Global biogeography of fungal and bacterial biomass carbon in topsoilLiyuan He, Jorge Rodrigues, Nadejda Soudzilovskaia, Milagros Barceló, Pål Axel Olsson, Changchun Song, Leho Tedersoo, Fenghui Yuan, Fengming Yuan, David Lipson & Xiaofeng Xu
Bacteria and fungi, representing two major soil microorganism groups, play an important role in global nutrient biogeochemistry. Biogeographic patterns of bacterial and fungal biomass are of fundamental importance for mechanistically understanding nutrient cycling. We synthesized 1323 data points of phospholipid fatty acid-derived fungal biomass C (FBC), bacterial biomass C (BBC), and fungi:bacteria (F:B) ratio in topsoil, spanning 11 major biomes. The FBC, BBC, and F:B ratio display clear biogeographic patterns along latitude and environmental gradients...
Population genomic response to geographic gradients by widespread and endemic fishes of the Arabian PeninsulaJoseph DiBattista, Pablo Saenz-Agudelo, Marek Piatek, Fernando Cagua, Brian Bowen, John Choat, Luiz Rocha, Michelle Gaither, Jean-Paul Hobbs, Tane Sinclair-Taylor, Jennifer McIlwain, Mark Priest, Camrin Braun, Nigel Hussey, Steven Kessel & Michael Berumen
Genetic structure within marine species may be driven by local adaptation to their environment, or alternatively by historical processes, such as geographic isolation. The gulfs and seas bordering the Arabian Peninsula offer an ideal setting to examine connectivity patterns in coral reef fishes with respect to environmental gradients and vicariance. The Red Sea is characterized by a unique marine fauna, historical periods of desiccation and isolation, as well as environmental gradients in salinity, temperature, and...
Gross primary production responses to warming, elevated CO2 , and irrigation: quantifying the drivers of ecosystem physiology in a semiarid grasslandElise Pendall, Edmund M. Ryan, Kiona Ogle, Drew Peltier, David G. Williams, Anthony P. Walker, Martin G. De Kauwe, Belinda E. Medlyn, William Parton, Shinichi Asao, Bertrand Guenet, Anna B. Harper, Xingjie Lu, Kristina A. Luus, Sönke Zaehle, Shijie Shu, Christian Werner & Jianyang Xia
Determining whether the terrestrial biosphere will be a source or sink of carbon (C) under a future climate of elevated CO2 (eCO2) and warming requires accurate quantification of gross primary production (GPP), the largest flux of C in the global C cycle. We evaluated 6 years (2007–2012) of flux‐derived GPP data from the Prairie Heating and CO2 Enrichment (PHACE) experiment, situated in a grassland in Wyoming, USA. The GPP data were used to calibrate a...
Minnesota peat viromes reveal terrestrial and aquatic niche partitioning for local and global viral populationsAnneliek Ter Horst, Christian Santos-Medellín, Jackson Sorensen, Laura Zinke, Rachel Wilson, Eric Johnston, Gareth Trubl, Jennifer Pett-Ridge, Steven Blazewicz, Paul Hanson, Jeffrey Chanton, Christopher Schadt, Joel Kostka & Joanne Emerson
Background: Peatlands are expected to experience sustained yet fluctuating higher temperatures due to climate change, leading to increased microbial activity and greenhouse gas emissions. Despite mounting evidence for viral contributions to these processes in thawing permafrost, little is known about viruses in other peatlands. More generally, soil viral biogeography and its potential drivers are poorly understood at both local and global scales. Here, 87 metagenomes and five viral size-fraction metagenomes (viromes) from a boreal peatland...
Molecular investigation of infection sources and transmission chains of brucellosis in Zhejiang, ChinaHeng Wang, Wei-min Xu, Kuang-ji Zhu, Su-juan Zhu, Hong-fang Zhang, Jia Wang, Yang Yang, Feng-yao Shao, Neng-ming Jiang, Zhen-yang Tao, Hang-yi Jin, Yi Tang, Liang-liang Huo, Fang Dong, Zhen-jun Li, Hua Ding & Zhi-guo Liu
In the present study, a total of 7793 samples from 5 different types of hosts were collected and tested, with a seroprevalence of 2.4% (184/7793). Although the seroprevalence of human and animal brucellosis is relatively low, numbers of human brucellosis cases reported have increased continuously from 2004 to 2018. A total of 118 Brucella strains containing 4 biotypes were obtained, including Brucella melitensis bv.1 (n = 8) and bv.3 (n = 106), Brucella abortus bv.3...
Single-chain heteropolymers transport protons selectively and rapidlyTao Jiang, Aaron Hall, Marco Eres, Zahra Hemmatian, Baofu Qiao, Yun Zhou, Zhiyuan Ruan, Andrew D. Couse, William T. Heller, Haiyan Huang, Monica Olvera De La Cruz, Marco Rolandi & Ting Xu
Precise protein sequencing and folding are believed to generate the natural channel structure and chemical diversity of proteins, both of which are essential to synthetically achieve proton transport performance comparable to that seen in natural systems. Geometrically defined channels have been fabricated using peptides, DNAs, carbon nanotubes, sequence-defined polymers and organic frameworks; however, none of these channels rivals the performance observed in their natural counterparts. Here we show that without forming an atomically structured channel,...
Oak Ridge National Laboratory5
University of California, Davis2
Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences1
North West Agriculture and Forestry University1
Sun Yat-sen University1
West China Second University Hospital of Sichuan University1
West China Hospital of Sichuan University1
Environment and Plant Protection Research Institute1