5,715 Works

Salicin prevents TNF-α-induced cellular senescence in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)

Fei Guo, Rong Wu & Jian Xu
Cellular senescence is strongly tied to vascular disease. The current study aims to examine ways that endothelial cellular senescence can be prevented and the mechanisms by which prevention of senescence occurs. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were exposed to TNF-α to induce senescence; then salicin was administered in two doses – 50 and 100 µM – to establish a dose-dependent effect of salicin on SA-β-Gal, G1 cell cycle arrest, expression of p21 and PAI-1, p53...

Salicin prevents TNF-α-induced cellular senescence in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)

Fei Guo, Rong Wu & Jian Xu
Cellular senescence is strongly tied to vascular disease. The current study aims to examine ways that endothelial cellular senescence can be prevented and the mechanisms by which prevention of senescence occurs. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were exposed to TNF-α to induce senescence; then salicin was administered in two doses – 50 and 100 µM – to establish a dose-dependent effect of salicin on SA-β-Gal, G1 cell cycle arrest, expression of p21 and PAI-1, p53...

Quantitative and qualitative analyses of spinal canal encroachment during cervical laminectomy using the kerrison rongeur versus High-Speed burr

James D. Lin, Lee A. Tan, Alexander Tuchman, Xudong Joshua Li, Hao Zhang, Kai Ren & K. Daniel Riew
Background: Several cervical laminectomy techniques have been described. One commonly used method involves making bilateral trough laminotomies using either a Kerrison rongeur or a high speed burr, and then removing the lamina en-bloc. Alternatively, some surgeons prefer to thin the lamina with the burr, and then remove the lamina in a piecemeal fashion using Kerrison rongeurs. Some surgeons have warned against the potential risk of iatrogenic spinal cord injury from inserting the Kerrison footplate into...

The role of DRP1 in ropivacaine-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and neurotoxicity

Yan Chen, Lili Yan, Yan Zhang & Xianhui Yang
Ropivacaine is a commonly used local anaesthetic, but its side effects remain largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated the side effects of ropivacaine in human neuronal SH-5Y5Y cells. We show that 0.5% and 1% ropivacaine could cause fission-like mitochondrial morphological changes. Ropivacaine exclusively induces mitochondrial fission protein DRP1, generation of ROS and causes mitochondrial dysfunction including decreasing mitochondrial membrane potential, the activity of cytochrome C oxidase and ATP production. The side effects of...

Tick-borne encephalitis virus NS4A ubiquitination antagonizes type I interferon-stimulated STAT1/2 signalling pathway

Qi Yang, Jia You, Yuan Zhou, Yun Wang, Rongjuan Pei, Xinwen Chen, Min Yang & Jizheng Chen
Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) accounts for approximately 10,000 annual cases of severe encephalitis in Europe and Asia and causes encephalitis in humans. In this study, we demonstrate TBEV appears to activate the interferon (IFN)-β dependent on RIG-I/MDA5. Both the IFN-β accumulation and the IFN stimulated genes (ISGs) transcription greatly delay. Further studies reveal that TBEV NS4A could block the phosphorylation and dimerization of STAT1/STAT2 to affect type I and II IFN-mediated STAT signalling. Additional data...

Stabilized diverse HIV-1 envelope trimers for vaccine design

Qian Wang, Bingting Ma, Qingtai Liang, Angqi Zhu, Hua Wang, Lili Fu, Xiaoxu Han, Xuanling Shi, Ye Xiang, Hong Shang & Linqi Zhang
One of the major goals in HIV-1 vaccine development is to achieve properly folded and stabilized envelope glycoprotein (Env) trimers that mimic the native Env on the mature virion. Here, we design and characterize uncleaved prefusion-optimized (UFO) trimers for 12 Envs currently circulating in China. Biochemical and biophysical characterization of these UFO trimers identified two subtype B/Bʹ Envs, CNE6 and MG13, which exhibited the highest trimer content and stability at a level comparable to the...

