46 Works

Amundsen Sea MITgcm model output forced with Pacific Pacemaker Ensemble, 1920-2013

Kaitlin Naughten
This dataset provides model output for 20th-century ice-ocean simulations in the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica. The simulations are performed with the MITgcm model at 1/10 degree resolution, including components for the ocean, sea ice, and ice shelf thermodynamics. Atmospheric forcing is provided by the CESM Pacific Pacemaker Ensemble, using 20 members from 1920-2013. An additional simulation is forced with the ERA5 atmospheric reanalysis from 1920-2013. The simulations were completed in 2021 by Kaitlin Naughten at the...

List of Early Cenozoic fossil taxa from Antarctica, Western Europe and US Gulf Coast

J.Alistair Crame & A.J McGowan
This dataset comprises lists of fossil species from a polar region (Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula) and two tropical regions (Western Europe and US Gulf Coast) during the Early Cenozoic era. The dataset begins in the Late Maastrichtian epoch of the Cretaceous period, extends across the mass extinction event at the Cretaceous/Paleogene (K/Pg) boundary, and terminates in the late Middle Eocene (i.e., a timespan of some 30 Myr from approximately 70 to 40 Ma ago). The...

Last Interglacial summer air temperature observations for the Arctic

Maria Vittoria Guarino & Louise Sime
These 21 Last Interglacial (LIG) summer surface air temperature (SSAT) observations were compiled to assess LIG Arctic sea ice (Guarino et al 2020). Twenty of the observations were also previously used in the IPCC-AR5 report. Each observation is thought to be of summer LIG air temperature anomaly relative to present day and is located in the circum-Arctic region. All sites are from north of 51N. There are 7 terrestrial based temperature records; 8 lacustrine records;...

Water-stable isotope (d18O, dD), sodium (23Na), and magnesium (24Mg) Continuous Flow Analysis data for the Palmer ice core, Palmer Land, Antarctic Peninsula, 1621-2011 C.E.

Daniel Emanuelsson, Elizabeth Thomas, Jack Humby & Diana Vladimirova
Here we provide the Palmer ice core Water-stable isotope (d18O, dD), sodium (23Na), and magnesium (24Mg) palaeo archives. The Palmer drill site (73.86 S, 65.46 W, 1897 m a.s.l.) is located on the southern part of the Antarctic Peninsula, Palmer Land. The core, firn and ice, were drilled in December 2012 to a depth of 133 m below the snow surface. The Palmer ice core covers 391 years, 1621-2011 C.E. The data were measured on...

Electron Diffusion by Magnetosonic Waves in the Earth's Radiation Belts

Jin-Mann Wong
We conduct a global survey of magnetosonic waves and compute the associated bounce and drift averaged diffusion coefficients, taking into account co-located measurements of fpe/fce, to assess the role of magnetosonic waves in radiation belt dynamics, where fpe is the plasma frequency and fce is the electron gyrofrequency.. The average magnetosonic wave intensities increase with increasing geomagnetic activity and decreasing relative frequency with the majority of the wave power in the range fcp < f...

High resolution vector polylines of the Antarctic coastline - VERSION 7.5

Laura Gerrish, Peter Fretwell & Paul Cooper
Coastline for Antarctica created from various mapping and remote sensing sources, consisting of the following coast types: ice coastline, rock coastline, grounding line, ice shelf and front, ice rumple, and rock against ice shelf. Covering all land and ice shelves south of 60S. Suitable for topographic mapping and analysis. High resolution versions of ADD data are suitable for scales larger than 1:1,000,000. The largest suitable scale is changeable and dependent on the region. Major changes...

Decoupled dust deposition and ocean productivity in the Antarctic Zone of the Southern Ocean over the past 1.5 million years

Michael E. Weber , Ian Bailey , Sidney R. Hemming , Yasmina M. Martos , Brendan T. Reilly , Thomas A. Ronge , Stefanie Brachfeld , Trevor Williams , Maureen Raymo , Simon T. Belt , Hendrik Vogel , Victoria Peck , Linda Armbrecht , Alix Cage , Fabricio G. Cardillo , Zhiheng Du , Gerson Fauth , Christopher J. Fogwill , Marga Garcia , Marlo Garnsworthy , Anna Glüder , Michelle Guitard , Marcus Gutjahr , Iván Hernández-Almeida , Frida S. Hoem … & Xufeng Zheng
Southern Ocean paleoceanography provides key insights into how iron fertilization and oceanic productivity developed through Pleistocene ice-ages and their role in influencing the carbon cycle. We report the first high-resolution record of dust deposition and ocean productivity for the Antarctic Zone, close to the main dust source, Patagonia. Our deep-ocean records cover the last 1.5 Ma, thus doubling that from Antarctic ice-cores. We find a ≥10-fold increase in dust deposition during glacials and a ≤5-fold...

