Data from: Higher frequency of social learning in China than in the West shows cultural variation in the dynamics of cultural evolutionAlex Mesoudi, Lei Chang, Keelin Murray & Hui Jing Lu
Cultural evolutionary models have identified a range of conditions under which social learning (copying others) is predicted to be adaptive relative to asocial learning (learning on one's own), particularly in humans where socially learned information can accumulate over successive generations. However, cultural evolution and behavioural economics experiments have consistently shown apparently maladaptive under-utilization of social information in Western populations. Here we provide experimental evidence of cultural variation in people's use of social learning, potentially explaining...
Geological map of the Moor House National Nature ReserveG.A.L. Johnson
This is a spatial dataset containing polygons representing different geology types in the Moor House National Nature Reserve, northern Pennines, England. The survey was undertaken by G.A.L. Johnson under a grant by The Nature Conservancy in the 1950s and 1960s.
Data from: Population genomics of the killer whale indicates ecotype evolution in sympatry involving both selection and driftAndre E. Moura, John G. Kenny, Roy Chaudhuri, Margaret A. Hughes, Andreanna Welch, Ryan R. Reisinger, P. J. Nico De Bruyn, Marilyn E. Dahlheim, Neil Hall, A. Rus Hoelzel & Andreanna J. Welch
The evolution of diversity in the marine ecosystem is poorly understood, given the relatively high potential for connectivity, especially for highly mobile species such as whales and dolphins. The killer whale (Orcinus orca) has a worldwide distribution, and individual social groups travel over a wide geographic range. Even so, regional populations have been shown to be genetically differentiated, including among different foraging specialists (ecotypes) in sympatry. Given the strong matrifocal social structure of this species...
Data from: Comparative evaluation of potential indicators and temporal sampling protocols for monitoring genetic erosionSean Hoban, Jan A. Arntzen, Michael W. Bruford, José A. Godoy, A. Rus Hoelzel, Gernot Segelbacher, Carles Vilà & Giorgio Bertorelle
Genetic biodiversity contributes to individual fitness, species' evolutionary potential, and ecosystem stability. Temporal monitoring of the genetic status and trends of wild populations' genetic diversity can provide vital data to inform policy decisions and management actions. However, there is a lack of knowledge regarding which genetic metrics, temporal sampling protocols, and genetic markers are sufficiently sensitive and robust, on conservation-relevant timescales. Here, we tested six genetic metrics and various sampling protocols (number and arrangement of...
Data from: Large-scale introduction of the Indo-Pacific damselfish Abudefduf viagiensis into Hawai‘i promotes genetic swamping of the endemic congener A. abdominalisRichard R. Coleman, Michelle R. Gaither, Kimokeo Bethany, Stanton Frank, Brian W. Bowen, Robert J. Toonen & Bethany Kimokeo
Hybridization in the ocean was once considered rare, a process prohibited by the rapid evolution of intrinsic reproductive barriers in a high-dispersal medium. However, recent genetic surveys have prompted a reappraisal of marine hybridization as an important demographic and evolutionary process. The Hawaiian Archipelago offers an unusual case history in this arena, due to the recent arrival of the widely distributed Indo-Pacific Sergeant (Abudefduf vaigiensis), which is hybridizing with the endemic congener, A. abdominals. Surveys...
Hong Kong Polytechnic University1
Estación Biológica de Doñana1
University of Pretoria1
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology1
University of Hawaii at Manoa1
University of Tennessee at Knoxville1
University of Freiburg1
California Academy of Sciences1
University of St Andrews1