1,116 Works

Improved solubility, dissolution rate, and oral bioavailability of main biflavonoids from Selaginella doederleinii extract by amorphous solid dispersion

Bing Chen, Xuewen Wang, Yanyan Zhang, Kangping Huang, Hao Liu, Dafen Xu, Shaoguang Li, Qicai Liu, Jianyong Huang, Hong Yao & Xinhua Lin
Amentoflavone, robustaflavone, 2″,3″-dihydro-3′,3‴-biapigenin, 3′,3‴-binaringenin, and delicaflavone are five major hydrophobic components in the total biflavonoids extract from Selaginella doederleinii (TBESD) that display favorable anticancer properties. The purpose of this study was to develop a new oral delivery formulation to improve the solubilities, dissolution rates, and oral bioavailabilities of the main ingredients in TBESD by the solid dispersion technique. Solid dispersions of TBESD with various hydrophilic polymers were prepared, and different technologies were applied to select...

Neuronal mitochondria-targeted therapy for Alzheimer’s disease by systemic delivery of resveratrol using dual-modified novel biomimetic nanosystems

Yang Han, Xiaoyang Chu, Lin Cui, Shiyao Fu, Chunsheng Gao, Yi Li & Baoshan Sun
Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced neuronal mitochondrial dysfunction is a key pathologic factor in sporadic Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Neuronal mitochondria have been proposed to be a promising therapeutic target for AD, especially for the failures of phase III clinical trials on conventional amyloid-β (Aβ) targeted therapy. However, the efficient intravenous delivery of therapeutic agents to neuronal mitochondria in the brain remains a major challenge due to the complicated physiological environment. Recently, biomaterials-based nanomedicine has been widely...

Development of an automatic integrated gene detection system for novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV2)

Yuchang Li, Jing Li, Ying Zhang, Lizhong Dai, Lin Li, Juan Liu, Sen Zhang, Xiaoyan Wu, Yi Hu, Chengfeng Qin, Tao Jiang & Xiaoping Kang
In December 2019, Wuhan, China suffered a serious outbreak of a novel coronavirus infectious disease (COVID) caused by novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV 2). To quickly identify the pathogen, we designed and screened primer sets, and established a sensitive and specific qRT-PCR assay for SARS-CoV 2; the lower limit of detection (LOD) was 15 (95% CI: 9.8–21) copies per reaction. We combined this qRT-PCR assay with an automatic integration system for nucleic acid...

Intra-articular delivery of flurbiprofen sustained release thermogel: improved therapeutic outcome of collagenase II-induced rat knee osteoarthritis

Peinan Li, Haokun Li, Xiaohong Shu, Moli Wu, Jia Liu, Tangna Hao, Hongxia Cui & Lianjie Zheng
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative disease. Intra-articular administration of flurbiprofen is frequently employed in clinic to treat OA, while repeated injections are required because of the limited effective duration. To improve therapeutic outcome and prolong the treatment interval, a poly(ε-caprolactone-co-lactide)-b-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone-co-lactide) (PCLA–PEG–PCLA) triblock copolymer based flurbiprofen thermosensitive gel for the sustained intra-articular drug delivery was designed in this study. The anti-OA effects of this flurbiprofen thermogel were investigated on collagenase II-induced rat knee...

Catalpol ameliorates psoriasis-like phenotypes via SIRT1 mediated suppression of NF-κB and MAPKs signaling pathways

Aimin Liu, Buxin Zhang, Wei Zhao, Yuanhui Tu, Qingxing Wang & Jing Li
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that affects approximately 2% of worldwide population, and causing long-term troubles to the patients. Therefore, it is urgent to develop safe and effective therapeutic drugs. Catalpol is a natural iridoid glucoside, that has several remarkable pharmacological effects, however, whether catalpol can alleviated psoriasis has not been explored. The goal of the present work is to study the role of catalpol in psoriasis in vivo and in vitro. Imiquimod-induced...

SP1-induced lncRNA ZFPM2 antisense RNA 1 (ZFPM2-AS1) aggravates glioma progression via the miR-515-5p/Superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) axis

Yaxuan Zhang, Yin Zhang, Sen Wang, Qingquan Li, Boqiang Cao, Baosheng Huang, Tianlu Wang, Ruijuan Guo & Ning Liu
Glioma is a common life-threatening tumor with high malignancy and high invasiveness. LncRNA ZFPM2 antisense RNA 1 (ZFPM2-AS1) was confirmed to be implicated in numerous tumors, while its biological function and mechanism have not been thoroughly understood in glioma. The gene expression was measured by RT-qPCR. Cell proliferation, cell cycle, and cell apoptosis of glioma cells were validated by CCK-8, colony formation, flow cytometry and TUNEL assays. The effect of ZFPM2-AS1 on tumor growth was...

Fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) mediates signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)-drived resistance of breast cancer to doxorubicin

Yan Wang, Zhiqiang Cheng, Jing Xu, Meina Lai, Liming Liu, Min Zuo & Lin Dang
Excessive activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is implicated in breast cancer (BC) chemoresistance, but its underlying mechanism is not fully understood. There are STAT3 binding sites in fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) promoter region, thus STAT3 may regulate the transcription of FTO. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between FTO and STAT3 in BC chemoresistance. Herein, FTO and STAT3 were highly expressed in doxorubicin-resistant BC (BC-DoxR) cells. CHIP...

Identification of significant genes and therapeutic agents for breast cancer by integrated genomics

Xiao Sun, Zhenzhen Luo, Liuyun Gong, Xinyue Tan, Jie Chen, Xin Liang & Mengjiao Cai
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in women; thus, more cancer prevention research is urgently needed. The aim of this study was to predict potential therapeutic agents for breast cancer and determine their molecular mechanisms using integrated bioinformatics. Summary data from a large genome-wide association study of breast cancer was derived from the UK Biobank. The gene expression profile of breast cancer was from the Oncomine database. We performed a network-wide association study...

High-flow nasal cannula versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure for respiratory support in preterm infants: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Hui Hong, Xiao-xia Li, Jing Li & Zhi-qun Zhang
Background: As a noninvasive respiratory support mode, high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is widely used in preterm infants at neonatal care units. HFNC is often used as an alternative to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) for initial or post-extubation respiratory support. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of HFNC and NCPAP for respiratory support in preterm infants. Methods: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library,...

Prediction of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy

Xinyuan Zhang, Yu Chen, Stephen Salerno, Yi Li, Libin Zhou, Xiaoxi Zeng & Huafeng Li
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a pregnancy-specific liver disease associated with a significant risk of fetal complications including pre-term delivery and fetal death. Typically, it was diagnosed in the third trimester of pregnancy. This study utilized characteristics from routine maternal examinations in the first 20 weeks’ gestation to predict ICP in pregnant women. This is a retrospective case-control study. 13,329 medical records were collected on pregnant women presenting to the West China Second University...

Circulating microRNA profile unveils mechanisms of action of acitretin for psoriasis vulgaris

Lin Chen, Jie Li, Ying Yao, Shanlong Wang, Shuangjin Zheng, Xinggang Ju & Bin Zhang
Psoriasis vulgaris is a common chronic and recurrent inflammatory skin disease. In clinical practice, acitretin is the first-line treatment drug for psoriasis vulgaris. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a vital role in the initiation and development of psoriasis vulgaris. However few studies focused on the mechanisms of acitretin in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris from the perspective of miRNAs. Here, the expression profiles of circulating miRNAs in the plasma of 12 patients with psoriasis vulgaris before and...

Circulating microRNA profile unveils mechanisms of action of acitretin for psoriasis vulgaris

Lin Chen, Jie Li, Ying Yao, Shanlong Wang, Shuangjin Zheng, Xinggang Ju & Bin Zhang
Psoriasis vulgaris is a common chronic and recurrent inflammatory skin disease. In clinical practice, acitretin is the first-line treatment drug for psoriasis vulgaris. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a vital role in the initiation and development of psoriasis vulgaris. However few studies focused on the mechanisms of acitretin in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris from the perspective of miRNAs. Here, the expression profiles of circulating miRNAs in the plasma of 12 patients with psoriasis vulgaris before and...

Long noncoding RNA#45 exerts broad inhibitory effect on influenza a virus replication via its stem ring arms

Lei Zhang, Xinxin Zheng, Jun Li, Guoqing Wang, Zenglei Hu, Yu Chen, Xiaoquan Wang, Min Gu, Ruyi Gao, Shunlin Hu, Xiaowen Liu, Xinan Jiao, Daxin Peng, Jiao Hu & Xiufan Liu
A growing body of evidence suggests the pivotal role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) in influenza virus infection. Based on next-generation sequencing, we previously demonstrated that Lnc45 was distinctively stimulated by H5N1 influenza virus in mice. In this study, we systematically investigated the specific role of Lnc45 during influenza A virus (IAV) infection. Through qRT-PCR, we first demonstrated that Lnc45 is highly up-regulated by different subtypes of IAV strains, including H5N1, H7N9, and H1N1 viruses....