Stabilized diverse HIV-1 envelope trimers for vaccine design

Qian Wang, Bingting Ma, Qingtai Liang, Angqi Zhu, Hua Wang, Lili Fu, Xiaoxu Han, Xuanling Shi, Ye Xiang, Hong Shang & Linqi Zhang
One of the major goals in HIV-1 vaccine development is to achieve properly folded and stabilized envelope glycoprotein (Env) trimers that mimic the native Env on the mature virion. Here, we design and characterize uncleaved prefusion-optimized (UFO) trimers for 12 Envs currently circulating in China. Biochemical and biophysical characterization of these UFO trimers identified two subtype B/Bʹ Envs, CNE6 and MG13, which exhibited the highest trimer content and stability at a level comparable to the...

EGFR promotes the proliferation of quail follicular granulosa cells through the MAPK/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway

Yan Wu, Hongwei Xiao, Jinsong Pi, Hao Zhang, Ailuan Pan, Yuejin Pu, Zhenhua Liang, Jie Shen & Jinping Du
Follicles develop into preovulatory follicles during folliculogenesis and the majority of small yellow follicles become atretic and gets reabsorbed. In this study, based the RNA-seq results of duck ovary, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was selected as a candidate gene in follicular development and the role was explored. The results demonstrated that EGFR-P8 was the quail EGFR core promoter. It had an E2F4 binding site within EGFR core promoter. E2F4 overexpression significantly increased EGFR expression...

EGFR promotes the proliferation of quail follicular granulosa cells through the MAPK/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway

Yan Wu, Hongwei Xiao, Jinsong Pi, Hao Zhang, Ailuan Pan, Yuejin Pu, Zhenhua Liang, Jie Shen & Jinping Du
Follicles develop into preovulatory follicles during folliculogenesis and the majority of small yellow follicles become atretic and gets reabsorbed. In this study, based the RNA-seq results of duck ovary, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was selected as a candidate gene in follicular development and the role was explored. The results demonstrated that EGFR-P8 was the quail EGFR core promoter. It had an E2F4 binding site within EGFR core promoter. E2F4 overexpression significantly increased EGFR expression...

Sevoflurane suppresses migration and invasion of glioma cells by regulating miR-146b-5p and MMP16

Le Zhang, Jun Wang, Zhijie Fu, YanQiu Ai, Yanrong Li, Ying Wang & Yanping Wang
Glioma is the most common brain tumor with poor prognosis all over the world. Anesthetics have been demonstrated to have important impacts on cell migration and invasion in different cancers. However, the underlying mechanism that allows anesthetics-mediated progression of glioma cells remains elusive. Sevoflurane (Sev), a class of common anesthetics, was used to expose to U87-MG and U251 cells. The expressions of microRNA-146b-5p (miR-146b-5p) and matrix metallopeptidase 16 (MMP16)were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain...

Dynamic changes of throat swabs RNA and serum antibodies for SARS-CoV-2 and their diagnostic performances in patients with COVID-19

Xueping Qiu, Yang Xiang, Jianbin Sun, Xinrui Wang, Guoqiang Chen, Xianqun Xu, Shengjun Liao, Na Yang, Siwei Li, Gang Yang, Yueting Tang, Junli Fan, Wen Xie, Hanning Hu, Yirong Li & Fang Zheng
Dynamic changes of RNA and antibodies in SARS-CoV-2 infected patients remain largely unknown, and influence factors for antibody production have not been fully clarified. In this study, consecutive throat swabs specimens (n = 1875) from 187 patients were collected to analyse the dynamic changes of RNA. Moreover, 162 serial serum samples from 31 patients were tested for seroconversion of IgM and IgG. Meanwhile, IgM and IgG were also detected in 409 COVID-19 patients and 389...

