O III Congresso Ibero-Americano de Empreendedorismo, Energia, Ambiente e Tecnologia (CIEEMAT), dá continuidade ao trabalho desenvolvido no Brasil pelo Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica Celso Suckow da Fonseca – Rio de Janeiro, atravessando o oceano Atlântico para a sua primeira edição no contexto da Península Ibérica. Concebido para englobar um conjunto abrangente de áreas temáticas, este evento serve de ponto de encontro entre profissionais, investigadores, professores e estudantes dos países Ibero-Americanos, num fórum que reforça...
Data from: AFLPs and mitochondrial haplotypes reveal local adaptation to extreme thermal environments in a freshwater gastropodMaría Quintela, Magnus P. Johansson, Bjarni K. Kristjánsson, Rodolfo Barreiro & Anssi Laurila
The way environmental variation shapes neutral and adaptive genetic variation in natural populations is a key issue in evolutionary biology. Genome scans allow the identification of the genetic basis of local adaptation without previous knowledge of genetic variation or traits under selection. Candidate loci for divergent adaptation are expected to show higher FST than neutral loci influenced solely by random genetic drift, migration and mutation. The comparison of spatial patterns of neutral markers and loci...
Data from: Ancient DNA reveals differences in behaviour and sociality between brown bears and extinct cave bearsGloria Gonzalez-Fortes, Aurora Grandal-D'Anglade, Ben Kolbe, Daniel Fernandes, Ioana N. Meleg, Ana Garcia-Vazquez, Ana C. Pinto-Llona, Silviu Constantin, Trino J. De Torres, Jose E. Ortiz, Christine Frischauf, Gernot Rabeder, Michael Hofreiter, Axel Barlow & Gloria G. Fortes
Ancient DNA studies have revolutionized the study of extinct species and populations, providing insights on phylogeny, phylogeography, admixture and demographic history. However, inferences on behaviour and sociality have been far less frequent. Here, we investigate the complete mitochondrial genomes of extinct Late Pleistocene cave bears and middle Holocene brown bears that each inhabited multiple geographically proximate caves in northern Spain. In cave bears, we find that, although most caves were occupied simultaneously, each cave almost...
Data from: Local coastal configuration rather than latitudinal gradient shape clonal diversity and genetic structure of Phymatolithon calcareum maerl beds in North European AtlanticCristina Pardo, Marie-Laure Guillemin, Viviana Peña, Ignacio Bárbara, Myriam Valero & Rodolfo Barreiro
Maerl beds are one of the world’s key coastal ecosystems and are threatened by human activities and global change. In this study, the genetic diversity and structure of one of the major European maerl-forming species, Phymatolithon calcareum, was studied using eight microsatellite markers. Two sampling scales (global: North East Atlantic and regional: Galicia) were investigated and fifteen maerl beds from Atlantic Europe were sampled. At the regional-scale the location of sites outside and within four...
Data from: Investigating population genetic structure in a highly mobile marine organism: the minke whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata acutorostrata in the North East AtlanticMaría Quintela, Hans J. Skaug, Nils Øien, Tore Haug, Bjørghild B. Seliussen, Hiroko K. Solvang, Christophe Pampoulie, Naohisa Kanda, Luis A. Pastene & Kevin A. Glover
Inferring the number of genetically distinct populations and their levels of connectivity is of key importance for the sustainable management and conservation of wildlife. This represents an extra challenge in the marine environment where there are few physical barriers to gene-flow, and populations may overlap in time and space. Several studies have investigated the population genetic structure within the North Atlantic minke whale with contrasting results. In order to address this issue, we analyzed ten...
Data from: Fine-grained adaptive divergence in an amphibian: genetic basis of phenotypic divergence and the role of non-random gene flow in restricting effective migration among wetlandsAlex Richter-Boix, María Quintela, Marcin Kierczak, Marc Franch & Anssi Laurila
Adaptive ecological differentiation among sympatric populations is promoted by environmental heterogeneity, strong local selection and restricted gene flow. High gene flow, on the other hand, is expected to homogenize genetic variation among populations and therefore prevent local adaptation. Understanding how local adaptation can persist at the spatial scale at which gene flow occurs has remained an elusive goal, especially for wild vertebrate populations. Here, we explore the roles of natural selection and nonrandom gene flow...
