58 Works

Data from: Computer assisted detection of axonal bouton structural plasticity in in vivo time-lapse images

Rohan Gala, Daniel Lebrecht, Daniela A. Sahlender, Anne Jorstad, Graham Knott, Anthony Holtmaat & Armen Stepanyants
The ability to measure minute structural changes in neural circuits is essential for long-term in vivo imaging studies. Here, we propose a methodology for detection and measurement of structural changes in axonal boutons imaged with time-lapse two-photon laser scanning microscopy (2PLSM). Correlative 2PLSM and 3D electron microscopy (EM) analysis, performed in mouse barrel cortex, showed that the proposed method has low fractions of false positive/negative bouton detections (2/0 out of 18), and that 2PLSM-based bouton...

Data from: Screening primary-care patients forgoing health care for economic reasons

Patrick Bodenmann, Bernard Favrat, Hans Wolff, Idris Guessous, Francesco Panese, Lilli Herzig, Thomas Bischoff, Alejandra Casillas, Thomas Golano & Paul Vaucher
Background: Growing social inequities have made it important for general practitioners to verify if patients can afford treatment and procedures. Incorporating social conditions into clinical decision-making allows general practitioners to address mismatches between patients’ health-care needs and financial resources. Objectives: Identify a screening question to, indirectly, rule out patients’ social risk of forgoing health care for economic reasons, and estimate prevalence of forgoing health care and the influence of physicians’ attitudes toward deprivation. Design: Multicenter...

Data from: The effect of bioturbation by polychaetes (Opheliidae) on benthic foraminiferal assemblages and test preservation

José N. Pérez-Asensio, Julio Aguirre & Francisco J. Rodríguez-Tovar
Biological activity such as burrowing can alter benthic foraminiferal shell preservation and may also modify benthic foraminiferal assemblages by vertical mixing, inducing sediment homogenization. Here, we analyse benthic foraminiferal assemblages and taphonomy of upper Miocene marine deposits from Conil de la Frontera (Cádiz, south-western Spain). The deposits consist of marls displaying a pervasive alternation of intensively bioturbated beds dominated by Macaronichnus segregatis traces (ichnofabric index 4–5) and non-bioturbated beds. Benthic foraminiferal assemblages are dominated by...

Data from: Increase in CO2 concentration could alter the response of Hedera helix to climate change

Ruben D. Manzanedo, Juan Ballesteros-Cánovas, Floris Schenk, Markus Stoffel, Markus Fischer & Eric Allan
• Increasing CO2 concentrations ([CO2]) is likely to affect future species distributions, in interaction with other climate change drivers. However, current modelling approaches still seldom consider interactions between climatic factors and the importance of these interactions therefore remains mostly unexplored. • Here, we combined dendrochronological and modelling approaches to study the interactive effects of increasing [CO2] and temperature on the distribution of one of the main European liana species, Hedera helix. We combined a classical...

Du sexe génital au sexe subjectif ou les reconfigurations du dimorphisme sexuel

Hélène Martin, Rebecca Bendjama & Raphaëlle Bessette-Viens
Chapitre 3 de: H. Martin & M. Roca i Escoda (dir.), Sexuer le corps. Huit études sur des pratiques médicales d'hier et d'aujourd'hui (pp. 51-67), Lausanne : Éditions HETSL.

Luís de Camões, La Lirica. 1. Sonetti

PERUGI Maurizio

Les petites centralités dans les espaces de faible densité du Bassin Parisien

Claire Fonticelli

Data from: Trunk dental tissue evolved independently from underlying dermal bony plates but is associated to surface bones in living odontode-bearing catfish

Carlos J. Rivera-Rivera & Juan I. Montoya-Burgos
Although oral dental tissue is a vertebrate attribute, trunk dental tissue evolved in several extinct vertebrate lineages but is rare among living species. The question of which processes trigger dental-tissue formation in the trunk remains open, and would shed light on odontogenesis evolution. Extra-oral dental structures (odontodes) in the trunk are associated with underlying dermal bony plates, leading us to ask whether the formation of trunk bony plates is necessary for trunk odontodes to emerge....

