17 Works

Bildung und Differenzkompetenz

Bernhard Dressler
„Differenzkompetenz“ ist in Bildungsprozessen als die Fähigkeit zu verstehen, unterschiedlichen „Modi der Welterschließung“ gerecht zu werden, die als Struktur eines kanonischen Orientierungswissens die Grundlage moderner Allgemeinbildung darstellen. Bildungstheoretisch fundierte Religionsdidaktik bezieht sich auf diese Struktur der Allgemeinbildung. Der Umgang mit den „Modi der Welterschließung“ hat nicht als subjektive „Wahl“ zu erfolgen, sondern als sachgerechte Urteilsbildung.

A target enrichment probe set for resolving the flagellate land plant tree of life

Jesse W. Breinholt, Sarah B. Carey, George P. Tiley, E. Christine Davis, Lorena Endara, Stuart F. McDaniel, Leandro Neves, Emily B. Sessa, Matt Von Konrat, Susan Fawcett, Stefanie M. Ickert-Bond, Paulo H. Labiak, Juan Larraín, Marcus Lehnert, Lily R. Lewis, Nathalie S. Nagalingum, Nikisha Patel, Stefan A. Rensing, Weston Testo, Alejandra Vasco, Juan Carlos Villarreal, Evelyn Webb Williams, J. Gordon Burleigh, Sahut Chantanaorrapint, Leandro G. Neves … & Stefanie M. Ickert‐Bond
Premise of the Study: New sequencing technologies enable the possibility of generating large-scale molecular datasets for constructing the plant tree of life. We describe a new probe set for target enrichment sequencing to generate nuclear sequence data to build phylogenetic trees with any flagellate land plants, including hornworts, liverworts, mosses, lycophytes, ferns, and all gymnosperms. Methods and Results: We leveraged existing transcriptome and genome sequence data to design a set of 56,989 probes for target...

Life on a leaf: the development of spatial structure in epiphyll communities

Anna Mežaka, Noris Salazar Allen, Glenda Mendieta-Leiva & Maaike Y. Bader
1. The spatial structure of biotic communities can be shaped by niche-based or stochastic processes, and the importance of both can change through time. Niche-based processes include neighbour interactions, which can change in intensity and quality as communities develop in dependence of environmental conditions. Epiphylls, miniature communities of liverworts, lichens, algae and fungi on leaves, develop only in relatively moist forests, but their leaf-surface habitat is still characterised by moisture stress, especially in more exposed...

Born under a Lucky Star

Alisha Meininghaus
This article examines illustrations of the zodiac signs on birth amulets from German- Jewish printing houses from the 18th century. These woodcuts are part of a long tradition of astrological references in Jewish art and literature. However, the amulet texts themselves do not contain any astrological topics. What, then, is the relationship of the woodcuts to the text and to the function of the amulets? By contextualizing the images with other contemporary traditions of illustration,...

Supporting data for: Gene-rich UV sex chromosomes harbor conserved regulators of sexual development (Carey et al., 2021)

Sarah Carey, Shenqiang Shu, John Lovell, Avinash Shenqiang, Florian Maumus, George Tiley, Noe Fernandez-Pozo, Kerrie Barry, Cindy Chen, Mei Wang, Anna Lipzen, Chris Daum, Christopher Saski, Adam Payton, Jordan McBreen, Roth Conrad, Leslie Kollar, Sanna Olsson, Sanna Huttunen, Jacob Landis, Norman Wickett, Matthew Johnson, Stefan Rensing, Jane Grimwood, Jeremy Schmutz … & Adam Healey
Non-recombining sex chromosomes, like the mammalian Y, often lose genes and accumulate transposable elements, a process termed degeneration. The correlation between suppressed recombination and degeneration is clear in animal XY systems, but the absence of recombination is confounded with other asymmetries between the X and Y. In contrast, UV sex chromosomes, like those found in bryophytes, experience symmetrical population genetic conditions. Here we generate and use nearly gapless female and male chromosome-scale reference genomes of...