sj-pdf-4-prf-10.1177_02676591211031095 – Supplemental material for Del Nido cardioplegia for myocardial protection in adult cardiac surgery: a systematic review and update meta-analysis

Kerong Zhai, Xingdong Cheng, Pengbin Zhang, Shilin Wei, Jian Huang, Xiangyang Wu, Bingren Gao & Yongnan Li
Supplemental material, sj-pdf-4-prf-10.1177_02676591211031095 for Del Nido cardioplegia for myocardial protection in adult cardiac surgery: a systematic review and update meta-analysis by Kerong Zhai, Xingdong Cheng, Pengbin Zhang, Shilin Wei, Jian Huang, Xiangyang Wu, Bingren Gao and Yongnan Li in Perfusion

sj-pdf-4-prf-10.1177_02676591211031095 – Supplemental material for Del Nido cardioplegia for myocardial protection in adult cardiac surgery: a systematic review and update meta-analysis

Kerong Zhai, Xingdong Cheng, Pengbin Zhang, Shilin Wei, Jian Huang, Xiangyang Wu, Bingren Gao & Yongnan Li
Supplemental material, sj-pdf-4-prf-10.1177_02676591211031095 for Del Nido cardioplegia for myocardial protection in adult cardiac surgery: a systematic review and update meta-analysis by Kerong Zhai, Xingdong Cheng, Pengbin Zhang, Shilin Wei, Jian Huang, Xiangyang Wu, Bingren Gao and Yongnan Li in Perfusion

Three new tyrosol derivatives from Huangjing wine

Yan-Bin Ren, Xing-Wen Wang, Jia-Xuan Bai, Chang Liu, Si-Lin Yu, Yue Zhou, Cong-Cong Lin, Da-Hong Yao, Jian Huang & Jin-Hui Wang
Phytochemical investigation on the concentrate of Huangjing wine, resulted in the isolation of three new tyrosol derivatives 4′′′-hydroxyphenethyl 2-(R)-hydroxy-3-phenylpropionate (1), 4′′′-hydroxyphenethyl(4′-hydroxy-3′-methoxyphenyl)propionate (2) and 4′′-hydroxyphenethyl ethyl succinate (3), together with 5 known compounds, ferulic acid (4), L-phenyllactic acid (5), hydroxytyrosol (6), dihydroferulic acid (7), cyclo(L-Pro-D-Tyr) (8). Their structures were elucidated using spectroscopic analysis and by comparison with the literature data. All compounds displayed antioxidant effect in the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical. Among them, the new compound 2...

Identification of downstream targets and signaling pathways of long non-coding RNA NR_002794 in human trophoblast cells

Yinyao Ma, Hua Wu, Xuxia Liang, Chun Zhang, Yanhua Ma, Yanfen Wei, Jing Li & Hui Chen
Preeclampsia (PE) is a huge threat to pregnant women. Our previous study demonstrated that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) NR_002794 was highly expressed in placentas of PE patients and could regulate the phenotypes of trophoblast cells. However, the downstream regulatory mechanisms of NR_002794 remain unknown. In this text, some potential downstream targets or signaling pathways of NR_002794 were identified through RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and bioinformatics analysis in SWAN71 trophoblast cells. Western blot assay demonstrated that NR_002794...

AFAP1 antisense RNA 1 promotes retinoblastoma progression by sponging microRNA miR-545-3p that targets G protein subunit beta 1

Wenting Tang, Li Zhang, Jing Li & Yu Guan
The oncogenic role of actin filament-associated protein 1 antisense RNA 1 (AFAP1-AS1) has been reported in retinoblastoma (RB). However, the underlying regulatory mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting were performed to analyze the expression of AFAP1-AS1, microRNA miR-545-3p, or G protein subunit beta 1 (GNB1). Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and Transwell migration assays were used to detect cell proliferation and migration. In addition, caspase-3 activity...

Molecular epidemiology of carbapenem-resistant hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae in China

Xuemei Yang, Qiaoling Sun, Jiaping Li, Yu Jiang, Yi Li, Jianping Lin, Kaichao Chen, Edward Wai-Chi Chan, Rong Zhang & Sheng Chen
The epidemiological features of the newly emerged carbapenem-resistant hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-HvKP) and its potential threat to human health are currently unknown. In this study, a total of 784 blaKPC-2-bearing CRKP strains collected from three hospitals located at different geographical locales in China during 2014–2017 were subjected to molecular typing, screening of virulence plasmid, string test and WGS (367/784 strains). The proportion of CRKP among all clinical K. pneumoniae strains increased sharply in China during...

