1,125 Works

Energy production from heavy-metal-contaminated biomass obtained from phytoremediation

Jing He
Phytoremediation is an eco-friendly and cost-effective approach to remediate the heavy metal(loid) (HMs) polluted lands and water bodies. The contaminants can be absorbed by vegetation on site, and be removed by harvesting the plants. While extensive efforts have been made to improve the phytoremediation efficiency, the sustainability of this technology is questioned, due to the problematic disposal of the heavy metal enriched biomass (HMEB). This work uses Avicennia marina biomass collected after remediation of lead...

Connecting Hegel and the Extended Mind Hypothesis

Georgia Rutherford
Hegel has been an influential figure in many areas of philosophy since the time of his writing in the 1800s. However, his work has not been a direct influence on much work in modern philosophy of mind. On the other hand, the extended mind hypothesis is a relatively recent area of research in modern philosophy of mind. While a connection between Hegel and the extended mind hypothesis may seem unexpected, there are benefits to such...

Connecting Hegel and the Extended Mind Hypothesis

Georgia Rutherford
Hegel has been an influential figure in many areas of philosophy since the time of his writing in the 1800s. However, his work has not been a direct influence on much work in modern philosophy of mind. On the other hand, the extended mind hypothesis is a relatively recent area of research in modern philosophy of mind. While a connection between Hegel and the extended mind hypothesis may seem unexpected, there are benefits to such...

\"I know you want it\": effects of music with sexually violent lyrics on men's sexually violent attitudes and behaviour

Andrew Wowk
Music is one of the most widely consumed forms of media around the world, and recent improvements in technology have made it easier than ever for people to access an extremely wide range of music with ease. This includes music with antisocial content and themes, including songs with lyrics depicting or approving of sexually violent behaviour. However, despite the prevalence and ease of access of such music, its potential effects on listeners remains critically under...

Trans* and gender diverse players, avatars, and the performance of gender

Kayson Whitehouse
Trans* and Gender Diverse (TGD) players are a minority who are uniquely positioned to take advantage of the virtual, anonymous, and invisible nature of videogames to overcome offline obstacles. Yet little research has investigated these players, and most works exclude TGD players due to heteronormative assumptions. This thesis draws on queer game studies to investigate TGD players’ use of videogames. Forty TGD participants were interviewed to gain insight into if, how and why TGD player’s...

Additional file 3 of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm dispersion by the mouse antimicrobial peptide CRAMP

Yang Zhang, Peng Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Xiaofen Li, Lianci Peng, Rendong Fang, Jing Xiong, Hui Li, Cui Mei, Jiye Gao, Zhenhui Song, Dengfeng Xu, Lizhi Fu, Chenghong Li, Xueqing Wu, Yuzhang He & Hongwei Chen
Additional file 3. Differentially expressed protein data.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm dispersion by the mouse antimicrobial peptide CRAMP

Yang Zhang, Peng Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Xiaofen Li, Lianci Peng, Rendong Fang, Jing Xiong, Hui Li, Cui Mei, Jiye Gao, Zhenhui Song, Dengfeng Xu, Lizhi Fu, Chenghong Li, Xueqing Wu, Yuzhang He & Hongwei Chen
Abstract Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a known bacterium that produces biofilms and causes severe infection. Furthermore, P. aeruginosa biofilms are extremely difficult to eradicate, leading to the development of chronic and antibiotic-resistant infections. Our previous study showed that a cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide (CRAMP) inhibits the formation of P. aeruginosa biofilms and markedly reduces the biomass of preformed biofilms, while the mechanism of eradicating bacterial biofilms remains elusive. Therefore, in this study, the potential mechanism...

Additional file 2 of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm dispersion by the mouse antimicrobial peptide CRAMP

Yang Zhang, Peng Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Xiaofen Li, Lianci Peng, Rendong Fang, Jing Xiong, Hui Li, Cui Mei, Jiye Gao, Zhenhui Song, Dengfeng Xu, Lizhi Fu, Chenghong Li, Xueqing Wu, Yuzhang He & Hongwei Chen
Additional file 2. Differentially expressed gene data.

Flying the Flag, Beneath the Waves: Submarines in Naval Diplomacy

Justin Burke
Naval diplomacy is often described as the study of what navies actually do rather than what they train for. Accordingly, during extended periods of peacetime when submarines across the world are not sinking each other, surface ships, or attacking land targets, they are conducting routine affairs which correspond to our notions of naval diplomacy. Yet since James Cable’s seminal book Gunboat Diplomacy in the early 1970s, scholars have frequently dismissed the role of the “silent...