Data from: Genetic divergence and isolation by thermal environment in geothermal populations of an aquatic invertebrateMagnus P. Johansson, María Quintela & Anssi Laurila
JEB_2016_Genetic structure across thermal environmentsAFLP raw data.
Understanding the local drivers of beta-diversity patterns under climate change: The case of seaweed communities in Galicia, North West of the Iberian PeninsulaCândida Gomes Vale, Francisco Arenas, Rodolfo Barreiro & Cristina Piñeiro-Corbeira
Aim: To understand spatial-temporal changes (beta-diversity) in coastal communities and their drivers in the context of climate change. Coastal ecosystems are extremely exposed and dynamic, where changes in seaweed assemblages have been associated with changing water temperatures. However, at the local scale, the effects of changes in the upwelling events and related stressors seek further exploration. Location: Galicia rías, North West of the Iberian Peninsula Methods: Using data collected in 42 sampling localities in Galicia...
Although many large mammal species went extinct at the end of the Pleistocene epoch, their DNA may persist due to past episodes of interspecies admixture. However, direct empirical evidence of the persistence of ancient alleles remains scarce. Here, we present multifold coverage genomic data from four Late Pleistocene cave bears (Ursus spelaeus complex) and show that cave bears hybridized with brown bears (Ursus arctos) during the Pleistocene. We develop an approach to assess both the...
Being at the Western fringe of Europe, Iberia had a peculiar prehistory and a complex pattern of Neolithization. A few studies, all based on modern populations, reported the presence of DNA of likely African origin in this region, generally concluding it was the result of recent gene flow, probably during the Islamic period. Here we provide evidence of much older gene flow from Africa to Iberia by sequencing whole genomes from four human remains from...
Data from: A new mountain lizard from Montes de León (NW Iberian Peninsula): Iberolacerta monticola astur ssp. nov. (Squamata: Lacertidae)Oscar J. Arribas, Pedro Galán, Nuria Remón & Horacio Naveira
Iberolacerta populations from the Northern Montes de León (NML) were studied by means of external morphology (scalation and biometry), osteology and genetics (mtDNA and microsatellites), searching for their homogeneity (“intrazonal analysis”) and, once verified, comparing them with Iberolacerta monticola s. str. (from Central Cantabrian Mountains) and I. galani (from Southern Montes de León) (“extrazonal analysis”) from neighboring areas.
Contém todas os artigos resultantes do IV Congresso Ibero-Americano de Empreendedorismo, Energia, Ambiente e Tecnologia, realizado em Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro de 27 a 29 de novembro de 2018.
Data from: Local divergence of thermal reaction norms among amphibian populations is affected by pond temperature variationAlex Richter-Boix, Marco Katzenberger, Helder Duarte, María Quintela, Miguel Tejedo & Anssi Laurila
While temperature variation is known to cause large-scale adaptive divergence, its potential role as a selective factor over microgeographic scales is less well understood. Here, we investigated how variation in breeding pond temperature affects divergence in multiple physiological (thermal performance curve (TPC) and critical thermal maximum (CTmax)) and life history (thermal developmental reaction norms (TDRN)) traits in a network of Rana arvalis populations. The results supported adaptive responses to face two main constraints limiting the...