Establishing a high sensitivity detection method for SARS-CoV-2 IgM/IgG and developing a clinical application of this method

Chunyan Zhang, Lei Zhou, Hao Liu, Sibing Zhang, Yaping Tian, Junli Huo, Fei Li, Yao Zhang, Bo Wei, Dan Xu, Jinwei Hu, Jiayi Wang, Yuxuan Cheng, Wenjie Shi, Xiuli Xu, Jianping Zhou, Peipei Sang, Xudong Tan, Weiwei Wang, Minjie Zhang, Bin Wang, Yujun Zhou, Kan Zhang & Kunlun He
COVID-19 is caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection and was initially discovered in Wuhan. This outbreak quickly spread all over China and then to more than 20 other countries. SARS-CoV-2 fluorescent microsphere immunochromatographic test strips were prepared by the combination of time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay with a lateral flow assay. The analytical performance and clinical evaluation of this testing method was done and the clinical significance of the testing method was verified. The LLOD of SARS-CoV-2 antibody IgG...

Analytical comparisons of SARS-COV-2 detection by qRT-PCR and ddPCR with multiple primer/probe sets

Xinjin Liu, Jiangpeng Feng, Qiuhan Zhang, Dong Guo, Lu Zhang, Tao Suo, Wenjia Hu, Ming Guo, Xin Wang, Zhixiang Huang, Yong Xiong, Guozhong Chen, Yu Chen & Ke Lan
Different primers/probes sets have been developed all over the world for the nucleic acid detection of SARS-CoV-2 by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) as a standard method. In our recent study, we explored the feasibility of droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) for clinical SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid detection compared with qRT-PCR using the same primer/probe sets issued by Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) targeting viral ORF1ab or N gene, which showed that...

ddPCR: a more accurate tool for SARS-CoV-2 detection in low viral load specimens

Tao Suo, Xinjin Liu, Jiangpeng Feng, Ming Guo, Wenjia Hu, Dong Guo, Hafiz Ullah, Yang Yang, Qiuhan Zhang, Xin Wang, Muhanmmad Sajid, Zhixiang Huang, Liping Deng, Tielong Chen, Fang Liu, Ke Xu, Yuan Liu, Qi Zhang, Yingle Liu, Yong Xiong, Guozhong Chen, Ke Lan & Yu Chen
Quantitative real time PCR (RT-PCR) is widely used as the gold standard for clinical detection of SARS-CoV-2. However, due to the low viral load specimens and the limitations of RT-PCR, significant numbers of false negative reports are inevitable, which results in failure to timely diagnose, cut off transmission, and assess discharge criteria. To improve this situation, an optimized droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) was used for detection of SARS-CoV-2, which showed that the limit of detection...

Epidemiology and clinical course of COVID-19 in Shanghai, China

Yinzhong Shen, Fang Zheng, Danfeng Sun, Yun Ling, Jun Chen, Feng Li, Tao Li, Zhiping Qian, Yuyi Zhang, Qingnian Xu, Li Liu, Qin Huang, Fei Shan, Lie Xu, Jun Wu, Zhaoqin Zhu, Zhigang Song, Shenyang Li, Yuxin Shi, Jianliang Zhang, Xueyun Wu, Joshua B. Mendelsohn, Tongyu Zhu & Hongzhou Lu
Background: Novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) is prevalent around the world. We aimed to describe epidemiological features and clinical course in Shanghai. Methods: We retrospectively analysed 325 cases admitted at Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, between January 20 and February 29, 2020. Results: 47.4% (154/325) had visited Wuhan within 2 weeks of illness onset. 57.2% occurred in 67 clusters; 40% were situated within 53 family clusters. 83.7% developed fever during the disease course. Median times from...