Data from: Simulating climate change in situ in a tropical rainforest understorey using active air warming and CO2 addition

Maaike Y. Bader, Elodie Moureau, Nada Nikolić, Thomas Madena, Nils Koehn & Gerhard Zotz
Background: Future climate-change effects on plant growth are most effectively studied using microclimate-manipulation experiments, the design of which has seen much advance in recent years. For tropical forests, however, such experiments are particularly hard to install and have hence not been widely used. We present a system of active heating and CO2 fertilisation for use in tropical forest understoreys, where passive heating is not possible. The system was run for two years to study climate-change...

Macroinvertebrate along Vestari-Jökulsá Iceland

Peter Chifflard
1. Background: The impact of climate change on the longitudinal distribution of macroinvertebrates in glacier‐fed streams has been the subject of increasing awareness in recent years. Despite prior intensive research on the longitudinal distribution of macroinvertebrates in glacier-fed ecosystems, long-term studies in glacier-fed rivers of arctic regions, that investigate the temporal change of macroinvertebrate communities during periods of rapid climate change, are largely missing, although climate change is expected to cause large shifts in arctic...

Host specificity and species colouration mediate the regional decline of nocturnal moths in central European forests

Nicolas Roth, Herrman Hacker, Lea Heidrich, Nicolas Friess, Enrique García-Barros, Jan Habel, Simon Thorn & Jörg Müller
The high diversity of insects has limited the volume of long-term community data with a high taxonomic resolution and considerable geographic replications, especially in forests. Therefore, trends and causes of changes are poorly understood. Here we analyse trends in species richness, abundance and biomass of nocturnal macro moths in three quantitative data sets collected over four decades in forests in southern Germany. Two local data sets, one from coppiced oak forests and one from high...

Stresses affect inbreeding depression in complex ways: Disentangling stress-specific genetic effects from effects of initial size in plants

Tobias M. Sandner, Diethart Matthies & Donald M. Waller
The magnitude of inbreeding depression (ID) varies unpredictably among environments. ID often increases in stressful environments suggesting that these expose more deleterious alleles to selection or increase their effects. More simply, ID could increase under conditions that amplify phenotypic variation (CV²), e.g. by accentuating size hierarchies among plants. These mechanisms are difficult to distinguish when stress increases both ID and phenotypic variation. We grew in- and outbred progeny of Mimulus guttatus under six abiotic stress...

ddRAD-derived genotypes of Centaurea jacea and Betonica officinalis populations from the White Carpathians

Johannes Höfner, Theresa Klein-Raufhake, Christian Lampei, Ondrej Mudrak, Anna Bucharova & Walter Durka
Ecological restoration and plant re-introductions aim to create plant populations that are genetically similar to natural populations to preserve the regional gene pool, yet genetically diverse to allow adaptation to a changing environment. For this purpose, seeds for restoration are increasingly sourced from multiple populations in the target region. However, it has only rarely been tested whether using regional seed indeed leads to genetically diverse restored populations which are genetically similar to natural populations. We...

Data from: Closely related parasitic plants have similar host requirements and related effects on hosts

Diethart Matthies
The performance of root hemiparasites depends strongly on host species identity, but it remains unknown whether there exist general patterns in the quality of species as hosts for hemiparasites and in their sensitivity to parasitism. In a comparative approach, the model root-hemiparasites Rhinanthus minor and R. alectorolophus were grown with 25 host species (grasses, forbs and legumes) at two nutrient levels. Hosts grown without parasites served as a control. Host species identity strongly influenced parasite...