Forensic Science Discplines, Truth and Collective Knowledge: A Framework for Reforming Knowledge Production in Forensic Science

Ellen Konza
This thesis provides a framework for the reform of knowledge production in forensic science. The perspective offered is a collective epistemological analysis of forensic science disciplines as plural epistemic agents. I argue that forensic disciplines provide a valuable source of epistemic reform due to disciplines acting as influential socio-epistemic forces within the current structure of forensic science. My proposal is that forensic science disciplines ought to move from a joint commitment model of collective knowledge,...

Development of an IoT-enabled aqueous Sulphur sensor

Brady Shearan
This thesis presents research in relation to the development of a low-cost sensor capable of real-time detection of Sulphur ions within aqueous mediums, with the future potential of detection of Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) in potable and wastewater systems. H2S is a toxic gas that can be harmful to humans at low concentrations and also cause significant damages to wastewater infrastructure. There currently remains a large interest in developing a low-cost sensor capable of detecting H2S...

Differences in the process and products of translation and post-editing between bilinguals and advanced trainee translators: a contrastive study

Mengjia Wu
This research project aims to compare English-Chinese trainee translators with English-Chinese bilinguals in conducting translation tasks as well as post-editing tasks. Adopting a think-aloud method, combined with multiple supporting tools including screen recording and audio recording during the data collection, the researcher explores the differences in the behaviours identified in both translation and post-editing processes between trainee translators and untrained bilinguals. Translation and post-editing products are also rated and analysed in relation to the process...

Evaluating the impact of hypnotic suggestion on implicit biases: an age implicit association test study

Spencer Arbige
Van Dessel and De Houwer (2019) found evidence to indicate that, in some instances, hypnosis can lead to reduced measures of implicit bias. However, I argue that their departures from standard hypnosis paradigms limit their ability to draw meaningful conclusions concerning the unique role of hypnotic suggestion in this reduction. Given the theoretical significance of their results, I aimed to conceptually replicate their findings across two studies that explored the capacity of hypnosis to moderate...

Late Neoproterozoic organic-rich sediments in South China: Insights into records of paleo-ocean chemistry and biogeochemistry

Jiayi Ai
It has been widely hypothesized that a late-Neoproterozoic rise in oxygen paved the way for the diversification of complex life forms. The fossiliferous late Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks in South China are some of the best preserved sequences of this time, covering the rise of algae and the emergence of animal life. However, biomarker evidence with strict contamination controls are lacking. Firstly, this thesis focuses on the search for indigenous biomarkers using slice experiments, in order...

Integrated photovoltaic-electrochemical flow cell system design for solar-driven fuel production from carbon dioxide

Harry O'Donnell
Solar driven electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) is emerging as one of the leading methods of closing the carbon cycle in chemical industries and harnessing abundant solar energy. An integrated photovoltaic (PV) electrochemical flow cell (EFC) system permits a modular approach to improving the overall conversion efficiency of solar energy to useful carbon-based products. In this thesis, an original membrane-type EFC is designed, assembled and tested for the reduction of CO2 to carbon monoxide...

New frontiers in re-prosecution: double jeopardy and the ‘fresh and compelling’ evidence exception in New South Wales

Brent Gosling
In 2018 the New South Wales Attorney-General asked the Court of Criminal Appeal to allow the retrial of a person found not guilty of two murder charges at trials in 1994 and 2006. This case represents the first use of the ‘fresh and compelling’ evidence exception to the double jeopardy rule. Double jeopardy traditionally prohibits the re-trial of an accused person for the same offence following conviction or acquittal. Now, the emergence of fresh and...

Cyber attack detection and mitigation in smart power systems

Ruhul Amin
The cyber security issue in modern power systems is critical because of its real-time requirements, the mix of advanced and legacy technologies, and the cascading effect of disruptions. Recent cyber incidents have shown that only ICT-based security measures are inadequate to defend against cyber attacks in power systems. The development of more general and realistic methodologies, especially based on the static and dynamic behaviours of power systems can be an effective solution for cyber-attack detection,...

Tilted nonparametric regression function estimation

Farzaneh Boroumand
In recent decades, nonparametric regression models have gained considerable attention in theoretical and applied statistics because they do not rely on a predetermined functional form of relationship between predictors and the outcome. In this thesis, we study a class of nonparametric regression estimator called linear smoother. We apply a tilting technique to improve the performance of the linear smoother by minimizing the distance between the linear smoother and a comparator. The tilted linear smoother takes...

Does simulated conductive hearing loss affect preschoolers’ fast mapping, word learning and word recognition abilities?

Mareike Sahling, Natalie Boll-Avetisyan & Titia Benders
Otitis Media with Effusion (OME) leads to periods of mild to moderate conductive hearing loss. This study uses eye tracking to investigate the effects of simulated OME on word learning in a visual world paradigm. The ability to recognise familiar labels (word recognition), as well as select referents and retain novel labels (word learning) will be assessed in preschoolers (Age range: 36-47 months, n ≥ 60) with and without simulated conductive hearing loss (HL) ....