Data from: Effects of interspecific coexistence on laying date and clutch size in two closely related species of hole‐nesting birdsAnders Pape Møller, Javier Balbontin, André A. Dhondt, Vladimir Remeš, Frank Adriaensen, Clotilde Biard, Jordi Camprodon, Mariusz Cichoń, Blandine Doligez, Anna Dubiec, Marcel Eens, Tapio Eeva, Anne E. Goodenough, Andrew G. Gosler, Lars Gustafsson, Philipp Heeb, Shelley A. Hinsley, Staffan Jacob, Rimvydas Juškaitis, Toni Laaksonen, Bernard Leclercq, Bruno Massa, Tomasz D. Mazgajski, Rudi G. Nager, Jan-Åke Nilsson … & Ruedi G. Nager
Coexistence between great tits Parus major and blue tits Cyanistes caeruleus, but also other hole‐nesting taxa, constitutes a classic example of species co‐occurrence resulting in potential interference and exploitation competition for food and for breeding and roosting sites. However, the spatial and temporal variations in coexistence and its consequences for competition remain poorly understood. We used an extensive database on reproduction in nest boxes by great and blue tits based on 87 study plots across...
Reproductive character displacement occurs when competition for successful breeding imposes a divergent selection on the interacting species, causing a divergence of reproductive traits. Here, we show that a disputed butterfly taxon is actually a case of male wing colour shift, apparently produced by reproductive character displacement. Using double digest restriction-site associated DNA sequencing and mitochondrial DNA sequencing we studied four butterfly taxa of the subgenus Cupido (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae): Cupido minimus and the taxon carswelli, both...
Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies have led to a ubiquity of molecular sequence data. This data avalanche is particularly challenging in metagenetics, which focuses on taxonomic identification of sequences obtained from diverse microbial environments. Phylogenetic placement methods determine how these sequences fit into anevolutionary context. Previous implementations of phylogenetic placement algorithms, such as the Evolutionary Placement Algorithm (EPA) included in RAxML, or pplacer, are being increasingly used for this purpose. However, due to the steady...
Data from: Mining microsatellite markers from public expressed sequence tags databases for the study of threatened plantsLua Lopez, Rodolfo Barreiro, Markus Fischer & Marcus A. Koch
Background: Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) are widely used in population genetic studies but their classical development is costly and time-consuming. The ever-increasing available DNA datasets generated by high-throughput techniques offer an inexpensive alternative for SSRs discovery. Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) have been widely used as SSR source for plants of economic relevance but their application to non-model species is still modest. Methods: Here, we explored the use of publicly available ESTs (GenBank at the National...
Data from: Causes and evolutionary consequences of population subdivision of an Iberian mountain lizard, Iberolacerta monticolaNuria Remón, Pedro Galán, Marta Vila, Oscar Arribas & Horacio Naveira
Aim: The study of the factors that influence population connectivity and spatial distribution of genetic variation is crucial for understanding speciation and for predicting the effects of landscape modification and habitat fragmentation, which are considered severe threats to global biodiversity. This dual perspective is obtained from analyses of subalpine mountain species, whose present distribution may have been shaped both by cyclical climate changes over ice ages and anthropogenic perturbations of their habitats. Here, we examine...
Avian brood parasites should target the most profitable host species, but current conditions might locally influence their choice, producing geographic mosaics of coevolution. Throughout Europe, the magpie Pica pica has been invariably reported as the primary host of the great spotted cuckoo Clamator glandarius, whereas the carrion crow Corvus corone is the secondary one. However, we found that this pattern reversed in northern Spain, where up to 70% of carrion crow nests were parasitized versus...
Terminal Carboxylate Effects on the Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Cucurbituril Binding to Guests Containing a Central Bis(Pyridinium)-Xylylene SiteIago Neira, Marcos D. Garcia, Carlos Peinador & Angel Kaifer
A series of bis(pyridinium)-xylylene derivatives bearing carboxylate terminal groups were investigated as guests for the cucurbituril host in aqueous solution. While the presence of the terminal carboxylates has a modest effect on the thermodynamic stability of the complexes, the kinetics of complex association/dissociation is strongly affected. The relative position (meta, para) of the carboxylate group in relation to the pyridinium nitrogen also exerts a considerable effect on the binding kinetics.
University of A Coruña20
University of Potsdam3
University of Ferrara3
Polytechnic Institute of Bragança2
Federal Center for Technological Education Celso Suckow da Fonseca2
University of Vienna2
Swedish Museum of Natural History2
University College Dublin2
Hólar University College1