11 Works

Data from: Lineages of Silene nutans developed rapid, strong, asymmetric postzygotic reproductive isolation in allopatry

Helene Martin, Pascal Touzet, Mathilde Dufay, Cécile Godé, Eric Schmitt, Emna Lahiani, Lynda F. Delph & Fabienne Van Rossum
Reproductive isolation can rise either as a consequence of genomic divergence in allopatry or as a byproduct of divergent selection in parapatry. To determine whether reproductive isolation in gynodioecious Silene nutans results from allopatric divergence or from ecological adaptation following secondary contact, we investigated the pattern of postzygotic reproductive isolation and hybridization in natural populations using two phylogeographic lineages, western (W1) and eastern (E1). Experimental crosses between the lineages identified strong, asymmetric postzygotic isolation between...

Data from: A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny

, Anne Bruneau, Nasim Azani, Marielle Babineau, Edeline Gagnon, Carole Sinou, Royce Steeves, Erin Zimmerman, C. Donovan Bailey, Lynsey Kovar, Madhugiri Nageswara-Rao, Hannah Banks, RuthP. Clark, Manuel De La Estrella, Peter Gasson, GeoffreyC. Kite, BenteB. Klitgaard, GwilymP. Lewis, Danilo Neves, Gerhard Prenner, María De Lourdes Rico-Arce, ArianeR. Barbosa, Maria Cristina López-Roberts, Luciano Paganucci De Queiroz, PétalaG. Ribeiro … & Tingshuang Yi
The classification of the legume family proposed here addresses the long-known non-monophyly of the traditionally recognised subfamily Caesalpinioideae, by recognising six robustly supported monophyletic subfamilies. This new classification uses as its framework the most comprehensive phylogenetic analyses of legumes to date, based on plastid matK gene sequences, and including near-complete sampling of genera (698 of the currently recognised 765 genera) and ca. 20% (3696) of known species. The matK gene region has been the most...

Data from: DNA taxonomy in the timber genus Milicia: evidence of unidirectional introgression in the West African contact zone

Kasso Daïnou, Jean-François Flot, Bernd Degen, Céline Blanc-Jolivet, Jean-Louis Doucet, Ludivine Lassois & Olivier J. Hardy
DNA-based techniques are helpful in characterising hybridisation patterns in plant species. To be efficient in disentangling species boundaries and interspecific gene flow, it is recommended to combine various methodologies and types of markers. Here, we used different analytical tools (algorithms implemented in Structure, Tess, NewHybrids and HIest, and the haploweb approach) and three nuclear genetic markers (7 nuclear simple sequence repeat loci (SSRs), 62 single-nucleotide polymorphism loci (SNPs) and a single-copy gene region, At103) to...

Data from: History of the fragmentation of the African rain forest in the Dahomey Gap: insight from the demographic history of Terminalia superba

Boris Demenou, Jean-Louis Doucet & Olivier J. Hardy
Paleo-environmental reconstructions show that the distribution of tropical African rain forests was affected by Quaternary climate changes. They suggest that the Dahomey Gap (DG) - the savanna corridor that currently separates Upper Guinean (UG, West Africa) and Lower Guinean (LG, western Central Africa) rain forest blocks – was forested during the African Humid Holocene period (from at least 9 ka till 4.5 ka), and possibly during other interglacial periods, while an open vegetation developed in...

Data from: Asexual queen succession mediates an accelerated colony life cycle in the termite Silvestritermes minutus

Romain Fougeyrollas, Jan Křivánek, Virginie Roy, Klára Dolejšová, Sophie Frechault, Yves Roisin, Robert Hanus & David Sillam-Dussès
Mixed modes of reproduction, combining sexual processes with thelytokous parthenogenesis, occur in all major clades of social insects. In several species of termites, queens maximize their genetic input into nondispersing replacement queens through parthenogenesis, while maintaining genetically diverse sterile offspring and dispersing reproductives via sexual reproduction. This so-called asexual queen succession (AQS) has multiple independent origins and its presumed advantages are diverse as well, ranging from multiplication of colony reproductive potential to extension of its...

