38 Works

Plio-Quaternary kinematics and geometry of the Calama-Olacapato-El Toro fault zone across the Puna Plateau, Argentina

Claudia Corazzato, Alessandro Tibaldi, Alessandro Cavallo, FABIO LUCA BONALI, Federica Lanza & A. Nardin

Data from: Climate determinants of breeding and wintering ranges of lesser kestrels in Italy and predicted impacts of climate change

Michelangelo Morganti, Damiano Preatoni & Maurizio Sarà
Climate warming would theoretically create conditions for the breeding range expansion of pseudo-steppe Mediterranean and long-distance migrant species and provide the possibility for these to overwinter in the same breeding areas. However, contemporary changes in rainfall regimes might have negative effects on the climate suitability and in turn, shrink species potential range. The lesser kestrel Falco naumanni is highly sensitive to rainfall oscillations and has recently extended its Italian breeding range towards northern latitudes and...

Data from: Migratory connectivity and effects of winter temperatures on migratory behaviour of the European robin Erithacus rubecula: a continent-wide analysis

Roberto Ambrosini, José Cuervo, Chris Du Feu, Wolfgang Fiedler, Musitelli Federica, Diego Rubolini, Beatrice Sicurella, Fernando Spina, Nicola Saino, Anders Møller & Federica Musitelli
1. Many partially migratory species show phenotypically divergent populations in terms of migratory behaviour, with climate hypothesized to be a major driver of such variability through its differential effects on sedentary and migratory individuals. 2. Based on long-term (1947–2011) bird ringing data, we analysed phenotypic differentiation of migratory behaviour among populations of the European robin Erithacus rubecula across Europe. 3. We showed that clusters of populations sharing breeding and wintering ranges varied from partial (British...

Data from: \"Willing to pay?\" Tax compliance in Britain and Italy: an experimental analysis

Nan Zhang, Giulia Andrighetto, Stefania Ottone, Ferruccio Ponzano & Sven Steinmo
As shown by the recent crisis, tax evasion poses a significant problem for countries such as Greece, Spain and Italy. While these societies certainly possess weaker fiscal institutions as compared to other EU members, might broader cultural differences between northern and southern Europe also help to explain citizens’ (un)willingness to pay their taxes? To address this question, we conduct laboratory experiments in the UK and Italy, two countries which straddle this North-South divide. Our design...

Data from: The mammalian complement system as an epitome of host–pathogen genetic conflicts

Rachele Cagliani, Diego Forni, Giulia Filippi, Alessandra Mozzi, Luca De Gioia, Chiara Pontremoli, Uberto Pozzoli, Nereo Bresolin, Mario Clerici & Manuela Sironi
The complement system is an innate immunity effector mechanism; its action is antagonized by a wide array of pathogens and complement evasion determines the virulence of several infections. We investigated the evolutionary history of the complement system and of bacterial-encoded complement-interacting proteins. Complement components targeted by several pathogens evolved under strong selective pressure in primates, with selection acting on residues at the contact interface with microbial/viral proteins. Positively selected sites in CFH and C4BPA account...

Museums and Shrines: Reflecting on Relationships and Challenges

Lorenzo Bagnoli & Rita Capurro

Razza e istruzione. Le leggi anti-ebraiche del 1938

MARINA CALLONI

« Être Mahorais » à La Réunion. Assimilation, résistance et dynamiques ethnogénétiques d’une communauté en transition

Paola Schierano
La récente départementalisation de Mayotte a contribué à modifier sensiblement la façon d’« être Mahorais » sur l’île et ailleurs. Si les mécanismes traditionnels d’assimilation – exigés par l’évolution institutionnelle – sont déjà bien visibles dans l’île aux Parfums, les aspects liés à l’imprégnation de modes de vie issus de la modernité semblent parallèlement prendre plus d’ampleur en situation de mobilité. L’observation des formes d’organisation sociale et des trajectoires biographiques des Mahorais, durablement installés à...

Data from: Factors associated with first- versus second-generation long-acting antipsychotics prescribed under ordinary clinical practice in Italy

Giovanni Ostuzzi, Maria Angela Mazzi, Samira Terlizzi, Federico Bertolini, Andrea Aguglia, Francesco Bartoli, Paola Bortolaso, Camilla Callegari, Mariarita Caroleo, Giuseppe Carrà, Mariangela Corbo, Armando D'agostino, Chiara Gastaldon, Claudio Lucii, Fabio Magliocco, Giovanni Martinotti, Michela Nosé, Edoardo Giuseppe Ostinelli, Davide Papola, Marco Piccinelli, Alberto Piccoli, Marianna Purgato, Tommaso Tabacchi, Giulia Turrini, Mirella Ruggeri … & Armando D’Agostino
Background. For many years, long-acting intramuscular (LAI) antipsychotics have been prescribed predominantly to chronic and severe patients, as a last resort when other treatments failed. Recently, a broader and earlier use of LAIs, particularly second-generation LAIs, has been emphasized. To date, few studies attempted to frame how this change in prescribing took place in real-world practice. Therefore, this study aimed to describe the clinical features of patients prescribed with LAIs, and to explore possible prescribing...

