179 Works

Quantification of carbonates, oxychlorines, and chlorine generated by heterogeneous electrochemistry induced by Martian dust activity

Alain Wang, Neil Sturchio, Jen Houghton, Andrew Jackson, Kevin Olsen, Chuck Yan & Quincy Qu

Invasive grass (Microstegium vimineum) indirectly benefits spider community by subsidizing available prey

Andrew Landsman, Karin Burghardt & Jacob Bowman
1. Invasive plant species cause a suite of direct, negative ecological impacts, but subsequent, indirect effects are more complex and difficult to detect. Where identified, indirect effects to other taxa can be wide-ranging and include ecological benefits in certain habitats or locations. 2. Here, we simultaneously examine the direct and indirect effects of a common, invasive grass species (Microstegium vimineum) on the invertebrate communities of understory deciduous forests in the eastern United States. To do...

A Metric for Differential Chromatic Refraction in the Context of the Legacy Survey of Space and Time

Weixiang Yu, Gordon Richards, Peter Yoachim & Christina Peters
We provide a code repository for computing a metric to investigate how measurements of differential chromatic refraction might influence choices for survey strategy in the Rubin Observatory Legacy Survey of Space and Time.

Improved household living standards can restore dry tropical forests

Ruth DeFries, Meghna Agarwala, Sandra Baquie, Pooja Choksi, Sarika Khanwilkar, Pinki Mondal, Harini Nagendra & Johannes Uperlainen.
Despite multiple approaches over the last several decades to harmonize conservation and development goals in the tropics, forest-depende­­­­­­nt households remain the poorest in the world. Durable housing and alternatives to fuelwood for cooking are critical needs to reduce multi-dimensional poverty. These improvements also potentially reduce pressure on forests and alleviate forest degradation. We test this possibility in dry tropical forests of the Central Indian Highlands where tribal and other marginalized populations rely on forests for...

Angiopoietin-like protein 8, molecular cloning and regulating lipid accumulation in goat intramuscular preadipocytes

Wei Huang, Yaqiu Lin, Hua Xiang, Jiangjiang Zhu & Yong Wang
This study aimed to clone the full-length open reading frame (ORF) of goat ANGPTL8 gene sequence, reveal its molecular and expression characteristics, and explore its effect on the differentiation of goat intramuscular preadipocytes. The full-length ORF sequence of goat ANGPTL8 gene was cloned by RT-PCR technology, and bioinformatics analysis was performed by related biological software. RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression of ANGPTL8 mRNA in goat tissues. Further use of RNA interference to study...

Data from: Canopy tree preference by insectivorous birds in shade-coffee farms: implications for migratory bird conservation

Desirée L. Narango, Douglas W. Tallamy, Kerry J. Snyder & Robert A. Rice
Land converted to coffee agriculture occupies >5 million hectares of what was once prime overwintering natural habitat in the American Neotropics for migrating birds. When tree canopy is retained or restored (i.e. shade-grown), coffee farms can serve as habitat refuge for wildlife. Yet few studies have examined whether canopy tree identity impacts habitat quality for biodiversity. Specifically, whether or not certain tree species are disproportionately important for foraging insectivorous birds remains unclear. In this study,...

Lack of synchronized breeding success in a seabird community: extreme events, niche separation, and environmental variability

Casey Youngflesh, Yun Li, Heather Lynch, Karine Delord, Christophe Barbraud, Rubao Ji & Stephanie Jenouvrier
Synchrony in ecological systems, the degree to which elements respond similarly over time or space, can inform our understanding of how ecosystems function and how they are responding to global change. While studies of ecological synchrony are often focused on within-species dynamics, synchrony among species may provide important insights into how dynamics of one species are indicative of conditions relevant to the larger community, with both basic and applied implications. Ecological theory suggests there may...

Winds aloft over three water bodies influence spring stopover distributions of migrating birds along the Gulf of Mexico coast

Hannah Clipp, Jeffrey Buler, Jaclyn Smolinsky, Kyle Horton, Andrew Farnsworth & Emily Cohen
Migrating birds contend with dynamic wind conditions that ultimately influence most aspects of their migration, from broad-scale movements to individual decisions about where to rest and refuel. We used weather surveillance radar data to measure spring stopover distributions of northward migrating birds along the northern Gulf of Mexico coast and found a strong influence of winds over non-adjacent water bodies, the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, along with the contiguous Gulf of Mexico. Specifically, we...