Data from: Short-term changes in the structure of termite assemblages associated with slash-and-burn agriculture in Côte d'Ivoire

Kanvaly Dosso, Yves Roisin, Seydou Tiho, Souleymane Konaté & Kolo Yéo
Termites are major decomposers in tropical regions and play critical roles in many soil-related processes. Studies conducted in Asia and the Neotropics suggest that habitat modification can strongly affect termite assemblages, but data on termite communities from forests in Africa, especially West Africa, are scarce. Here, we measured the short-term impact of slash-and-burn agriculture on termite assemblages in an agricultural region of central Côte d'Ivoire. We assessed termite diversity and relative abundance in four habitat...

Data from: Extensive seed and pollen dispersal and assortative mating in the rain forest tree Entandrophragma cylindricum (Meliaceae) inferred from indirect and direct analyses

Franck Kameni Monthe, Olivier J. Hardy, Jean-Louis Doucet, Judy Loo, Jérôme Duminil & Jean-Louis Doucet
Pollen and seed dispersal are key processes affecting the demographic and evolutionary dynamics of plant species and are also important considerations for the sustainable management of timber trees. Through direct and indirect genetic analyses, we studied the mating system and the extent of pollen and seed dispersal in an economically important timber species, Entandrophragma cylindricum (Meliaceae). We genotyped adult trees, seeds and saplings from a 400-ha study plot in a natural forest from East Cameroon...

Data from: Sex-biased dispersal creates spatial genetic structure in a parthenogenetic ant with a dependent-lineage reproductive system

Alexandre Kuhn, David Bauman, Hugo Darras & Serge Aron
Reproduction and dispersal are key aspects of species life history that influence spatial genetic structure in populations. Several ant species in the genus Cataglyphis have evolved a unique breeding system in which new reproductives (that is, queens and males) are produced asexually by parthenogenesis; in contrast, non-reproductives (that is, workers) are produced via sexual reproduction by mates from distinct genetic lineages. We investigated how these two coexisting reproductive methods affect population-level spatial genetic structure using...

Data from: Group choices seemingly at odds with individual preferences

Michel-Olivier Laurent Salazar, Stamatios C. Nicolis, Mariano Calvo Martín, Grégory Sempo, Jean-Louis Deneubourg & Isaac Planas-Sitjà
Numerous studies have focused on the influence of the social environment and the interactions between individuals on the collective decision-making of groups. They showed, for example, that attraction between individuals is at the origin of an amplification of individual preferences. These preferences may concern various environmental cues such as biomolecules that convey information about the environment such as vanillin, which, for some insects, is an attractant. In this study, we analysed how the social context...

Data from: Colonization of weakened trees by mass-attacking bark beetles: no penalty for pioneers, scattered initial distributions and final regular patterns

Etienne Toffin, Edith Gabriel, Marceau Louis, Jean-Louis Deneubourg & Jean-Claude Grégoire
Bark beetles use aggregation pheromones to promote group foraging, thus increasing the chances of an individual to find a host and, when relevant, to overwhelm the defences of healthy trees. When a male beetle finds a suitable host, it releases pheromones that attract potential mates as well as other "spying" males, which results in aggregations on the new host. To date, most studies have been concerned with the use of aggregation pheromones by bark beetles...

Data from: Reversion of antibiotic resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis by spiroisoxazoline SMARt-420

Nicolas Blondiaux, Martin Moune, Matthieu Desroses, Rosangela Frita, Marion Flipo, Vanessa Mathys, Karine Soetaert, Mehdi Kiass, Vincent Delorme, Kamel Djaout, Vincent Trebosc, Christian Kemmer, René Wintjens, Alexandre Wohlkönig, Rudy Antoine, Ludovic Huot, David Hot, Mireia Coscolla, Julia Feldmann, Sebastien Gagneux, Camille Locht, Priscille Brodin, Marc Gitzinger, Benoit Deprez, Nicolas Willand … & Alain R. Baulard
Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest threats to human health globally. Alarmingly, multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis have now spread worldwide. Some key antituberculosis antibiotics are prodrugs, for which resistance mechanisms are mainly driven by mutations in the bacterial enzymatic pathway required for their bioactivation. We have developed drug-like molecules that activate a cryptic alternative bioactivation pathway of ethionamide in M. tuberculosis, circumventing the classic activation pathway in which resistance mutations have now...

Registration Year

  • 2017

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Université Libre de Bruxelles
  • Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech
  • French National Centre for Scientific Research
  • Universidade Federal de Goiás
  • Sao Paulo State University
  • University of Liège
  • University of the Western Cape
  • New Mexico State University
  • Kyushu University
  • Federal University of São Carlos