu, Zhiming Mo, Yuanhan Chen, Yanhua Wu, Li Song, Li Zhang, Zhilian Li, Lei Fu, Huaban Liang, Yiming Tao, Shuangxin Liu, Zhiming Ye & Xinling Liang
The study aimed to construct a clinical model based on preoperative data for predicting acute kidney injury (AKI) following cardiac surgery in patients with normal renal function. A total of 22,348 consecutive patients with normal renal function undergoing cardiac surgery were enrolled. Among them, 15,701 were randomly selected for the training group and the remaining for the validation group. To develop a model visualized as a nomogram for predicting AKI, logistic regression was performed with...

Platelet-leukocyte aggregates – a predictor for acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery

Shenghan Yang, Xunbei Huang, Juan Liao, Qin Li, Si Chen, Chaonan Liu, Liqin Ling & Jing Zhou
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most common complications after cardiac surgery. However, effective biomarker used for early diagnosis of AKI has not been identified. Platelet-leukocyte aggregates (PLAs) participate in inflammation and coagulation, leading to vascular lesions and tissue destruction. We designed a prospective study to assess whether PLAs can serve as a good biomarker for early diagnosis of AKI after cardiac surgery. Patients with rheumatic heart disease scheduled to undergo valve replacement...

The role of CCR2 in prognosis of patients with endometrial cancer and tumor microenvironment remodeling

Lin Xu, Qin Fang, Youqing Miao, Mengting Xu, Yichun Wang, Lizhou Sun & Xuemei Jia
Tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a core role in the genesis and progress of endometrial carcinoma (EC). The immune system, a crucial element of TME, functions in various immune cells. In this paper, we have tried to evaluate the prognosis in EC patients by the status of TME. The ESTIMATE algorithm was implemented to computer the number of immune and stromal components in EC tissues from the Cancer Genome Atlas dataset. The CIBERSORT algorithm was employed...

Testis developmental related gene 1 promotes non-small-cell lung cancer through the microRNA-214-5p/Krüppel-like factor 5 axis

Xudong Lu, Nian Zhao, Guangjun Duan, Zhiyong Deng & Yimin Lu
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a frequent malignancy and has a high global incidence. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are implicated in carcinogenesis and tumor progression. LncRNA testis developmental related gene 1 (TDRG1) plays a pivotal role in many cancers. This study researched the biological regulatory mechanisms of TDRG1 in NSCLC. Gene expression was assessed by reverse transcriptase quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT–qPCR). Changes in the NSCLC cell phenotypes were examined using 5-ethynyl-2ʹ-deoxyuridine (EdU), cell counting...

Effect of traditional Chinese medicine formula Guilu Xian on in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer outcome in older women with low prognosis: study protocol for a prospective, multicenter, randomized double-blind study

Yingjie Ma, Xianling Cao, Jingyan Song, Dandan Gao, Xinlei Wang, Li Li & Zhengao Sun
Abstract Introduction In recent years, the prevalence of infertility has significantly increased and has become a global reproductive health problem. The female ovarian reserves have been shown to decrease progressively with an increase in age. Besides, the rate of embryo implantation and clinical pregnancy also decreases. Traditional Chinese medicine has been widely applied in assisted reproductive technology. It is reported to have a significant influence on improving the quality of oocytes, improving endometrial receptivity, increasing...

Aspirin relieves the calcification of aortic smooth muscle cells by enhancing the heat shock response

Quanquan Shen, Qian Chen, Yang Liu, Xiang Xue, Xiaogang Shen, Qiang He, Guokun Wang & Fei Han
Vascular calcification is a major complication of chronic renal failure, which has been identified as an active process partly driven by osteogenic transition of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Aspirin could prevent cardiomyocyte damage by inducing heat shock response. This study investigates the effect of aspirin on alleviating VSMC calcification. An in vitro VSMC calcification model was established by 10-day calcification induction in osteogenic medium. VSMCs were grouped as following: control group (normal medium), calcified...

Circular RNA erythrocyte membrane protein band 4.1 assuages ultraviolet irradiation-induced apoptosis of lens epithelial cells by stimulating 5’-bisphosphate nucleotidase 1 in a miR-24-3p-dependent manner

Cuiyun Zhou, Xiaoqiong Huang, Xia Li & Yan Xiong
Apoptosis of lens epithelial cells contributed to the formation of age-related cataract (ARC), and previous data revealed that circular RNA (circRNA) was responsible for the underneath mechanism. The study was organized to explore the role of circular RNA erythrocyte membrane protein band 4.1 (circ_EPB41) in ultraviolet (UV) irradiation-induced apoptosis of lens epithelial cells. SRA01/04 cells were irradiated with UV to mimic the ARC cell model. The RNA levels of circ_EPB41, microRNA-24-3p (miR-24-3p), and 3ʹ(2ʹ), 5ʹ-bisphosphate...

Additional file 1 of Effect of traditional Chinese medicine formula Guilu Xian on in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer outcome in older women with low prognosis: study protocol for a prospective, multicenter, randomized double-blind study

Yingjie Ma, Xianling Cao, Jingyan Song, Dandan Gao, Xinlei Wang, Li Li & Zhengao Sun
Additional file 1. Technical route.

Fetal cardiac geometry and function in pregnancies with well-controlled gestational diabetes mellitus using Fetal HQ

Yunyu Chen, Qin Chen, Yingheng Wu, Haiyu Wang, Qiyun Fan, Wenjia Lei, Rui Zhang, Yongen Liang & Hongying Wang
To determine whether abnormal cardiac shape and ventricular global, transverse, and longitudinal contractility are present in fetuses of women with well-controlled GDM. A prospective observational study was performed on 80 fetuses of women with well-controlled GDM and 90 control fetuses. Using Fetal HQ, a new speckle-tracking technique, cardiac shape, global contractility, transverse contractility, and longitudinal contractility were calculated. The number and percentage of fetuses with z score values below 5th or above 95th were computed....

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  • 2021

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  • Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Zhejiang University
  • Capital Medical University
  • Fudan University
  • Sun Yat-sen University
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  • Sichuan University
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences