8 Works

Data from: Informing conservation strategies with museum genomics: Long-term effects of past anthropogenic persecution on the elusive European wildcat

Alina Von Thaden, Berardino Cocchiararo, Sarah Ashley Mueller, Tobias Erik Reiners, Katharina Reinert, Iris Tuchscherer, Axel Janke & Carsten Nowak
Like many carnivore species, European wildcats (Felis silvestris) have suffered severe anthropogenic population declines in the past, resulting in a strong population bottleneck in the beginning of the 20th century. In Germany, the species has managed to survive its near-extinction in small isolated areas and is currently recolonizing former habitats owing to legal protection and concerted conservation efforts. Here, we SNP genotyped and mtDNA sequenced 56 historical and 650 contemporary samples to assess the impact...

How the west was won: genetic reconstruction of rapid wolf recolonization into Germany’s anthropogenic landscapes

Anne Jarausch, Verena Harms, Gesa Kluth, Ilka Reinhardt & Carsten Nowak
Following massive persecution and eradication, strict legal protection facilitated a successful reestablishment of wolf packs in Germany, which has been ongoing since 2000. Here, we describe this recolonization process by mitochondrial DNA control-region sequencing, microsatellite genotyping, and sex identification based on 1341 mostly non-invasively collected samples. We reconstructed the genealogy of German wolf packs between 2005 and 2015 to provide information on trends in genetic diversity, dispersal patterns, and pack dynamics during the early expansion...

Repositories for taxonomic data: Where we are and what is missing

Aurélien Miralles, Teddy Bruy, Katherine Wolcott, Mark Scherz, Dominik Begerow, Bank Beszteri, Michael Bonkowski, Janine Felden, Birgit Gemeinholzer, Frank Glaw, Frank Oliver Glöckner, Oliver Hawlitschek, Ivaylo Kostadinov, Tim Nattkemper, Christian Printzen, Jasmin Renz, Nataliya Rybalka, Marc Stadler, Tanja Weibulat, Thomas Wilke, Susanne Renner & Miguel Vences
Natural history collections are leading successful large-scale projects of specimen digitization (images, metadata, DNA barcodes), transforming taxonomy into a big data science. Yet, little effort has been directed towards safeguarding and subsequently mobilizing the considerable amount of original data generated during the process of naming 15–20,000 species every year. From the perspective of alpha-taxonomists, we provide a review of the properties and diversity of taxonomic data, assess their volume and use, and establish criteria for...

Evolution and phylogeny of the deep-sea isopod families Desmosomatidae Sars, 1897 and Nannoniscidae Hansen, 1916 (Isopoda: Asellota)

Robert Jennings, Saskia Brix, Christoph Held, Stefanie Kaiser, Amy Driskell & Angelika Brandt
In the deep sea, the phylogeny and biogeography of only a few taxa have been well studied. Although more than 200 species in 32 genera have been described for the asellote isopod families Desmosomatidae Sars, 1897 and Nannoniscidae Hansen, 1916 from all ocean basins, their phylogenetic relationships are not completely understood. There is little doubt about the close relationship of these families, but the taxonomic position of a number of genera is so far unknown....

Data from: Multidecadal changes in functional diversity lag behind the recovery of taxonomic diversity

Nathan Jay Baker, Francesca Pilotto, Phillip J. Haubrock, Burkhard Beudert & Peter Haase
1. While there has been increasing interest in how taxonomic diversity is changing over time, less is known about how long-term taxonomic changes may affect ecosystem functioning and resilience. Exploring long-term patterns of functional diversity can provide key insights into the capacity of a community to carry out ecological processes and the redundancy of species’ roles. 2. We focus on a protected freshwater system located in a national park in southeast Germany. We use a...

Data from: Phylogenetics support the description of a new Sichuanese species, Susanne’s Gentian, Gentiana susanneae (Gentianaceae)

Adrien Favre, James Pringle & Pengcheng Fu
The region of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau hosts a remarkable biodiversity, including a plethora of endemics. There, the process of documenting biodiversity is still ongoing, and recently, an unusual plant of Gentiana section Frigida was discovered at Cuopu Lakes (Sichuan, China). Although Flora of China identified these specimens as G. algida based upon unmistakable traits (e.g. corolla colour and length, sessile flowers), it was obvious that the Sichuanese plants strongly differed morphologically from G. algida specimens...

Cytoplasmic incompatibility between Old and New World populations of a tramp ant

Çigdem Ün, Eva Schultner, Alejandro Manzano-Marín, Laura V. Flórez, Bernhard Seifert, Antonia Klein, Jürgen Heinze & Jan Oettler
Reproductive manipulation by endosymbiotic Wolbachia can cause unequal inheritance, allowing the manipulator to spread and potentially impacting evolutionary dynamics in infected hosts. Tramp and invasive species are excellent models to study the dynamics of host-Wolbachia associations because introduced populations often diverge in their microbiomes after colonizing new habitats, resulting in infection polymorphisms between native and introduced populations. Ants are the most abundant group of insects on earth, and numerous ant species are classified as highly...

Original CT image stacks of five fossil petrosal bones from Siberia, 3D PDF files of reconstructed endocasts, blood vessels and innervation patterns, 3D PDF instruction file, STL files of the petrosals

Julia A. Schultz, Irina Ruf, Alexander O. Averianov, Rico Schellhorn, Alexey V. Lopatin & Thomas Martin
Five partially preserved mammaliaform petrosals recovered from Middle Jurassic sediments of the Berezovsk coal mine (Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia) show similarities to other early mammaliaforms like the morganucodontan Morganucodon and the docodontan Haldanodon in having an inflated promontorium, and a curved and apically inflated cochlear canal. But they are distinct from dryolestoid and derived mammalian petrosals by the weak coiling of the cochlear duct and the presence of a perilymphatic foramen with an open perilymphatic sulcus....

Registration Year

  • 2021
    8

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    8

Affiliations

  • Senckenberg Museum
    6
  • Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum Frankfurt/M
    2
  • Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research
    2
  • National Museum of Natural History
    2
  • Temple University
    1
  • University of Cologne
    1
  • Royal Botanic Gardens
    1
  • Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre
    1
  • University of Regensburg
    1
  • University of Göttingen
    1