Data from: Effect of light-level geolocators on apparent survival of two highly aerial swift species

Michelangelo Morganti, Diego Rubolini, Susanne Akesson, Ana Bermejo, Javier De La Puente, Roberto Lardelli, Felix Liechti, Giovanni Boano, Erika Tomassetto, Mauro Ferri, Mario Caffi, Nicola Saino & Roberto Ambrosini
Light-level geolocators are currently widely used to track the migration of small-sized birds, but their potentially detrimental effects on survival of highly aerial species have been poorly investigated so far. We recorded capture-recapture histories of 283 common swifts Apus apus and 107 pallid swifts Apus pallidus breeding in 14 colonies in Italy, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland that were deployed with 10 different types of geolocators (‘geolocator birds’), and compared their survival with that of, respectively,...

Data from: Unveiling the food webs of tetrapods across Europe through the prism of the Eltonian niche

Louise O'Connor, Laura J. Pollock, João Braga, Gentile Francesco Ficetola, Alessandro Montemaggiori, Luigi Maiorano, Wilfried Thuiller, Marc Ohlmann & Camille Martinez-Almoyna
Aim Despite the recent calls on integrating the interaction networks into the study of large‐scale biodiversity patterns, we still lack a basic understanding of the functional characteristics of large interaction networks and how they are structured across environments. Here, building on recent advances in network science around the Eltonian niche concept, we aim to characterize the trophic groups in a large food web, and understand how these trophic groups vary across space. Location Europe and...

Data from: Out of the Mediterranean? post-glacial colonisation pathways varied among cold-water coral species

Joana Boavida, Ronan Becheler, Marvin Choquet, Norbert Frank, Marco Taviani, Jean-Francois Bourillet, Anne-Leila Meistertzheim, Anthony Grehan, Alessandra Savini & Sophie Arnaud-Haond
Aim. To infer cold-water corals' post-glacial phylogeography and assess the role of Mediterranean Sea glacial refugia as origins for the recolonisation of the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Location. Northeastern Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Taxon. Lophelia pertusa, Madrepora oculata. Methods. We sampled cold-water corals using remotely operated vehicles and one sediment core for coral and sediment dating. We characterized spatial genetic patterns (microsatellites and a nuclear gene fragment) using networks, clustering and measures of genetic differentiation....

Aspects of daily life - Longitudinal Data (2013-2016)

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The survey "Aspects of Daily Life" is carried out by ISTAT and it is aimed to collect key information about the daily life of individuals and households on an annual basis. This information are focused on the habits, opinions, and attitudes of citizens regarding the main issues related to their social and family life. The sample interviewed annually is about 20,000 families, for a total of about 50,000 individuals. Given the wealth of information collected...

Digital Well-Being – Parental Phubbing (2018)

Marco Gui, Tiziano Gerosa, Luca Pancani & Paolo Riva
Digital Well-Being - Parental Phubbing is a cross-sectional database extracted from the second wave of data collection of the Digital Well-being - Schools project, funded by the University of Milano-Bicocca (Innovation Project Grant).

The invitation to take part in this project was extended to all the high school in the territorial areas 23, 27 and 28 of the provinces of Milan and Monza-Brianza (Lombardy region, Northern Italy). At the end of the recruitment process,...

Questions of (Mis)Recognition in the Relationship Between Italian Teachers and Asylum-Seeker Students

Darasimi Powei Oshodi

Data from: Sex-dependent carry-over effects on timing of reproduction and fecundity of a migratory bird

Nicola Saino, Roberto Ambrosini, Manuela Caprioli, Andrea Romano, Maria Romano, Diego Rubolini, Chiara Scandolara & Felix Liechti
Life of many organisms flows as a sequence of annual cycles. Timing of cyclical events is shaped by natural selection also via the domino effects that any life history stage has on the stages that follow. Such ‘carry-over effects’ have major consequences for evolutionary, ecological and demographic processes, but the causes that generate their individual-level variation, including the effect of sex, are poorly understood. We used light-level geolocators to study carry-over effects on the year-round...

Data from: Lifetime reproductive success, selection on lifespan and multiple sexual ornaments in male European barn swallows

Alessandra Costanzo, Roberto Ambrosini, Manuela Caprioli, Emanuele Gatti, Marco Parolini, Luca Canova, Diego Rubolini, Andrea Romano, Luca Gianfranceschi & Nicola Saino
Natural and sexual selection arise when individual fitness varies according to focal traits. Extra-pair paternities (EPPs) can affect the intensity of selection by influencing variance in fitness among individuals. Studies of selection require that individual fitness is estimated using proxies of lifetime reproductive success (LRS). However, estimating LRS is difficult in large, open populations where EPPs cause reallocation of biological paternity. Here we used extensive field sampling to estimate LRS in a population of barn...