Burkholderia pseudomallei interferes with host lipid metabolism via NR1D2-mediated PNPLA2/ATGL suppression to block autophagy-dependent inhibition of infection

Mengling Tang, Zhiqiang Hu, Chenglong Rao, Jiangao Chen, Siqi Yuan, Jiangang Zhang, Chan Mao, Jingmin Yan, Yupei Xia, Meijuan Zhang, Juanjuan Yue, Yang Xiang, Jianping Xie, Xuhu Mao & Qian Li
Burkholderia pseudomallei: which causes melioidosis with high mortality in humans, has become a global public health concern. Recently, infection-driven lipid droplet accumulation has been related to the progression of host-pathogen interactions, and its contribution to the pathogenesis of infectious disease has been investigated. Here, we demonstrated that B. pseudomallei infection actively induced a time-dependent increase in the number and size of lipid droplets in human lung epithelial cells and macrophages. We also found that lipid...

Iodine mediated synthesis of diaryl diselenides using SeO2 as a selenium source

Dileep Kommula, Qing Li, Siyang Ning, Wujun Liu, Qian Wang & Zongbao K. Zhao
A simple, eco-friendly and convenient procedure has been developed for the synthesis of diphenyl diselinides from readily available aryl boronic acids by reaction with SeO2 in the presence of iodine under simple conditions. The methodology is reported about 19 examples and applicable to a broad scope of aryl boronic acids containing electron-rich and electron-poor substituents. Apart from being milder and environmentally benign conditions, this synthetic protocol comprises a novel, reliable methodology to give good to...

Discovery of a subgenotype of human coronavirus NL63 associated with severe lower respiratory tract infection in China, 2018

Yanqun Wang, Xin Li, Wenkuan Liu, Mian Gan, Lu Zhang, Jin Wang, Zhaoyong Zhang, Airu Zhu, Fang Li, Jing Sun, Guoxian Zhang, Zhen Zhuang, Jiaying Luo, Dehui Chen, Shuyan Qiu, Li Zhang, Duo Xu, Chris Ka Pun Mok, Fuchun Zhang, Jingxian Zhao, Rong Zhou & Jincun Zhao
Human coronavirus NL63 (HCoV-NL63) is primarily associated with common cold in children, elderly and immunocompromised individuals. Outbreaks caused by HCoV-NL63 are rare. Here we report a cluster of HCoV-NL63 cases with severe lower respiratory tract infection that arose in Guangzhou, China, in 2018. Twenty-three hospitalized children were confirmed to be HCoV-NL63 positive, and most of whom were hospitalized with severe pneumonia or acute bronchitis. Whole genomes of HCoV-NL63 were obtained using next-generation sequencing. Phylogenetic and...

Additional file 1 of Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation for high-normal blood pressure: study protocol for a randomized controlled pilot trial

Yu Wang, Guang-Xia Shi, Zhong-Xue Tian, Jun-Hong Liu, You-Sheng Qi, Jian-Feng Tu, Jing-Wen Yang, Li-Qiong Wang & Cun-Zhi Liu
Additional file 1. Completed Standard Protocol Items: Recommendation for Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) 2013 Checklist: items addressed in this clinical trial protocol.

A low sensitivity energetic cocrystal of ammonium pentazolate

Yuangang Xu, Dongxue Li, Pengcheng Wang, Qiuhan Lin, Lujia Ding, Tianyang Hou, Yuan Yuan & Ming Lu
A new cyclo-pentazolate anion-based energetic cocrystal NH4N5 · 1/6NH4Cl was synthesized. The structure, thermal behavior, sensitivity, and detonation properties of NH4N5 · 1/6NH4Cl were studied. Cube-shaped NH4N5 · 1/6NH4Cl crystallizes in the Fd-3 m space group, and is formed by hydrogen bonding interactions. DSC-TG-MS combined techniques show that NH4N5 · 1/6NH4Cl has better thermal stability than NH4N5. The cocrystal exhibits low impact and friction sensitivity, and largely reduces the mechanical sensitivity of NH4N5. Furthermore, the...

