35 Works

Additional file 2 of Neighborhood environmental factors linked to hospitalizations of older people for viral lower respiratory tract infections in Spain: a case-crossover study

Alejandro Álvaro-Meca, Daniel Sepúlveda-Crespo, Rosa Resino, Pablo Ryan, Isidoro Martínez & Salvador Resino
Additional file 2: Supplementary Table 2. Summary of adjusted associations between ambient air pollutants and hospital admissions for lower respiratory tract viral infections in Spain (2013–2015).

Neighborhood environmental factors linked to hospitalizations of older people for viral lower respiratory tract infections in Spain: a case-crossover study

Alejandro Álvaro-Meca, Daniel Sepúlveda-Crespo, Rosa Resino, Pablo Ryan, Isidoro Martínez & Salvador Resino
Abstract Background Lower respiratory tract viral infection (LRTI) is a significant cause of morbidity-mortality in older people worldwide. We analyzed the association between short-term exposure to environmental factors (climatic factors and outdoor air pollution) and hospital admissions with a viral LRTI diagnosis in older adults. Methods We conducted a bidirectional case-crossover study in 6367 patients over 65 years of age with viral LRTI and residential zip code in the Spanish Minimum Basic Data Set. Spain’s...

Neighborhood environmental factors linked to hospitalizations of older people for viral lower respiratory tract infections in Spain: a case-crossover study

Alejandro Álvaro-Meca, Daniel Sepúlveda-Crespo, Rosa Resino, Pablo Ryan, Isidoro Martínez & Salvador Resino
Abstract Background Lower respiratory tract viral infection (LRTI) is a significant cause of morbidity-mortality in older people worldwide. We analyzed the association between short-term exposure to environmental factors (climatic factors and outdoor air pollution) and hospital admissions with a viral LRTI diagnosis in older adults. Methods We conducted a bidirectional case-crossover study in 6367 patients over 65 years of age with viral LRTI and residential zip code in the Spanish Minimum Basic Data Set. Spain’s...

Predation risk can modify the foraging behaviour of frugivorous carnivores: implications of rewilding apex predators for plant-animal mutualisms

Tamara Burgos, José M. Fedriani, Gema Escribano-Ávila, Javier Seoane, Javier Hernández-Hernández & Emilio Virgós
Apex predators play key roles in food webs and their recovery can trigger trophic cascades in some ecosystems. Intra-guild competition can reduce the abundances of smaller predators and perceived predation risk can alter their foraging behaviour thereby limiting seed dispersal by frugivorous carnivores. However, little is known about how plant-frugivore mutualism could be disturbed in the presence of larger predators. We evaluated the top-down effect of the regional superpredator, the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus), on...

Natural selection favours drought escape and an acquisitive resource-use strategy in semiarid Mediterranean shrubs

Mario Blanco-Sánchez, Marina Ramos-Muñoz, Beatriz Pías, Jose Alberto Ramirez-Valiente, Laura Díaz-Guerra, Adrián Escudero & Silvia Matesanz
1. Natural selection is the major force driving adaptive evolution in natural populations, varying in strength, direction, and form through space and time, especially in highly variable environments such as Mediterranean ecosystems. Although a conservative resource-use strategy has been hypothesized to be adaptive in Mediterranean taxa, patterns of selection at the intraspecific level, i.e., the suite of traits determining individual fitness, are largely unknown. 2. Using a phenotypic selection experiment in natural semiarid conditions, we...

The Influence of the Fear of Negative Evaluation on Activity Avoidance in Fibromyalgia: Exploring Pain Acceptance and Positive Affect as Resilience Variables

Carmen Ecija, Patricia Catala, Lorena Gutierrez, Manuel Javier Arrayás-Grajera & Cecilia Peñacoba
To examine the mediating role of pain acceptance (PAcc) between fear of negative evaluation (FNE) and activity avoidance (AV) at different levels of positive affect (PA) (moderator) among women diagnosed with fibromyalgia (FM) (moderate mediation model). This study was cross-sectional in design. A convenience sample of women with FM (n = 231) completed measures of pain severity, FNE, PAcc, AV, and PA. A simple mediation model and a moderate mediation model was constructed and analyzed...

Additional file 1 of Trends in hospitalization and in-hospital mortality rates among patients with lung cancer in Spain between 2010 and 2020

Abraham Galindo-Utrero, Jesús María San-Román-Montero, Ruth Gil-Prieto & Ángel Gil-de-Miguel
Additional file 1: Table S1. Definition of neoplasms of the respiratory system used according to the ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM codes.

The Influence of the Fear of Negative Evaluation on Activity Avoidance in Fibromyalgia: Exploring Pain Acceptance and Positive Affect as Resilience Variables

Carmen Ecija, Patricia Catala, Lorena Gutierrez, Manuel Javier Arrayás-Grajera & Cecilia Peñacoba
To examine the mediating role of pain acceptance (PAcc) between fear of negative evaluation (FNE) and activity avoidance (AV) at different levels of positive affect (PA) (moderator) among women diagnosed with fibromyalgia (FM) (moderate mediation model). This study was cross-sectional in design. A convenience sample of women with FM (n = 231) completed measures of pain severity, FNE, PAcc, AV, and PA. A simple mediation model and a moderate mediation model was constructed and analyzed...