Data from: Extra food provisioning reduces extra-pair paternity in the lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni)

Alessandra Costanzo, Nicola Tommasi, Andrea Galimberti, Giorgia Scesa, Roberto Ambrosini, Matteo Griggio, Jacopo G. Cecere & Diego Rubolini
Female promiscuity can function to acquire both direct and indirect benefits from their social mate and extra-pair males. In many raptor species, intense mate-feeding significantly contributes to female energy requirements before and during egg laying. Moreover, females may use mate-feeding effort to assess male quality. In this study of the lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni), we aimed at experimentally manipulating the female’s perception of mate quality by providing females with extra food during egg laying, and...

The Tangible and Intangible Heritages of Iranian Nomads: the Touristic Potential of Pastoral Nomadism

Hossein Noroozi

Data from: Better-surviving barn swallow mothers produce more and better-surviving sons

Andrea Romano, Alessandra Costanzo, Manuela Caprioli, Marco Parolini, Roberto Ambrosini, Diego Rubolini & Nicola Saino
Sex allocation theory predicts that parents are selected to bias their progeny sex ratio (SR) towards the sex that will benefit the most from parental quality. Because parental quality may differentially affect survival of sons and daughters, a pivotal test of the adaptive value of SR adjustment is whether parents overproduce offspring of the sex that accrue larger fitness advantages from high parental quality. However, this crucial test of the long-term fitness consequences of sex...

Data from: Antipsychotic dose mediates the association between polypharmacy and corrected QT interval

Corrado Barbui, Irene Bighelli, Giuseppe Carrà, Mariasole Castellazzi, Claudio Lucii, Giovanni Martinotti, Michela Nosè, Giovanni Ostuzzi & Giovanni Targher
Antipsychotic (AP) drugs have the potential to cause prolongation of the QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc). As this risk is dose-dependent, it may be associated with the number of AP drugs concurrently prescribed, which is known to be associated with increased cumulative equivalent AP dosage. This study analysed whether AP dose mediates the relationship between polypharmacy and QTc interval. We used data from a cross-sectional survey that investigated the prevalence of QTc lengthening...

Data from: Integrative taxonomy at work: DNA barcoding of taeniids harbored by wild and domestic cats

Andrea Galimberti, Daniele F. Romano, Marco Genchi, Daniele Paoloni, Francesca Vercillo, Lolita Bizzarri, Davide Sassera, Claudio Bandi, Claudio Genchi, Bernardino Ragni & Maurizio Casiraghi
In modern taxonomy, DNA barcoding is particularly useful where biometric parameters are difficult to determine or useless due to the poor quality of samples. These situations are frequent in parasitology. Here we present an integrated study, based on both DNA barcoding and morphological analysis, on cestodes belonging to the genus Taenia, for which biodiversity is still largely underestimated. In particular, we characterized cestodes from Italian wildcats (Felis silvestris silvestris), free-ranging domestic cats (F. s. catus)...

Data from: Detecting a hierarchical genetic population structure: the case study of the Fire Salamander (Salamandra salamandra) in Northern Italy

Giulia Pisa, Valerio Orioli, Giulia Spilotros, Elena Fabbri, Ettore Randi & Luciano Bani
The multi-step method here applied in studying the genetic structure of a low dispersal and philopatric species, like the Fire Salamander Salamandra salamandra, was proved to be effective in identifying the hierarchical structure of population living in broadleaved forest ecosystems in Northern Italy. In this study 477 salamander larvae, collected in 28 sampling populations (SPs) in the Prealpine and in the foothill areas of Northern Italy, were genotyped at 16 specie-specific microsatellites. SPs showed a...

Data from: Network-scale effects of invasive species on spatially-structured amphibian populations

Raoul Manenti, Mattia Falaschi, Daniele Delle Monache, Silvio Marta & Francesco Ficetola
Understanding the factors affecting the dynamics of spatially-structured populations (SSP) is a central topic of conservation and landscape ecology. Invasive alien species are increasingly important drivers of the dynamics of native species. However, the impacts of invasives are often assessed at the patch scale, while their effects on SSP dynamics are rarely considered. We used long-term abundance data to test whether the impact of invasive crayfish on subpopulations can also affect the whole SSP dynamics,...

Digital Well-Being – Parental Phubbing (2018)

Marco Gui, Tiziano Gerosa, Luca Pancani & Paolo Riva
Digital Well-Being – Parental Phubbing is a cross-sectional database extracted from the second wave of data collection of the Digital Well-being – Schools project, funded by the University of Milano-Bicocca (Innovation Project Grant). The invitation to take part in this project was extended to all the high school in the territorial areas 23, 27 and 28 of the provinces of Milan and Monza-Brianza (Lombardy region, Northern Italy). At the end of the recruitment process, 18...

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