FAIM-S functions as a negative regulator of NF-κB pathway and blocks cell cycle progression in NSCLC cells

Pengcheng Wang, Wenze Xun, Tianyu Han & Zhujun Cheng
Tumorigenesis is closely related to the disorder of the cell cycle. The cell cycle progression includes the interphase (G0/G1, S, and G2 phase) and mitosis (M phase). CCND1 is a key protein that regulates the entry of the G0/G1 phase into the S phase. In our study, we found that the short form of Fas Apoptosis Inhibitory Molecule 1 (FAIM-S) could regulate the expression of CCND1 and had a tumor-suppressing role in non-small cell lung...

A sensitive spectrofluorimetry method based on S and N dual-doped carbon nanoparticles for ultra-trace detection of ferrocyanide ion in food salt samples

Qin Hu, Yangni Pan, Jian Zhang, Zhen-Quan Yang, Lixia Xiao, Xiaojuan Gong & Jie Han
An ultra-sensitive spectrofluorimetry method was developed and validated for the rapid determination of ferrocyanide ions (hexacyanidoferrate(II), FeCN64-, FCNs) by using sulphur (S) and nitrogen (N) dual-doped fluorescence carbon nanoparticles (S,N-FCNPs) as nanoprobe. The fluorescence of S,N-FCNPs was strongly reduced due to the dynamic interaction between S,N-FCNPs and FeCNs. The developed method proved to be highly sensitive and selective for FeCNs detection with linearity in three concentration ranges over four orders of magnitude, covering 0.01–200.0 μg/mL....

A sensitive spectrofluorimetry method based on S and N dual-doped carbon nanoparticles for ultra-trace detection of ferrocyanide ion in food salt samples

Qin Hu, Yangni Pan, Jian Zhang, Zhen-Quan Yang, Lixia Xiao, Xiaojuan Gong & Jie Han
An ultra-sensitive spectrofluorimetry method was developed and validated for the rapid determination of ferrocyanide ions (hexacyanidoferrate(II), FeCN64-, FCNs) by using sulphur (S) and nitrogen (N) dual-doped fluorescence carbon nanoparticles (S,N-FCNPs) as nanoprobe. The fluorescence of S,N-FCNPs was strongly reduced due to the dynamic interaction between S,N-FCNPs and FeCNs. The developed method proved to be highly sensitive and selective for FeCNs detection with linearity in three concentration ranges over four orders of magnitude, covering 0.01–200.0 μg/mL....

Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) EIF3J-DT induces chemoresistance of gastric cancer via autophagy activation

Yuhao Luo, Siting Zheng, Qianying Wu, Jianhua Wu, Rui Zhou, Chunling Wang, Zhenzhen Wu, Xiaoxiang Rong, Na Huang, Li Sun, Jianping Bin, Yulin Liao, Min Shi & Wangjun Liao
Chemotherapy is currently the main treatment for unresectable or advanced postoperative gastric cancers. However, its efficacy is negatively affected by the occurrence of chemoresistance, which severely affects patient prognosis. Recently, dysregulation in autophagy has been suggested as a potential mechanism for chemoresistence, and long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) also shows its regulatory role in cancer drug resistance. Using RNA sequencing, we found that lncRNA EIF3J-DT was highly expressed in drug-resistant gastric cancer cells. In-vitro and in-vivo...

Usefulness of candidate mRNAs and miRNAs as biomarkers for mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease

Hongyun Qin, Chengping Hu, Xudong Zhao, Ming Tian & Binggen Zhu
To explore potential molecular mechanisms and novel biomarkers of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The mRNA expression datasets GSE63060 and GSE63061 and the miRNA expression dataset GSE120584 were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and miRNA (DEmiRs) were identified in the normal, MCI, and AD groups. Mfuzz clustering and weighted correlation network analyses (WGCNA) were conducted, followed by pathway and functional enrichment analyses and miRNA-mRNA network...

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