Cross-validation of correlation networks using modular structure

Magnus Neuman, Viktor Jonsson, Joaquín Calatayud & Martin Rosvall
Abstract Correlation networks derived from multivariate data appear in many applications across the sciences. These networks are usually dense and require sparsification to detect meaningful structure. However, current methods for sparsifying correlation networks struggle with balancing overfitting and underfitting. We propose a module-based cross-validation procedure to threshold these networks, making modular structure an integral part of the thresholding. We illustrate our approach using synthetic and real data and find that its ability to recover a...

Additional file 1 of Cross-validation of correlation networks using modular structure

Magnus Neuman, Viktor Jonsson, Joaquín Calatayud & Martin Rosvall
Additional file 1. Gene expression data retrieved from the Sequence Read Archive, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sra .

Additional file 2 of Neighborhood environmental factors linked to hospitalizations of older people for viral lower respiratory tract infections in Spain: a case-crossover study

Alejandro Álvaro-Meca, Daniel Sepúlveda-Crespo, Rosa Resino, Pablo Ryan, Isidoro Martínez & Salvador Resino
Additional file 2: Supplementary Table 2. Summary of adjusted associations between ambient air pollutants and hospital admissions for lower respiratory tract viral infections in Spain (2013–2015).

Flexible diets enable pollinators to cope with changes in plant community composition

Teresa Morán López, Gita Benadi, Carlos Lara-Romero, Natalia Chacoff, Agustín Vitali, David Pescador, Silvia B Lomáscolo, Javier Morente-López, Diego P. Vázquez & Juan Manuel Morales
Switching plant species visited by pollinators (partner flexibility), has been proposed as a behavioural mechanism able to attenuate the negative impacts of shifts in plant communities on pollination. However, it is unclear if the magnitude of such response is generalizable or depends on the environmental context. Moreover, the ability of pollinators to exploit plants with dissimilar traits (trait flexibility) has been overlooked, even though it can affect the spectrum of new partners available. To shed...

sj-docx-1-cnr-10.1177_10547738221122670 – Supplemental material for The Influence of the Fear of Negative Evaluation on Activity Avoidance in Fibromyalgia: Exploring Pain Acceptance and Positive Affect as Resilience Variables

Carmen Ecija, Patricia Catala, Lorena Gutierrez, Manuel Javier Arrayás-Grajera & Cecilia Peñacoba
Supplemental material, sj-docx-1-cnr-10.1177_10547738221122670 for The Influence of the Fear of Negative Evaluation on Activity Avoidance in Fibromyalgia: Exploring Pain Acceptance and Positive Affect as Resilience Variables by Carmen Ecija, Patricia Catala, Lorena Gutierrez, Manuel Javier Arrayás-Grajera and Cecilia Peñacoba in Clinical Nursing Research

Additional file 1 of Cross-validation of correlation networks using modular structure

Magnus Neuman, Viktor Jonsson, Joaquín Calatayud & Martin Rosvall
Additional file 1. Gene expression data retrieved from the Sequence Read Archive, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sra .

Cross-validation of correlation networks using modular structure

Magnus Neuman, Viktor Jonsson, Joaquín Calatayud & Martin Rosvall
Abstract Correlation networks derived from multivariate data appear in many applications across the sciences. These networks are usually dense and require sparsification to detect meaningful structure. However, current methods for sparsifying correlation networks struggle with balancing overfitting and underfitting. We propose a module-based cross-validation procedure to threshold these networks, making modular structure an integral part of the thresholding. We illustrate our approach using synthetic and real data and find that its ability to recover a...

Additional file 1 of Trends in hospitalization and in-hospital mortality rates among patients with lung cancer in Spain between 2010 and 2020

Abraham Galindo-Utrero, Jesús María San-Román-Montero, Ruth Gil-Prieto & Ángel Gil-de-Miguel
Additional file 1: Table S1. Definition of neoplasms of the respiratory system used according to the ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM codes.

Additional file 3 of Trends in hospitalization and in-hospital mortality rates among patients with lung cancer in Spain between 2010 and 2020

Abraham Galindo-Utrero, Jesús María San-Román-Montero, Ruth Gil-Prieto & Ángel Gil-de-Miguel
Additional file 3: Table S3. Number of in-hospital lung cancer deaths by age group, sex and year in Spain from 2010 to 2020.

Trends in hospitalization and in-hospital mortality rates among patients with lung cancer in Spain between 2010 and 2020

Abraham Galindo-Utrero, Jesús María San-Román-Montero, Ruth Gil-Prieto & Ángel Gil-de-Miguel
Abstract Background Lung cancer is the third most frequent tumor and the main cause of death by tumor in Spain. Although the incidence and mortality are still significantly higher in men than in women, the disparity between the sexes is decreasing. The objective of this study was to analyze the evolution of lung cancer hospitalization and in-hospital mortality rates in Spain from 2010 to 2020. Methods The reports of the Minimum Basic Data Set (MBDS)...