Data from: Taxonomy-free molecular diatom index for high-throughput eDNA biomonitoring

Laure Apothéloz-Perret-Gentil, Arielle Cordonier, François Straub, Jennifer Iseli, Philippe Esling & Jan Pawlowski
Current biodiversity assessment and biomonitoring are largely based on the morphological identification of selected bioindicator taxa. Recently, several attempts have been made to use eDNA metabarcoding as an alternative tool. However, until now, most applied metabarcoding studies have been based on the taxonomic assignment of sequences that provides reference to morphospecies ecology. Usually, only a small portion of metabarcoding data can be used due to a limited reference database and a lack of phylogenetic resolution....

Europarl-direct

Bruno Cartoni, Thomas Meyer & Philipp Koehn
These files provide statement pair extractions from the Europarl corpus of the same known source language directly translated to the target langages.

Disco-Annotation

Andrei Popescu-Belis, Thomas Meyer, Jeevanthi Liyanapathirana, Bruno Cartoni, Sandrine Zufferey & Najeh Hajlaoui
Disco-Annotation is a collection of training and test sets with manually annoted discourse relations for 8 discourse connectives in europarl texts.

Les îles de l’océan Indien dans la littérature française de la fin du XVIIe siècle : idéologie coloniale et découverte de l’Autre

Alice Bairoch de Sainte-Marie
Durant la deuxième moitié du XVIIe siècle, plusieurs auteurs français publient des relations de voyage mettant en scène les îles Mascareignes, dans l’océan Indien. Les ouvrages d’Etienne de Flacourt et de François Charpentier, notamment, s’intéressent à la colonisation de Madagascar et aux stratégies qui doivent être mises en place pour y parvenir. Dans une première partie, l’analyse et la comparaison de ces écrits, qu’il est nécessaire de replacer dans leur contexte historique, permettront de mettre...

Le jeu de l'amour et du déterminisme : compréhensions expertes et profanes du désir des femmes

Marilène Vuille
Chapitre 5 de: H. Martin & M. Roca i Escoda (dir.), Sexuer le corps. Huit études sur des pratiques médicales d'hier et d'aujourd'hui (pp. 83-99), Lausanne : Éditions HETSL.

Au fil du temps et des rencontres : une cartographie des réseaux personnels en Suisse

Gaëlle Aeby, Jacques-Antoine Gauthier & Eric D. Widmer

Une augmentation spectaculaire de la migration hautement qualifiée en Suisse

Ilka Steiner & Philippe Wanner

Το γνώθι σαυτόν στη μεταγονιδιωματική εποχή

Στυλιανός Ε. Αντωναράκης

Le Sénat de Savoie

Françoise Briegel & Sylvain Milbach

L'Homme dans les Alpes, de la pierre au métal

Pierre Bintz, Christophe Griggo & Lucie Martin

Data from: Phylogeography and support vector machine classification of colour variation in panther chameleons

Djordje Grbic, Suzanne V. Saenko, Toky M. Randriamoria, Adrien Debry, Achille P. Raselimanana & Michel C. Milinkovitch
Lizards and snakes exhibit colour variation of adaptive value for thermoregulation, camouflage, predator avoidance, sexual selection and speciation. Furcifer pardalis, the panther chameleon, is one of the most spectacular reptilian endemic species in Madagascar, with pronounced sexual dimorphism and exceptionally large intraspecific variation in male coloration. We perform here an integrative analysis of molecular phylogeography and colour variation after collecting high-resolution colour photographs and blood samples from 324 F. pardalis individuals in locations spanning the...

