113 Works

Longitudinal documentation of pathogens prevalence and loads assessed during the Pneumocystis spp. study in pigs

Christiane Weissenbacher-Lang
Data underlying the article "Pneumocystis spp. in pigs: a longitudinal quantitative study and co-infections assessment in Austrian farms"

Longitudinal documentation of clinical symptoms assessed during the Pneumocystis spp. study in pigs

Christiane Weissenbacher-Lang
Data underlying the article "Pneumocystis spp. in pigs: a longitudinal quantitative study and co-infections assessment in Austrian farms"

Data from: A single residue confers selective loss of sugar sensing in wrynecks

Julia Cramer, Eliot Miller, Meng-Ching Ko, Qiaoyi Liang, Glenn Cockburn, Tomoya Nakagita, Massimiliano Cardinale, Leonida Fusani, Yasuka Toda & Maude Baldwin
Sensory receptors evolve, and changes to their response profiles can directly impact sensory perception and affect diverse behaviors, from mate choice to foraging decisions. Although receptor sensitivities can be highly contingent on changes occurring early in a lineage’s evolutionary history, subsequent shifts in a species’ behavior and ecology may exert selective pressure to modify and even reverse sensory receptor capabilities. Neither the extent to which sensory reversion occurs, nor the mechanisms underlying such shifts is...

Alveoläre Echinokokkose bei einem Hund in Österreich

T. Haninger, W. U. Basso, H.-P. Fuehrer, A. Geyer, M. Gumpenberger, K. Hittmair, A. Joachim, K. A. Lederer, E. Ludewig & B. Degasperi
Die alveoläre Echinokokkose (AE) ist eine zoonotische Infektionskrankheit, die durch das invasiv wachsende Larvenstadium des Fuchsbandwurms Echinococcus multilocularis (Echinococcus alveolaris) zu zystischen Veränderungen in parenchymatösen Organen, meist der Leber, führt. Kanine AE ist die Folge einer Aufnahme infektiöser Eier aus dem Kot von Endwirten, vor allem Kaniden. In diesen Fällen sind Hunde nicht, wie biologisch vorgesehen, die Endwirte für den Parasiten, sondern Fehlzwischenwirte. Dieser Fall beschreibt einen dreijährigen, kastrierten Mischlingsrüden, der mit einer großen abdominalen...

Bacterial surface counts and visually assessed cleanliness of carcasses from hunted roe deer (Capreolus capreolus)

P. Paulsen, F.J.M. Smulders, E. Kukleci & A. Tichy
We determined bacterial numbers on the surfaces of the body cavities of 352 hunted roe deer and related them to the location of shot wounds, visually assessed cleanliness of body cavities and time from evisceration to sampling, which coincided with time of carcass processing. Body cavities were swabbed with sterile sponges and Total Aerobic Counts and counts of Enterobacteriaceae determined by cultural microbiology (most-probable-number methods); the presence/absence of the pathogenic bacteria Salmonella sp. and Listeria...

Scaling of metabolic rate in hibernators: Translation of literature data: For a comment to Nespolo et al. (2022)

Øivind Tøien, Brian M. Barnes & Thomas Ruf
This spreadsheet provides a translation of data from the literature for the manuscript: Do bears hibernate in the woods? Comment on ‘Why bears hibernate? Redefining the scaling energetics of hibernation’, and includes both the background data for Figure 1 which is presented in the manuscript. Full reference for article it is commented on: Nespolo, R. F., Mejias, C., and Bozinovic, F. Why bears hibernate? Redefining the scaling energetics of hibernation. Proc. R. Soc. B. 2022;...

Evaluation of immunochromatographic point-of-care tests for the detection of calf diarrhea pathogens in faecal samples

Katharina Lichtmannsperger, K. Freudenthaler, B. Hinney, A. Joachim, A. Auer, T. Rümenapf, J. Spergser, A. Tichy & T. Wittek
We have evaluated the diagnostic performance of immunochromatographic point-of-care tests (POCT) for the detection of rotavirus, coronavirus, Escherichia (E.) coli F5, Cryptosporidium (C.) parvum, Clostridium (Cl.) perfringens and Giardia (G.) intestinalis in fresh and thawed faecal samples from calves aged up to six months with diarrhoea. We performed POCTs to detect rotavirus, coronavirus, E. coli F5, C. parvum, Cl. perfringens and G. intestinalis on fresh samples in a field study and reevaluated the performance for...