B7 family member H4 induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition and promotes the proliferation, migration and invasion of colorectal cancer cells

Yuzhen Yin, Lili Shi, Jing Yang, Hui Wang, Hang Yang & Qiang Wang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract, which has the second highest incidence among gastrointestinal tumors. At present, due to the limitations of current CRC treatment strategies, there is an urgent need for developing more effective therapies. B7 family member H4 (B7-H4) is associated with the progression of a wide spectrum of cancers, but its functional role in CRC is unknown. The purpose of this study is to clarify the role...

Molecular epidemiology of carbapenem-resistant hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae in China

Xuemei Yang, Qiaoling Sun, Jiaping Li, Yu Jiang, Yi Li, Jianping Lin, Kaichao Chen, Edward Wai-Chi Chan, Rong Zhang & Sheng Chen
The epidemiological features of the newly emerged carbapenem-resistant hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-HvKP) and its potential threat to human health are currently unknown. In this study, a total of 784 blaKPC-2-bearing CRKP strains collected from three hospitals located at different geographical locales in China during 2014–2017 were subjected to molecular typing, screening of virulence plasmid, string test and WGS (367/784 strains). The proportion of CRKP among all clinical K. pneumoniae strains increased sharply in China during...

LINC00467 facilitates the proliferation, migration and invasion of glioma via promoting the expression of inositol hexakisphosphate kinase 2 by binding to miR-339-3p

Yin Zhang, Yaxuan Zhang, Sen Wang, Boqiang Cao, Daling Hu, Junli Jia, Yuhang Wang, Luyao Chen, Jiaming Li, Huamin Tang & Hongyi Liu
Our previous studies indicate that long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) LINC00467 can act as an oncogene to participate in the malignant progression of glioma, but the underlying molecular mechanism remains to be studied further. This study aimed to explore the biological role of the LINC00467/miR-339-3p/ inositol hexakisphosphate kinase 2 (IP6K2) regulatory axis in glioma. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Oncomine databases and reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR (RT‑qPCR) were used to analyze IP6K2 expression in glioma. RT-PCR, EdU...

Exogenous H2S reverses high glucose-induced endothelial progenitor cells dysfunction via regulating autophagy

Wenxue Ma, Tingting Zhong, Junqiu Chen, Xiao Ke, Huihua Zuo & Qiang Liu
This study aims to determine the effect of exogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) under high glucose (HG)-induced injury in endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), and to explore the possible underlying mechanisms. Mononuclear cells were isolated from the peripheral blood of healthy volunteers by density-gradient centrifugation and identified as late EPCs by immunofluorescence and flow cytometry. EPCs were treated with high concentrations of glucose, H2S, Baf-A1, 3-MA or rapamycin. Cell proliferation, cell migration and tube formation were measured...

Site-specific SUMOylation of viral polymerase processivity factor: a way of localizingtoND10 subnuclear domains for restricted and self-controlled reproduction of herpesvirus

Shuyan Lai, Mengqiong Xu, Yaohao Wang, Ruilin Li, Chuan Xia, Sisi Xia & Jun Chen
Lytic replication of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a member of β-herpesvirus, is a highly complicated and organized process that requires its DNA polymerase processivity factor, UL44, the first-reported HCMV replication protein subjected to SUMO post-translational modification (PTM). SUMOylation plays a pleiotropic role in protein functions of host cells and infecting viruses. Particularly, formation of herpesviral replication compartments (RCs) upon infection is induced in proximity to ND10 subnuclear domains, the host cell’s intrinsic antiviral immune devices and...

Organic contaminants of emerging concern in global estuaries: Environmental occurrence, fate, and bioavailability

Yan Wu, Ruihe Jin, Qiqing Chen, Xinyu Du, Jing Yang & Min Liu
Organic contaminants of emerging concern (OCECs) originating from assorted sources have attracted increasing attention latterly as most of them are not under routine surveillance or effective regulation but possess persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic potential. Massive terrestrial inputs and proximity to intense human activities have elevated OCEC contamination in many estuaries. The present review outlines the current knowledge on the environmental occurrence and fate, as well as bioavailability of nine classes of OCECs, i.e., per- and...

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