Annual microparticle and ion fluxes in the Jurassic, Sherman Island and Sky-Blu ice cores (1992-2019 CE)

Dieter Tetzner, Elizabeth Thomas & Claire Allen
This dataset presents the microparticle and ion fluxes from a set of ice cores from the Antarctic Peninsula and Ellsworth Land, as presented in Tetzner et al. (2022). Microparticle (MPC_flux) and ionic (nssCa+2_flux, nssK+_flux, ssNa+_flux, MSA_flux) data are provided as annual fluxes for the 1992-2019 CE interval. Annual fluxes were calculated as winter-to-winter averages. Data points represent the annual austral winter-to-winter average and are presented over the correspondent austral summer. The dataset comprises timeseries CSV...

Individual repeatability of avian migration phenology: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Kirsty Franklin, Malcolm Nicoll, Simon Butler, Ken Norris, Norman Ratcliffe, Shinichi Nakagawa & Jennifer Gill
Changes in phenology and distribution are being widely reported for many migratory species in response to shifting environmental conditions. Understanding these changes and the situations in which they occur can be aided by understanding consistent individual differences in phenology and distribution and the situations in which consistency varies in strength or detectability. Studies tracking the same individuals over consecutive years are increasingly reporting migratory timings to be a repeatable trait, suggesting that flexible individual responses...

Variation and correlation in the timing of breeding of North Atlantic seabirds across multiple scales

Katharine Keogan, Francis Daunt, Sarah Wanless, Richard Phillips, David Alvarez, Tycho Anker-Nilssen, Robert Barrett, Claus Bech, Peter Becker, Per-Arvid Berglund, Sandra Bouwhuis, Zofia Burr, Olivier Chastel, Signe Christensen-Dalsgaard, Sébastien Descamps, Tony Diamond, Kyle Elliott, Kjell Einar Erikstad, Mike Harris, Jonas Hentati-Sundberg, Martin Heubeck, Magdalene Langset, Svein Lorentsen, Heather Major, Mark Mallory … & Stephen Kress
Timing of breeding, an important driver of fitness in many populations, is widely studied in the context of global change, yet despite considerable efforts to identify environmental drivers of seabird nesting phenology, for most populations we lack evidence of strong drivers. Here we adopt an alternative approach, examining the degree to which different populations positively covary in their annual phenology to infer whether phenological responses to environmental drivers are likely to be (i) shared across...

Shear wave splitting catalogue, Rutford Ice Stream (West Antarctica), November 2018 to February 2019

Sofia-Katerina Kufner, Alex Brisbourne, Andrew Smith, James Wookey, Carlos Martin, Thomas Hudson & John Michael Kendall
This dataset contains an ASCII file with shear wave splitting results for 202,652 station-event pairs from glacial micro-seismicity, recorded from a 35-station seismic network located ~40 km upstream of the grounding line of Rutford Ice Stream, West Antarctica. Microseismicity is located at the base of the ice stream at ~2.2 km depth (relative to the ice surface). Seismic waveform data, which was used to calculate shear wave splitting parameters is provided in miniseed format. Event...

X-ray fluorescence (XRF) data from IODP site U1534

Victoria Peck & Victoria Alcock
Dataset is comprised of X-ray fluorescence (XRF) data from sediments from International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Expedition 382, Site U1534, South Falkland Sediment Drift, 53.18967 S, 58.76083 W (605 m water depth). The sediment cores were collected from 3 holes using the advanced piston corer onboard RV Joides Resolution from site U1534 between 29/03/2019 and 02/04/2019. XRF data was collected using the XRF Core Scanner III (AVAATECH Serial No. 12) at the XRF Core Scanner...