Data from: Multiple quantitative trait loci influence intra-specific variation in genital morphology between phylogenetically distinct lines of Drosophila montana

Martin A Schäfer, Jarkko Routtu, Jorge Vieira, Anneli Hoikkala, Mike G Ritchie & Christian Schlötterer
The evolution of animal genitalia has gained renewed interest, because of their potential roles during sexual selection and early stages of species formation. Although central to understanding the evolutionary process, knowledge of the genetic basis of natural variation in genital morphology is limited to a very few species. Using an out-bred cross between phylogenetically distinct lines of Drosophila montana, we characterized quantitative trait loci (QTLs) affecting the size and shape of the distiphallus, a prominent...

Data from: Genealogical lineage sorting leads to significant, but incorrect Bayesian multilocus inference of population structure

Pablo Orozco-TerWengel, Jukka Corander & Christian Schlötterer
Over the past decades the use of molecular markers has revolutionized biology and led to the foundation of a new research discipline -- phylogeography. Of particular interest has been the inference of population structure and biogeography. While initial studies focused on mtDNA as a molecular marker, it has become apparent that selection and genealogical lineage sorting could lead to erroneous inferences. As it is not clear to what extent these forces affect a given marker,...

Data from: Multiple hybridization events between Drosophila simulans and Drosophila mauritiana are supported by mtDNA introgression

Maria Nunes, Pablo Orozco-Ter Wengel, Michaela Kreissl, Christian Schlötterer, Maria Nunes, Pablo Orozco-Ter Wengel, Michaela Kreissl & Christian Schlötterer
The study of speciation has advanced considerably in the last decades due to the increased application of molecular tools. In particular the quantification of gene flow between recently diverged species could be addressed. D. simulans and D. mauritiana diverged, probably allopatrically, from a common ancestor approximately 250,000 years ago. However, these species share one mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplotype indicative of a recent episode of introgression. To study the extent of gene flow between these species,...

Data from: Can reinforcement complete speciation?

Claudia Bank, Joachim Hermisson & Mark Kirkpatrick
Hybridization is common in nature, even between "good" species. This observation poses the question of why reinforcement is not always successful in leading to the evolution of complete reproductive isolation. To study this question, we developed a new "quasi-linkage disequilibrium" (QLD) approximation to obtain the first analytic results for the evolution of modifiers that increase mate discrimination against hybrids and heterospecifics. When such modifiers have small effects, they evolve more readily under a one-allele than...

Data from: Nonsense-mediated decay enables intron gain in Drosophila

Ashley Farlow, Eshwar Meduri, Marlies Dolezal, Liushuai Hua & Christian Schlötterer
Intron number varies considerably among genomes, but despite their fundamental importance, the mutational mechanisms and evolutionary processes underlying the expansion of intron number remain unknown. Here we show that Drosophila, in contrast to most eukaryotic lineages, is still undergoing a dramatic rate of intron gain. These novel introns carry significantly weaker splice sites that may impede their identification by the spliceosome. Novel introns are more likely to encode a premature termination codon (PTC), indicating that...

Data from: Contrasting pattern of natural variation in global Drosophila melanogaster populations

Maria Nunes, Hannah Neumeier & Christian Schlötterer
Despite the popularity of Drosophila melanogaster in functional and evolutionary genetics, the global pattern of natural variation has not yet been comprehensively described in this species. For the first time, we report a combined survey using neutral microsatellites and mitochondrial sequence variation jointly. Thirty-five populations originating from five continents were compared. In agreement with previous microsatellite studies, sub-Saharan African populations were the most variable ones. Consistent with previous reports of a single 'out of Africa'...

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