7 Works

Data from: Multiple mating in the context of interspecific hybridization between two Tetramorium ant species

Marion Cordonnier, Gilles Escarguel, Adeline Dumet & Bernard Kaufmann
In eusocial Hymenoptera, haplodiploidy and polyandry may facilitate selection for hybridization. Interspecific hybridization is widespread in ants and can lead to hybrid inviability as well as the formation of new species through hybrid speciation. However, in ants, polyandry is uncommon. By analyzing microsatellite markers on 15 ant workers per colony, we show that the mating system of 28 pure colonies of Tetramorium immigrans, 15 pure colonies of Tetramorium caespitum and 27 hybrid colonies is a...

In silico and empirical evaluation of twelve metabarcoding primer sets for insectivorous diet analyses

Orianne Tournayre, Ondine Filippi-Codaccioni, Marine Trillat, Sylvain Piry, Dominique Pontier, Nathalie Charbonnel, Maxime Galan & Maxime Leuchtmann
During the most recent decade, environmental DNA metabarcoding approaches have been both developed and improved to minimize the biological and technical biases in these protocols. However, challenges remain, notably those relating to primer design. In the current study, we comprehensively assessed the performance of ten COI and two 16S primer pairs for eDNA metabarcoding, including novel and previously published primers. We used a combined approach of in silico, in vivo-mock community (33 arthropod taxa from...

Drivers of amphibian population dynamics and asynchrony at local and regional scales

Hugo Cayuela, Richard A. Griffiths, Nurul Zakaria, Jan W. Arntzen, Pauline Priol, Jean-Paul Léna, Aurélien Besnard & Pierre Joly
Identifying the drivers of population fluctuations in spatially distinct populations remains a significant challenge for ecologists. Whereas regional climatic factors may generate population synchrony (i.e., the Moran effect), local factors including the level of density-dependence may reduce the level of synchrony. Although divergences in the scaling of population synchrony and spatial environmental variation have been observed, the regulatory factors that underlie such mismatches are poorly understood. Few previous studies have investigated how density-dependent processes and...

Data from: Quantitative genetics of the use of conspecific and heterospecific social cues for breeding site choice

Jere Tolvanen, Sami Mikael Kivelä, Blandine Doligez, Jennifer Morinay, Lars Gustafsson, Piter Bijma, Veli-Matti Pakanen & Jukka T. Forsman
Social information use for decision-making is common and affects ecological and evolutionary processes, including social aggregation, species coexistence and cultural evolution. Despite increasing ecological knowledge on social information use, very little is known about its genetic basis and therefore its evolutionary potential. Genetic variation in a trait affecting an individual's social and non-social environment may have important implications for population dynamics, interspecific interactions and for expression of other, environmentally plastic traits. We estimated repeatability, additive...

Data from: Are human natal sex ratio differences across the world adaptive? A test of Fisher’s principle

Mathieu Douhard & Stéphane Dray
Fisher’s principle states that natural selection favours an equal number of male and female births at the population level, unless there are sex differences in rearing costs or sex differences in mortality before the end of the period of parental investment. Sex differences in rearing costs should be more pronounced in low- than in high-resource settings. We, therefore, examined whether human development index and sex differences in child mortality contribute to the natural variation in...

Adaptive changes in color vision from long-term filter usage in anomalous but not normal trichromacy

John S. Werner, Brennan Marsh-Armstrong & Kenneth Knoblauch
For over 150 years, spectrally selective filters have been proposed to improve the vision of observers with color vision deficiencies. About 6% of males and <1% of females have anomalies in their gene arrays coded on the X chromosome that result in significantly decreased spectral separation between their middle- (M-) and long- (L-) wave sensitive cone photoreceptors. These shifts alter individuals’ color-matching and chromatic discrimination such that they are classified as anomalous trichromats. Broad-band spectrally...

Data from: An intermediate type of medusa from the early Cambrian Kuanchuanpu Formation, South China

Xing Wang, Jean Vannier, Xiaoguang Yang, Shin Kubota, Qiang Ou, Xiaoyong Yao, Kentaro Uesugi, Osamu Sasaki, Tsuyoshi Komiya & Jian Han
The tetraradial or pentaradial fossil embryos and related hatched individuals from the early Cambrian Kuanchuanpu Formation are of great interest for understanding the early evolution of medusozoans. The phylogenetic and evolutionary significance of their external and internal characters (e.g. manubrium, tentacles, septa and claustra) is still controversial. Here we describe a new pentamerous medusozoan, Hanagyroia orientalis gen. et sp. nov., characterized by five well-developed perradial oral lips around a remarkably large manubrium, a conspicuous equatorial...

Registration Year

  • 2020
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Affiliations

  • University of Lyon System
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  • University of Kent
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  • Northwest University
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  • PSL Research University
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  • Tohoku University
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  • Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute
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  • Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology
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  • Kyoto University
    1
  • University of Oulu
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  • Uppsala University
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