Impact of Individual Differences in Decision Making Tendencies on Visual Search Performance in a Simulated Baggage Screening Task

Charlotte Jackson, Kim Curby, Stephen Mitroff, Samoni Nag, Patrick Cox & Emma Siritzky
In airports, aviation security screeners conduct several high-stake safety tasks, such as x-ray baggage screenings, physical bag searches, metal detector screenings, and explosive trace detection functions. To perform some of these functions, staff rely on visual search—the ability to visually identify target items (such as weaponry or contraband) amongst distractor items (such as standard travel items). Thus far, a large body of research has helped us better understand the cognitive complexities associated with visual search,...

Supplemental Material - Ischemic stroke and intracranial hemorrhage in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Yu Jin, Yang Zhang & Jinping Liu
Supplemental Material for Ischemic stroke and intracranial hemorrhage in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis by Yu Jin, Yang Zhang, and Jinping Liu in Perfusion

Additional file 7 of Circulating tumor DNA integrating tissue clonality detects minimal residual disease in resectable non-small-cell lung cancer

Siwei Wang, Ming Li, Jingyuan Zhang, Peng Xing, Min Wu, Fancheng Meng, Feng Jiang, Jie Wang, Hua Bao, Jianfeng Huang, Binhui Ren, Mingfeng Yu, Ninglei Qiu, Houhuai Li, Fangliang Yuan, Zhi Zhang, Hui Jia, Xinxin Lu, Shuai Zhang, Xiaojun Wang, Youtao Xu, Wenjia Xia, Tongyan Liu, Weizhang Xu, Xinyu Xu … & Rong Yin
Additional file 7. Figure S4: ctDNA statuses and disease-related events of patients during follow-up periods. Swimmer plot illustrating the ctDNA statuses, adjuvant therapies, and pathological events of all patients. Abbreviations: LUAD – lung adenocarcinoma, LUSC - lung squamous-cell carcinoma, AT – adjuvant therapy.

Additional file 9 of Circulating tumor DNA integrating tissue clonality detects minimal residual disease in resectable non-small-cell lung cancer

Siwei Wang, Ming Li, Jingyuan Zhang, Peng Xing, Min Wu, Fancheng Meng, Feng Jiang, Jie Wang, Hua Bao, Jianfeng Huang, Binhui Ren, Mingfeng Yu, Ninglei Qiu, Houhuai Li, Fangliang Yuan, Zhi Zhang, Hui Jia, Xinxin Lu, Shuai Zhang, Xiaojun Wang, Youtao Xu, Wenjia Xia, Tongyan Liu, Weizhang Xu, Xinyu Xu … & Rong Yin
Additional file 9. Figure S6: ctDNA testing, LDCT scans, and disease-related events of patients during follow-up periods. . Swimmer plot illustrating the first positive ctDNA testing, the last negative LDCT scans, and pathological events of patients that experienced recurrence or deceased. B). The original and adjusted time intervals between the first positive ctDNA testing and final LDCT scans that detected disease recurrence. Abbreviations: LDCT – low-dose computed tomography, LUAD – lung adenocarcinoma, LUSC - lung...

Additional file 8 of Circulating tumor DNA integrating tissue clonality detects minimal residual disease in resectable non-small-cell lung cancer

Siwei Wang, Ming Li, Jingyuan Zhang, Peng Xing, Min Wu, Fancheng Meng, Feng Jiang, Jie Wang, Hua Bao, Jianfeng Huang, Binhui Ren, Mingfeng Yu, Ninglei Qiu, Houhuai Li, Fangliang Yuan, Zhi Zhang, Hui Jia, Xinxin Lu, Shuai Zhang, Xiaojun Wang, Youtao Xu, Wenjia Xia, Tongyan Liu, Weizhang Xu, Xinyu Xu … & Rong Yin
Additional file 8. Figure S5: Prognostic values of ctDNA detection based on clonal and subclonal mutations. A). The recurrence-free survival analysis of patients stratified by ctDNA detection based on only clonal mutation profiles. B). The recurrence-free survival analysis of patients stratified by ctDNA detection based on all clonal and subclonal mutations.

Additional file 11 of Circulating tumor DNA integrating tissue clonality detects minimal residual disease in resectable non-small-cell lung cancer

Siwei Wang, Ming Li, Jingyuan Zhang, Peng Xing, Min Wu, Fancheng Meng, Feng Jiang, Jie Wang, Hua Bao, Jianfeng Huang, Binhui Ren, Mingfeng Yu, Ninglei Qiu, Houhuai Li, Fangliang Yuan, Zhi Zhang, Hui Jia, Xinxin Lu, Shuai Zhang, Xiaojun Wang, Youtao Xu, Wenjia Xia, Tongyan Liu, Weizhang Xu, Xinyu Xu … & Rong Yin
Additional file 11. Methods.

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