Living and fossil Ginkgo leaves

Luke Mander, Haibin Hang, Martin Bauer & Washington Mio
The data presented here are a collection of images of living and fossil Ginkgo leaves. Mature and fully expanded leaves were harvested from a reproductively immature Ginkgo biloba tree growing in partial shade as a specimen on the campus of The Open University, UK. The specimen was ascended using a ladder and seven branches growing towards the West at approximately halfway up the specimen were removed from the trunk using a saw. Every leaf growing...

Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomal microRNA-124-3p attenuates hypoxic-ischemic brain damage through depressing tumor necrosis factor receptor associated factor 6 in newborn rats

Weijie Min, Yina Wu, Yibin Fang, Bo Hong, Dongwei Dai, Yu Zhou, Jianmin Liu & Qiang Li
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)-derived exosomes (Exo) are beneficial in the use of brain damages. Restrictively, the mechanism of Exo expressing miR-124-3p in hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD) is not completely comprehended. Thereupon, this work was put forward to reveal the action of bone marrow MSCs-derived Exo (BMSCs-Exo) expressing miR-124-3p in the illness. BMSCs were isolated and transfected with miR-124-3p agomir. Then, BMSCs-Exo were extracted and identified. The newborn HIBD rats were injected with miR-124-3p-modified BMSCs-Exo or...

Additional file 1 of Modifiable lifestyle factors have a larger contribution to colorectal neoplasms than family history

Shuyuan Wang, Zhen Yuan, Yuqi Wang, Xuanzhu Zhao, Weifeng Gao, Hongzhou Li, Yuanshun Zhao, Zili Zhang, Shuiqing Liang, Zhaoce Liu, Qinghuai Zhang, Hong Ma, Xipeng Zhang, Wei Cui & Chunze Zhang
Additional file 1: Table S1. Association of selected risk factors with colorectal neoplasms stratified by sex.

Comparable Recovery and Compensatory Strategies in Heel-Rise Performance After a Surgically Repaired Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture: An In Vivo Kinematic Analysis Comparing Early Functional Mobilization and Standard Treatment

Susanna Aufwerber, Karin Grävare Silbernagel, Paul W. Ackermann & Josefine E. Naili
Background:Deficits in calf muscle function and heel-rise performance are common after an Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) and are related to tendon elongation and calf muscle atrophy. Whether early functional mobilization (EFM) can improve calf muscle function compared with standard treatment (ST) with 2 weeks of immobilization and unloading in a plaster cast is unknown.Hypothesis:EFM would lead to superior recovery of heel-rise performance, as demonstrated by more symmetrical side-to-side ankle and knee joint kinematics, compared with...

Additional file 1 of AGI grade-guided chaiqin chengqi decoction treatment for predicted moderately severe and severe acute pancreatitis (CAP trial): study protocol of a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, pragmatic clinical trial

Zhiyao Chen, Xiaonan Yang, Jia Guo, Tao Jin, Ziqi Lin, Ping Zhu, Jing Li, Ling Li, Xin Sun, Dan Du, Kun Jiang, Yanqiu He, Fei Cai, Lan Li, Cheng Hu, Qingyuan Tan, Wei Huang, Lihui Deng & Qing Xia
Additional file 1. SPIRIT 2013 Checklist: Recommended items to address in a clinical trial protocol and related documents.

Angiopoietin-like protein 8, molecular cloning and regulating lipid accumulation in goat intramuscular preadipocytes

Wei Huang, Yaqiu Lin, Hua Xiang, Jiangjiang Zhu & Yong Wang
This study aimed to clone the full-length open reading frame (ORF) of goat ANGPTL8 gene sequence, reveal its molecular and expression characteristics, and explore its effect on the differentiation of goat intramuscular preadipocytes. The full-length ORF sequence of goat ANGPTL8 gene was cloned by RT-PCR technology, and bioinformatics analysis was performed by related biological software. RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression of ANGPTL8 mRNA in goat tissues. Further use of RNA interference to study...

High-energy Q switched Yb-doped fiber laser based on a ternary layered structured Ti2AlC saturable absorber

KANG ZHANG, Ming Feng, Jinyue Xie, Xu Sang, Guoqing Sun, Ye Tian, Feng Song & Wei Huang
Ti₂AlC is a kind of ternary layered structured ceramic metal compound, combing advantages of both ceramic and metal. Herein, the saturable absorption performance of Ti₂AlC at 1 μm waveband is investigated for the first time. The Ti₂AlC behaves with excellent saturable absorption, which has a modulation depth of 14.53% and a saturable intensity of 13.27 MW/cm². An all-normal dispersion fiber laser based on the Ti₂AlC saturable absorber (SA) is constructed. The repetition frequency of the...