Data from: The population genomics of archaeological transition in west Iberia: investigation of ancient substructure using imputation and haplotype-based methods

Rui Martiniano, Lara M. Cassidy, Ros Ó'Maoldúin, Russell McLaughlin, Nuno M. Silva, Licinio Manco, Daniel Fidalgo, Tania Pereira, Maria J. Coelho, Miguel Serra, Joachim Burger, Rui Parreira, Elena Moran, Antonio C. Valera, Eduardo Porfirio, Rui Boaventura, Ana M. Silva & Daniel G. Bradley
We analyse new genomic data (0.05–2.95x) from 14 ancient individuals from Portugal distributed from the Middle Neolithic (4200–3500 BC) to the Middle Bronze Age (1740–1430 BC) and impute genomewide diploid genotypes in these together with published ancient Eurasians. While discontinuity is evident in the transition to agriculture across the region, sensitive haplotype-based analyses suggest a significant degree of local hunter-gatherer contribution to later Iberian Neolithic populations. A more subtle genetic influx is also apparent in...

Data from: Transcriptomic resources for an endemic Neotropical plant lineage (Gesneriaceae)

Martha Liliana Serrano-Serrano, Anna Marcionetti, Mathieu Perret & Nicolas Salamin
Premise of the study: Despite the extensive phenotypic variation that characterizes the Gesneriaceae family, there is a lack of genomic resources to investigate the molecular basis of their diversity. We developed and compared the transcriptomes for two species of the Neotropical lineage of the Gesneriaceae. Methods and Results: Illumina sequencing and de novo assembly of floral and leaf samples were used to generate multigene sequence data for Sinningia eumorpha and S. magnifica, two species endemic...

Data from: Hummingbird pollination and the diversification of angiosperms: an old and successful association in Gesneriaceae

Martha Liliana Serrano-Serrano, Jonathan Rolland, John Clark, Nicolas Salamin & Mathieu Perret
The effects of specific functional groups of pollinators in the diversification of angiosperms are still to be elucidated. We investigated whether the pollination shifts or the specific association with hummingbirds affected the diversification of a highly diverse angiosperm lineage in the Neotropics. We reconstructed a phylogeny of 583 species from the Gesneriaceae family and detected diversification shifts through time, inferred the timing and amount of transitions among pollinator functional groups, and tested the association between...

Supplementary information for: From scales to armour: scale losses and trunk bony plate gains in ray-finned fishes

Alexandre Lemopoulos & Juan Ignacio Montoya-Burgos
Actinopterygians (ray-finned fishes) are the most diversified group of vertebrates and are characterized by a variety of protective structures covering their integument, the evolution of which has intrigued biologists for decades. Paleontological records showed that the first mineralized vertebrate skeleton was composed of dermal bony plates covering the body, including odontogenic and skeletogenic components. Later in evolution, the exoskeleton of actinopterygian's trunk was composed of scale structures. Although scales are nowadays a widespread integument cover,...

Data from: A test of community assembly rules using foliar endophytes from a tropical forest canopy

Julian Donald, Mélanie Roy, Uxue Suescun, Amaia Iribar, Sophie Manzi, Léonie Péllissier, Philippe Gaucher & Jérôme Chave
Community assembly theory assumes that ecological communities are spatially delimited into patches. Within these patches, coexistence results from environmental filtering, competition, and immigration. Truly delineated communities exist in laboratory studies of microbial cultures in Petri dishes, yet empirical tests conducted in continuous environments often use patches defined by convention as opposed to realised boundaries. Here we perform a test of ecological community assembly rules using foliar endophyte communities from a tropical rainforest, where leaves are...

Lorsque les étudiant·es produisent et reçoivent des feedbacks entre pairs à l’université : les émotions pour apprendre

Céline Girardet
Ce texte vise à étudier les perceptions d’étudiant·es de leurs apprentissages en lien avec des sentiments/émotions lors de tâches de production et de réception de feedbacks entre pairs articulées dans un dispositif d’évaluation continue pour apprendre. Les résultats montrent que les tâches de production et de réception de feedbacks peuvent provoquer des émotions positives qui peuvent augmenter la motivation et l’implication dans les tâches, des émotions négatives désactivantes, qui peuvent diminuer la motivation et l’implication,...

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