Microclimate data from Coal Nunatak, Alexander Island, 2006-2019 [Version 2.0]

Pete Convey, Paul Geissler, Alison Massey & Kevin K Newsham
Microclimate data collected hourly at Coal Nunatak, for 10 climatic variables via automatic data loggers, 2006-2019. Data is not available across the entire temporal range for all variables. NERC funded under the British Antarctic Survey National Capability programme, Polar Science for Planet Earth. This is an updated version of this dataset. The previous dataset can be viewed here for reference: https://data.bas.ac.uk/full-record.php?id=GB/NERC/BAS/PDC/01302. There have been changes to the quality control carried out in the updated data.

Annual samples and measurements of diet composition of gentoo penguins at Signy Island, from 1998 to 2010.

Michael J Dunn, Claire Waluda, Stacey Adlard, Amanda Lynnes, Tim Morley & Derren Fox
This dataset captures information on the diet composition and mass of gentoo penguin stomach contents at Signy Island, from 1998 to 2010. The monitoring period occurred over four weeks each year and involved sampling adults returning to feed their chicks during the creche period. Sampling took place approximately every five days. Numbers of birds sampled on each occasion varied over the entire period of the dataset from a maximum of eight to a minimum of...

Annual measurements of mass of chinstrap penguins taken on arrival to Signy Island at onset of breeding season, from 1996 to 2020.

Michael J Dunn, Stacey Adlard, Amanda Lynnes, Dirk Briggs, Derren Fox & Tim Morley
This datasets captures the body mass, bill length and bill depth of adult chinstrap penguins immediately after their arrival to Signy Island at the start of the annual breeding from 1996 to 2020. Penguins arriving at the beach were measured for bill length, depth, and body mass before being released where they were captured. These measurements were made in mid/late November, as chinstrap penguins arrive for the austral summer. This monitoring contributes to the CCAMLR...

Annual samples and measurements of diet composition of chinstrap penguins at Signy Island, from 1997 to 2020.

Michael J Dunn, Claire Waluda, Stacey Adlard, Amanda Lynnes, Tim Morley & Derren Fox
This dataset captures information on the diet composition and mass of chinstrap penguin stomach contents at Signy Island, from 1997 to 2020. The monitoring period occurred over four weeks each year and involved sampling adults returning to feed their chicks during the creche period. Sampling took place approximately every five days. Numbers of birds sampled on each occasion varied over the entire period of the dataset from a maximum of eight to a minimum of...

Sea Ice Area climatologies and 21st century change in the CMIP5 and CMIP6 multi-model ensembles

Caroline Holmes
This dataset comprises summary statistics regarding historical and projected Southern Hemisphere total sea ice area (SIA) and 21st century global temperature change (dTAS), evaluated from the multi-model ensembles contributing to CMIP5 and CMIP6 (Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phases 5 and 6). The metrics are evaluated for two climatological periods (1979-2014 and 2081-2100) from a number of CMIP experiments; historical, and ScenarioMIP or RCP runs. These metrics were calculated to calculate projections of future Antarctic sea...

Medium resolution vector polylines of the Antarctic coastline - VERSION 7.5

Laura Gerrish, Peter Fretwell & Paul Cooper
Coastline for Antarctica created from various mapping and remote sensing sources, consisting of the following coast types: ice coastline, rock coastline, grounding line, ice shelf and front, ice rumple, and rock against ice shelf. Covering all land and ice shelves south of 60S. Suitable for topographic mapping and analysis. This dataset has been generalised from the high resolution vector polyline. Medium resolution versions of ADD data are suitable for scales smaller than 1:1,000,000, although certain...

Annual and sub-annual diatom abundance and distribution in the Jurassic, Rothschild Island, Sherman Island and Sky-Blu ice cores (1992-2019 CE)

Dieter Tetzner, Claire Allen & Elizabeth Thomas
This dataset presents the annual and sub-annual diatom records preserved in a set of ice cores from the Antarctic Peninsula and Ellsworth Land over the 1992-2019 CE interval, as presented in Tetzner et al. (2022). Annual diatom abundance (annual d-abundance) data are provided as annual averages for the 1992-2019 CE interval. Annual diatom concentration (annual d-concentration) data are provided as annual averages over the 1992-2019 CE interval. Sub-annual diatom concentration (sub-annual d-concentration) data are provided...