Larval parasitism in a specialist herbivore is explained by phenological synchrony and host plant availability

Constanti Stefanescu, Pau Colom, José Miguel Barea-Azcón, David Horsfield, Benjamin Komac, Adrià Miralles, Mark R. Shaw, Andreu Ubach & David Gutiérrez
Parasitism is a key factor in the population dynamics of many herbivorous insects, although its impact on host populations varies widely, for instance, along latitudinal and altitudinal gradients. Understanding the sources of geographical variation in host-parasitoid interactions is crucial for reliably predicting the future success of the interacting species under a context of global change. Here, we examine larval parasitism in the butterfly Aglais urticae in south-west Europe, where it is a mountain specialist. Larval...

Demographic consequences of heterogeneity in conspecific density dependence among mast fruiting tropical trees

Michael O'Brien & David Burslem
The role of conspecific density dependence (CDD) in the maintenance of species richness is a central focus of tropical forest ecology. However, tests of CDD often ignore the integrated effects of CDD over multiple life-stages and their long-term impacts on population demography. We combined a 10-year time series of seed production, seedling recruitment and sapling and tree demography of three dominant Southeast Asian tree species that adopt a mast fruiting phenology. We used these data...

Additional file 1 of Neighborhood environmental factors linked to hospitalizations of older people for viral lower respiratory tract infections in Spain: a case-crossover study

Alejandro Álvaro-Meca, Daniel Sepúlveda-Crespo, Rosa Resino, Pablo Ryan, Isidoro Martínez & Salvador Resino
Additional file 1: Supplementary Table 1. Summary of ICD-9-CM coding used for baseline comorbidities investigated in this study.

Phenotypic plasticity and the leaf economics spectrum: plasticity is positively associated with specific leaf area

Gisela C. Stotz, Gisela Stotz, Cristian Salgado-Luarte, Víctor Escobedo, Fernando Valladares & Ernesto Gianoli
Phenotypic plasticity is a key mechanism by which plants respond to changing or heterogeneous conditions. Efforts to predict phenotypic plasticity across plant species have mainly focused on environmental variability or abiotic conditions, i.e., site characteristics. However, the considerable variation in phenotypic plasticity within sites calls for alternative approaches. Different functional groups are thought to differ in their plasticity levels. Further, traits such as leaf specific area (SLA), leaf area (LA) and maximum photosynthetic rate (Amax)...

Additional file 1 of Sex-related disparities in the incidence and outcomes of infective endocarditis according to type 2 diabetes mellitus status in Spain, 2016–2020

Ana Lopez-de-Andres, Rodrigo Jimenez-Garcia, Valentin Hernández-Barrera, Javier de-Miguel-Díez, Jose M. de-Miguel-Yanes, David Martinez-Hernandez, David Carabantes-Alarcon, Jose J. Zamorano-Leon & Concepción Noriega
Additional file 1: Table S1.. Number of men and women aged 40 years or over discharged from Spanish hospitals from year 2016 to year 2020. Data collected by the Hospital Discharge Records of the Spanish National Health System (RAE-CMBD, Registro de Actividad de Atención Especializada-Conjunto Mínimo Básico de Datos (RAE-CMBD). Table S2. Diagnosis, procedures and pathogens analyzed with their corresponding ICD10 codes. Table S3. Distribution of pathogens in patients with and without T2DM with infective...

sj-docx-1-cnr-10.1177_10547738221122670 – Supplemental material for The Influence of the Fear of Negative Evaluation on Activity Avoidance in Fibromyalgia: Exploring Pain Acceptance and Positive Affect as Resilience Variables

Carmen Ecija, Patricia Catala, Lorena Gutierrez, Manuel Javier Arrayás-Grajera & Cecilia Peñacoba
Supplemental material, sj-docx-1-cnr-10.1177_10547738221122670 for The Influence of the Fear of Negative Evaluation on Activity Avoidance in Fibromyalgia: Exploring Pain Acceptance and Positive Affect as Resilience Variables by Carmen Ecija, Patricia Catala, Lorena Gutierrez, Manuel Javier Arrayás-Grajera and Cecilia Peñacoba in Clinical Nursing Research

Trends in hospitalization and in-hospital mortality rates among patients with lung cancer in Spain between 2010 and 2020

Abraham Galindo-Utrero, Jesús María San-Román-Montero, Ruth Gil-Prieto & Ángel Gil-de-Miguel
Abstract Background Lung cancer is the third most frequent tumor and the main cause of death by tumor in Spain. Although the incidence and mortality are still significantly higher in men than in women, the disparity between the sexes is decreasing. The objective of this study was to analyze the evolution of lung cancer hospitalization and in-hospital mortality rates in Spain from 2010 to 2020. Methods The reports of the Minimum Basic Data Set (MBDS)...

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  • 2022
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Affiliations

  • King Juan Carlos University
    33
  • Complutense University of Madrid
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  • Instituto de Salud Carlos III
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  • Hospital Universitario Infanta Leonor
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  • Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón
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  • University of Gothenburg
    4
  • Science for Life Laboratory
    4
  • University of Alcalá
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  • Umeå University
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  • University of Aberdeen
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