11 Works

Data from: UV radiation doubles microbial degradation of standing litter in a subtropical forest

Han Jiang, Yueting Pan, Jiawen Liang, Yinghui Yang, Qi Chen, Meiqi Lv, Lu Pang, Weihua He & Xingjun Tian
UV radiation has been recognized as a direct driver of litter decomposition by photodegrading organic matter in dryland ecosystems. However, the importance and mechanism of UV radiation on litter decomposition, especially on standing litter, in humid forest ecosystems remain unclear. We conducted a factorial experiment in a humid subtropical forest gap, manipulating the effects of UV radiation on the decomposition of standing litter under different microbial conditions. After 366 days of standing incubation, under normal...

Data from: Nitrogen enrichment and warming shift community functional composition via distinct mechanisms: the role of intraspecific trait variability and species turnover

Xiaoyi Wang, Xuebin Yan, Kailing Huang, Xi Luo, Yuanyuan Zhang, Luyao Zhou, Fei Yang, Xiaohong Xu, Xianhui Zhou, Kechang Niu & Hui Guo
1. Global change factors may shift community functional composition by driving species turnover (species occurrence and species relative abundance) and intraspecific trait variability. However, their relative contribution in determining the functional response of community to global change, especially nitrogen enrichment and warming, remains unclear. 2. We conducted a fully factorial field experiment in a Tibetan alpine meadow to examine responses of plant community functional composition to nitrogen enrichment and warming by quantifying seven plant functional...

Squamation and scale morphology at the root of jawed vertebrates

Yajing Wang & Min Zhu
Placoderms, as the earliest branching jawed vertebrates, are crucial to understanding how the characters of crown gnathostomes comprising Chondrichthyes and Osteichthyes evolved from their stem relatives. Despite the growing knowledge of the anatomy and diversity of placoderms over the past decade, the dermal scales of placoderms are predominantly known from isolated material, either morphologically or histologically, resulting in their squamation being poorly understood. Here we provide a comprehensive description of the squamation and scale morphology...

A global 0.05° dataset for gross primary production of sunlit and shaded vegetation canopies (1992–2020)

Bi Wenjun & Zhou Yanlian
Distinguishing gross primary production of sunlit and shaded leaves (GPPsun and GPPshade) is crucial for improving our understanding of the underlying mechanisms regulating long-term GPP variations. Here we produce a global 0.05°, 8-day dataset for GPP, GPPshade and GPPsun over 1992-2020 using an updated two-leaf light use efficiency model (TL-LUE), which is driven by the GLOBMAP leaf area index, CRUJRA meteorology, and ESA-CCI land cover. Our products estimate the mean annual totals of global GPP,...

Relative species abundance successfully predicts nestedness and interaction frequency of monthly pollination networks in an alpine meadow

Lei Hu, Yuran Dong & Shucun Sun
Plant-pollinator networks have been repeatedly reported as cumulative ones that are described with >1 years observations. However, such cumulative networks are composed of pairwise interactions recorded at different periods, and thus may not be able to reflect the reality of species interactions in nature (e.g., early-flowering plants typically do not compete for shared pollinators with late-flowering plants, but they are assumed to do so in accumulated networks). Here, we examine the monthly sampling structure of...

Spectra induce polarization data of bacteria in soil

Yalin Song, Xiaoqing Shi, André Revil & Xueyuan Kang
Real-time monitoring of microbial activity in porous media is still facing critical challenges because conventional analytical procedures are intrusive. Induced polarization (IP) has shown promises as a non-intrusive monitoring approach of such process. However, there is still a lack of quantitative analysis of soil column experiments to show how IP-based parameters can be related to the density of bacteria. The evolution of bacteria density and induced polarization is here performed in a soil-packed column experiment...

NREM sleep EEG and wake ERP summary: The first wave of the Global Research Initiative on the neurophysiology of schizophrenia (GRINS)

Nataliia Kozhemiako, Jun Wang, Chenguang Jiang, Lei A Wang, Guanchen Gai, Kai Zou, Zhe Wang, Xiaoman Yu, Zhenglin Guo, Hailiang Huang, Zhenhe Zhou, Wei Zhu, Mei-Hua Hall, Shaun M. Purcell & Jen Q. Pan
Motivated by the potential of objective neurophysiological markers to index thalamocortical function in patients with severe psychiatric illnesses, we comprehensively characterized key NREM sleep parameters across multiple domains, their interdependencies, and their relationship to waking event-related potentials and symptom severity. In 72 schizophrenia (SCZ) patients and 58 controls, we confirmed a marked reduction in sleep spindle density in SCZ and extended these findings to show that fast and slow spindle properties were largely uncorrelated. We...

Gamma-gamma revisited supplementary data

Norman MacLeod & Brendan Nash
This archive contains datasets, images, raw data-analysis results files, and software code listing for the analyses undertaken for the purpose of evaluating James A. Ford’s interpretations of his Gamma-gamma village archeological simulation. Results of our investigations are reported in full in MacLeod, N., and Nash, Brendan, S., 2021, Ford’s Gamma-Gamma village simulation revisited: highlighting the need for a new middle-range theory of archaeological types: Archaeometry, v. 63, p. 1081–1104.

Bemisia tabaci cryptic species: supplementary materials

Norman MacLeod, Roy Canty & Andrew Polaszek
This archive contains supplementary materials relating to the investigation of morphological differences in Bemisia tabcai puparia as rescribed in MacLeod, N., Canty, R.J., and Polazek, A., 2022, Morphology-based identification of Bemisia tabaci cryptic species puparia via embedded group-contrast convolution neural network analysis: Systematic Biology. The materials archived include (1) and inventory of all puparial images, (2) full sets of results files for the image-based t-SNE and embedded, group-contrasts CNN analyses, (3) Wolfram Mathematical™ scripting code...

Processed microphysical profiles of convective cloud scenes from satellite over ATTO

AVIHAY EFRAIM, Oliver Lauer, Daniel Rosenfeld, Ramon Braga, Marco Franco, Leslie Kremper, Yannian Zhu, Ulrich Pöschl, Christopher Pöhlker, Meinrat Andreae, Paulo Artaxo, Alessandro De Araújo & Mira Pohlker
We present a new approach of analyzing and interpreting vertical profiles of cloud microstructure obtained by satellite remote sensing. The method is based on a spectral bin microphysics adiabatic parcel model and aims to elucidate the effects of aerosols on the evolution of convective clouds and related microphysical processes, including the activation of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN), the growth of cloud droplets, and the formation of precipitation. Characteristic features in the vertical profiles of effective...

Grazing and global change factors differentially affect biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships in grassland ecosystems

Miao He, Yuhan Pan, Guiyao Zhou, Kathryn Barry, Yuling Fu & Xuhui Zhou
Grazing and global change (e.g., warming, nitrogen deposition and altered precipitation) both contribute to biodiversity loss and alter ecosystem structure and functioning. However, how grazing and global change interactively influence plant diversity, ecosystem productivity, and their relationship remains unclear at the global scale. Here, we synthesized 73 field studies to quantify the individual and/or interactive effects of grazing and global change factors on biodiversity-productivity relationship in grasslands. Our results showed that grazing significantly reduced plant...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Nanjing University
  • Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology
  • Southern Cross University
  • University of Michigan–Ann Arbor
  • McLean Hospital
  • Lanzhou University
  • Max Planck Institute for Chemistry
  • Federal University of Sao Paulo
  • East China Normal University
  • Natural History Museum