Blue carbon data for marine invertebrates living on soft substrata (20m South Cove and Hangar Cove) and Rocky substrata (Cheshire Island) around Rothera Point Antarctica (2013-2015).

Simon Morley, Terri Souster, Laura Gerrish, Belinda Vause, Lloyd Peck & David Barnes
Blue carbon data for assemblages living on soft substrata (20m South Cove and Hangar Cove) and Rocky substrata (Cheshire Island) around Rothera Point Antarctica (2013-2015) in both winter and summer. All fauna larger than 1mm (soft substrata) and 3mm (hard substrata) were collected by suction samplers. All fauna were identified and then carbon values calculated for each species from dry mass and ash free dry mass.

Structure-from-motion-generated imagery, nest location coordinates and counts for Adelie, chinstrap, gentoo and macaroni penguins on the South Sandwich Islands, from December to February, 2019-2020.

Tom Hart, Sarah Manthorpe, Gemma Clucas & Heather Lynch
This dataset contains penguin survey data and imagery from unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) across the South Sandwich Islands, from December 2019 to February 2020. It comprises orthotiff images (orthotiffs) and digital elevation models (DEMS) of surveyed sites, geographic penguin colony outlines, nest coordinates for individual species, mixed species' sub-colonies and groups where species-level identification was not possible. Finally, it also includes the total count for these different categories for each individual site, alongside an estimate...

Identification of the diagenetic sedimentary environment and hydrothermal fluid fluxes in Southern Ocean sediments (IODP Exp 382) using B, Si and Sr isotopes in interstitial waters

Valentin Mollé , Sonja Geilert , Bridget Kenlee , Klaus Wallmann , Osamu Seki , Ji-Hwan Hwan , Michael E Weber , Maureen Raymo , Victoria L. Peck , Trevor Williams , Florian Scholz & Expedition 382 Scientists
During IODP Expedition 382, two sites were drilled at 53.2°S at the northern edge of the Scotia Sea and three sites at 57.4°–59.4°S in the southern Scotia Sea within the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Sediments at both locations alternate between dominant terrigenous components during glacials and dominant biogenic components, carbonate at the northerly sites and opal in the southern Scotia Sea, during interglacials. Here we constrain the geochemical environment in interstitial waters using...

High resolution vector polygons of the Antarctic coastline - VERSION 7.5

Laura Gerrish, Peter Fretwell & Paul Cooper
Coastline for Antarctica created from various mapping and remote sensing sources, provided as polygons with 'land', 'ice shelf', 'ice tongue' or 'rumple' attribute. Covering all land and ice shelves south of 60S. Suitable for topographic mapping and analysis. High resolution versions of ADD data are suitable for scales larger than 1:1,000,000. The largest suitable scale is changeable and dependent on the region. Major changes in v7.5 include updates to ice shelf fronts in the following...

Phase-sensitive radar (ApRES) time series data from Thwaites eastern ice shelf, 2020

Keith Nicholls & David Holland
The dataset comprises ApRES (Autonomous phase-sensitive Radio Echo Sounder) time series from four sites (G1-4) through the grounding zone of the eastern Thwaites ice shelf. The instruments were deployed in early 2020 and recovered in early 2021 as part of the International Thwaites Glacier Collaboration (ITGC) MELT project. The aim was to provide time series of basal melt rates and the vertical strain rate at each site. The ApRES DAT files were converted to netCDF...

Predicting foraging dive outcomes in chinstrap penguins using biologging and animal-borne cameras

Fabrizio Manco, Stephen Lang & Philip Trathan
Direct observation of foraging behavior is not always possible, especially for marine species that hunt below the surface. However, biologging and tracking devices in particular have provided very detailed information about how various species use their habitat. From these indirect observations, researchers have tried to infer foraging and prey catching events for a more accurate definition of these species’ ecological niches. In this study, we deployed video cameras in addition to GPS and time-depth recorders...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    46

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    44
  • Text
    2

Affiliations

  • British Antarctic Survey
    46
  • Natural Environment Research Council
    28
  • Natural Environment Research Council, UK Research & Innovation
    9
  • University of Aberdeen
    6
  • Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
    5
  • Columbia University
    2
  • UiT The Arctic University of Norway
    2
  • University of Cambridge
    2
  • Texas A&M University
    2
  • Hokkaido University
    2