High-energy Q switched Yb-doped fiber laser based on a ternary layered structured Ti2AlC saturable absorber

KANG ZHANG, Ming Feng, Jinyue Xie, Xu Sang, Guoqing Sun, Ye Tian, Feng Song & Wei Huang
Ti₂AlC is a kind of ternary layered structured ceramic metal compound, combing advantages of both ceramic and metal. Herein, the saturable absorption performance of Ti₂AlC at 1 μm waveband is investigated for the first time. The Ti₂AlC behaves with excellent saturable absorption, which has a modulation depth of 14.53% and a saturable intensity of 13.27 MW/cm². An all-normal dispersion fiber laser based on the Ti₂AlC saturable absorber (SA) is constructed. The repetition frequency of the...

Additional file 9 of Identification of MAP3K4 as a novel regulation factor of hepatic lipid metabolism in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Zhiyong He, Yangyang Bin, Guangshun Chen, Qiang Li, Wenling Fan, Yongqiang Ma, Junfang Yi, Xiaohua Luo, Zhi Tan & Jiequn Li
Additional file 9: Table S8. The top 10 hub genes rank in Betweenness algorithm of CytoHubba.

Additional file 9 of Identification of MAP3K4 as a novel regulation factor of hepatic lipid metabolism in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Zhiyong He, Yangyang Bin, Guangshun Chen, Qiang Li, Wenling Fan, Yongqiang Ma, Junfang Yi, Xiaohua Luo, Zhi Tan & Jiequn Li
Additional file 9: Table S8. The top 10 hub genes rank in Betweenness algorithm of CytoHubba.

Additional file 1 of Identification of MAP3K4 as a novel regulation factor of hepatic lipid metabolism in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Zhiyong He, Yangyang Bin, Guangshun Chen, Qiang Li, Wenling Fan, Yongqiang Ma, Junfang Yi, Xiaohua Luo, Zhi Tan & Jiequn Li
Additional file 1: Table S1. Clinical Characteristics of NAFLD patients and controls.

Additional file 1 of Identification of MAP3K4 as a novel regulation factor of hepatic lipid metabolism in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Zhiyong He, Yangyang Bin, Guangshun Chen, Qiang Li, Wenling Fan, Yongqiang Ma, Junfang Yi, Xiaohua Luo, Zhi Tan & Jiequn Li
Additional file 1: Table S1. Clinical Characteristics of NAFLD patients and controls.

Additional file 2 of Identification of MAP3K4 as a novel regulation factor of hepatic lipid metabolism in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Zhiyong He, Yangyang Bin, Guangshun Chen, Qiang Li, Wenling Fan, Yongqiang Ma, Junfang Yi, Xiaohua Luo, Zhi Tan & Jiequn Li
Additional file 2: Table S2. RNA-seq data of liver tissues of NAFLD patients and controls.

Additional file 4 of Identification of MAP3K4 as a novel regulation factor of hepatic lipid metabolism in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Zhiyong He, Yangyang Bin, Guangshun Chen, Qiang Li, Wenling Fan, Yongqiang Ma, Junfang Yi, Xiaohua Luo, Zhi Tan & Jiequn Li
Additional file 4: Table S4. The top 20 significantly KEGG pathways of RNA-seq data.

Additional file 8 of Identification of MAP3K4 as a novel regulation factor of hepatic lipid metabolism in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Zhiyong He, Yangyang Bin, Guangshun Chen, Qiang Li, Wenling Fan, Yongqiang Ma, Junfang Yi, Xiaohua Luo, Zhi Tan & Jiequn Li
Additional file 8: Figure S1. PPI network based on the analysis of 134 overlapping genes using Cytoscape.

Supplementary document for High energy Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser based on ternary layered structured Ti2AlC saturable absorber - 6077484.pdf

KANG ZHANG, Jinyue Xie, Xu Sang, Guoqing Sun, Ye Tian, Ming Feng, Feng Song & Wei Huang
Fig. S1. The RF spectrum of Q-switched pulses

Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial

Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen & Desheng Wang
Aim:Some obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients may have mandibular retrognathia (ANB > 4.7° and SNB < 76.2°). Currently, there are no studies that have compared the effectiveness of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) versus mandibular advancement device (MAD) in severe OSA patients with mandibular retrognathia. We explored the efficacy of CPAP versus MAD for the treatment of severe OSA patients with mandibular retrognathia.Methods:A total of 105 patients were enrolled. Outcomes were assessed by using polysomnography,...

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