Kinder als Akteure in Qualitätsentwicklung und Forschung

Iris Nentwig-Gesemann, Bastian Walther, Elena Bakels & Lisa-Marie Munk
Was ist für Kinder eine "gute" KiTa und wie kann es gelingen, ihre Perspektiven in Qualitätsentwicklungsprozesse einzubeziehen? Im Auftrag der Bertelsmann Stiftung nahm sich das Institut für Demokratische Entwicklung und Soziale Integration im Rahmen des Forschungs- und Praxisentwicklungsprojektes „Kinder als Akteure der Qualitätsentwicklung in KiTas“ diesen Fragestellungen an. Nach einem intensiven Forschungsprozess mit rund 200 vier- bis sechsjährigen Kindern liegen nun 23 Qualitätsdimensionen aus Kinderperspektive vor, die wiederum sieben Qualitätsbereichen zugeordnet werden können. Die Studie...

Data from: Olfactory testing in Parkinson’s disease & REM behavior disorder: a machine learning approach

Christine Lo, Siddharth Arora, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Thomas Barber, Michael Lawton, Johannes Klein, Sofia Kanavou, Annette Janzen, Elisabeth Sittig, Wolfgang Oertel, Donald Grosset & Michele Hu
Objective: We sought to identify an abbreviated test of impaired olfaction, amenable for use in busy clinical environments in prodromal (isolated REM sleep Behavior Disorder (iRBD)) and manifest Parkinson’s. Methods: 890 PD and 313 control participants in the Discovery cohort study underwent Sniffin’ stick odour identification assessment. Random forests were initially trained to distinguish individuals with poor (functional anosmia/hyposmia) and good (normosmia/super-smeller) smell ability using all 16 Sniffin’ sticks. Models were retrained using the top...

Data from: Fine-scale spatial genetic structure across the species range reflects recent colonization of high elevation habitats in silver fir (Abies alba Mill.)

Enikő I. Major, Mária Höhn, Camilla Avanzi, Bruno Fady, Katrin Heer, Lars Opgenoorth, Andrea Piotti, Flaviu Popescu, Dragos Postolache, Giovanni G. Vendramin & Katalin Csilléry
Variation in genetic diversity across species ranges has long been recognized as highly informative for assessing populations’ resilience and adaptive potential. The spatial distribution of genetic diversity within populations, referred to as fine-scale spatial genetic structure (FSGS), also carries information about recent demographic changes, yet it has rarely been connected to range scale processes. We studied eight silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) population pairs (sites), growing at high and low elevations, representative of the main...

Noctuid and geometrid moth assemblages show divergent elevational gradients in body size and color lightness

Lea Heidrich, Stefan Pinkert, Roland Brandl, Claus Bässler, Hermann Hacker, Nicolas Roth, Annika Busse & Jörg Müller
Previous macroecological studies have suggested that larger and darker insects are favored in cold environments and that the importance of body size and color for the absorption of solar radiation is not limited to diurnal insects. However, whether these effects hold true for local communities and are consistent across taxonomic groups and sampling years remains unexplored. This study examined the variations in body size and color lightness of the two major families of nocturnal moths,...

Data from: Within-species trait variation can lead to size limitations in seed dispersal of small-fruited plants

Finn Rehling, Bogdan Jaroszewicz, Leonie Braasch, Jörg Albrecht, Pedro Jordano, Jan Schlautmann, Nina Farwig & Dana Schabo
The inability of small-gaped animals to consume very large fruits may limit seed dispersal of the respective plants. This has often been shown for large-fruited plant species that remain poorly dispersed when large-gaped animal species are lost due to anthropogenic pressure. Little is known about whether gape-size limitations similarly influence seed dispersal of small-fruited plant species that can show a large variation in fruit size within species. In this study, fruit sizes of 15 plant...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    17

Resource Types

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Affiliations

  • Philipp University of Marburg
    17
  • Duke University
    2
  • University of Florida
    2
  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
    1
  • National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
    1
  • Estación Biológica de Doñana
    1
  • University of Würzburg
    1
  • Field Museum of Natural History
    1
  • University of Münster
    1
  • Free University of Bozen-Bolzano
    1